Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana
  • Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil
Recent publications
Objective to analyze the association between experiences of sexuality with bio-socio-demographic variables and quality of life of elderly people. Methods cross-sectional study, developed with 1,922 Brazilian elderly people, whose data were collected through a web survey. Three instruments were used to obtain bio-socio-demographic data, sexuality and quality of life. The analysis was carried out with the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman correlation and multivariate linear regression tests, with the “insert” input method, adopting a 95% confidence interval. Results the overall assessment of sexuality was strongly associated with marital status (p<0.001); religion (p=0.001); not having children (p<0.001); sexual orientation (p=0.008) and receiving guidance on sexuality from health professionals (p=0.002). Sexuality correlated positively and with different magnitudes with all facets of quality of life (p<0.001). Regression analysis demonstrated that all dimensions of sexuality remained positively associated with quality of life: sexual act [β=0.154; 95%CI=0.083-0.225; p<0.001]; affective relationships [β=0.335; 95%CI=0.263-0.407; p<0.001] and physical and social adversity [β=1.388; 95%CI=1.206-1.571; p<0.001]. Conclusion and implications for practice sexuality was significantly associated with some bio-socio-demographic variables and positively correlated with the quality of life of the elderly people investigated.
Objetivo: compreender a experiência de transição de homens idosos na experiência com o câncer de próstata. Método: estudo descritivo de abordagem qualitativa realizado em quatro serviços da rede de atenção à saúde de uma cidade da Bahia, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista semiestruturada com oitenta homens idosos, as quais foram organizados e analisados com base na Técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo e interpretados à luz da Teoria das Transições. Resultados: são facilitadores a influência de familiares, amigos, outros homens, enfermeiros e demais profissionais; e dificultadores a escassez do conhecimento e recursos financeiros do indivíduo, barreiras geográficas, limitações relacionadas à estrutura e burocracia dos serviços. Considerações finais: ao construir sentidos para o câncer de próstata e admitir a vulnerabilidade, os homens confrontam suas crenças, alcançam a consciencialização que permite superar limitações e assumir o protagonismo do cuidado de si na transição da saúde/doença.
Resumo Introdução: a publicação do Protocolo de Distúrbio de Voz Relacionado ao Trabalho (DVRT) reforçou o papel dos Centros de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador (CEREST) na atenção a esse agravo. Objetivo: descrever as atividades desenvolvidas por fonoaudiólogos nos CEREST, de acordo com assistência prestada e fatores associados aos distúrbios vocais. Métodos: estudo descritivo com dados fornecidos por coordenadores dos CEREST em todo o Brasil, que foram contatados via e-mail para responder questionário semiestruturado, desenvolvido com ferramenta de formulários online. Os dados foram coletados de abril de 2017 a fevereiro de 2018. Resultados: dos 195 coordenadores contatados, 93 (44,2%) responderam ao questionário. Desses, 39 informaram contar com fonoaudiólogos nos CEREST. Em 26 CEREST, havia atuação da fonoaudiologia em distúrbios de voz, com ações que incluíam palestras, orientações e visitas aos locais de trabalho. Os profissionais da voz mais frequentemente atendidos foram docentes (n=24), teleoperadores (n=16) e radialistas (n=15). Entre os fatores identificados na ocorrência de distúrbios de voz, predominaram os relacionados ao ambiente de trabalho (n=24). Conclusão: em menos da metade dos CEREST foi relatada a presença de fonoaudiólogos. Comparado com levantamento anterior, percebe-se uma maior participação do fonoaudiólogo nos CEREST, especialmente no que se refere à atuação junto ao DVRT.
The emergence of digital pathology environments and the application of computer vision to the analysis of histological sections has given rise to a new area of Anatomical Pathology, termed Computational Pathology. Advances in Computational Pathology may substantially change the routine of Anatomical Pathology laboratories and the work profile of the pathologist.
