Nanchang University
  • Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
Recent publications
To improve the accuracy of the Ultra-Wide Band (UWB) based quadrotor aircraft localization, a Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter aided with an integration of the predictive model and Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) is proposed in this work. The FIR filter estimates the quad-rotor aircraft ’s position by fusing the positions measured with the UWB and Inertial Navigation System respectively. When the UWB dada are unavailable, both the ELM and the predictive model are used to provide the measurements, replacing those unavailable UWB data, for the FIR filter. The ELM estimates the measurement via the mapping between the one step prediction of state vector and the measurement built when the UWB data are available. For the predictive model, we mathematically describe the missing UWB data. Then, both the measurements estimated with the ELM and predictive model are employed to estimate the observations via Mahalanobis distance. The test results show that the FIR filter aided by the predictive model/ELM integrated can reduce the Cumulative Distribution Function and position Root Mean Square Error effectively when the UWB is unavailable. Compared with the ELM assisted FIR filter, the proposed FIR filter can reduce the localization error by about 48.59 %, meanwhile, the integrated method is close to the method with a better solution. Graphical Abstract
As kanamycin (KAN) residue in animal products is harmful to consumers, a rapid and sensitive method for KAN detection needs to be established. KAN monoclonal antibody (KAN-mAb, 1D11) with the half maximal inhibitory concentration of 1.16 ng/mL was prepared in this study. A one-pot method was used to synthesize Fe3+-chelated polydopamine nanospheres (Fe@PDANs) with excellent characteristics of strong light absorption. The novel label of Fe@PDANs and KAN-mAb was used to develop a lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) for the sensitive detection of KAN. The limit of detection of the Fe@PDANs-based LFIA (Fe@PDANs-LFIA) for KAN was 0.0191 ng/mL, which was 2.75 times lower than PDANs-based LFIA. Furthermore, the Fe@PDANs-LFIA was successfully applied to detect KAN in pork, milk, and honey samples, with recoveries ranging from 93.75% to 113.80% (coefficient of variation < 10%). Therefore, Fe@PDANs have potential for the detection of analytes in LFIA.
Herein, we report a novel aggregation-induced emission nanoparticles (AIENPs)-based immunochromatography assay (ICA) platform to detect ochratoxin A (OTA) using orange-yellow-emitting AIENPs as fluorescent nanoprobes. Immunochromatographic strip is used for the quantitative detection of OTA in crop matrix using AIENPs coupled with anti-OTA ascites. Under optimal conditions, AIENPs-ICA exhibits stronger signal output capacity and higher sensitivity than traditional gold nanoparticles-based ICA. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration is as low as 0.149 ng mL-1, and the limit detection is 0.042 ng mL-1 at 10 % competitive inhibition concentration. The average recovery of AIENPs-ICA ranges from 82.60 % to 113.14 % with the coefficient of variation ranging from 1.26 % to 11.57 %, proving the proposed method possesses good reliability and reproducibility. Moreover, the developed AIENPs-ICA exhibits negligible cross-reactions with other mycotoxins. We believe the presented AIENPs-ICA platform holds promising potential as a powerful tool for on-site detection of OTA and other molecules detection in food samples.
Bovine α-lactalbumin (BLA) induced severe cow's milk allergy. In this study, a novel strategy combining ultrasonication, performed before glycation, and phosphorylation was proposed to reduce BLA allergenicity. Result showed that IgE- and IgG-binding capacities and the release rates of histamine and interleukin-6 from RBL-2H3 were reduced. Moreover, intrinsic fluorescence intensity and surface hydrophobicity were decreased, whereas glycated sites (R10, N44, K79, K108, N102 and K114) and phosphorylated sites (Y36 and S112) of BLA were increased. Minimum allergenicity was detected during BLA treatment after ultrasonic prior to glycation and subsequent phosphorylation because of considerable increase in glycated and phosphorylated sites. Therefore, the decrease in allergenicity of BLA, the effect correlated well with the shielding effect of glycated sites combined with phosphorylated sites and the conformational changes. This study provides important theoretical foundations for improving and using the ultrasonic technology combined with protein modification in allergenic protein processing.
