Universidade Estadual da Bahia
  • Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Recent publications
Este estudo, que é um ensaio de pesquisa, tem como objetivo investigar como a linguagem musical desenvolvida pela fanfarra pode atuar na produção de saberes e na disseminação de práticas socioculturais. O lócus da pesquisa é o Complexo Integrado de Educação de Caetité, escola de tempo integral localizada na cidade de Caetité-BA. São considerados os motivos que levam os estudantes a integrar a Fanfarra do Colégio Estadual Tereza Borges de Cerqueira [FANCTEB] e suas contribuições pedagógicas e socioculturais aos participantes. Como metodologia, utiliza-se a pesquisa-ação, com abordagem qualitativa, de modo a ouvir alunos e professores da escola e pessoas da comunidade. As categorias de análise são: escola, linguagem musical, fanfarra e currículo escolar, tendo como suporte teórico estudos de autores como: Bourdieu e Passeron (1992), Nadal (2011), Sacristán e Gómez (1998), Penna (2012), Lima (2011), Almendra Júnior (2014), Campos (2008), Veiga-Neto (2002), Parente (2020), Silva (2012), Freire (2010) e legislações educacionais brasileiras. Até o momento, as reflexões apontam para a construção de um Projeto de Curricularização da Fanfarra Escolar, como Produto Educacional, a partir de um plano de flexibilização da escola, em um dos componentes da parte diversificada: as Estações do Saber - Vivências e Práticas Experimentais.
BACKGROUND Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease which affects the colorectal mucosa with a relapsing–remitting pattern. The therapeutic options currently available for the medical management of UC include many options. Tofacitinib is an oral small molecule, JAK inhibitor, more selective for JAK 1 and JAK 3, which reduces the inflammatory process involved in the pathogenesis of UC. METHODS Retrospective observational multicentric study of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who used tofacitinib in any phase of their treatment. Clinical remission and response (according to Mayo Score), mucosal healing, primary and secondary loss of response, discontinuation of the drug with possible causes, and the need for dose optimization or switching to biologicals, need for surgery and adverse events were evaluated. RESULTS From a total of 56 included patients, clinical remission was observed in 43.6% at week 12, 54.5% at week 26, 57.9% at week 52 and 40% at the last follow-up visit. Clinical response was observed in 71.4%, 81.8%, 89.5% and 61.8% at the same time periods, respectively. Mucosal healing rates were 50% and 17,8% needed colectomy. CONCLUSION Tofacitinib was effective in induction and maintenance of clinical response and remission rates, compatible to other international real-word studies and meta-analyses.
Introduction The treatment of COVID-19 is still challenge. So convalescent plasma can be an important alternative of treatment. Protocols with nursing care during infusion is very important to guide an effective and safety care. Objective: to analyze the evidence in the literature on the action of convalescent plasma, of the use of protocols with nursing care to use convalescent plasma and build a nursing care protocol for transfusion in patients with COVID-19. Methods: Methodological study carried out in two stages: scoping review. The search was done using the descriptors: convalescent plasma transfusion, convalescent plasma, and acute respiratory syndromes or COVID-19, to found protocols and effectiveness of convalescent plasm. Beside was done a specialist panel to build the protocol. Results: Low-evidence studies have shown improvement in the clinical signs of COVID-19 using Convalescent Plasma, reduction or elimination of viral load, benefits in the production of lymphocytes, decreases C-reactive protein, increases titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, positive evolution in lung involvement identified by X-rays, decrease in hospitalization. No studies were found in the databases on the protocol for clinical nursing care in plasma transfusion. Therefore, a protocol was developed with the description of clinical nursing care to be performed before, during and after the transfusion by plasma: checking of vital signs and indicative signs of transfusion reaction, measurement of oxygen saturation, assessment of venous access and checking of the level of consciousness. Conclusion: There are no evidence studies to support the use of plasma, nor anything related to bundles.
Background Adolescent men who have sex with men (aMSM) and transgender women (aTGW) are affected disproportionately by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Although new methods of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), such as long-acting injectable (LAI-PrEP), have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration, their acceptability among aMSM/aTGW is not well known. Methods Forty-eight semi-structured interviews were conducted to assess the knowledge and interest in LAI-PrEP among aMSM/aTGW enrolled in a daily oral PrEP cohort from two capital cities of Brazil since 2019. Results Previous knowledge of LAI-PrEP remains scarce, but the high interest regarding its use has been reported. Interest in the use of LAI-PrEP is associated with eliminating the burden of daily responsibility or the risk of missing the necessary medications, lowering the costs of this method, increasing confidentiality, and decreasing the frequency of visiting PrEP clinics. The reported barriers to uptake included fear of injection, doubts on its effectiveness, side effects, and greater dependence on a health provider. Conclusions There is an urgent need to strengthen the preventive strategies against HIV infection among the youth, enhance their knowledge and those of healthcare providers, and offer safe and new options.
