Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences
Recent publications
This article explores the ambivalent feelings that police officers demonstrate in their encounters with migrants at migration governance sites in Greece. Police officers are notorious for their anti-migrant and racist attitudes, and migration governance sites are infamous for their poor conditions. However, very often police officers exhibit care towards migrants, providing them with medicine, food and other goods. This care is not a matter of individual exceptions in the dominant xenophobic police feelings, but related to the culturally significant sentiment of ‘filotimo’ (love of honour). This article discusses the cultural conventions that organize this rhetoric in the particular historical moment of the overlapping of the austerity and migration crises in the country. As embodiments of an amoral state, police officers defend their moral self-worth by drawing upon the virtue of ‘filotimo’. This rhetoric of ‘filotimo’, however, also resonates with nativist claims to morality and moral superiority towards migrants.
Psychological therapies are effective for managing multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms such as depression, pain and fatigue. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), mindfulness and other theory-led approaches have been applied and were found to have moderate effects. The present study adopts a patient-led approach to investigate people with MS' (PwMS) experiences of psychological therapies and the change processes they identify. In this naturalistic, mixed-methods design, semistructured interviews were conducted and three questionnaires were administered to 20 PwMS at two different times. Qualitative data collection and analysis followed the interpretative phenom-enological analysis (IPA) guidelines, and quantitative data were analysed using paired t tests. Four superordinate themes described the participants' experiences of change as related to their psychological therapy: from despair to relief; from feeling their body as alien to becoming acquainted with an unpredictable new body; from helplessness to empowerment; and from punishment to forgiveness. Quantitative results showed that physical function and general health perception improved, and anxiety was significantly reduced. Despite seeking help from diverse psychological therapy modalities, the analysis revealed common themes that the participants found significant in their therapy stories. Following a patient-centred approach, the development of psychological therapies for PwMS should focus on their relationships, everyday lives, body perception, losses, shame and guilt. PwMS also need to be understood and acknowledged beyond their condition.
EU state aid adopted from Member States is increasing at a fast pace due to the Covid-19 pandemic and energy crisis. Given its impact on the European economy, securing a maximum value added is a challenge for both policy makers and public administration. State aid impact depends not only on available resources but also on spending decisions that must be in line with state aid rules. It is believed that new policies would benefit if they were based on assessed evidence of existing policies during periods with similar characteristics. Our contribution analyses the characteristics of Greek development law based on a unique dataset extracted from the management information system of the Ministry of Economy. We hypothesize that there will be a change in firm productivity in the first years since program closure. Using counterfactual impact evaluation and propensity score matching, we find that there is a minor negative impact of development law on productivity. This might be an indication that firms receiving state aid do not perform as expected and perhaps better planning during policy modeling is needed.
There is scarce research regarding attitudes toward polyamory in different socio-cultural contexts. This study examines the role of socio-cultural variance and the situatedness of particular variables (i.e., attitudes toward monogamy, religiosity, political orientation, attitudes toward polyamorists’ parental competence, and concern for polyamorous children’s welfare) in predicting negative attitudes towards polyamory. Two hundred and fifty participants were recruited for this study. A between-subject, correlational design was employed. The findings of this study only partially support the role of context-related socio-cultural and social-psychological factors in determining participants’ attitudes toward polyamory. This study contributes to the literature and research in this field by reporting the transformative potential of context-related socio-cultural and social-psychological factors that affect commonly shared attitudes toward polyamory.