Silkworm pupa is a nourishing food with high nutritional value, but its consumption has been greatly limited given its allergenicity. Enzyme hydrolytic technique is recognized as an effective method to reduce the allergenicity of protein. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of enzymolysis on the allergenicity of silkworm pupa. Crude silkworm pupa protein was extracted through alkali extraction and acid precipitation, which included 5 proteins with the molecular weights ranging from 34 kDa to 76 kDa, and silkworm pupa were then hydrolyzed by alkaline protease. The allergenicity of silkworm pupa protein and its enzymatic hydrolysates was evaluated by establishing BALB/c mice model, and the mice were immunized via intragastric gavage and intraperitoneal injection, respectively. The results indicated that the intraperitoneal injection immunization route induced more by detecting with antibodies, histamine and Th2-related cytokines. Moreover, mice treated with silkworm pupa protein peptide displayed no obvious allergic symptoms, indicating that enzyme hydrolytic technique could significantly reduce the allergenicity of silkworm pupa.
To investigate the role of nutrients intake during pregnancy with longitudinal development of rhinitis, asthma, eczema, wheeze, and food allergy in offspring. The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for articles published throughout May 2022. The pooled effect estimate were presented using relative risk and calculated by the random-effects model. Twenty-three prospective cohort studies enrolling 210817 individuals were included. The risk of wheeze in offspring were lowered when high vitamin D, vitamin E, zinc, and milk intakes during pregnancy, whereas high meat intake during pregnancy could induce additional risk of wheeze in offspring. Moreover, high β-carotene and magnesium intakes during pregnancy were related to lower eczema risk in offspring, whereas eczema risk in offspring was increased for pregnant women with high intake of butter and margarine. Finally, the asthma risk in offspring could protect against for pregnant women with high intake of vitamin D and apple, whereas high folic acid during pregnancy could produce excess asthma risk in offspring. This study provides the summary evidences regarding the role of nutrients intake during pregnancy and subsequent risk of rhinitis, asthma, eczema, wheeze, and food allergy, and further effective intervention strategies should be employed to improve childhood allergic diseases.
Milk allergy is a common allergic reaction found in infants and young children, most of them appear tolerance after growing up. In this study, infant formula was digested by simulated in vitro digestion method. The potential non-allergenic peptides were further screened from undigested products by exclusion of the known epitopes from β-lactoglobulin (BLG) and α-lactalbumin (ALA). These potential non-allergenic peptides were synthesized and their transferability were determined by Caco-2 cell monolayer model. Finally, the potential allergenicity were evaluated by KU812 cell degranulation model. The results showed that 7 peptides were screened as non-allergenic sequences, among which were 3 from ALA and 4 from BLG. The Caco-2 cell model showed that all the synthetic peptides were absorbed and transported well. However, only peptide BLG107-118 showed potential allegencity by KU812 model. In conclusion, six peptides, including ALA29–51, ALA80–90, ALA94–103, BLG1–20, BLG24–50, and BLG123–139 were evaluated as hypoallergenic peptides, which could be used for candidates of peptides inducing immune tolerance for persons with milk allergy.
Drug-eluting balloon (DEB) angioplasty has emerged as an effective treatment for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, distal embolism and late lumen restenosis could be caused by drug loss during DEB handling and rapid drug metabolization. Here, a drug-loaded balloon equipped with tip-separable microneedles on the balloon surface (MNDLB) was developed. Inbuilt near-infrared (NIR) ring laser inside the catheter inner shaft was introduced to activate the biodegradable microneedle tips for the first time. The drug-loaded tips thus could be embedded in the vasculature and then released antiproliferative drug – paclitaxel slowly via polymer degradation for more than half a year. A significant increase in drug delivery efficiency and superior therapeutic effectiveness compared with the standard DEB were demonstrated using an atherosclerosis rabbit model.