The effect of Murundus Field conversion into agricultural areas on the physical, chemical and biological attributes of soil have been evaluated in 3 no-till chronosequences. The study was conducted at reminiscent Murundus Fields, at 3 other adjacent areas that were converted into agricultural fields in the state of Goiás-Brazil, over 11 (PD11), 15 (PD15) and 18 (PD18) years under a no-till system, and at a control area that suffered no anthropic interference. For this study, the native area was subdivided into mound bases (BM) and tops (TM) of murundus, due to environmental contrast among these environments. The physico-chemical and biochemical soil attributes evaluated were: fertility, texture, organic carbon, microbial biomass carbon, basal respiration, metabolic and microbial quotients, urease activity and fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis. In addition to these, microbial group densities were determined, that will vary between: total heterotrophic bacteria (2.36 × 10⁶ and 5.93 × 10⁶), total fungi (2.90 × 10³ and 9.30 × 10³), total actinobacteria (2.26 × 10⁴ and 8.92 × 10⁴) phosphate solubilizers (2.80 × 10³ and 4.20 × 10³), cellulolytic organisms (7.99 × 10⁴ and 1.18 × 10⁴), associative nitrogen-fixing bacteria (1.25 × 10⁴ and 4.24 × 10⁴), nitrifiers (0.00 and 9.37 × 10⁵) and ammonifiers (1.17 × 10⁵ and 5.20 × 10⁴). The conversion of native areas into no-till systems presented tall in areas with PD15 (184.2 μg g⁻¹) and PD18 (316.0 μg g⁻¹) microbial biomass carbon in relation to the control area, however, there was a reduction of actinobacteria density when comparing murundus mound bases to their tops, as well as reduced phosphate solubilizers, cellulolytic organisms and associative nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Murundus Fields conversions into agricultural areas alter soil microbiota, which may affect important functional processes, possibly aggravating the frailty of this phytophysiognomy.
Aim: Gallbladder diseases (GBD) are one of the most common medical conditions requiring surgical intervention, both electively and urgently. It is widely accepted that sex and ethnic characteristics mighty influence both prevalence and outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the differences on distributions of gender and ethnicity related to the epidemiology of GBD in the Brazilian public health system. Methods: DATASUS was used to retrieve patients' data recorded under the International Code of Diseases (ICD-10) - code K80 from January 2008 to December 2019. The number of admissions, modality of care, number of deaths, and in-hospital mortality rate were analyzed by gender and ethnic groups. Results: Between 2008 and 2019, a total of 2,899,712 patients with cholelithiasis/cholecystitis (K80) were admitted to the hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System, of whom only 22.7% were males. Yet, the in-hospital mortality rate was significantly higher in males (15.9 per 1,000 male patients) than females (6.3 per 1,000 female patients) (p<0.05). Moreover, men presented a significantly higher risk of death (RR=2.5; p<0.05) and longer hospital stay (4.4 days vs. 3.3 days; p<0.05) than females. Compared to females, men presented a higher risk of death across all self-declared ethnic groups: whites (RR=2.4; p<0.05), blacks (RR=2.7; p<0.05), browns (RR=2.6; p<0.05), and Brazilian Indians (RR=2.13; p<0.05). Conclusion: In the years 2008-2019, women presented the highest prevalence of hospital admissions for GBD in Brazil, and men were associated with worse outcomes, including all ethnic groups.
