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    ABSTRACT: Background: Routine black box approaches quantify fluorescence intensity to profile the uptake of fluorophores, providing limited insight into microscopic events. Spatial intensity distribution analysis has previously been reported to quantify oligomerisation and number of particles from selected regions and profile intracellular distributions of labelled moieties. Methods: In this study, the concentration and time-dependent behaviour of CellTrace (TM) calcein red-orange (AM) intracellular accumulation was examined in colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line and bovine aortic endothelial cells. Monolayers were subjected to fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, fluorescence intensity and SpIDA measurements to determine differences in the rate and extent of intracellular accumulation. Results: Intracellular accumulation data derived from Spatial intensity distribution analysis were found to correlate with that of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and fluorescence intensity profiles. The extent of intracellular accumulation was found to be time and concentration-dependent in both cell lines examined, with no significant differences in the rate of intracellular accumulation. Conclusions: Spatial intensity distribution analysis applied at 'proof of concept' level is a rapid and user-friendly tool that can be applied to the quantification of intracellular concentration and kinetics of fluorophore uptake. General significance: Confocal imaging as a routinely implemented tool for profiling fluorescently-labelled species is often under-exploited for yielding quantitative parameters.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, the multifunctional peptide TatLK15 resulting from the fusion of the cell penetrating peptide Tat and the amphipathic peptide LK15 was shown to be efficient at mediating siRNA and shRNA delivery in leukemia cells to silence the bcr-abl oncoprotein. The present study focused on TatLK15 peptide cellular uptake and defining conditions for its use within a range of doses exhibiting minimal toxicity. The initial part of the study carried out in solution confirmed that the insertion of a glycine bridge allowed retention of the LK15 α-helicity, and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy did not reveal preferential conformations at the studied concentrations. In the second part, TatLK15 uptake mechanisms appeared peptide dose- and cell line- dependent as well as requiring membrane potential. Below a critical dose, TatLK15 toxicity appeared limited for approximately three hours as demonstrated by the combined use of lactate dehydrogenase release, MTT assays, and time-dependent observation of membrane-impermeant dye uptake using high content screening apparatus. Furthermore, toxicity was observed to occur rapidly at higher peptide doses. Finally, a comparison between TatLK15 and another Tat amphipathic peptide construct suggested that α-helix content should be viewed as a key element in the development of similar peptides. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Real-time confocal imaging was utilised to monitor the in situ loss of BSA monomers and aggregate formation using Spatial Intensity Distribution Analysis (SpIDA) and Raster Image Correlation Spectroscopy (RICS). At the proof of concept level this work has demonstrated the applicability of RICS and SpIDA for monitoring protein oligomerisation and larger aggregate formation.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · The Analyst
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