Southern Oregon University
  • Ashland, Oregon, United States
Recent publications
Experiences of desire—the feeling of wanting to have, do, or experience something—are pervasive and varied. Recent theoretical advances draw attention to characterizing this variation. Thus, this study investigated experiences of desire in everyday life and co-occurring social, physical, and emotional states, including facets of emotional experiences known to be related to well-being (e.g., perceived loneliness and stress). The Qwantify app was designed to run a remote experience sampling study. Through the app, participants were randomly alerted during their daily life to report on their experience in the moment. During the data collection period, any individual could download the freely available Qwantify app and participate in the study, without providing identifying information or communicating with researchers. Similar to other remote experience sampling studies, an incentive for participants to engage in the study was unlocking visualizations of their own data. Over 600 participants downloaded the app, completed the sign-up process, and responded to at least one experience sampling alert. Approximately 40% of these participants went on to respond to 50 alerts. The purpose of this report is to describe this experience sampling dataset such that it can be used to test a variety of hypotheses, including hypotheses regarding individual differences.
Strain 5675061T was isolated from a deep-sea microbial mat near hydrothermal vents within the Axial Seamount caldera on the Juan de Fuca Ridge (NE Pacific Ocean) and was taxonomically evaluated using a polyphasic approach. Morphological and chemotaxonomic properties are consistent with characteristics of the genus Streptomyces: aerobic Gram-stain-positive filaments that form spores, l,l-diaminopimelic acid in whole-cell hydrolysates, and iso-C16:0 as the major fatty acid. Phylogenetic analysis, genomic, and biochemical comparisons show close evolutionary relatedness to Streptomyces lonarensis NCL716T, S. bohaiensis 11A07T, and S. otsuchiensis OTB305T but genomic relatedness indices identify strain 5675061T as a distinct species. Based on a polyphasic characterization, identifying differences in genomic and taxonomic data, strain 5675061T represents a novel species, for which the name Streptomyces spiramenti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 5675061T (=LMG 31896T = DSM 111793T).
In this autoethnography inquiry, seven counselor educators from diverse intersectionalities discuss how they leverage their selfhood to promote antiracist counselor education. Based on two cycles of pattern coding, the authors identified themes of perceiving, experiencing, creating, and facilitating. Implications for future research and practice are offered.
This conceptual article calls for the transformation of the antiquated educational system into an innovative PreK-12 model that embraces the goals of multicultural education and the pedagogical strategies commonly associated with a holistically integrated STEM curriculum. Teaching STEM through a multicultural lens creates rich opportunities where all students, especially those who have been historically marginalized in STEM fields, can develop identities such as scientists, mathematicians, creative artists, and valued citizens as part of a global team effort. Recommendations are made to educational policymakers, curriculum developers, school administrators, teacher educators, and PreK-12 teachers to collectively create a STEM educational model that is equitable, pluralistic, and a path to social justice.
The spread and acceptance of extremism and White nationalism throughout United States institutions poses some of today’s most difficult challenges to national (in)security. This forum brings together scholars from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives to center communication in an effort to investigate, disrupt, and mitigate extremism and White nationalism within the United States military (USM). Ultimately, we challenge future scholars to continue this invaluable line of research so that we may continue to support the needs of a diverse combat force and mission success of the USM.
Ceres is the largest object in the asteroid belt and the only dwarf planet in the inner solar system. In 2015, carbon, and organic compounds, were found by the Dawn mission in high abundance in the surface of Ceres. Here, we use thermodynamic modeling with the goal of constraining the speciation, stability, and abundance of organic compounds formed via abiotic reactions in the early subsurface ocean of Ceres and its mud-bearing mantle. We vary environmental conditions such as temperature, pH, reduction potential, solution composition, and pressure to analyze the variables that lead to optimal formation of organics. Primary results predict that in-situ organic production is negligible for most cases in the subsurface ocean if Ceres primarily accreted CI carbonaceous chondrites yet may be more significant if Ceres formed from cometary material. Carbonate concentration is 3–6 orders of magnitude higher than organics in the chondritic models, while a cometary composition favors significant alcohol and carboxylic acid derivative production, among other organic species. Results also indicate that temperature and pH are drivers of organic formation by water-rock equilibrium, with temperature having the greatest effect. Further analysis reveals that a mixture of ≲ 80 wt% CI chondrite and ≳ 20 wt% cometary material is favorable to in situ organic production of reduced organics. Observational constraints from the Dawn mission indicate that our model results could be representative of the organic observations on the surface. While our models favor organic production in Ceres' ocean with moderate amounts of cometary material, further studies into alternative mechanisms of production and concentration on the surface of Ceres are needed.