Ants, an ecologically successful and numerically dominant group of animals, play key ecological roles as soil engineers, predators, nutrient recyclers, and regulators of plant growth and reproduction in most terrestrial ecosystems. Further, ants are widely used as bioindicators of the ecological impact of land use. We gathered information of ant species in the Atlantic Forest of South America. The ATLANTIC ANTS data set–which is part of the ATLANTIC SERIES data papers–is a compilation of ant records from collections (18,713 records), unpublished data (29,651 records), and published sources (106,910 records; 1059 references), including papers, theses, dissertations, and book chapters published from 1886 to 2020. In total, the data set contains 153,818 ant records from 7,636 study locations in the Atlantic Forest, representing 10 subfamilies, 99 genera, 1,114 ant species identified with updated taxonomic certainty, and 2,235 morphospecies codes. Our data set reflects the heterogeneity in ant records, which include ants sampled at the beginning of the taxonomic history of myrmecology (the nineteenth and twentieth centuries) and more recent ant surveys designed to address specific questions in ecology and biology. The data set can be used by researchers to develop strategies to deal with different macroecological and regional‐wide questions, focusing on assemblages, species occurrences and distribution patterns. Furthermore, the data can be used to assess the consequences of changes in land use in the Atlantic Forest on different ecological processes. No copyright restrictions apply to the use of this data set, but we request that authors cite this data paper when using these data in publications or teaching events.
Background The identification of variables associated with evolution to moderate to severe disease is essential for the therapeutic management of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). However, studies on this topic are scarce in developing countries. The main objective of this study is to determine the variables associated with hospitalization in patients with CD. The secondary objective is to identify variables associated with surgery, intestinal resection, rehospitalization, surgical recurrence and use of immunobiological therapy. Methods Cross-sectional study with a retrospective component that involved two reference centers for inflammatory bowel diseases in the public health system. Data were collected through a specific questionnaire and review of medical records in the period 2019 to 2021. The association between variables was evaluated through Chi-Square test and multivariate binary logistic regression. Results Were included 220 patients, 50.9% female. The most common findings were: age at diagnosis between 17 and 40 years (67.7%), colonic location (45.0%) and no stricturing no penetrating behavior (75.9%). Perianal disease was observed in 27.7% and involvement of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) in 16.1% (Table 1). 174 (79.1%) patients were hospitalized, 109 (49.5%) underwent surgery, being 50 (22.7%) bowel resection. 106 (60.9%) were readmitted, 13 (26.0%) presented surgical recurrence and 128 (58.2%) used immunobiologicals. Perianal disease was the only variable associated with hospitalization (p=0.012). Stricturing or penetrating behavior (p<0.001) and perianal disease (p<0.001) were associated with surgery. Regarding intestinal resection, ileal or ileocolon location (p=0.044) and stricturing or penetrating behavior (p<0.001) were variables associated. The use of corticosteroids in the first flare (p<0.001) was associated with rehospitalization, and postoperative complications (p=0.029) with surgical recurrence. Age at diagnosis below 40 years (p=0.004), upper GI involvement (p=0.040) and perianal disease (p<0.001) were associated with the use of immunobiologicals (Table 2). Conclusion This is a pioneer study in Brazil on variables associated with evolution to moderate to severe CD. Perianal disease and stricturing or penetrating behavior were associated with more than one outcome. Age at diagnosis below 40 years, ileal and ileo-colic location, upper GI involvement, use of corticosteroids in the first flare and postoperative complications were also variables found. These data are similar to those found in countries with a high prevalence of the disease1. Reference 1. Torres J et al. Predicting Outcomes to Optimize Disease Management in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. J Crohns Colitis. 2016;10(12):1385–1394.