This chapter lays out the guiding principles of a methodological experiment and asks the reader to consider the possibility that research topics and representational modalities in contemporary anthropology can be paired accordingly so as to develop a unique narrative format for each individual topic. Focusing on the practice of surrogacy, it puts forth the idea that, during what is commonly referred to as the digital era, the tailor-made character of ethnographic writing acquires new fascinating characteristics and that the juxtaposition between new reproductive technologies and new digital technologies constitutes a vantage point from which we may imagine possible futures of the discipline. The central hypothesis is that fictionalized multimodal stories best illustrate the parallel between assisted reproduction and digitally mediated writing technologies as forms of biosociality and technosociality enabled through recent technological developments. The chapter outlines the theoretical and methodological particularities of ethnography on surrogacy and details the analytic strategies that led to the creation of a digital ethnographic artifact as a representational modality congenial to the subject of research. These particularities include conceptualizations of absence and loss, management of emotional and monetary transactions, perceptions of time and anticipation, the sensitivity of data, and the phenomenology and medicalization of pregnancy and birth.
Re/producing Fictional Ethnographies has emerged out of a viewing of surrogate motherhood as a transformative practice. Not totally disjointed from a genealogy of the cultural underpinnings of fertility but nonetheless distinctively different from it, surrogacy is unique by virtue of the scrutiny of practices and social roles involved which tangle the intersections between nature and culture in particularly imaginative ways. The fragmentation of human reproduction and the involvement of different bodies, techniques, expertise, and desires in its processes has been shown to entail an intricate interplay between time, loss, choice, and the body. As a social practice it is situated at the verge of a cultural shift, in which normative ideologies and “innovative” practices forge a discursive terrain of tension and convergence while also offering the potential for articulating new gendered and cultural meanings. The book’s central hypothesis is this: if writing inevitably relates to privilege and subjugated knowledge, established truths and emergent antilogues, then academic authoring ought to embrace temporal and spatial predicaments as they are manifest in a specific field of study and transfer them on paper/on screen in a befitting manner. In actively addressing the question of how writing shapes knowledge, this becoming of writing was intended both as a positional activism and an aesthetics of resistance, directly linked with the aim of theorizing the postdisciplinary character of both anthropology and feminist studies as interdisciplinary and intersectional lenses of inquiry that push forward the very limits of research and of its writerly forms. Since academic writing has often failed to engage with the ways of apprehension of non-academic audiences, research-based multimodal fiction may be a plausible answer to a much broader politics of representation and dissemination of research findings. Contemporary multi-vocal ethnography achieved through the use of various digital media has been shown to enrich and nuance the concept of the ethnographic text. Furthermore, even though fiction writing may be viewed as promoting the singularity of authorship on the part of the ethnographer, the replacement of academic jargon with literary storytelling and the transmedia curation of material may significantly diminish this authoritative effect and re-shift the focus on the research subjects’ interconnected experience.
This chapter maintains that the modality of poetry may serve as a central analytical and narrative feature for ethnographic material that deals with corporeal practices, reproductive technologies, and gender-related topics, such as surrogacy. Departing from the connotations of metaphor in surrogacy, it is argued that, in certain cases, poetic language captures the performative work realized by women as they play out gendered, sexualized and/or national anxieties around reproduction. The chapter discusses anthropological representation vis-à-vis recent philosophical work on the senses, which renders an embodied account of ethical relations and shows how ethnographic poetic narration helps vocalize desire, rage, love, and grief, as these are bound up with becoming a subject within specific historical fields of biopolitical power. Poetry is offered as a fine reflective surface for inscribing social and cultural poetics that deal with fertility and parenthood; therefore, the chapter attempts to match poetic form (poetry) and wider cultural categories of symbolic expression (poetics) to propose that the anthropological study of human reproduction and the reproduction of cultural code merit the carving of writing modalities grounded on the broad concept of poiesis.
This chapter argues that a key contribution of digital humanities to the field of anthropology lies in the generation of imaginative “texts” (artifacts, collages, stories) akin to the field interlocutors’ experiences and narratives. This premise entails new knowledge practices in digitally mediated anthropology and the consideration of unorthodox propositions of navigation through ethnographic evidence. Situated at the intersection of ethnographic, feminist and media studies interrogations, the chapter also seeks to resist the established formats of academic and ethnographic writing (lecture, paper, book) and provide alternative spaces for the conceptual and affective problematization of surrogacy. It also addresses the polyphonic economies of knowledge as they unfold in the twenty-first century and presents a set of ethnographic and theoretical observations that may guide the process of multimodal writing. In illuminating the generative possibilities of digital writing, it outlines the empirically grounded proposition that fictionalized multimodal stories are more efficacious than standard academic text for the anthropological grasp of surrogacy practices and for propelling the future trajectories of the discipline.
