Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
Recent publications
Resumo: A importância do agronegócio na economia é um tema bastante estudado no contexto brasileiro. O objetivo deste estudo é contribuir com este tema fazendo uma mensuração simultânea do agronegócio nacional e de todas as Unidades da Federação nos anos de 2000 e 2010. Os resultados do estudo permitem verificar como o agronegócio agregado e seus componentes se distribuem no território nacional e ao longo do tempo. Para isso foram utilizadas informações compatibilizadas das matrizes de insumo-produto e de empregos da RAIS. Considerando apenas o ano de 2010, os resultados obtidos mostram que o agronegócio representa 21% do Valor Adicionado da economia brasileira, que São Paulo é a Unidade da Federação com maior participação no agronegócio nacional (26%) e que Mato Grosso é a Unidade da Federação com maior participação do agronegócio na economia local (56%).
When a patient on peritoneal dialysis (PD) presents with suspected PD-related peritonitis (e.g. cloudy PD fluid and abdominal pain), one of the most important initial aspects of management is for the nephrology nurse/home dialysis nurse to collect PD effluent specimens for white blood cells count, Gram stain, culture and sensitivity for inspection and to send for laboratory testing before antibiotics are started. A review by seven members of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) Nursing Committee of all 133 questions posted to the ISPD website ‘Questions about PD’ over the last 4 years (January 2018–December 2021), revealed 97 posted by nephrology nurses from around the world. Of these 97 questions, 10 were noted to be related to best practices for PD effluent specimen collection. For our review, we focused on these 10 questions along with their responses by the members of the ISPD ‘Ask The Experts Team’, whereby existing best practice recommendations were considered, if available, relevant literature was cited and differences in international practice discussed. We revised the original responses for clarity and updated the references. We found that these 10 questions were quite varied but could be organised into four categories: how to collect PD effluent safely; how to proceed with PD effluent collection; how to collect PD effluent for assessment; and how to proceed with follow-up PD effluent collection after intraperitoneal antibiotics have been started. In general, we found that there was limited evidence in the PD literature to answer several of these 10 questions posted to the ISPD website ‘Questions about PD’ by nephrology nurses from around the world on this important clinical topic of best practices for PD effluent specimen collection. Some of these questions were also not addressed in the latest ISPD Peritonitis Guidelines. Moreover, when polling members of our ISPD Nursing Committee we found when answering a few of these questions, nursing practice varied within and among countries. We encourage PD nurses to conduct their own research on this important topic, focusing on areas where research evidence is lacking.
Objectives To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with the lifetime medical diagnosis of depression in Brazil. Design Population-based, cross-sectional study. Setting Analysis of data from the 2019 Brazilian National Health Survey. Participants 90 846 individuals aged ≥15 years were included. Outcome measure The self-reported medical diagnosis of depression at some point in one’s life was the main outcome. Prevalence ratios (PRs) with 95% CIs were calculated by Poisson regression with robust variance. The independent variables included the geographical area of residence, sociodemographic characteristics, current smoking status, alcohol abuse, daily screen time, and the presence of physical disorders and mental health comorbidities. Results The self-reported lifetime prevalence of medical diagnosis of depression was 9.9% (95% CI 9.5% to 10.2%). The probability of having received a medical diagnosis of depression was higher among urban residents (PR 1.23; 95% CI 1.12 to 1.35); females (2.75; 2.52 to 2.99); those aged 20–29 years (1.17; 0.91 to 1.51), 30–39 years (1.73; 1.36 to 2.19), 40–49 years (2.30; 1.81 to 2.91), 50–59 years (2.32; 1.84 to 2.93) and 60–69 years (2.27; 1.78 to 2.90) compared with those under 20 years; white-skinned people (0.69 (0.61 to 0.78) for black-skinned people and 0.74 (0.69 to 0.80) for indigenous, yellow and brown-skinned people compared with white-skinned people); those with fewer years of education (1.33(1.12 to 1.58) among those with 9–11 years, 1.14 (0.96 to 1.34) among those with 1–8 years and 1.29 (1.11 to 1.50) among those with 0 years compared with those with ≥12 years of education); those who were separated/divorced (1.43; 1.29 to 1.59), widowed (1.06; 0.95 to 1.19) and single (1.01; 0.93 to 1.10) compared with married people; smokers (1.26; 1.14 to 1.38); heavy screen users (1.31; 1.16 to 1.48) compared with those whose usage was <6 hours/day; those with a medical diagnosis of a physical disorder (1.80; 1.67 to 1.97); and individuals with a medical diagnosis of a mental health comorbidity (5.05; 4.68 to 5.46). Conclusion This nationwide population-based study of self-reported lifetime medical diagnosis of depression in Brazil showed that the prevalence was almost 10%. Considering the current Brazilian population, this prevalence corresponds to more than 2 million people who have been diagnosed with depression at some point in their lives.
