Srinakharinwirot University
Recent publications
Due to the recent COVID-19 pandemic, teaching and learning management and student activities have changed. Likewise, the exhibition on innovative educational works of students in the Bachelor of Education Program could not be carried out as special event according to its goal of disseminating knowledge, technology, and educational innovation. It had to modify the format of the presentation through the website, and the lecturers had to manage learning in a new way by responding to the creation of such websites. Consequently, this research aimed to study the result of implementing the learning management model based on design thinking learning and applied drama process to enhance the innovative creation competency. The researcher implemented the learning management model based on design thinking and applied drama process to promote the innovative creation competency with the sample group of 24 fourth students of Educational Technology Program. The learning management model was retrieved from a review of related literature consisting of concepts, principles, and process of design thinking and applied drama, elements, and attributes of innovative creation competency as well as the development of a learning management plan with design thinking and applied drama process to promote the innovative creation competency. The results of the research found that students’ innovative creation competency was statistically significantly higher at the level of 0.01. The results from the behavioral observation showed that students’ improvement was higher, and the evaluation results of the students’ work or the creation of a website presenting the exhibition were at the excellent level are at a very good level.
Immunogenicity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccination is diminished in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. To summarize current evidence and identify risk factors for attenuated responses, 5 electronic databases were searched since database inceptions through 12 January 2023 for studies reporting humoral and/or cellular immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in the HSCT population. Using descriptive statistics and random-effects models, extracted numbers of responders and pooled odds ratios (pORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for risk factors of negative immune responses were analyzed (PROSPERO: CRD42021277109). From 61 studies with 5906 HSCT recipients, after 1, 2, and 3 doses of messenger RNA (mRNA) SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, the mean antispike antibody seropositivity rates (95% CI) were 38% (19-62), 81% (77-84), and 80% (75-84); neutralizing antibody seropositivity rates were 52% (40-64), 71% (54-83), and 78% (61-89); and cellular immune response rates were 52% (39-64), 66% (51-79), and 72% (52-86). After 2 vaccine doses, risk factors (pOR; 95% CI) associated with antispike seronegativity were male recipients (0.63; 0.49-0.83), recent rituximab exposure (0.09; 0.03-0.21), haploidentical allografts (0.46; 0.22-0.95), <24 months from HSCT (0.25; 0.07-0.89), lymphopenia (0.18; 0.13-0.24), hypogammaglobulinemia (0.23; 0.10-0.55), concomitant chemotherapy (0.48; 0.29-0.78) and immunosuppression (0.18; 0.13-0.25). Complete remission of underlying hematologic malignancy (2.55; 1.05-6.17) and myeloablative conditioning (1.72; 1.30-2.28) compared with reduced-intensity conditioning were associated with antispike seropositivity. Ongoing immunosuppression (0.31; 0.10-0.99) was associated with poor cellular immunogenicity. In conclusion, attenuated humoral and cellular immune responses to mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccination are associated with several risk factors among HSCT recipients. Optimizing individualized vaccination and developing alternative COVID-19 prevention strategies are warranted.
Ten white-rot fungal isolates were evaluated for the decolorization potential of pulp and paper mill effluent. Trametes elegans PP17-06, Pseudolagarobasidium sp. PP17-33, and Microporus sp.2 PP17-20 showed the highest decolorization efficiencies between 42 and 54% in 5 d. To reveal the mechanisms involved in decolorization and assess the long-term performance, PP17-06, which showed the highest decolorization efficiency, was further investigated. It could reduce the ADMI color scale by 63.6% in 10 d. However, extending the treatment period for more than 10 d did not significantly enhance the decolorization efficiencies. The maximum MnP activity of 3.27 U L⁻¹ was observed on the 6 d during the biodegradation. In comparison, laccase activities were low with the maximum activity of 0.38 U L⁻¹ (24 d). No significant LiP activities were monitored during the experiment. Dead fungal biomass showed an optimum decolorization efficiency of 44.18% in 8 d employing the biosorption mechanism. No significant changes in the decolorization efficiency were observed after that, suggesting the equilibrium status was reached. These results revealed that PP17-06 has the potential to decolorize pulp and paper mill effluent by employing both biodegradation and biosorption processes.