The second chapter of the book discusses the disciplinary repercussions that derive from the potential merging of various writing genres: standard ethnography, digital fiction, and graphic design. The problem of representational arbitrariness that has troubled anthropology for over a century is re-appraised as an experimental potential that allows us to approach research subjects in the language of (textual and visual) literature. The fictional representation of ethnographic data from the fieldwork on surrogate motherhood interrogates the very limits between objectivity and subjectivity as imprinted in “scientific” and “literary” language in past decades. The chapter posits that research-based fictional ethnography coupled with digital media may shed a fresh light on a set of questions that have preoccupied anthropology since the rise of cultural critique, including authorship, dialogue, textual representation, limited access to research findings, and new modalities of sociality and readership. Traditionally, attempts to experiment with fiction writing have mainly focused on fiction-based research, whereas the potential for research-based fiction writing and alternative mediations of cultural meaning remains largely unexplored. The chapter considers the proposition that the codes and tropes of the imaginary (fiction writing) may help us more fully understand the real (ethnographic findings) in surrogacy practices. It thus scrutinizes anthropology’s opportunity to use experimental forms of literature in order to shape imaginative modes of digitally mediated ethnographic narration.
This article investigates Marx’s method in the analysis of the circuits of capital, as it is carried out in Capital vol. 2, in an attempt to clarify some key aspects of the well-known problem in Marxist literature on the relation between the logical and the historical. The central question on this topic is whether Marx’s analysis is logical/structural or historical. The approach elaborated upon in this article extends beyond the one-sidedness of both views which deny any kind of correlation between logical and historical sequences and the views claiming that the articulation of Capital’s argument exposes a set of historical stages. We will argue that dialectic, namely, the method of ascent from the abstract to the concrete, represents, first and foremost, the inner articulation of the structure of a given self-developing object, and at the same time implicitly represents its historical development. Hence, taking Marx’s analysis of the circuits of capital as a case study, this article aspires to identify the fundamental movement of the systematic dialectic, which characterizes the entire Capital and explains the fundamental function of the relation between the logical and the historical.
This study aimed to systematically review research findings regarding the relationship between adult friendship and wellbeing. A multidimensional scope for wellbeing and its components with the use of the PERMA theory was adopted. A total of 38 research articles published between 2000 and 2019 were reviewed. In general, adult friendship was found to predict or at least be positively correlated with wellbeing and its components. In particular, the results showed that friendship quality and socializing with friends predict wellbeing levels. In addition, number of friends, their reactions to their friend’s attempts of capitalizing positive events, support of friend’s autonomy, and efforts to maintain friendship are positively correlated with wellbeing. Efforts to maintain the friendship, friendship quality, personal sense of uniqueness, perceived mattering, satisfaction of basic psychological needs, and subjective vitality mediated this relationship. However, research findings highlighted several gaps and limitations of the existing literature on the relationship between adult friendship and wellbeing components. For example, for particular wellbeing components, findings were non-existent, sparse, contradictory, fragmentary, or for specific populations only. Implications of this review for planning and implementing positive friendship interventions in several contexts, such as school, work, counseling, and society, are discussed.