Introduction . Exercise intolerance is common in chronic respiratory diseases (CRD), but its mechanisms are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate exercise capacity and its association with lung function, ventilatory limitation, and ventilatory efficiency in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) and asthma when compared to healthy controls. Methods . Cross‐sectional study including patients with mild‐to‐moderate asthma, CF and healthy children and adolescents. Anthropometric data, lung function (spirometry) and exercise capacity (cardiopulmonary exercise testing) were evaluated. Primary outcomes were peak oxygen consumption (VO peak), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV ), breathing reserve (BR), ventilatory equivalent for oxygen consumption (V /VO ) and for carbon dioxide production (V /VCO ), both at the ventilatory threshold (VT ) and peak exercise. Results . Mean age of 147 patients included was 11.8±3.0 years. There were differences between asthmatics and CF children when compared to their healthy peers for anthropometric and lung function measurements. Asthmatics showed lower VO peak when compared to both healthy and CF subjects, although no differences were found between healthy and CF patients. A lower BR was found when CF patients were compared to both healthy and asthmatic. Both CF and asthmatic patients presented higher values for V /VO and V /VCO at VT when compared to healthy individuals. For both V /VO and V /VCO at peak exercise CF patients presented higher values when compared to their healthy peers. Conclusion . Patients with CF achieved good exercise capacity despite low ventilatory efficiency, low BR, and reduced lung function. However, asthmatics reported reduced cardiorespiratory capacity and normal ventilatory efficiency at peak exercise. These results demonstrate differences in the mechanisms of ventilatory limitation to maximum exercise testing in children and adolescents with CRD.
O presente texto tem por intuito resenhar criticamente o livro “Foucault e a Justiça Pós-Penal: críticas e propostas abolicionistas” de Clécio Lemos, de modo a ressaltar as contribuições foucaultianas para o abolicionismo penal. Assim, valendo-se do diálogo com autores que contribuíram para o desenvolvimento do abolicionismo penal enquanto teoria, a resenha apresenta a obra de Lemos, reafirmando a proposta do autor pelo necessário diálogo entre a criminologia e a filosofia. Objetivou-se, dessa forma, apresentar ao público a obra em debate através de uma perspectiva crítica e interdisciplinar, introduzindo o abolicionismo penal como teoria deslegitimante da pena e de suas finalidades tradicionais sob os enfoques da criminologia e da filosofia desenvolvida por Michel Foucault.
This study was motivated by a concern with the recurring reports of teachers and professors who work in High School and Higher Education about the deficiency of students regarding natural language written in the standard norm and the organization of solutions to problems related to employing strategies associated with computational thinking (CT). Given this challenging context, we conducted an Integrative Literature Review to analyze didactic sequences of works involving the construction of multimodal narratives in Elementary School, which simultaneously work on developing written language and CT. In addition, classroom teachers were also interviewed to listen to their experiences regarding the investigated theme. Four volunteers participated in these exploratory interviews. As a result of the Integrative Literature Review and the interviews, we proposed a didactic sequence that includes remediation as the axis around which natural language written in the standard norm is articulated with the authorship of digital narratives to strengthen the student as a writer and the conscious use of linguistic varieties and to develop computational thinking. For future research, it is important to apply the proposed didactic sequence in a classroom context for its validation and improvement.
