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    ABSTRACT: In a superconductor pair occupancy probabilities are doubly defined with conflicting values when normal and umklapp scattering coexist with the same destination momentum. To resolve this issue a new pairing scheme is introduced to assert normal–umklapp frustration under such circumstances. Superconductivity then arises solely from residual umklapp scattering to destination momenta not reached by normal scattering. Consequent Tc calculations from first principles for niobium, tantalum, lead and aluminum turn out to be accurate within a few percent. A new perspective is revealed to support Matthias׳ rule. New light is also shed relevant to the future study of metallic hydrogen.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Solid State Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, a hybrid distribution function [Tribeche et al., Phys. Rev. E 85, 037401 (2012)] was proposed to describe a plasma species with an enhanced superthermal component. This combines a Cairns-type "nonthermal" form with the Tsallis theory for nonextensive thermodynamics. Using this alternative model, the propagation of arbitrary amplitude ion acoustic solitary waves in a two-component plasma is investigated. From a careful study of the distribution function it is found that the model itself is valid only for a very restricted range in the q-nonextensive parameter and the nonthermality parameter, α. Solitary waves, the amplitude and nature of which depend sensitively on both q and α, can exist within a narrow range of allowable Mach numbers. Both positive and negative potential structures are found, and coexistence may occur.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Physical Review E
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    ABSTRACT: Beam divergences of high-order extreme ultraviolet harmonics from intense laser interactions with steep plasma density gradients are studied through experiment and Fourier analysis of the harmonic spatial phase. We show that while emission due to the relativistically oscillating mirror mechanism can be explained by ponderomotive surface denting, in agreement with previous results, the divergence of the emission due to the coherent wake emission mechanism requires a combination of the dent phase and an intrinsic emission phase. The temporal dependence of the divergences for both mechanisms is highlighted while it is also shown that the coherent wake emission divergence can be small in circumstances where the phase terms compensate each other.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Physical Review Letters
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