In this paper, I investigate the relationship between national saving rates and capital account liberalization for a panel of 102 countries over the time period 1996–2007, employing three different de jure measures of financial openness. My results indicate that the influence of capital account liberalization on national saving depends on the degree of domestic financial development as well as on initial capital account restrictions. Easing borrowing constraints in an underdeveloped domestic financial market lowers saving, as the negative effect from easier access to credit globally outweighs the positive effect of high interest rates on savings as the financial repression paradigm predicts; on the contrary, financial globalization under a highly developed domestic financial market provides mixed results driven by the ambiguous effect of interest rates on savings. In addition, initial capital account restrictions have proved catalytic in the effectiveness of tightening episodes, a fact that could potentially affect national saving patterns. More precisely, my results indicate that developed (developing) countries with not advanced financial markets starting their liberalization process with severe initial capital account restrictions, increase (decrease) their savings in response to liberalization while they reduce (increase) savings as the domestic financial market becomes more developed. Furthermore, waiving restrictions on capital inflows or outflows provides additional insights regarding national savings patterns as they are strongly connected to domestic national accounts and, thus, national saving. The further examination of liberalization episodes on inflows and outflows confirms the causal relationship between the current and the capital account.
Background: Whilst nurses and critical care services have been at the forefront of the COVID-19 pandemic, it has become more apparent that intensive care nurses are presented with challenging ethical and clinical decisions and are required to care for individuals with critical illnesses under high-pressure conditions. This is not a new phenomenon. The aim of this study, which was conducted before the outbreak of COVID-19, was to explore the experience of caring through the narratives of intensive care nurses in Greece. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted through in-depth, semi-structured interviews with nineteen ICU nurses in Athens. Transcripts were subjected to Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis and organised with Atlas.ti v8 QDA software. Results: The intensive care nurses' experience of caring in Greece encompassed four themes: (A) being "proximal", "co-present" and caring with empathy, (B) being "responsible" for your patient and negotiating with the doctors, (C) technology and "fighting with all you've got", and (D) "not being kept informed" and disappointment. Conclusions: The narratives of this study highlight that ICU nurses in Greece provide patient-centred and compassionate care. Nurse leaders should develop appropriate healthcare policies so as to ensure the adequate provision of staff, specialist education, and support to nurses working in critical care. Failure to address these issues may lead to poor quality of care and negative patient outcomes.
Background: Caregiving has been associated with increased subjective burden and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for caregivers. The aim of the study was to clarify the precise relationship between caregivers’ burden, caregivers’ HRQOL, and other risk factors, considering that subjective burden was a risk factor for poor HRQOL, which may also mediate the effects of some known risk factors. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, patients’ and their informal caregivers’ characteristics were recorded for 311 patient-caregiver dyads. Subjective caregiver burden and caregivers’ HRQOL were assessed using the Zarit Burden Interview and the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), respectively. Mediation analysis was used to examine the relationships between variables. Caregivers’ mental component summary (MCS) and physical component summary (PCS) scores were regarded as outcome variables, caregivers’ subjective burden was considered the mediator, and patients’ and caregivers’ characteristics were treated as predictors. Results: Caregivers’ subjective burden was negatively related to both PCS and MCS of caregivers’ HRQOL, after controlling for the effects of demographic and clinical variables. Moreover, significant associations, mostly indirect via caregivers’ subjective burden, existed between caregivers’ socio-demographic characteristics, duration of caregiving, patients’ frailty status, patients’ co-morbidity, and caregivers’ HRQOL. Conclusion: Caregivers’ subjective burden plays a major and mediating role on influencing caregivers’ HRQOL. Our findings may direct future research and promote the implementation of interventions to reduce caregivers’ burden and improve caregivers’ HRQOL.
Interval timing refers to the ability to perceive and remember intervals in the seconds to minutes range. Our contemporary understanding of interval timing is derived from relatively small-scale, isolated studies that investigate a limited range of intervals with a small sample size, usually based on a single task. Consequently, the conclusions drawn from individual studies are not readily generalizable to other tasks, conditions, and task parameters. The current paper presents a live database that presents raw data from interval timing studies (currently composed of 68 datasets from eight diferent tasks incorporating various interval and temporal order judgments) with an online graphical user interface to easily select, compile, and download the data organized in a standard format. The Timing Database aims to promote and cultivate key and novel analyses of our timing ability by making published and future datasets accessible as open-source resources for the entire research community. In the current paper, we showcase the use of the database by testing various core ideas based on data compiled across studies (i.e., temporal accuracy, scalar property, location of the point of subjective equality, malleability of timing precision). The Timing Database will serve as the repository for interval timing studies through the submission of new datasets.