Seed predation is a major seed event in palms and affects seedling recruitment and the economic value of fruits. We investigated variations in the vegetative and reproductive traits, demography, habitat structure (tree richness), and pre-dispersal seed predation in the palm Syagrus coronata (Martius) Beccari (Arecaceae) by Pachymerus nucleorum (Fabricius) (Bruchinae) in habitats with different management intensities in the Brazilian semiarid region. In addition, we also assessed whether these plant variables affect seed predation. The palm tree known as licuri is widely used in extractivism and its cutting is prohibited by the Brazilian law. It is common to find isolated individuals in landscapes managed for agriculture and pasture. We predicted that more homogeneous microhabitats (with lower diversity of woody plants and higher density of licuri) with little fruiting synchrony would have higher levels of seed predation. Moreover, at the plant level, licuri individuals whose bunch are taller from the ground and with a larger number of fruits would sustain a lower proportion of pre-dispersal seed predation. The study was carried out in 13 sites, distributed between managed (pasture) and natural (Caatinga vegetation) habitats. Overall, 3,120 fruits were assessed, out of which 25.6% were preyed by P. nucleorum. We found that habitats with natural vegetation supported a higher density of adult licuri individuals and richness of woody plants, lower licuri fruiting synchrony, and greater seed predation. In addition, seed predation was positively affected by both total licuri abundance and tree richness, and negatively by the abundance of licuri fruiting at a micro-habitat level. This palm has unseasonal fruiting throughout all months of the year, and we suggested that the fruit harvest could be concentrated in the months of fruiting peak and the managed areas. Such measures could result in the harvest of healthier fruits by extractive populations and in seeds free from predation for use in habitat restoration through direct seeding.
The architecture of root systems is an important driver of plant fitness, competition and ecosystem processes. However, the methodological difficulty of mapping roots hampers the study of these processes. Existing approaches to match individual plants to belowground samples are low‐throughput and species‐specific. Here, we developed a scalable sequencing‐based method to map the root systems of individual trees across multiple species. We successfully applied it to a tropical dry forest community in the Brazilian Caatinga containing 14 species. We sequenced all 42 individual shrubs and trees in a 14 by 14 m plot using double‐digest restriction‐site associated sequencing (ddRADseq). We identified species‐specific markers and individual‐specific haplotypes from the data. We matched these markers to ddRADseq data from 100 mixed root samples from across the centre (10 by 10 m) of the plot at four different depths, using a newly developed R package. We identified individual root samples for all species and all but one individual. There was a strong significant correlation between below and aboveground size measurements, and we also detected significant species‐level root‐depth preference for two species. The method is more scalable and less labour‐intensive than current techniques, and is broadly applicable to ecology, forestry and agricultural biology.
Objective: to analyze the association between experiences of sexuality with bio-socio-demographic variables and quality of life of elderly people. Methods: cross-sectional study, developed with 1,922 Brazilian elderly people, whose data were collected through a web survey. Three instruments were used to obtain bio-socio-demographic data, sexuality and quality of life. The analysis was carried out with the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman correlation and multivariate linear regression tests, with the “insert” input method, adopting a 95% confidence interval. Results: the overall assessment of sexuality was strongly associated with marital status (p<0.001); religion (p=0.001); not having children (p<0.001); sexual orientation (p=0.008) and receiving guidance on sexuality from health professionals (p=0.002). Sexuality correlated positively and with different magnitudes with all facets of quality of life (p<0.001). Regression analysis demonstrated that all dimensions of sexuality remained positively associated with quality of life: sexual act [β=0.154; 95%CI=0.083-0.225; p<0.001]; affective relationships [β=0.335; 95%CI=0.263- 0.407; p<0.001] and physical and social adversity [β=1.388; 95%CI=1.206-1.571; p<0.001]. Conclusion and implications for practice: sexuality was significantly associated with some bio-socio-demographic variables and positively correlated with the quality of life of the elderly people investigated.
São apresentados resultados de uma pesquisa colaborativa de desenvolvimento de propostas de educação das relações étnico-raciais centradas na história do racismo científico. A partir da abordagem da pesquisa em design educacional, foram produzidos cinco materiais curriculares educativos baseados nos episódios históricos: objetificação do corpo de Sarah Baartman por naturalistas no século XIX; racialização das doenças falciformes; uso biomédicos das células de câncer do colo de útero de Henrietta Lacks; embate de Manuel Querino ao racismo científico na Faculdade de Medicina na Bahia; uso de dados das pesquisas em genômica nos debates sobre cotas raciais para ingresso nas universidades brasileiras. Foram validados princípios de planejamento que orientaram a elaboração dos referidos materiais curriculares educativos.
