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Available from: Roberto De Vogli
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ABSTRACT: Obesity and overweight are suggested to increase the risk of occupational injury but longitudinal evidence to confirm this is rare. We sought to evaluate obesity and overweight as risk factors for occupational injuries.
A total of 69,515 public sector employees (80% women) responded to a survey in 2000-2002, 2004 or 2008. Body mass index (kg/m(2)) was derived from self-reported height and weight and was linked to records of subsequent occupational injuries obtained from national registers. Different injury types, locations and events or exposures (the manner in which the injury was produced or inflicted) were analyzed by body mass index category adjusting for baseline socio-demographic characteristics, work characteristics, health-risk behaviors, physical and mental health, insomnia symptoms, and sleep duration. During the mean follow-up of 7.8 years (SD = 3.2), 18% of the employees (N = 12,204) recorded at least one occupational injury. Obesity was associated with a higher overall risk of occupational injury; multivariable adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.21 (95% CI 1.14-1.27). A relationship was observed for bone fractures (HR = 1.37; 95% CI: 1.10-1.70), dislocations, sprains and strains (HR = 1.36; 95% CI: 1.25-1.49), concussions and internal injuries (HR = 1.26; 95% CI: 1.11-1.44), injuries to lower extremities (HR = 1.62; 95%: 1.46-1.79) and injuries to whole body or multiple sites (HR = 1.37; 95%: 1.10-1.70). Furthermore, obesity was associated with a higher risk of injuries caused by slipping, tripping, stumbling and falling (HR = 1.55; 95% CI: 1.40-1.73), sudden body movement with or without physical stress (HR = 1.24; 95% CI: 1.10-1.41) and shock, fright, violence, aggression, threat or unexpected presence (HR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.03-1.72). The magnitude of the associations between overweight and injuries was smaller, but the associations were generally in the same direction as those of obesity.
Obese employees record more occupational injuries than those with recommended healthy weight.
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ABSTRACT: To explore how older people with lung and colorectal cancer view registered complementary therapy (CT) services in Northern Ireland.
A literature review highlighted gaps around information, access, and communication between patients and health professionals regarding CT services.
Using structured interviews, a survey of 68 patients in one hospital and one hospice was conducted in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
All respondents felt that CT services should be better promoted and more easily accessible to older people with cancer. Some patients were concerned about the lack of written information provided regarding CT services, which they believed led to poorer uptake and uncertainty regarding the potential benefits. Others were concerned that engaging in or disclosing CT usage might negatively affect existing relationships with medical professionals.
Patients should be offered high quality written information on CT services to enable choice, improve knowledge, and promote wider access. Increased physician education may facilitate provision of such information.
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