Sjogren's Syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands and other organs, associated with sicca syndrome but also with systemic involvement with varying degrees of severity. Despite their importance, these systemic manifestations are not routinely evaluated and there is no homogenous approach to their diagnosis or evaluation. To close this gap, a panel of experts from the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the identification of epidemiologic and clinical features of these manifestations and made recommendations based on the findings. Agreement between the experts was achieved using the Delphi method. The first part of this guideline summarizes the most important topics, and 11 recommendations are provided for the articular, pulmonary, and renal care of SS patients.
Coordinated and harmonic (synchronous) ventricular electrical activation is essential for better left ventricular systolic function. Intraventricular conduction abnormalities, such as left bundle branch block due to artificial cardiac pacing, lead to electromechanical "dyssynchronopathy" with deleterious structural and clinical consequences. The aim of this review was to describe and improve the understanding of all the processes connecting the several mechanisms involved in the development of artificially induced ventricular dyssynchrony by cardiac pacing, most known as pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PiCM). The chronic effect of abnormal impulse conduction and nonphysiological ectopic activation by artificial cardiac pacing is suspected to affect metabolism and myocardial perfusion, triggering regional differences in the activation/contraction processes that cause electrical and structural remodeling due to damage, inflammation, and fibrosis of the cardiac tissue. The effect of artificial cardiac pacing on ventricular function and structure can be multifactorial, and biological factors underlying PiCM could affect the time and probability of developing the condition. PiCM has not been included in the traditional classification of cardiomyopathies, which can hinder detection. This article reviews the available evidence for pacing-induced cardiovascular disease, the current understanding of its pathophysiology, and reinforces the adverse effects of right ventricular pacing, especially right ventricular pacing burden (commonly measured in percentage) and its repercussion on ventricular contraction (reflected by the impact on left ventricular systolic function). These effects might be the main defining criteria and determining mechanisms of the pathophysiology and the clinical repercussion seen on patients.
This study aimed to determine the effects of different feeding strategies in fed-batch cultivations on the production of β-galactosidase fused to a cellulose-binding domain (CBD) by Escherichia coli C41(DE3) using a bench bioreactor. The highest enzyme activities (~17,000 U/L) were obtained in fed-batch cultivations controlled by DO-stat and induced with lactose (5 g/L) at 18 h of cultivation. Under these cultivation conditions, the maximum values of β-galactosidase yields per substrate, β-galactosidase yields per biomass, and QP were approximately 950 U/gglucose, 1100 U/gcells, and 540 U/L.h, respectively, using Terrific Broth as culture medium and concentrated feed solution (2×). The dairy coproducts were efficient in inducing the expression of the recombinant enzyme, having reached the highest values of β-galactosidase-CBD activity after 40 h of cultivation. The maximum enzyme activities obtained when using whey permeate or ricotta whey as inducers were 22,950 or 24,640 U/L, respectively. Using the optimal temperature of E. coli growth before induction and ricotta whey as an inducer increased enzyme productivity in 50%. Plasmid construction showed high stability (>94%) throughout E. coli cultivation. This study demonstrated the feasibility of using the DO-stat feeding strategy to produce β-galactosidase-CBD employing ricotta whey as an inducer of enzyme expression.
RESUMO: Este estudo foi motivado por uma inquietação diante dos recorrentes relatos de docentes que atuam nos Ensinos Médio e Superior quanto à deficiência dos estudantes no que diz respeito à linguagem natural escrita na norma padrão e à organização de soluções para problemas relacionados ao uso de estratégias associadas ao pensamento computacional (PC). Diante desse contexto desafiador, realizou-se uma Revisão Integrativa de Literatura com a intenção de analisar as sequências didáticas de trabalhos que envolvem a construção de narrativas multimodais no Ensino Fundamental, as quais trabalham simultaneamente o desenvolvimento da linguagem escrita e do pensamento computacional. Além disso, foram, também, entrevistados professores de sala de aula, com o propósito de ouvir suas vivências a respeito do tema investigado. Essas entrevistas exploratórias contaram com a participação de quatro voluntários. Como resultado da Revisão Integrativa de Literatura e das entrevistas, propôs-se uma sequência didática que inclui a remidiação como o eixo em torno do qual a linguagem natural escrita na norma padrão articula-se com a autoria de narrativas digitais, para promover o fortalecimento do estudante como escritor, o uso consciente de variedades linguísticas e o desenvolvimento do pensamento computacional. Por fim, para pesquisas futuras, considera-se importante a aplicação da sequência didática proposta em contexto de sala de aula, para sua validação e seu aperfeiçoamento.