Monozygotic (MZ) twins with highly similar genomic DNA sequences can not be distinguished by conventional forensic DNA testing. The immune repertoire (IR) reflects an individual's immune history, which is unique between individuals, has been applied to individualized treatment in precision medicine. However, the application of IR in forensic genetics has not been reported to date. In this study, the diversity in the complementary determining region 3 (CDR3) of both the T-cell receptor β chain (TCRβ) and B-cell receptor heavy chain (also known as immunoglobulin heavy chain, IGH) in four pairs of MZ twins were analyzed. The results showed that the amino acid sequences length distribution frequency of TCRβ CDR3 had 4-10 differences, and the nucleic acid sequences length distribution frequency of TCRβ CDR3 had 2-7 differences between MZ twins. The shared difference of four pairs of MZ twins focused on the length distribution frequency of 34 bp nucleotide sequences in TCRβ. By analyzing the usage frequency of V and J genes in TCRβ and IGH CDR3 DNA sequence rearrangements, we also found that there were biases between each pair of MZ twins, and the usage frequency of TRBJ2-3 showed common differences between each pair of MZ twins. Furthermore, each pair of MZ twins had its own unique V-J genes combination mode in TCRβ and IGH CDR3 DNA sequences. This study, for the first time, suggested that IR can be used as a potential biological marker to distinguish MZ twins.
The law and mechanism of the interaction between polysaccharides and pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) has been unclear. Herein, three glucomannans with different structures were selected to explore the universal mechanism for PRRs to recognize glucomannans. Screening results showed that the silence of TLR4 but not TLR2 severely blocked the production of inflammatory cytokines and the transduction of signal pathways. In-depth results revealed that the participation of myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2) and CD14 and the dimerization of the TLR4-MD2 complex were required for glucomannan-activated TLR4 signal transduction. Mannose receptor (MR) was also engaged in glucomannan-induced respiratory burst, endocytosis, and inflammatory signaling pathways in a spleen tyrosine kinase-dependent manner. The internalization of glucomannans into the cytoplasm by MR directly initiated complex intracellular signaling cascades. Finally, molecular docking characterized the binding energy and binding sites between glucomannans and multiple receptors from other perspectives. The essence of glucomannans recognized by PRRs was the non-covalent interaction of multiple receptors and the subsequent transmission of the signal cascade was triggered in a multi-channel and cooperative manner. As a result, the hypothesis that "Innate immune receptors co-recognition of polysaccharides initiates multi-pathway synergistic immune response" was proposed to outline these meaningful phenomena.
Background: Insomnia is a common problem among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). According to previous studies, the development and severity of Insomnia are influenced by childhood trauma experience. Furthermore, negative life events and dysfunctional attitudes may also mediate the impact. So, this study aimed to examine the association between childhood trauma, negative life events, dysfunctional attitudes and insomnia and investigate how negative life events and dysfunctional attitudes mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and insomnia in MDD. Method: This cross-sectional study recruited 621 college students with MDD. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Life Event Scale (LES), Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and Hamilton Depression Scale-17 (HAMD-17) were used to assess participants' psychosocial factors. Descriptive analysis, Chi-square test, t-test, Pearson correlations, and serial mediation analyses were used in data analysis. In order to eliminate the influence of the severity of depression symptoms, severity of depression symptoms was used as a control variable in this study. Results: There were 166 (26.7%) participants having clinical insomnia (ISI score > 14). After controlling for the effect of severity of depression symptoms, results of serial mediation analyses determined that childhood trauma has a direct (Estimate = 0.109, 95%CI: 0.023,0.190) and indirect (Estimate = 0.090, 95%CI: 0.054,0.137) impact to insomnia. The indirect impact of childhood trauma on insomnia through the pathways of negative life events alone (Estimate = 0.050, 95%CI: 0.024,0.093), dysfunctional attitudes alone (Estimate = 0.027, 95%CI: 0.008,0.050), and negative life events to dysfunctional attitudes (Estimate = 0.013, 95%CI: 0.006,0.024) were significant. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that screening for childhood trauma should be considered when treating insomnia in college students with MDD. Managing negative life events and dysfunctional attitudes may mitigate the negative impact of childhood trauma on insomnia in college students with MDD.