This study presents an experimental and finite element analysis of reinforced concrete beams with solid, hollow, prismatic, or non-prismatic sections. In the first part, a total of six beams were tested under four-point monotonic bending. The test matrix was designed to provide a comparison of structural behavior between prismatic solid and hollow section beams, prismatic solid and non-prismatic solid section beams, and prismatic hollow and non-prismatic hollow section beams. The intensity of shear was maximum in the case of prismatic section beams. The inclusion of a tapered section lowered the demand for shear. In the second part, Nonlinear Finite Element Modeling was performed by using ATENA. The adopted modeling strategy resulted in close agreement with experimental crack patterns at ultimate failure. However, the ultimate failure loads predicted by nonlinear modeling were generally higher than their corresponding experimental results. Whereas in the last part, the developed models were further extended to investigate the effect of the strength of concrete and ratio of longitudinal steel bars on the ultimate load-carrying capacity and cracking behavior of the reinforced concrete beams with solid, hollow, prismatic, or non-prismatic sections. The ultimate loads for each beam predicted by the model were found to be in close agreement with experimental results. Nonlinear modeling was further extended to assess the effects of concrete strength and longitudinal reinforcement ratio on failure patterns and ultimate loads. The parametric study involved beams reinforced with glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars against shear and flexural failure. In terms of ultimate load capacities, diagonal cracking, and flexural cracking, beams strengthened with GFRP bars demonstrated comparable performance to the beams strengthened with steel bars.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with periodontal disease. Clinically, periodontal treatment is less effective for patients with DM. Oxidative stress is one of the mechanisms that link DM to periodontitis. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is increased in the periodontal tissues of patients with DM and is involved in the development of insulin resistance in periodontal tissues. Insulin resistance decreases Akt activation and inhibits cell proliferation and angiogenesis. This results in the deterioration of wound healing and tissue repair in periodontal tissues. Antioxidants and insulin resistance ameliorants may inhibit ROS production and improve wound healing, which is worsened by DM. This manuscript provides a comprehensive review of the most recent basic and clinical evidence regarding the generation of ROS in periodontal tissues resulting from microbial challenge and DM. This study also delves into the impact of oxidative stress on wound healing in the context of periodontal and dental implant therapies. Furthermore, it discusses the potential benefits of administering antioxidants and anti-insulin resistance medications, which have been shown to counteract ROS production and inflammation. This approach may potentially enhance wound healing, especially in cases exacerbated by hyperglycemic conditions.
In brewing coffee, a huge amount of food waste is generated; that waste, coffee husks in particular, should be comprehensively exploited. They offer a rich source of bioactive compounds such as caffeine, chlorogenic acid, and trigonelline. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of extraction methods on the bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of such waste. Coffee husks in this study were fermented with S. cerevisiae based on a solid-state fermentation technique. The study method included ethanolic or water extraction with varied controllable factors, i.e., temperature (60, 100°C) and extraction technique. Bioactive contents were investigated with the Folin–Ciocalteu assay and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The antioxidant activity was investigated with DPPH and FRAP assays. Results show that yields were the highest in the extract of fermented coffee husks at 100°C. The highest levels of bioactive contents (total trigonelline content at 3.59% and antioxidant activity at 23.35% (DPPH) and 25.9% (FRAP)) were found in the ethanolic extract of fermented coffee husks at 60°C. The bioactive content and bioactivity, including antioxidant activity, depended on different raw materials, preparation methods, and extraction conditions. This study illustrates the potential for using food waste such as coffee husks as a sustainable source of bioactive compounds or bioactive extracts.