The addition of adequate proportions of organic residues to formulate substrates with soil, render positive results on germination and seedling growth by providing benefits to the physical and chemical attributes of the soil. Determining an adequate proportion of such residues is essential to obtain seedlings exhibiting morphophysiological quality. This study aims to evaluate seed emergence and the development of Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Swartz and Cassia grandis L. f. seedlings in organic substrates. The experiment was set in a completely randomized design arranged in 2 x 3 x 5 factorial scheme, consisting of two soil classes (Oxisol and Entisol), three types of organic substrate (COP (organic compost from tree pruning + cattle and goat manure), CLU (urban waste compost), RES (residue from the extraction of sisal fiber) and five percentages of organic residues (0, 20, 40, 60, 80). The percentage of emergence and emergence speed of seeds, plant height, number of leaves, root length and dry mass were determined. The species showed better results for these variables when adding organic residues to the substrate. The addition of 80% COP or CLU to the substrate provided higher mean values for percentage of emergence in seeds of Caesalpinia pulcherrima, and the substrate constituted by only soil provided higher dry mass in seedlings of this species. The combination of 50% COP and 50% soil (Oxisol and Entisol) resulted in higher means for the percentage of seed emergence, velocity of emergence and biomass production in Cassia grandis L. f. seedlings. Keywords: Agave sisalana residue; Urban waste; Organic fertilization
Objective: understand the impacts of pregnancy on the lives of quilombola adolescents. Method: this is a qualitative study using an exploratory descriptive design. Ten quilombola mothers who experienced pregnancy during adolescence participated in this study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and then submitted to content analysis. Results: three categories were identified, showing the knowledge of the participants about being a quilombola and about the impacts on their lives after discovering they were pregnant and how they handled the fact of being a mother-adolescent according to the adaptations and expectations of their new phase. Conclusion: pregnancy in adolescence had impacts on several aspects of the lives of adolescents, with psychological, educational, socioeconomic, and family implications, as well as new responsibilities. Also, this study highlights the role of pregnant adolescent reception of nursing professionals to meet the individual needs of adolescents and develop prevention strategies to help reduce pregnancy among quilombola adolescents. Highlights: (1) Impacts of pregnancy on the daily routine of quilombola adolescents.(2) Psychological, educational, socioeconomic, and family implications.(3) Discovering motherhood and assuming new responsibilities.(4) Developing strategies to prevent pregnancy in quilombola adolescents.(5) Nursing assumes the role of reception of these pregnant quilombola adolescents.
Grazing represents the most extensive use of land worldwide. Yet its impacts on ecosystem services remain uncertain because pervasive interactions between grazing pressure, climate, soil properties, and biodiversity may occur but have never been addressed simultaneously. Using a standardized survey at 98 sites across six continents, we show that interactions between grazing pressure, climate, soil, and biodiversity are critical to explain the delivery of fundamental ecosystem services across drylands worldwide. Increasing grazing pressure reduced ecosystem service delivery in warmer and species-poor drylands, whereas positive effects of grazing were observed in colder and species-rich areas. Considering interactions between grazing and local abiotic and biotic factors is key for understanding the fate of dryland ecosystems under climate change and increasing human pressure.
In recent attempts to estimate plant and bird species diversity in the Caatinga, the largest nucleus of the Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest and Woodland biome in South America, we called into question a widely used delimitation of this region that includes areas of disparate biomes. We argued that the Caatinga is best delimited without rainforest and savanna enclaves that exist in the region, and that such enclaves should be treated as part of those other biomes rather than part of the Caatinga. In a response to our proposal, Araujo et al. (2022) advocated the continued adoption of that broader delimitation. Here we review Araujo et al.'s (2022) criticism and elaborate on this problem. We demonstrate that using a delimitation of the Caatinga that includes areas of disparate biomes precludes measures of biome-specific information, cross-biome comparisons, and large-scale syntheses, and we argue that such a delimitation is a poor framework for both studies of biological phenomena and regional conservation planning.