In this paper, we consider the following generalized quasilinear Choquard equation with steep potential well $$\begin{aligned} -\text {div}(g^{2}(u)\nabla u)+g(u)g^{\prime }(u)|\nabla u|^{2}+\lambda V(x)u=(I_{\alpha }*F(u))f(u), \ x \in {\mathbb {R}}^{N}, \end{aligned}$$where \(N\ge 3\), \(\alpha \in (0,N)\), \(\lambda >0\) is a parameter and \(I_{\alpha }\) is the Riesz potential. Under some appropriate assumptions on g, V(x) and f, we prove the existence of ground states and obtain the concentration behavior of the solutions when \(\lambda \) is large enough via variational methods.
Daily hassles have a larger effect on our health and well-being than those major events in daily life. The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and measurement invariance of the LIVES Daily Hassles Scale (LIVES-DHS) in Chinese samples, which consisted of 815 people at work aged between 20 and 60 years old. The results of both Explanatory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis showed that the five-factor model solution was better than other solutions, which supported the original structure of LIVES-DHS. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients of the five subdimensions varied between.721 and.818, with the entire scale of.920, and McDonald's ω values of the five subdimensions varied between.716 and.821, with the entire scale of.936. The results also showed the support for measurement invariance of the five-factor model across different groups, which is the first to offer evidence for configural, metric, scalar and strict invariance of LIVES-DHS across gender, age and educational groups.
Li-ion batteries (LIBs) have extensive application in future, and because of their high specific capacity, Sn-based anodes are prospective materials that can replace graphite as anodes for Li-ion batteries. In this study, the bacteria (Gram-Positive Bacteria Bacillus Subtilis (GPBBS)) based carbon @ Sn sample was prepared by a simple process, and the SEM and TEM images showed that the carbon and Sn packages each other (carbon @ Sn). As an anode, the carbon @ Sn can provide a high specific capacity of 714.98 mA h g− 1 at a current density of 100 mA g− 1 after 100 cycles, with an initial coulombic efficiency of 81.06%, and excellent rate performance. When the current density is high at 1000 and 5000 mA g− 1, its discharge capacities are 479.84 and 266.73 mA h g− 1, which evidences its excellent performance. Its high specific capacity means that it would may be a potential anode in future.
Background Currently, the etiology of idiopathic short stature (ISS) is still unclear. The poor understanding of the molecular mechanisms of ISS has largely restricted this strategy towards safe and effective clinical therapies. Methods The plasma exosomes of ISS children were co-cultured with normal human chondrocytes. The differential expression of exosome miRNA between ISS and normal children was identified via high-throughput microRNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Immunohistochemistry, In situ hybridization, RT-qPCR, western blotting, luciferase expression, and gene overexpression and knockdown were performed to reveal the key signaling pathways that exosome miRNA of aberrant expression in ISS children impairs longitudinal bone growth. Results Chondrocytes proliferation and endochondral ossification were suppressed after coculture of ISS plasma exosomes with human normal chondrocytes. High-throughput microRNA sequencing and RT-qPCR confirmed that plasma exosome miR-26b-3p was upregulated in ISS children. Meanwhile, exosome miRNA-26b-3p showed a high specificity and sensitivity in discriminating ISS from normal children. The rescue experiment showed that downregulation of miR-26b-3p obviously improved the repression of chondrocyte proliferation and endochondral ossification caused by ISS exosomes. Subsequently, miR-26b-3p overexpression inhibited chondrocyte proliferation and endochondral ossification once again. In situ hybridization confirmed the colocalization of miR-26b-3p with AKAP2 in chondrocytes. In vitro and in vivo assay revealed exosome miRNA-26b-3p impairs longitudinal bone growth via the AKAP2 /ERK1/2 axis. Conclusions This study is the first to confirm that miR-26b-3p overexpression in ISS plasma exosomes leads to disorders in proliferation and endochondral ossification of growth plate cartilage via inhibition of AKAP2/ERK1/2 axis, thereby inducing ISS. This study provides a new research direction for the etiology and pathology of ISS and a new idea for the biological treatment of ISS. Graphical Abstract
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), an emerging pathogenic coronavirus, has been reported to cause excessive inflammation and dysfunction in multiple cells and organs, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we showed exogenous addition of SARS-CoV-2 envelop protein (E protein) potently induced cell death in cultured cell lines, including THP-1 monocytic leukemia cells, endothelial cells and bronchial epithelial cells, in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. SARS-CoV-2 E protein caused pyroptosis-like cell death in THP-1 and led to GSDMD cleavage. In addition, SARS-CoV-2 E protein up-regulated the expression of multiple pro-inflammatory cytokines that may be attributed to activation of NF-κB, JNK and p38 signal pathways. Notably, we identified a natural compound, Ruscogenin, effectively reversed E protein-induced THP-1 death via inhibition of NLRP3 activation and GSDMD cleavage. In conclusion, these findings suggested that Ruscogenin may have beneficial effects on preventing SARS-CoV-2 E protein-induced cell death and might be a promising treatment for the complications of COVID-19.