Several prognostic models have been introduced to predict outcomes of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Endothelial activation and stress index (EASIX) is a surrogate of endothelial dysfunction which has been shown to predict outcomes of patients with various hematologic malignancies. However, the prognostic implication of EASIX for DLBCL is limited and warrants exploration. We conducted a retrospective study enrolling adult DLBCL patients including a discovery cohort from the single-centered university hospital database and a validation cohort from the independent nationwide multi-center registry. EASIX scores were calculated using creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase, and platelet levels. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine optimal cutoff. Statistical analysis explored the impact of EASIX on survival outcomes. A total of 323 patients were included in the discovery cohort. The optimal EASIX cutoff was 1.07 stratifying patients into low (53.9%) and high EASIX (46.1%) groups. Patients with high EASIX had worse 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) (53.4% vs. 81.5%, p<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (64.4% vs. 88.7%, p<0.001) than patients with low EASIX. Multivariate analysis revealed that older age, bulky disease, impaired performance status, and high EASIX were associated with an unfavorable OS. In the validation cohort of 499 patients, the optimal EASIX cutoff was 1.04. Similar to the discovery cohort, high EASIX score was associated with high-risk diseases, worse PFS, and inferior OS. In conclusion, EASIX score was significantly associated with survival outcomes and may be used as a simple prognostic tool to better risk-classify DLBCL.
Discovering alternative analytical techniques is crucial for practical applications; thus, this work aims to develop an innovative and simple electrochemical sensor for melanoma and the clinical diagnosis of related disorders by the simultaneous determination of 3,4-dihydroxy-l-phenylalanine (l-DOPA) and l-tyrosine (l-Tyr). The fabrication is based on the layer-by-layer electrodeposition of poly l-proline (poly(L-pro)) and nanodiamond (ND) onto a screen-printed graphene electrode (SPGE). The poly(l-pro)/ND/SPGEs were morphologically characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, and Raman spectroscopy followed by electrochemical investigation using cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. These modifier-based electrodes pave a feasible way to unlock the coexisting interfering substances from screen-printing ink composition and improve the sensitivity. Additionally, computational chemistry calculations were performed to fully comprehend the sensing behavior on both target analytes. Under optimal conditions, the developed sensor provided linear concentration ranges of 0.075–50 μM, with a detection limit of 0.021 μM for l-DOPA, and 2.5–120 μM with a detection limit of 0.74 μM for l-Tyr. To demonstrate the reliability of the poly(l-pro)/ND/SPGE in practical application, it was successfully applied to the determination of these analytes in human urine and blood serum samples, with satisfactory recovery ranges (81.73–110.62% for l-DOPA and 82.17–110.01% for l-Tyr) and relative standard deviations (0.69–9.90% for l-DOPA and 0.40–9.55% for l-Tyr). Due to its simplicity, long-term stability (> 87.8% of their initial currents after 35 days), and portability, the developed sensor is a promising alternative analytical method for on-site clinical monitoring. Graphical Abstract
Biocopolymers based on vanillin/fufurylamine–biobenzoxazine (V-fa) and epoxide castor oil (ECO), a bioepoxy, were prepared for application as dental fiber-reinforced composite post. The mechanical and thermal properties of the V-fa/ECO biocopolymers were assessed with regard to the influence of ECO content. The addition of the ECO at an amount of 20% by weight into the poly(V-fa) preserved the stiffness, glass transition temperature and thermal stability nearly to the poly(V-fa). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to examine the curing kinetics of the V-fa/ECO monomer system with different heating rates. To determine the activation energy ( E a ), the experimental data were subjected to the isoconversional methods, namely Flynn–Wall–Ozawa (FWO) and Friedman (FR). The V-fa/ECO monomer mixture showed average E a values of 105 kJ/mol and 94 kJ/mol. The results derived using the curing reaction model and the experimental data were in good agreement, demonstrating the efficacy of the FWO method for determining the curing kinetics parameters. The simulated mechanical response to external applied loads by finite-element analysis of the tooth model restored with glass fiber-reinforced V-fa/ECO biocopolymer post showed a similar stress field to the tooth model restored with a commercial glass fiber post. Therefore, based on the findings in this work, it is evident that the bio-based benzoxazine/epoxy copolymer possesses a great potential to be used for dental fiber post. Graphical Abstract
Due to awareness of global warming and the devastation of environmental resources, the management of agricultural residues after each harvesting season has been integrated into the biorefining process to increase its value and mitigate environmental pollution caused by burning or combustion. This research focuses on the process development to utilize agricultural biomass residues for renewable energy production in the form of bioethanol. The study employed organosolv pretreatment with sulfuric acid as a catalyst to promote the enzymatic conversion of corn husk into reducing sugars. To determine the optimal conditions for the process, a one-factor-at-a-time method was initially employed to assess the influence of temperature (80-140 ºC), time (40-60 min), and sulfuric acid concentration (0.01-0.5% w/w). Subsequently, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was conducted based on the Box-Behnken design (BBD) to identify the optimal pretreatment conditions. The predicted optimal pretreatment conditions were found to be 135.4 ºC, 57 min, and 0.46% w/w, resulting in a reducing sugar yield of 20.69% with a margin of error of 1.2%. Additionally, biomass composition analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were performed to decipher the mechanism of organosolv pretreatment on enzymatic saccharification. This study demonstrated the potential of corn husk as an alternative raw material for the production of value-added products like bioethanol. The obtained reducing sugars serve as vital substrates for the fermentation process required to produce bioethanol as an alternative fuel to meet the target of sustainable development goals (SDGs).
The increased processing of coffee beans has generated huge amount of coffee husk, which are improperly disposed. Inappropriate disposal of coffee husk has led to release of toxic compounds to the environment causing serious environmental concerns. To mitigate the impact of improperly disposed coffee husk, it is suggested for valorisation of the coffee husk. Hence, this study has focussed on identifying the potential of coffee husk in maximizing the sugar yield from it which can be converted to value added product. Deep eutectic solvent (DES) involving choline chloride and lactic acid (ChCl:LA) mixed at 1:4 molar ratio was studied to investigate the effect of DES pretreatment on coffee husk to produce reducing sugar in the hydrolysis process. Pretreatment conditions of the biomass were optimized for biomass loading (5-20%, w/w), temperature (70-120 ° C), and duration (60-240 min) using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) for obtaining maximum yield of reducing sugar. The RSM model predicted an optimal pretreatment condition of biomass loading with 20% (w/w), pretreated at 120 ° C for 231.80 min to achieve maximum sugar yield (30.522%). The pretreatment effect on biomass composition was analyzed using the Van Soest method, which showed an increase in the cellulose content along with the hemicellulose removal when compared with the native biomass. Moreover, evaluation of chemical structural changes also confirmed the effectiveness of DES pretreatment. Thus, the current study would illustrate the potential of coffee husk to produce value-added compounds from it.
We report the genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. OS603R, isolated from holy basil roots. The strain possesses genes potentially responsible for antimicrobial and antitumor agents. The genome assembly comprises 7,521,075 bps with 72.29% GC content. The genome provides the basis for studies involving genes related to relevant bioactive compounds.