Clade-based taxonomy has become a recognised means of classifying members of the family Vibrionaceae. A multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) approach based on eight housekeeping genes can be used to infer phylogenetic relationships, which then groups species into monophyletic clades. Recent work on the Vibrionaceae clades added newly described species and updated existing relationships; the Nereis clade currently includes Vibrio nereis and Vibrio hepatarius. A publication characterising Vibrio japonicus as a novel species placed it within the Nereis clade, but this strain was not included in a recently published taxonomic update because a genome sequence was not available for phylogenetic assessment. To resolve this discrepancy and assess the taxonomic position of V. japonicus within the updated clades, we sequenced the complete genome of V. japonicus JCM 31412 T and conducted phylogenetic and genomic analyses of this clade. Vibrio japonicus remains within the Nereis clade and phylogenomic, average nucleotide identity (ANI), and average amino acid identity (AAI) analyses confirm this relationship. Additional genomic assessments on all Nereis clade members found gene clusters and inferred functionalities shared among the species. This work represents the first complete genome of a member of the Nereis clade and updates the clade-based taxonomy of the Vibrionaceae family.
Writers of working-class memoirs in the twentieth century recalled the psychological ways that respectable individuals managed their relation to London’s most disreputable streets. The Victorian social cartographer Charles Booth had colour-coded these streets as black on his poverty maps, ascribing not only penury but also criminality to them. Into the twentieth century, locals continued to internalise a mythology of rough versus respectable areas. Yet daily they experienced the untenability of these constructed social divides. Some children living on the blackest streets were successfully sheltered from the corruption around them. Others perceived a porousness between infamous and more decent streets. Over on respectable streets, some children observed their parents’ complicity in ‘fiddles’ – illicit ways of earning cash through small illegal ventures. Here, fathers insisted on their honour, even accusing others of immorality. Such an ethics relied upon an internal management of criminal and respectable codes that were complexly interwoven and shaped by family and community ties.
Changes in perceptions and laws on recreational cannabis use have shifted significantly in recent years. Yet research in this field is still scarce. This study explores residents’ perceptions on impact and support for cannabis tourism using cannabis user status and voting intention as moderators. Results from a quantitative survey distributed to Oregon residents (n = 700) reveal overall positive perceptions on cannabis legalization and cannabis tourism. More specifically, perceived positive impact had more influence on support for cannabis tourism among nonusers than users, while users’ support appeared to be steady regardless of their perceived level of positive impact. The study findings also showed a significant relationship between voting intention and support for cannabis tourism but an insignificant interaction between voting intention and impact factors, indicating that voting intention may be treated as a separate construct affecting residents’ support, rather than a moderator between impact factors and support level. Considering the continued evolvement in the legal and economic landscapes of cannabis tourism, policymakers and industry professionals should engage in continual conversations on how to plan and manage this new tourism segment for community and state development.
The Alien Worlds project teaches ethnographic skills using the societies of dystopian, postapocalyptic, and science fiction texts as imagined field sites and targets for analysis. These exercises and assignments, which illustrate principles of qualitative fieldwork, were developed when COVID-19 precautions made it impossible to assign tasks that involved in-person social interaction. Preliminary findings from use in 2020–2021 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (n = 140) and Science Fiction and Society (n = 10) classes suggest that science fiction may have an ongoing place in beginning and intermediate social science courses, as it provides an entertaining, low-stakes way for students to practice observation and analysis. The original project is designed to span at least six weeks or the course of a semester, but variations for shorter and stand-alone assignments are provided in addition to ways that it can be adapted to suit the needs of different audiences. Though it will not replace all in-person field experience for advanced sociology and anthropology students, it provides a bridge between classroom content and hands-on interaction that encourages a growth mindset in learning.
