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ABSTRACT: Long-term local control in Glioblastoma is rarely achieved and nearly all patients relapse. In this study we evaluated the clinical effect of different treatment approaches in recurrent patients. Forty-three patients, with median age of 51 years were evaluated for salvage treatment: re-resection and/or re-irradiation plus chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. Response was recorded using the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria. Hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities were graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4.0. Twenty-one patients underwent chemotherapy combined with local treatment, surgery and/or radiation therapy, and 22 underwent chemotherapy only. The median follow up was 7 months (range 3-28 months). The 1 and 2-years Progression Free Survival was 65 and 10 % for combined treatment and 22 and 0 % for chemotherapy alone (p < 0.01). The 1 and 2-years overall survival was 69 and 29 % for combined and 26 and 0 % for chemotherapy alone (p < 0.01). No toxicity greater than grade 2 was recorded. These data showed that in glioblastoma recurrence the combination of several approaches in a limited group of patients is more effective than a single treatment alone. This stress the importance of multimodality treatment whenever clinically feasible.
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ABSTRACT: Reduced work participation (WP) is a common problem for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and generates high costs for society. Therefore, it is important to explore determinants of WP at the start of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) treatment, and for changes in WP after 2 years of TNFi treatment. Within the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Monitoring (DREAM) biologic register, WP data were available from 508 patients with RA younger than 65 years and without an (early) retirement pension. WP was registered at start of TNFi treatment and after 2 years of followup and was measured by single patient-reported binary questions whether they had work, paid or voluntary, or had a disability allowance or a retirement pension. Determinants measured at baseline were age, sex, disease duration, functional status [through Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI)], 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28), rheumatoid factor, presence of erosions, number of previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, and number of comorbidities. During the 2 years of followup, HAQ-DI response and European League Against Rheumatism response were measured. Univariate analyses (excluded if p value was > 0.2) and multivariate (excluded if p value was > 0.1) logistic regression analyses were used. Determinants associated with WP at baseline were having a better HAQ-DI (OR 0.32, p = 0.000) and male sex (OR 0.65, p = 0.065). After 2 years of TNFi therapy, 11.8% (n = 60) started to work and 13.6% (n = 69) stopped working. Determinants associated with starting to work were better baseline HAQ-DI (OR 0.58), positive RF (OR 2.73), and young age (OR 0.96); and for stopping work, worse baseline HAQ-DI (OR 2.74), low HAQ-DI response (OR 0.31), and comorbidity (OR 2.67), all with p < 0.1. Young patients with RA and a high functional status without any comorbidity will have a better chance of working. This supports the main goal in the management of RA: to suppress disease activity as soon and as completely as possible to prevent irreversible destruction of the joints, and thus maintain a good functional status of the patient. Because of the low proportion of variance explained by the models in this study, other factors besides the ones studied are associated with WP.
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ABSTRACT: To study incidence of local recurrences, postoperative complications and survival, in patients with rectal carcinoma aged 75 years and older, treated with either surgery and pre-operative 5 × 5 Gy radiotherapy or surgery alone. A random sample of patients aged over 75 years with pT2-T3, N0-2, M0 rectal carcinoma diagnosed between 2002 and 2004 in the Netherlands was included, treated with surgery alone (N = 296) or surgery in combination with pre-operative radiotherapy (N = 346). Information on local recurrent disease, postoperative complications, ECOG-performance score and comorbidity was gathered from the medical files. Local recurrences developed less frequently in patients treated with pre-operative radiotherapy compared to surgery alone (2% vs 6%, p = 0.002). Postoperative complications developed more frequently in irradiated patients (58% vs 42%, p < 0.0001). Especially deep infections (anastomotic leakage, pelvic abscess) were significantly increased in this group (16% vs 10%, p = 0.02). 30-day mortality was equal in both groups (8%). A significant increase in postoperative complication rate and 30-day mortality was only seen in those with "severe comorbidity" compared to patients without comorbidity (respectively 58% and 10% vs 43% and 3%), COPD (59% and 12%), diabetes (60% and 11%) and cerebrovascular disease (62% and 14%). In multivariable analysis, postoperative complications predicted 5-year survival. Elderly patients receiving pre-operative radiotherapy show a lower local recurrence rate. However, as incidence rates of local recurrent disease are low and incidence of postoperative complications is increased in irradiated patients, omitting preoperative RT may be suitable in elderly patients with additional risks for complications or early death.
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