Background Anoperineal damage in Crohn’s Disease (CD) is caused by inflammation, its sequelae, and the surgery’s sequelae. Fecal incontinence (FI) is an important complaint reported by patients with CD. Literature data regarding to FI, anatomical and functional abnormalities and its associated clinical factors are controversial, with few surveys with a limited number of participants.1 The aim of this study is to analyze FI and the associated manometric and clinical findings in patients with CD. Methods Observational, cross-sectional study in patients older than 18 years old with CD under outpatient follow-up at a tertiary center, who, after sign informed consent, were submitted to specific questionnaire, anorectal manometry and medical record review. The Jorge and Wexner Fecal Incontinence Scale was applied to grade incontinence.2 SPSS 21.0 (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA) was used for statistical analysis, with description of categorical variables with absolute and relative frequency, and continuous variables with median and interquartile range (IIQ). To study the association, we used Pearson’s Chi-Square and Mann Whitney test. The null hypothesis was rejected with p<0.05. Results Of 104 patients with CD, 51% were male, median age of 41 years old (IIQ 29.2–50.0) and median disease duration of 6.1 years (IIQ 2.5 to 11 .5). Most of the sample was diagnosed between 17 and 40 years old, (68.3%), with non-penetrating, non-stricturing disease (63.4%), with colonic location (77.9%), isolated (30.8%) or with ileal involvement (47.1%); 78.8% had disease in remission and 11.5% had mild disease, representing 90,4% of our casuistic, according to the Harvey Bradshaw Index. Among patients; 41.3% had perianal disease, and 49% were incontinent, of these 66.7% had mild incontinence and 33.3% had moderate and severe incontinence. It was found association between FI and lower mean resting pressures (p=0.04) and lower mean squeeze pressures (p=0.04) along the anal canal. There was also association between FI and perianal disease (p=0.02), and FI and disease activity (p<0.01). Conclusion The study, unprecedented in America Latin, showed a high frequency of FI and found its association with disease activity, structural abnormalities (perianal disease) and anorectal disfunction (lower resting and squeeze pressures), reenforcing the importance of controlling CD activity. Furthermore, the data showed to be crucial during follow-up of CD patients the adequate manometric assessment and specialized evaluation for the management of FI. References 1. Litta, F, Ratto C, et al. Anorectal function and quality of life in IBD patients with a perianal complaint, J Invest Surg. 2019 Oct 18;1–6 2. Jorge JMN, Wexner SD. Etiology and management of fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum 1993;36:77–97
The objective was to evaluate the qualitative and nutritional aspects of elephant grass cv. BRS capiaçu silage with increasing proportions of silk cotton. A completely randomized design was used with five (0, 15, 30, 45, and 60% on natural matter basis) different inclusion proportions of silk cotton to elephant grass silage and four repetitions. Silages were prepared in PVC minisilos and remained ensiled for 42 days. The inclusion of silk cotton resulted in a linear reduction in dry matter (DM), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), cellulose, and indigestible neutral detergent fiber (iNDF) contents at 0.06, 0.30, 0.23, 0.20, and 0.09 percentage points for each 1% inclusion, respectively. There was an increasing linear effect of crude protein (CP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN), with an increase of 39.32 and 20.89% from the lowest to the highest inclusion of silk cotton to elephant grass cv. BRS capiaçu silage. Values of pH, gas losses (GL), effluent losses (EL), dry matter recovery (DMR), hemicellulose, and lignin were not influenced by the evaluated inclusion levels, showing estimated averages of 3.87, 1, 42%, 11.55kg t-1 natural matter, 97.36%, 19.30%, and 7.20%, respectively. An increasing linear effect was found for fraction a, c, effective degradability (ED) (2% and 5%) dry matter, with an increment of 0.05, 0.0005, and 0.11 percent points, respectively. There was a quadratic effect for fraction b, potential degradability (PD), ED (2%), with minimum points of 23.72%, 50.52%, (at 45% inclusion level) 39.69%, (at 15% inclusion level) respectively. The indigestible fraction (IF) had a quadratic effect with a maximum of 49.48% at the 45% inclusion level. The colonization time (CT) linearly reduced by 0.09 percentage points for each 1% inclusion evaluated. According to the parameters evaluated, the inclusion of up to 60% silk cotton improved nutritional aspects and nutritional value of elephant grass cv. BRS capiaçu silage.
Nosemosis is an important bee disease that is caused by microsporidia fungi of the Nosema genus, whose main etiological agents are Nosema apis and N. ceranae, both of which are found worldwide. In Brazil, the disease has been reported in several states but little is known about its occurrence and distribution in Bahia. This study identified the occurrence and distribution of nosemosis and its agents, N. apis and N. ceranae, in Apis mellifera L. bees collected from apiaries in the state of Bahia, Brazil. A total of 154 bee samples were collected and analyzed from 20 apiaries in six regions of the state. The hives sampled were evaluated for signs of the disease from December 2015 to July 2018. Molecular diagnosis was made using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). No signs of nosemosis were observed in the sampled apiaries, but from 154 samples analyzed via PCR, 96 were infected with N. ceranae. This pathogen was reported in samples from all six regions evaluated, and its occurrence in important apiculture regions of Bahia State is discussed in this study.