We present the first record of Heterosperma (H. ovatifolium, Asteraceae) for Brazil as a result of the taxonomic study of tribe Coreopsideae for Northeastern Brazil. The genus currently comprises 11 species, occurring from southwestern United States to South America and the West Indies. We present a complete morphological description, a photo plate, and a distribution map with the updated distribution for H. ovatifolium. Additionally, we present an updated identification key for the genera of Coreopsideae for Brazil.
Purpose to identify elements of vulnerabilities for the permanence of women who consume alcohol/drugs in marital violence. Method an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study conducted with 16 women over the age of 18 years old, with a history of alcohol and/or other drug use and marital violence, registered in two Family Health Units in the urban area of a municipality of Bahia, Brazil. Women whose signs suggested alcohol use or abstinence and those emotionally unstable were excluded. Data collection took place from October 2016 to February 2017, through in-depth interviews. The data were systematized, based on the Collective Subject Discourse. Results economic dependence; the hope that the partner will change; the transgenerationality of marital violence and the non-resoluteness of the care network emerged as elements that make women who consume alcohol/drugs vulnerable to remain in marital relationships permeated by violence. Conclusion by pointing to elements that make women who consume alcohol and/or other drugs vulnerable to remain in marital relationships permeated by violence, the findings signal to the need for inter-sectoral articulations. This articulation among the various sectors should promote the implementation and/or deployment of effective actions that provoke reflections on social construction anchored in gender inequality and still assist the demands of women, culminating in the reach of female empowerment. DESCRIPTORS Gender-based violence; Violence against women; Intimate partner violence; Drug users; Nursing
Resumo A entrevista aborda a trajetória da Helen E. Longino, professora da Universidade Stanford. Nesta entrevista, Longino reflete sobre o seu percurso, assim como os desafios que precisou enfrentar a fim de expandir as fronteiras da filosofia da ciência ao desenvolver o seu trabalho pioneiro relacionando feminismo, epistemologia, gênero e ciência que tem sido tão influente ao mudar a nossa visão da filosofia da ciência. Longino doutorou-se na tradição da filosofia analítica na Universidade Johns Hopkins em 1973. Portanto, a sua rigorosa crítica feminista à visão recebida da filosofia da ciência ortodoxa se desenvolveu em paralelo à amálgama entre Estudos de Ciências, Feminismo e Estudos das Mulheres na década de 1980. A entrevista a seguir ilustra a importância dessa sua trajetória para o desenvolvimento dos estudos de ciências feministas.
Purpose to identify elements of vulnerabilities for the permanence of women who consume alcohol/drugs in marital violence. Method an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study conducted with 16 women over the age of 18 years old, with a history of alcohol and/or other drug use and marital violence, registered in two Family Health Units in the urban area of a municipality of Bahia, Brazil. Women whose signs suggested alcohol use or abstinence and those emotionally unstable were excluded. Data collection took place from October 2016 to February 2017, through in-depth interviews. The data were systematized, based on the Collective Subject Discourse. Results economic dependence; the hope that the partner will change; the transgenerationality of marital violence and the non-resoluteness of the care network emerged as elements that make women who consume alcohol/drugs vulnerable to remain in marital relationships permeated by violence. Conclusion by pointing to elements that make women who consume alcohol and/or other drugs vulnerable to remain in marital relationships permeated by violence, the findings signal to the need for inter-sectoral articulations. This articulation among the various sectors should promote the implementation and/or deployment of effective actions that provoke reflections on social construction anchored in gender inequality and still assist the demands of women, culminating in the reach of female empowerment. DESCRIPTORS Gender-based violence; Violence against women; Intimate partner violence; Drug users; Nursing
Resumo Esta pesquisa buscou responder à questão dos desafios evidenciados na produção acadêmica sobre a judicialização da educação infantil. Para isso, teve por objetivo analisar a judicialização da educação infantil na produção acadêmica existente nos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Educação no Brasil, no concernente à garantia do direito às creches e pré-escolas, entre 2009 e 2019. Caracteriza-se como uma pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo estado do conhecimento. Os resultados do estudo apontaram que a judicialização é uma ação paliativa e pontual na resolução da questão da falta de vagas, pois não basta garantir o direito de algumas crianças por meio de ações jurídicas sem planejar a longo prazo e sem dispor de orçamento para atender o direito de todas as crianças que precisam das vagas em escolas na primeira infância. Isso impacta na concepção de direito e de educação infantil construída na história das políticas educacionais brasileiras, a fim de se superar a visão assistencialista e o atendimento filantrópico. Também é pertinente considerar que o cumprimento do direito à educação infantil para as crianças ainda enfrenta desafios como a priorização de recursos para o ensino fundamental e a falta de qualidade, engendrada pelos efeitos da judicialização nas questões pedagógicas, a exemplo da superlotação das salas de aula e da ausência de recursos humanos e materiais. Nesse sentido, esta pesquisa abre espaço para novos estudos sobre a temática nos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Educação, sobretudo na região Nordeste.