Strain OCN044T was isolated from the homogenised tissue and mucus of an apparently healthy Acropora cytherea coral fragment collected from the western reef terrace of Palmyra Atoll in the Northern Line Islands and was taxonomically evaluated with a polyphasic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties are consistent with characteristics of the genus Vibrio: Gram-stain-negative rods, oxidase- and catalase-positive, and motile by means of a polar flagellum. Strain OCN044T can be differentiated as a novel subspecies based on 21 differences among chemotaxonomic features (e.g., fatty acids percentages for C12:0 and C18:1ω7c), enzymatic activities (e.g., DNase and cystine arylamidase), and carbon sources utilized (e.g., L-xylose and D-melezitose) from its nearest genetic relative. Phylogenetic analysis and genomic comparisons show close evolutionary relatedness to Vibrio tetraodonis A511T but the overall genomic relatedness indices identify strain OCN044T as a distinct subspecies. Based on a polyphasic characterisation, differences in genomic and taxonomic data, strain OCN044T represents a novel subspecies of V. tetraodonis A511T, for which the name Vibrio tetraodonis subsp. pristinus subsp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is OCN044T (= LMG 31895T = DSM 111778T).
Background Restoring the native center of rotation (COR) in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) has been shown to improve post-surgical function, subjective outcomes and implant longevity. The primary purpose of this study was to compare postoperative radiographic restoration of the humeral center of rotation (COR) between short stem and stemless humeral implants by evaluating the mean COR shift between the two techniques. Secondary outcomes evaluated were comparisons of COR shift outliers, humeral head implant thickness and diameter, direction of COR shift and neck shaft angle (NSA). Methods This study was a multicenter retrospective comparative study using a consecutive series of primary anatomic TSA patients who received either a short stem or stemless humeral implant. Radiographically, COR and NSA was measured by two fellowship trained surgeons using the best fit circle technique on immediate postoperative Grashey radiographs. Results 229 patients formed the final cohort for analysis which included 89 short stems and 140 stemless components. The mean COR shift for short stems was 2.7 mm (+/- 1.4 mm), compared to 2.1 mm (+/- 0.9 mm) for stemless implants (p<0.001). The percentage of short stem implant patients with a >2 mm COR difference from native was 66.0% (n=62), compared to 47.4% (n=64) for stemless (p = 0.006). The percentage of short stem patients with >4 mm COR difference from native was 17.0% (n=16), compared to 3.0% (n=4) for stemless (p<0.001). The mean humeral implant head thickness for short stems was 18.7±2.2 mm, compared to 17.2±1.3 mm for stemless implants (p<0.001). The mean humeral head diameter for short stems was 48.7±4.4 mm, compared to 45.5±3.5 mm for stemless implants (p<0.001). The NSA for the short stem cohort was 136.7 degrees (+/- 3.6 degrees), compared to 133.5 degrees (+/- 6.0 degrees) for stemless (p<0.001). Conclusions Stemless prostheses placed during TSA achieved improved restoration of humeral head COR and were less likely to have significant COR outliers compared to short stem implants.
This empirical investigation examined the cross-cultural usefulness of a measure of creative potential, namely the short form of the Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS). The RIBS has been used in several investigations and existing data show it to be a reliable criterion measure, usually with a two-factor structure. Scores from the RIBS correlated with tests of divergent thinking (DT); however, the RIBS is much easier to administer. Both DT and the RIBS focus on ideation. College students whose native language is Arabic (N= 383) completed the 25-item, short version of the RIBS. We tested the factor structure with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and discriminant validity evidence with Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and found a stronger support for the two-factor solution than the one-factor solution. Reliability evidence was also strong in the present sample. The first factor (“specific ideation”) had weak correlation with Raven’s SPM test whereas the second factor (“broad ideation”) was not significantly related. The results are discussed in terms of the relevant literature.
As migration and displacement continue to increase around the world, guidelines are needed clarifying how school counselors can use their power and privilege in working with refugee students and their families across K-12 education, more so in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic. We introduce the Refugee Well-Being Project intervention to school counselors and school counselor interns, focusing on the social determinants of health impacting the overall well-being of refugee students.
