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    ABSTRACT: The proliferation and differentiation characteristics of umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells were examined in a non-rotational suspension bioreactor with a fishtail mixer. The system consisted of a glass vessel, a mixer that moved vertically, a data acquisition and control system to continuously monitor pH, temperature and dissolved O(2). The bioreactor provided superior expansion of total HSCs and not total cell number, as well as expression of stemness-related genes which followed with increasing in number of colony-forming cells during 14 days of culture compared to T -lask culture. Vertical agitation thus reduces the total cell number, which may be related to increased shear stress, but has no effect on HSC function.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Biotechnology Letters
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    Full-text · Article · May 2011 · Archives of Iranian medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the suitability of a mouse model for preclinical investigations; little is known regarding mesenchymal stem cells derived from murine amniotic fluid. This is the subject of the present study. Amniotic fluid was collected from NMRI mice during the second weeks of pregnancy and plated. The cells that adhered to the culture surfaces were propagated with three successive subcultures and then characterized. To determine the differentiation potential, the cells were cultivated under osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic conditions, and followed by specific staining and RT-PCR analysis for differentiation. The proliferative potential of the cells were measured with clonogenic assays, population doubling time and number and by growth curve plotting. Cellular aging was investigated with the senescence-associated ß-galactosidase staining method. The amniotic fluid primary cell culture was composed of round flattened and fibroblastic cells. The latter dominated the culture after several passages. Successful tripotent differentiation of the isolated cells into bone, cartilage and adipose cells were indicative of their mesenchymal stem cells nature. The isolated cells appeared to be relatively proliferative cells as confirmed by the population doubling time value which was equal to about 69 hours. Furthermore, the cells were relatively clonogenic and they tended to initiate proliferation immediately after plating (there was no lag phase in their growth curve). ß-galactosidase positive cells were first observed at passage 3 and increased in number with subsequent passages. Collectively it was concluded that murine amniotic fluid contained mesenchymal stem cells with relatively high proliferation property and typical tripotent differentiation potential.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Archives of Iranian medicine
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