Several researchers have shown that the heat transfer performance of solar parabolic trough (SPT) receivers may be improved by increasing their surface area or by adding internal fins to the tubes. Unfortunately, the manufacture of internally finned tubes involves complex processes, resulting in significant cost increases. On the other hand, the addition of external fins to tubes is more technically and economically feasible in a low-resource setting. This study investigates the potential benefits of integrating external fins on the receiver tubes of a low-cost SPT collector system. Experiments were conducted using an SPT system with a focal length of 300 mm and a collector length of 5.1 m, and they were positioned by an automated Sun tracking system. Tests were undertaken using both smooth and externally finned receiver tubes operating at five different water flow rates. The solar receiver with a finned tube was able to provide a maximum water temperature of 59.34 °C compared with that of 56.52 °C for a smooth tube at a flow rate of 0.5 L per minute. The externally finned absorber tube was also found to have a maximum efficiency of 18.20% at an average daily solar intensity of 834.61 W/m2, which is approximately 48% more efficient than the smooth tube. The calculations indicate that the experimental SPT system using finned tubes potentially avoids 0.2726 metric tons of CO2e per year, with finned tubes outperforming smooth tubes by up to 44%. The results show that using externally finned receiver tubes can significantly enhance the thermal performance of SPT collector systems.
The objective of this work was to produce low moisture-texturized vegetable protein (LM-TVP). Firstly, SPI:DRB at ratio of 50:50, 65:35 and 80:20 (w/w) was blended to produce TVP with 50–70 % protein (TSP50–70), respectively. In addition, RPI:DRB was also blended at the same ratio to produce non beany odor TVP with 50–70 % protein (TRP50–70). All samples were extruded using twin screw extruder. Extrusion condition was fixed at 25 % of feed moisture, 400 rpm of screw speed and 130 °C of die temperature. Next, properties of TSP50–70 and TRP50–70 before and after rehydration were characterized. For TSP50–70, studied properties consisting of expansion ratio, density, WAC, WHC and OHC of TSP50–70 were 2.20–2.27 %, 0.26–0.34 kg/m ³ , 414–446 %, 2.87–4.88 g H 2 O/g and 2.55–2.73 g oil/g respectively. These properties values were closed and in the same range of commercial-TVP (C-TVP). However, texture of TSP50 and TSP70 was significantly different, as decreasing DRB content from 50 (TSP50) to 20 % (TSP70) improved texture in terms of hardness (from 0.51 to 1.88 N), springiness (from 0.73 to 0.96) and cohesiveness (from 0.46 to 0.81) of TSP. Therefore, to add value to DRB, TSP70 (80 % SPI and 20 % DRB) was proposed to produce TSP. For TRP, expansion ratio, density, WAC, hardness, springiness and cohesiveness of TRP50–70 were 1.07–1.34 %, 0.63–0.88 kg/m ³ , 78–158 %, 1.03–9.10 N, 0.71–0.85 and 0.27–0.29 which were out of range compared to C-TVP.
Melamine has been intentionally added into food products to increase the protein count at less cost, especially in dairy products for infant resulting in serious adverse effects on health of consumers. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a method to quantify melamine in dairy products based on the change of fluorescent properties of carbon dots (CDs) as sensing probe. CDs with green-fluorescent emission were synthesized from citric acid and urea under microwave irradiation. The synthesized CDs emitted fluorescence at the maximum wavelength of 538 nm with excitation wavelength of 410 nm. Thus, they provided high sensitivity and selectivity on melamine detection by which fluorescent emission of the CDs was increasingly quenched upon increasing melamine concentrations. Optimal conditions for melamine determination using the CDs was under pH 6, volume ratio between CDs and sample of 2:8 and reaction time of 15 minutes. The developed method provided high precision of melamine determination with less than 5% of %RSD (n = 5), wide detection range from 1.0 to 200.0 ppm, and high sensitivity with limit of detection (LOD) of 0.47 ppm and limit of quantification (LOQ) of 1.56 ppm, which is within the regulated level by the Food and Drug Administration of the United States for melamine in dairy products. Several analytical characterization techniques were conducted to elucidate the reaction mechanism between CDs and melamine, and the hydrogen bonding interaction was proposed.
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5,564 members
Suthee Rattanamongkolgul
  • Faculty of Medicine
Somkiat Phornphisutthimas
  • Department of Biology
Tapanee Hongratanaworakit
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
Mayuree Tangkiatkumjai
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
Parin Chaivisuthangkura
  • Department of Biology
Bangkok, Thailand