Esta pesquisa apresenta como o Sistema Fecomércio-RS/Sesc/Senac contribui para o atingimento das metas do Objetivode Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS) 4. Para isso, foi realizado um estudo qualitativo por meio de entrevistas, observação participante e análise documental. Entre os resultados, identificou-se uma quarta abordagem que se soma às indicadas por Ruiz-Mallén e Heras (2020), a gestão ativo-transformadora da educação, e se evidenciou que parcerias interatores são medidas relevantes para promover o alcance do ODS 4.
Introduction Studies regarding the composition and activities of the Legislative Power have advanced in the Brazilian Political Science. This article combines, in a new way, the neoinstitutionalist lens with the political sociology approach to study the permanent Parliamentary Commissions on the Senate, focusing its internal compositions. Materials and Methods First, we review the neoinstitutionalist literature regarding Parliamentary Commissions, also including studies about Brazil. As a counterpoint, we expose the barriers derived from the exclusive use of this matrix to comprehend the Senate Commissions. Results In a partisan fragmented parliament, with a small contingent of politicians, the hierarchy of Commissions tend to bring the most experienced politicians to the most prestigious collegiates, demonstrating an association with the socio-occupational background of senators and thematic legislative areas. This, however, is strongly correlated with the political context of each legislature. Discussion The social background and political experience of senators can’t be seen as factors apart from the study of Parliamentary Commissions. Presence in commissions is strongly bonded with the parliamentarian historic, to their electorate, the acting of their parties, and leaderships of the Congress. Keywords Parliamentary Commissions; Federal Senate; social background; political careers; political elites
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants. Currently, ribavirin, a nucleoside analog containing a 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide moiety, is a first-line drug for its treatment, however, its clinical use has been limited due to its side effects. Here, we designed two new nitroaryl-1,2,3-triazole triterpene derivatives as novel anti-RSV drugs. Their anti-RSV and cytotoxic activity were evaluated in vitro, RSV protein F gene effects by RT-PCR and molecular modeling with inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) were performed. Compound 8 was the best performing compound, with an EC50 value of 0.053 μM, a TI of 11160.37 and it inhibited hRSV protein F gene expression by approximately 65%. Molecular docking showed a top-ranked solution located in the same region occupied by crystallographic ligands in their complex with IMPDH. The results obtained in this study suggest that compound 8 might be a new anti-RSV candidate.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) represent a global challenge and an even more staggering concern when related to microorganisms capable of resisting and surviving for long periods in the environment, such as Acinetobacter spp. Strategies that allow a reduction of pathogens from hospital environments represent an additional barrier in infection control protocols, minimizing transmission to hospitalized patients. Considering the antimicrobial properties of copper, here, the bacterial load and the presence of Acinetobacter spp. were monitored on high handling surfaces covered by 99.9% copper films on intensive and non-intensive care unit bedrooms in a tertiary care hospital. Firstly, copper-coated films were able to inhibit the adhesion and biofilm formation of A. baumannii strains in in vitro assays. On the other hand, Acinetobacter spp. were isolated from both copper-coated and uncoated surfaces in the hospital, although the majority was detected on surfaces without copper. All carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates identified harbored the bla oxa-23 gene, while the A. nosocomialis isolates were susceptible to most antimicrobials tested. All isolates were susceptible to polymyxin B. Regarding the total aerobic bacteria, surfaces with copper-coated films presented lower total loads than those detected for controls. Copper coating films may be a workable strategy to mitigate HAIs, given their potential in reducing bacterial loads in nosocomial environments, including threatening pathogens like A. baumannii .