BACKGROUND HTLV-1-associated uveitis (HAU) is an inflammatory reaction of the choroid, retina, optic nerve and vitreous that can lead to vision impairment. The worldwide prevalence of HAU varies widely. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of HAU in patients from Salvador, Bahia-Brazil, and describe uveitis type and associated symptoms. METHODS Cross-sectional analytical study to determine the prevalence of uveitis in HTLV-1-infected patients recruited in Bahia, Brazil, a region considered endemic for HTLV-1. Patients were enrolled at a local reference center for HTLV (infected) and at an outpatient ophthalmology clinic (noninfected group). All patients were examined by the same ophthalmologist following a single protocol. Prevalence ratios (PR) were calculated. RESULTS A total of 168 consecutively examined HTLV-1-infected patients and 410 noninfected patients (randomly selected) were included. Females predominated (82.1%) in the HTLV-1-infected group (versus 64.4% in the uninfected group) (p < 0.001). The mean age of infected and uninfected patients was 53.2 and 62.8 years, respectively (p < 0.001). The prevalence of uveitis in HTLV-1⁺ and HTLV-1⁻ patients was 7.14% and 0.73%, respectively (PR = 9.76; 95CI%:2.79–34.15; p < 0.01). Bilateral intermediate uveitis, associated with symptoms including visual disturbances and floaters, was most commonly identified in the HTLV-1-infected patients, whereas unilateral anterior uveitis, in association with symptoms such as blurring and ocular pain, was more common in the uninfected group. CONCLUSION The prevalence of uveitis in patients with HTLV-1 was markedly higher than in uninfected subjects. HAU patients were mostly asymptomatic and exhibited bilateral presentation, with uveitis more frequently localized in the intermediate chamber.
Small reservoirs play a key role in agricultural development in the Brazilian Savannah (Cerrado) region. They contribute to diminish rural communities’ vulnerability to drought and improve the livelihood of rural populations. Thousands of small reservoirs have been built in the last few decades in the Cerrado, but efficient water management and sound planning are hindered by inadequate knowledge of their water dynamics. Studies related to small reservoir water dynamics are generally scarce in the world hydrological literature. The main objective of this study was to develop a dynamic simulation model based on the system dynamics model to evaluate the water dynamics in small reservoirs over time, and the risk of not meeting the predicted water demand. Daily data on reservoir inflows were obtained for the period from October 2009 to September 2011, and extended to June 2015 through modeling. The developed model was calibrated and validated with historical data. The main variables which have impact on the water volume were evaluated through sensitivity analysis. The results indicated that reservoir inflow was the variable which had the highest impact on water volume in the reservoir, followed by the reservoir surface area and by evaporation and infiltration, which together represented 14.4% of reservoir inflow. The risk assessment of not meeting the predicted water demand showed that the water in the reservoir was above the critical level 85.9% of the time and that 81.6% of the reservoir water was available to meet water demand. Small dams pose a risk of not meeting the community’s water demand at least 18% of the time.
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847 members
Luis Fernando Pascholati Gusmao
  • Department of Biological Science
M.S.R. Miltão
  • Department of Physics (DFIS)
Freddy Bravo
  • Department of Biological Science
Alessandro Rapini
  • Department of Biological Science
Cassio van den Berg
  • Department of Biological Science
Information
Address
Rodovia Transnordestina, s/n, 44036900, Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil
Head of institution
Evandro do Nascimento Silva, Ph.D.
Website
http://www.uefs.br
Phone
+55(75)3161-8000
Fax
+55(75)3161-8001