Background Before widespread vaccination, the United States was disproportionately affected by COVID-19 with a mortality rate several times that of other affluent societies. Comparing regions with different rates of health insurance, we assess how much of this excess mortality may be due to the relatively large population without health insurance. Methods We use daily surveillance data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stratified by region, age group, gender, and race in regression analysis of daily COVID-19 cases, hospitalization, and mortality. COVID-19 data have been matched with structural characteristics of the region including average proportion with health insurance. As checks, we have estimated regressions for different time periods, different groups of states, and by comparing adjacent counties between states with and without Medicaid expansion. Findings Groups with lower health insurance coverage had significantly higher mortality as well as greater case counts and hospitalization. Early in the pandemic, they were also less likely to be tested for COVID-19. Applying our regression estimates, we estimate that had there been full health insurance coverage of the population, there would have been 60,000 fewer deaths, 26% of the total death toll in the period of this analysis. Interpretation Our study demonstrates that a significant share of COVID-19 mortality in the United States, and much of the excess mortality in the United States compared with other countries, is due to our reliance on a system of market-driven healthcare. Providing universal insurance coverage should be part of our campaign to reduce COVID-19 mortality. It also suggests that these concerns should not be restricted to COVID-19 but apply across all diseases, contributing to many unnecessary deaths in the United States each year even apart from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Purpose To biomechanically compare a knotless double-row construct with 3 medial all-suture (3AS) anchors with a standard 2 medial hard body (2HB) anchor construct. Methods Twelve matched cadaveric shoulder specimens with a mean age of 57 years (range: 54-61 years) were randomized to receive a knotless double-row repair with either a 3AS or 2HB construct. In the 3AS construct, three 2.6-mm all-suture anchors were placed adjacent to the articular margin and secured laterally with two 4.75-mm knotless hard body anchors. In the 2HB construct, two 4.75-mm medial hard body anchors were placed medially, lateral fixation was identical to the 3AS construct. Creep, displacement, stiffness, and ultimate load were recorded for each sample. In addition, a SynDaver model was used to compare contact pressure between the 2 repair constructs. Results There were no differences in cyclic displacement at 1, 30, and 100 cycles (P = .616, .497, .190, respectively), cyclic stiffness (.928), ultimate load (.445), or load to failure (P = .445) between the 2 constructs. The 3AS repair construct had improved contact pressure between tendon and bone when compared with the 2HB construct at loads of 20 N, 30 N, and 40 N (P = .01, .02, and .04, respectively). Conclusions Displacement and load to failure properties are similar between knotless constructs using either 2HB or 3AS for the medial row. However, contact force may improve with the use of 3 medial all-suture anchors. Clinical Relevance As all-suture anchors are smaller in size when compared with hard body anchors. For this reason, there is potential to place an additional all-suture medial anchor to improve contact force and potentially improve rotator cuff healing when compared with the use of hard body anchors.
Background The objective of this study was to compare complication rates between patients undergoing reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) after a prior open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for proximal humerus fracture (PHF) to those undergoing RSA as a primary treatment for PHFs, glenohumeral osteoarthritis, or rotator cuff tear arthropathy (CTA). Methods Patients who underwent RSA between 2015-2020 were identified in the Mariner database. Patients were separated into three mutually exclusive groups: 1) RSA for osteoarthritis, rotator cuff tear, or CTA (Control-RSA) 2) RSA as a primary treatment for PHF (PHF-RSA), and 3) RSA for patients with prior ORIF of PHFs (ORIF-RSA). 90-day medical and 2-year postoperative surgical complications were identified. Additionally, patients in the PHF-RSA group were subdivided into those undergoing RSA for PHF within 3 months of the fracture (acute) versus those treated greater than 3 months from diagnosis (delayed). Multivariate regression was performed to control for differences in comorbidities and demographics. Results 30,824 patients underwent primary RSA for arthritis or CTA, 5,389 patients underwent RSA as a primary treatment for a PHF, and 361 patients underwent RSA after ORIF of a PHF. ORIF before RSA was associated with an increased risk of overall revision (OR 2.45, p=0.002), infection (OR 2.40, p<0.001), instability (OR 2.43, p<0.001), fracture (OR 3.24, p=0.001), minor medical complications (OR 1.59, p=0.008) and readmission (OR 2.55, p=0.001) compared with the Control-RSA cohort. RSA as a primary treatment for PHF was associated with an increased risk of two-year revision (OR 1.60, p<0.001), infection (OR 1.51, p<0.001), instability (OR 2.84, p<0.001) and fracture (OR 2.54, p<0.001) in addition to major medical complications (OR 2.02, p<0.001), minor medical complications (OR 1.92, p<0.001), 90-day ED visits (OR 1.26, p<0.001) and 90-day readmission (OR 2.03, p<0.001) compared to the Control-RSA cohort. The ORIF-RSA group had an increased risk of periprosthetic infection (OR 1.94, p=0.002) when compared to the PHF-RSA cohort. There were no differences in medical or surgical complications in the RSA-PHF cohort between patients treated in an acute or delayed fashion. Conclusion RSA following ORIF of a PHF is associated with increased complications compared to patients undergoing RSA for non-fracture indications. Prior ORIF of a proximal humerus fracture is also an independent risk factor for postoperative infection after RSA compared to patients who undergo RSA as a primary operation for fracture. The timing of RSA as a primary operation for PHF does not appear to impact the rates of postoperative medical and surgical complications.
