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ABSTRACT: FunGramKB is a multilingual and multipurpose lexico-conceptual knowledge-base designed for its use in various tasks in Natural Language Processing (NLP), like information extraction and retrieval, machine translation or artificial reasoning (Periñán and Arcas, 2004; Mairal and Periñán, 2009; 2010). Its modular structure reflects three levels of knowledge—lexical, grammatical and ontological— which, though independent, are interrelated through the conceptual module and divided into three others: the Ontology, the Cognicon and the Onomasticon. Moreover, the Ontology represents a hierarchical catalogue of concepts that describe semantic knowledge organized in three subontologies, whose metaconcepts correspond to #ENTITY, #EVENT and #QUALITY, which permit the internal organization of nouns, verbs and adjectives respectively. Each of these subontologies is divided as well into three groups: metaconcepts (they represent cognitive dimensions), basic concepts (which comprise common sense knowledge) and terminal concepts (that provide expert knowledge). In this contribution we analyze some criminal offences prototypical from the legal domain, such as “corruption”, “extortion” and “forgery”, derived from their corresponding verbs. We have chosen these as examples of terminal concepts that attest that it is possible to integrate expert knowledge in FunGramKB, thanks to the conceptual representation language COREL, common to the three main modules of the conceptual level. The detailed analysis of the above mentioned entities will ascertain not only that it is possible to reuse the information from the Meaning Postulates (MPs) of the events from which they derive, but also that the information already included in the knowledge base is maximized.
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ABSTRACT: Este trabajo presenta la descripción, evaluación y tratamiento de un estudio de caso sobre un trastorno de ansiedad generalizada. Se trata de un adolescente de 16 años aquejado de un elevado malestar emocional debido a numerosas preocupaciones. Se realiza una evaluación con diferentes instrumentos y fuentes informantes que permiten el diagnóstico y la delimitación de las variables más relevantes. Tras la evaluación realizada se implementa un proceso de intervención multicomponente que integra diferentes técnicas y estrategias de carácter cognitivo, emocional, conductual e interpersonal. Los resultados reflejan cambios sustanciales en la sintomatología que sugieren la adecuación y eficacia de la intervención realizada. Se discute el papel de la preocupación en la ansiedad generalizada, las dificultades y limitaciones de la intervención así como las actuaciones futuras que permitan afianzar los logros alcanzados.
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ABSTRACT: Teaching listening comprehension has always been a difficult task given the subjectivity that this language skill entails. This may be one of the reasons why traditional foreign language learning methodologies have most often been aimed at its assessment than at its enhancement. Nowadays, we should speak in terms of audiovisual reception skills, given the great amount of audiovisual input we receive regularly and the significant changes brought about by new technological advances. This paper offers a methodological proposal aimed at improving audiovisual reception through the use of video and audiovisual language within well-structured tasks inserted in an innovative mobile application.
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