Este trabalho propõe refletir sobre a pobreza menstrual e a desigualdade de gênero a partir da reportagem exibida no programa da Rede Globo, Fantástico, do dia 02 de maio de 2021. A perspectiva metodológica norteadora deste artigo parte das Tecnologias do Imaginário (SILVA, 2006) e da Análise Discursiva de Imaginários (SILVA, 2019), de modo a (re)pensar as expressões de violência que versam a questão de gênero, a partir do tema da dignidade menstrual. Além disso, se propõe a refletir, de modo experimental, acerca da influência da televisão na cristalização do imaginário social sobre a mulher. Para nortear as questões sobre o imaginário, contou-se com o aporte teórico de Juremir Machado da Silva, enquanto que, para embasar as discussões sobre as expressões de violência e questão de gênero, utilizou-se contribuições de Heleieth Saffioti e Judith Butler. A metodologia do imaginário propõe desvelar discursos e mostrar caminhos alternativos, sendo possível debater sobre a desigualdade de gênero e as expressões de violência, por meio da interlocução entre comunicação e imaginário.
Objectives To evaluate the indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the care of women with pregnancies complicated by gestational or pre-existing diabetes, and their maternal-fetal outcomes. Methods A cross-sectional panel data conducted in a University Hospital in Southern Brazil. Maternal-fetal outcomes and predictors of care from 235 pregnant women with type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes were evaluated. Two time periods were compared: six months preceding the pandemic, in 2019, and the COVID-19 period from September 2020 to March 2021. Comparisons were performed using analysis of variance, Mann–Whitney U, Fisher’s exact and T-tests. Risks were calculated using the Poisson regression with robust estimates. Results Maternal age was lower (32.1 ± 6.8 vs. 34.4 ± 6.6, p=0.009) and rates of depression/anxiety were higher (16.5 vs. 7.4%, p=0.046) in the group evaluated during the COVID-19. Neonatal hypoglycemia (RR 4.04; 95% CI 1.37–11.98, p=0.012), and SGA rates (RR 4.29; 95% CI 1.93–9.54, p<0.001) were higher in the group assessed before the pandemic. Conclusions Despite economic, social and structural impacts of the pandemic, parameters of maternal care were similar; diabetes control improved, and neonatal hypoglycemia and SGA rates were lower among pregnant women with diabetes during the pandemic.
This article outlines areas of action of researchers as tools to interpret for whom the area of Education produces knowledge. It contextualizes the research in Education in Brazil in its peculiar institutional and epistemological conditions. It works with sociological concepts such as scientific field, scientific capitals, and autonomy of the professional field to illuminate aspects of the Brazilian academic context of knowledge production in Education. It associates these concepts with the notions of domain and dialogue with audiences to advance in the interpretation of the contradictions and heteronomies faced by the area. It is grounded on the qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with Brazilian researchers recognized for their academic representativeness with productivity grants and a history of leadership in scientific research. It questions how relationships with different social groups support processes of knowledge production and circulation. To account for this questioning, it characterizes the academic-scientific subfield of Education in terms of specific capitals, research audiences, prestige criteria, and political relations. It discusses strategies of dialogue as instrumental categories to interpret phenomena associated with scientific and political legitimacy. As a result, it finds four domains of action in knowledge production in Education: scientific-disciplinary; pedagogical; political-managerial; dialogical socio-educational. It concludes that, when acting in the different domains, these researchers differently order the priorities conferred to scientific rigor and socio-educational intervention.
Morphological stasis is generally associated with relative constancy in ecological pressures throughout time, producing strong stabilizing selection that retains similar shared morphology. Although climate and vegetation are commonly the main key factors driving diversity and phenotypic diversification in terrestrial vertebrates, fossorial organisms have their morphology mostly defined by their fossorial lifestyle. Among these secretive fossorial organisms, blind snakes of the South American genus Amerotyphlops are considered poorly studied when compared to other taxa. Here, we evaluate the cryptic diversity of Amerotyphlops using phylogenetic and multivariate approaches. We based our phylogenetic analysis on a molecular dataset composed of 12 gene fragments (eight nuclear and four mitochondrial) for 109 species of Typhlopidae. The multivariate analysis was implemented using 36 morphological variables for 377 specimens of Amerotyphlops. Additionally, we contrast our phylogenetic result with the morphological variation found in cranial, external and hemipenial traits. Our phylogenetic results recovered with strong support the following monophyletic groups within Amerotyphlops: (1) a clade formed by A. tasymicris and A. minuisquamus; (2) a clade composed of A. reticulatus; (3) a north-eastern Brazilian clade including A. yonenagae, A. arenensis, A. paucisquamus and A. amoipira; and (4) a clade composed of A. brongersmianus and a complex of cryptic species. Based on these results we describe four new species of Amerotyphlops from north-eastern and south-eastern Brazil, which can be distinguished from the morphologically similar species, A. brongersmianus and A. arenensis.