Background Prosthetic instability is one of the most common short term complications following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). Numerous strategies exist to attempt to mitigate this complication, including utilization of constrained polyethylene humeral liners. A concern of constrained humeral liners is that they may come at the expense of restricted rotational range of motion (ROM). The purpose of the current study is to compare range of ROM and patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and satisfaction among matched cohorts using constrained versus unconstrained liners after RTSA. Methods A multi-center shoulder arthroplasty registry was retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with two-year clinical follow-up after RTSA with constrained liners used at the surgeon’s discretion. All patients had the same inlay humeral prosthesis with a 135° neck shaft angle. This study cohort was matched 1:2 to control patients who underwent RTSA with standard liners based on age, sex, total glenoid-sided lateralization, glenosphere diameter, and surgery performed on the dominant arm. Improvement in PROs and ROM were compared between groups. Results 22 patients were identified who underwent RTSA with a constrained humeral liner; these were compared to 44 matched patients with standard liners. The groups were found to have no notable differences in demographics, baseline PROs and ROM. At two years postoperatively, both cohorts demonstrated improvements in all PROs without statistically significant differences between the two groups. There were no differences between groups in improvement in any ROM measure, including forward flexion (Constrained: 54o, Standard: 57o, p = 0.771), external rotation at the side (Constrained: 42o, Standard: 41o, p = 0.906) or internal rotation at 90o of abduction (Constrained: 24o, Standard: 20o, p = 0.587). Conclusions For an inlay humeral prosthesis with a 135° neck shaft angle, utilization of a constrained liner for RTSA demonstrates no significant difference in ROM or PROs compared to a well-matched cohort of patients who underwent RTSA with a standard polyethylene humeral liner. This is reassuring data for using constrained liners when there is intraoperative concern for prosthetic instability.
The present study examined cognitive flexibility as a mediator in the relationship between bilingualism and creativity. Other variables, such as cultural orientation, multicultural experience, and second language acquisition age, were also included to comprehensively understand associations with creativity. The mediation effect of cognitive flexibility was analyzed using a bootstrapping method with a sample of 89 Korean-English bilingual college students through an online survey. Findings indicated that bilingualism was not statistically associated with creativity but that cognitive flexibility mediated the relationship between bilingualism and creative ideation (i.e., fluency, originality, and flexibility), indicating that the relationship of creative ideation with bilingualism depended on depended on cognitive flexibility. Also, cognitive flexibility played an important role in the relationship between multicultural experience and two indices of creative potential (i.e., fluency and flexibility, but not originality). Bilingualism was the most accurate predictor of cognitive flexibility. Limitations and future research are discussed.
Objectives: Female sexual and reproductive health is heavily influenced by the levels and ratios of Lactobacilli species and vaginal cytokines. Menopause marks a profound body change as it shifts to a natural and permanent non-reproductive state. Vulvovaginal diseases encompass a broad variety of sexual health conditions. Furthermore, both menopause and vulvovaginal diseases affect vaginal Lactobacilli and cytokine levels. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the correlation between menopause, vulvovaginal diseases, and vaginal Lactobacilli and cytokine levels. Methods: Vaginal swab samples were collected as part of a prospective data bank creation to study vaginal conditions as approved by the Institutional Review Board of Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA. This study utilized 38 samples in this database, which were assigned to the pre-menopausal with no vulvovaginal conditions (n = 20) and post-menopausal with vulvovaginal conditions (n = 18) groups. A real-time polymerase chain reaction was conducted to determine the relative concentration of Lactobacilli species, while cytokine analysis was performed using multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay immunoassay. The standardized mean difference, multivariate analysis of variance, and permutational unequal variance t test were used for the statistical analysis. Results: Cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6, macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, IL-8, and Lactobacillus iners expression were significantly elevated in the control group compared to the study group (P = 0.03 for the cytokines, P = 0.0194 for Lactobacilli). Conclusions: The levels of vaginal cytokine and Lactobacillus profile were significantly different between the pre-menopausal and post-menopausal groups.
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1,383 members
Douglas C. Smith
  • Department of Psychology
E. Jamie Trammell
  • Environmental Science and Policy
Mark A. Runco
  • Creativity Research and Programming
Mark Krause
  • Department of Psychology
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