Purpose: To characterize the use of phonological productive processes in a group of full-term children and small for gestational age and compare it with children appropriate for gestational age. Methods: Observational, analytical, case-control and non-paired study, nested in a cohort with the outcome of phonological disorder. We assessed 36 children according to the predetermined sample calculation, 24 (66.7%) without phonological disorders and 12 (33.3%) with phonological disorders. Of these, 24 (66.7%) children were classified as small for gestational age (SGA) and 12 (33%) as appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Phonological aspects of oral language were assessed by the ABFW children's language test (2004). The results were subjected to descriptive analysis and, in order to assess the existence of an association among categorical variables, we used Fisher's exact test for association. Results: The SGA group revealed a significantly higher number of phonological processes that change the syllable structure when compared to the AGA group. We noted that the phonological processes present and unexpected for age in the SGA population were: fricative plosivation, liquid simplification, palatal posteriorization and frontalization, plosive and fricative deafening, in addition to simplifying the consonant cluster and simplifying the final consonant, which were the most frequent in both groups. Conclusion: Although no association was found between phonological disorders and SGA children, we have noted a greater use of productive phonological processes in this group.
Neste texto propomos discutir a formação continuada centrada na escola, defendendo o trabalho em parceria com a universidade e investigando quais as possíveis aproximações teóricas com os princípios do Desenvolvimento Profissional Docente. O trabalho parte de estudos e reflexões realizados a partir de um projeto de formação com professores (as) de Educação Básica, bem como de um projeto de pesquisa que visa escutar os (as) professores (as) de uma rede municipal de ensino sobre suas concepções acerca das propostas de formação continuada Diante das reflexões realizadas, consideramos a importância da escola enquanto espaço formativo e, como tal, lócus privilegiado para práticas colaborativas de estudos e pesquisas, visto que o (a) professor (a) parte dos seus saberes, experiências e necessidades para planejar e estudar a sua prática, em um exercício organizativo e dinâmico da escola. Destacamos também a importância da parceria na construção desses saberes e na proposição dessa modalidade de formação continuada, no espaço escolar, por contemplar o (a) professor (a) como pesquisador da sua prática docente e em seu local de trabalho, objetivando contemplar a perspectiva de Desenvolvimento Profissional Docente (DPD).
O presente objetiva discorrer e refletir sobre como a Etnomatemática se alia à Educação Matemática Crítica e responde aos anseios trazidos por uma perspectiva crítica e pós-crítica do currículo. Como bases teóricas, se destacam as pesquisas de Ubiratan D’Ambrosio, Olé Skovsmose e Tomaz Tadeu da Silva. O estudo das teorias curriculares nos permite analisar como novas tendências em Educação Matemática surgem a partir de novas demandas sociais e tendem, em sua maioria, questionar e responder a determinado grupo dominante, a partir do reconhecimento e valorização do saber/fazer Matemática de um grupo com vistas na produção de significados para conceitos matemáticos construídos culturalmente por outros grupos. A Etnomatemática, é trabalhada como ciência de resgate do saber/fazer matemático dos diversos grupos culturais identificáveis, favorecendo a descolonização desse campo disciplinar e o desenvolvimento de uma Educação Matemática multicultural. Entrelaçar a Etnomatemática e a Educação Matemática Crítica nos faz perceber como a Educação Matemática é, também, espaço de autoproduções capazes de gerar uma educação significativa, voltada ao respeito às identidades e geração de espaços para vozes antes desprezadas.
Em tempos de pandemia devido a pandemia da Covid-19, foi realizado o estudo “Análise demonstrativa dos óbitos, contaminados e recuperados pelo novo coronavírus Covid-19 em Teixeira de Freitas-BA”, que teve como objetivo analisar os fatores que levaram ao aumento dos índices de óbitos no período entre os meses de junho de 2020 a abril de 2021. Essa é uma pesquisa exploratória com abordagem qualitativa e levantamento de dados quantitativos de boletins epidemiológicos disponibilizados no site da Prefeitura Municipal de Teixeira de Freitas-BA (BOLETIM COVID-19, 2020). Para alcançar os objetivos da pesquisa, foi feito uma revisão documental e bibliográfica junto a autores que pesquisam a temática: Aquino (2021), Cavalcante (2020), Crespo (2002), Fortuna e Fortuna (2020), Oliveira (2020), Polakiewicz (2020) e o Ministério da Saúde (2020). Além de dados de boletins epidemiológicos, a coleta de dados contou com o apoio dos sites de comunicação JORNAL O solo (2020); FW News (2020); Jornal G1 (2021); Sul Bahia News (2020, 2021). Após coleta de dados, foi realizado um comparativo dos períodos entre as ocorrências de contaminados e acontecimentos de aglomeração sendo demonstrados por tabelas e gráficos, que comprovaram que, em períodos de maior contágio, houve a aglomeração. Desta forma, os estudos realizados serviram para conscientizar as pessoas utilizando dados estatísticos demonstrados por infográficos produzidos pelo artefato digital Canva.
