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ABSTRACT: In this paper we present the modeling of a neuro-fuzzy system to be applied in the mix of paint from color model cyan, magenta and yellow (CMY). We aim to research an efficient method to get a specific hue color that is located within color wheel. The modeling is focused in to generate a wide gamma of colors to paint crafts like Panama Hats only with mentioned colors. Variables of the system are given by the frame and shape of selection of color. We use a fuzzy controller to generate the magnitude of the CMY percentages and a neural network to interpret the components to dosage the assigned color. Finally proceed data are used to develop an embedded controller under open source, the resulting color from the system is verified using different samples to determine the accuracy with selected color.
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ABSTRACT: Stingless bee honey samples from west Amazonian Ecuador were studied for their physiochemical, chemical and functional properties. Reducing sugars (44.9 ± 5.72 g/100 g), water (34.1 ± 4.34 g/100 g), free acidity (31.8 ± 4.05 meq/100 g), diastase activity (1.60 ± 0.20 u.d./g), hydroxymethylfurfural (15.0 ± 1.91 mg/kg), electrical conductivity (0.48 ± 0.06 mS/cm), ash (0.28 ± 0.04 g/100 g), colour (150 mm Pfund) were determined as physicochemical parameters. Melissopalynological analyses were processed evidencing pollen belonging to 14 plant families. Glucose (25.5 ± 3.41 g/100 g), fructose (25.2 ± 3.37 g/100 g) and sucrose (3.72 ± 0.49 g/100 g) contents were determined by HPLC, evidencing equal concentrations between fructose and glucose. Coumarins and flavonoids were determined by densitometric HPTLC: fraxin and bergamotin (0.065 ± 0.009; 0.035 ± 0.005 μg/g) among coumarins; luteolin (0.045 ± 0.006 μg/g), quercitrin (0.020 ± 0.003 μg/g), isoramnetin (0.015 ± 0.002 μg/g) among flavonoids. Among the vitamin E isomers, evaluated by HPLC, the occurrence of the only β-tocopherol (1.12 ± 0.15 μg/g) was noted. All these results were compared with those acquired for two multifloral Apis mellifera honeys. DPPH and β-carotene bleaching tests were performed, showing interesting values for Ecuadorian honey samples, higher than those shown by multifloral A. mellifera honeys (88.1 ± 11.1 DPPH inhibition%; 70.8 ± 8.90 β-carotene inhibition%). Antibacterial activity, against both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, revealed MIC values (10–50 μg/ml) always lower than those of A. mellifera honeys. Ecuadorian Meliponinae honey samples also showed anti-mutagenic activity assayed with Saccharomyces cerevisiae D7 strain, inhibiting back mutation over the entire range of concentrations.
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ABSTRACT: Structural and electronic properties of technologically important lead–zirconate–titanate (PZT) crystals produced by Nb-doping are reported. The results are obtained using semi-empirical quantum–chemical simulations applied to a tetragonal PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3 monocrystal, i.e. the morphotropic phase boundary of the PZT. The proposed concentration of Nb impurity is 1.5%, which, according to some experimental data, gives better piezoelectric properties of the material at this concentration. Analysis of the displacements of atoms surrounding the defect, changes in atomic charges and electronic properties explaining the augmentation of electric conductivity are given in light of the available experimental data. The results suggest the occurrence of free electrons in the conduction band of the material. The former observation might explain the formation of conducting Jahn–Teller (JT) electron polarons previously found in the other titanates.
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