This paper focuses on the 2011 ‘squares movement’ in Greece to enquire into the importance of (popular) sovereignty for mobilized individuals in relation to representation and crisis. We draw on tools of political theory and discourse analysis, adopt a ‘bottom up’ ethnographic perspective, and incorporate insights from social movement studies and the sociology of emotions. The aim is to reconstruct the key narratives and frames used by individuals to make sense of their motivations and aspirations, but also to trace the movement’s legacy. Our data is drawn from archival research in media outlets and semi-structured interviews with individuals that participated in or observed the ‘squares movement’. Our findings highlight the importance of the moment of dislocation and its destabilizing effect on individuals, while stressing the positive/productive aspect of crisis. Using emotions as a thread that runs through the mobilization and links it to subsequent ones, we highlight the explanatory value of our analysis for understanding the radical realignment of the political system and the rise of anti-establishment parties, and show how a cycle of tensions at the heart of representation that opened up in 2010 seems to have now closed.
Emergency remote teaching replaced the in-person education in academic institutions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Students with different personality traits experienced this abrupt change to distance learning in different ways. Thus, this research aims to examine the interplay between several facets of the students' experience of emergency remote teaching, such as concerns about, tiredness with, and lack of communication during the first Greek lockdown, and their self-image through their core self-evaluations. The study sample consisted of 341 undergraduate students derived from 13 Greek universities, that completed a self-report questionnaire concerning students' experiences with distance education, as well as the Core Self-Evaluation Scale measuring self-image components. A cross-section design was used and multiple regression and mediation analyses were applied. The results showed that self-image has an effect on students' feeling of tiredness with distance learning, while female students demonstrated higher tiredness with distance learning and lack of communication. Moreover, except for gender and disability, all other variables along with self-image significantly predicted perspectives on distance learning. On the other hand, only gender, concerns about, and lack of communication significantly predicted students' e-attendance of theoretical courses. In this transformative era, it is a challenge for universities to create effective online courses concerning students' self-image. Finally, limitations and future directions are discussed.
News consumers are more likely to inform themselves through digital news outlets and social media ‘newsfeeds’ than physical newspapers [Ofcom. (2022). News Consumption in the UK: 2022. https://www.ofcom.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0027/241947/News-Consumption-in-the-UK-2022-report.pdf]. Guided by our thumbs, we scroll through news outlets’ homepages and down newsfeeds for information (and entertainment) in what Way. (2021. Trump, memes and the Alt-right: Emotive and affective criticism and praise. The Russian Journal of Linguistics, 25(3), 789–809. https://doi.org/10.22363/2687-0088-2021-25-3-789-809) calls ‘scroll culture’. On 27 February 2020, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced that he would no longer stop refugees trying to cross into Europe from Türkiye to Greece, ending a 2016 agreement with the EU. In response, the Greek authorities closed their border with a resultant congregation of thousands of refugees. Both Turkish and Greek politicians blamed each other for the crisis, leaning on authoritarian populist discourses prevalent in both countries. Online news outlets on both sides of the border covered the ‘crisis’. In this article, we compare how the openings of stories from online news sites that are widely shared on social media lean on governmental authoritarian and populist discourses. This comparative analysis reveals how nations on different sides of a ‘crisis’ articulate discourses that inflame tensions externally whilst promoting internal power structures.
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Theodore Mariolis
  • Department of Public Administration
Panagiotis Getimis
  • Department of Economic and Regional Development
Maria Koulianou
  • Department of Psychology
Andromache Gazi
  • Department of Communication, Media and Culture
Stavros Mavroudeas
  • Department of Social Policy
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