O objetivo desse estudo foi determinar o valor de VHS em cães de raças braquicefálicas clinicamente normais com objetivo de determinar parâmetros de normalidades para raças com essa característica. O método Vertebral Heart Size (VHS) efetua a mensuração do tamanho cardíaco comparando as vertebras torácicas afim de auxiliar em diagnostico de insuficiência cardíacas e cardiomegalias. A radiografia de tórax possui uma importância na clínica medica de pequenos animais, trazendo informações para avaliações de órgãos intratorácicos, assim como a capacidade de efetuar avaliação da silhueta cardíaca. As radiografias foram avaliadas de acordo o proposto por Buchanan & Bücheler (1995), mensurando a silhueta cardíaca e profundidade, e largura do tórax. Os valores médios obtidos para VHS foram de 9,57±059v, sendo o menor valor mensurado de 8,5v e maior 10,5v. A especificação averiguou valores divergentes quando comparado com o estudo dos autores. Confirmando assim, a necessidade de determinação de valores de VHS específicos para raças com características de braquicefalia.
In this paper, we derive a general formulation for thermal Lie superalgebras motivated by thermofield dynamics formalism (TFD). Particularly, we construct the thermal Poincaré superalgebras. The operators in TFD are defined through the doubling of the degrees of freedom of the system and it can be related to Hopf algebras. In this way, we explore the notion of quantum group associated with these superalgebras and we show the noncommutativity in this thermal scenario. Furthermore, the thermal M-superalgebra is also derived from TFD prescription.
Objective: to analyze how the social, historical, economic and professional elements influence the institutionalization process of cesarean childbirth in Brazil and France. Method: a qualitative study grounded on the theoretical framework of the institutional socioclinic. The data were produced through focus groups and individual interviews, supported by semi-structured scripts, with health professionals, mothers and fathers and a research diary. The study had 83 participants. The analysis was based on the theoretical framework and thematic analysis. Cross analysis was developed between the different types of data, services and groups, as well as between countries. Results: the participants were characterized in terms of schooling, employment, level of training and workplace. The countries researched have their own peculiar health and educational structure and are marked by a social-historical-economic construction outlined by patriarchy. The New Public Management influences both contexts and makes health care precarious. The technical and organizational dimensions reinforce an intellectual and social division of work and knowledge in health. Conclusion: the institutionalization process of childbirth in the countries is marked by social, economic and professional aspects. Practices and speeches of the professionals in their work process influence the occurrence, or not, of cesarean sections.
Objective: To examine the effects of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB), in isolation and combination, on all-cause mortality in older adults. Methods: Prospective, population-based cohort study. The data were collected from first wave in 2015 and the follow-up continued until 2020. The sample consisted of 332 older adult people aged ≥ 60 years-old, out of which 59 died. The level of PA and SB was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The older adults were divided into PA categorized as sufficiently active and insufficiently active and into high and low SB. We built four combinations of PA and SB. Also, we used the Cox proportional hazards regression with a 95% confidence interval with hazard ratio estimate so as to verify the mortality risks between PA, SB, and the combinations of PA and SB. Results: Insufficiently active individuals had higher risks of mortality compared to sufficiently active people. We observed no associations between SB and mortality separately; however, when evaluated in a combined way, insufficiently active individuals and with a high SB time had a higher chance of mortality compared to active individuals with a low SB time. Conclusion: Our isolated analyses demonstrate that complying with PA recommendations reduces the risk of mortality; however, no association was found between the time of PA exposure with the time of SB. When analysing the combination, being physically inactive and with a long time of SB showed higher mortality rates, with SB being an enhancer of this risk. The results of this study show the interdependence of SB for PA performed at moderate to vigorous intensity. The understanding of this interrelation must be considered in the formulation of public health guidelines.
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884 members
Walter Santos
  • Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra DCET (Salvador)
Robson Marinho Da Silva
  • Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra DCET (Salvador)
Ana Beatriz Factum
  • Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra DCET (Salvador)
Josemeire Dias
  • Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra DCET (Salvador)
Marco A C Simões
  • Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra DCET (Salvador)
Rua Silveira Martins, 2555 - Cabula, 41150-000, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Head of institution
José Bites de Carvalho
+55 (0) 71 3117-2200