Introdução: O fechamento das escolas devido às restrições da pandemia da COVID-19 acarretou impactos individuais e sociais cada vez mais relatados. Alunos, pais e professores tiveram consequências associadas ao distanciamento escolar predominantemente negativas, com alguns desfechos positivos, mas ainda não sistematicamente mapeados. Objetivo: Promover uma caracterização dos impactos do fechamento das escolas na aprendizagem, nos desenvolvimentos cognitivo e socioemocional e na saúde mental de crianças, pais e professores, por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Métodos: Buscaram-se abstracts nas bases de dados PubMed, Scopus e PsycINFO com a sintaxe dos construtos “estudantes, pais ou professores”, “desenvolvimento cognitivo, socioecioemocional, saúde mental ou desempenho escolar”, e “COVID-19 e fechamento das escolas” entre 2021 e 2022. Resultados: De 622 estudos iniciais, 86 artigos foram incluídos pós-concordância de 100% entre três juízes. Como principais desfechos relacionados ao fechamento das escolas, crianças e adolescentes demonstraram maiores níveis de ansiedade, hiperatividade e desatenção, prejuízos na cognição geral, desenvolvimento motor e quedas significativas de prontidão e de desempenho escolar. Pais apresentaram um aumento em níveis de depressão, ideação suicida, ansiedade e estresse, enquanto professores relataram maiores índices de estresse e burnout. Conclusão: Estes achados apontam a necessidade da elaboração de ações privadas e de políticas públicas em prol da redução dos prejuízos decorrentes do fechamento prolongado das escolas. A principal diretriz norteadora de futuras decisões emergenciais é que as escolas sejam as últimas a fecharem e as primeiras a reabrirem, como uma ação neuro e psicoprotetora.
Introduction The high burden of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in young children disproportionately occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The PROUD (Preventing RespiratOry syncytial virUs in unDerdeveloped countries) Taskforce of 24 RSV worldwide experts assessed key needs for RSV prevention in LMICs, including vaccine and newer preventive measures. Methods A global, survey-based study was undertaken in 2021. An online questionnaire was developed following three meetings of the Taskforce panellists wherein factors related to RSV infection, its prevention and management were identified using iterative questioning. Each factor was scored, by non-panellists interested in RSV, on a scale of zero (very-low-relevance) to 100 (very-high-relevance) within two scenarios: (1) Current and (2) Future expectations for RSV management. Results Ninety questionnaires were completed: 70 by respondents (71.4% physicians; 27.1% researchers/scientists) from 16 LMICs and 20 from nine high-income (HI) countries (90.0% physicians; 5.0% researchers/scientists), as a reference group. Within LMICs, RSV awareness was perceived to be low, and management was not prioritised. Of the 100 factors scored, those related to improved diagnosis particularly access to affordable point-of-care diagnostics, disease burden data generation, clinical and general education, prompt access to new interventions, and engagement with policymakers/payers were identified of paramount importance. There was a strong need for clinical education and local data generation in the lowest economies, whereas upper-middle income countries were more closely aligned with HI countries in terms of current RSV service provision. Conclusion Seven key actions for improving RSV prevention and management in LMICs are proposed.
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5,361 members
Roberto Hubler
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia e Tecnologia de Materiais
Marcelo Toneto
  • Departamento de Cirurgia
Ivan Izquierdo
  • Instituto do Cérebro (InsCer)
Régis Mestriner
  • Faculdade de Enfermagem, Nutrição e Fisioterapia
Av Ipiranga 6681, Predio 12, 90619-900, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Head of institution
Evilázio Teixeira, PhD
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