Oral mucosal ulcer is the most prevalent oral mucosal lesion, affecting the quality of life. Due to the moist and highly dynamic oral lining, the existing oral mucoadhesives are unable to serially address the challenges of residency, hemorrhage, bacterial infection and inflammatory reaction. Herein, a dual-light defined oral mucoadhesive (ZPTA-G/HMA) was proposed, with a methacrylate gelatin-methacrylate hyaluronic acid (GelMA-HAMA, G/HMA) double network hydrogel as a matrix, tannic acid (TA) as a high content anchor moiety provider for the moist oral mucosa, and polydopamine modified zinc oxide (ZnO@PDA, ZP) as a photocatalytic antibacterial substance. This platform had good adhesive and hemostatic properties both in vitro and in vivo. Under 520 nm green light (GL) irradiation, ZPTA-G/HMA would anchor to the wet mucosa surface by crosslinking and exert broad-spectrum antibacterial ability (even including Candida albicans) by in situ producing reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, under 808 nm near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, the increased release of TA combined with the photothermal effect of ZP endowed ZPTA-G/HMA with enhanced anti-inflammatory and pro-healing performance. Collectively, ZPTA-G/HMA could be switched by light sources to achieve the dual-mode real-time adjustment of in situ anti-bacterial function and controlled anti-inflammation, combined with ideal mucosal residence, thus promising in developing personalized sequential strategies for varied oral mucosal lesions.
This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) of Chinese patients with premature acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study was a secondary retrospective analysis involving 2114 ACS patients undergoing PCI at a single center in China. The patients were divided into two groups according to age (premature ACS group: ≤ 55 years in men, ≤ 65 years in women; nonpremature ACS group: > 55 years in men, > 65 years in women). The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, target vessel revascularization, and recurrent angina at follow-up, defined as MACEs. The incidence of all-cause death and MACEs was significantly lower in the premature than in the nonpremature ACS group (P < 0.001). Female sex, higher triglyceride levels, and higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were identified as independent risk factors that accelerated the development of ACS, whereas higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were identified as protective factors. Furthermore, in patients with premature ACS, non-ST-elevation ACS, cardiac insufficiency, multivessel disease, and left main lesion were risk factors for MACEs. Younger individuals, especially females, are advised to undergo early screening for the risk factors of premature ACS. Primary prevention of dyslipidemia should be more aggressively promoted at a young age. For premature ACS patients undergoing PCI, strengthened management and regular re-examinations are necessary to avoid adverse cardiovascular events as much as possible.
Background: The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the second most frequent extranasal involvement site for ENKTL. This study aimed to explore the clinicopathological features, treatment models, survival outcomes, and prognosis of gastrointestinal ENKTL (GI-ENKTL). Methods: The clinical data of GI-ENKTL patients were extracted from the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group (CLCG) database and were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 30 patients were enrolled, with a male/female ratio of 4:1 and a median age of 42 years. Twenty-nine patients received chemotherapy, of whom 15 patients received asparaginase-based (ASP-based) regimens. Moreover, seven received surgery and three received radiotherapy. The overall response an d complete remission rates were 50.0% and 30.0% for the whole cohort, 50.0% and 37.5% for patients treated with ASP-based regimens, and 50.0% and 25.0% for those treated with non-ASP-based regimens, respectively. The median follow-up was 12.9 months and the 1-year overall survival rate was 40.0% for the whole cohort. For those patients in an early stage, ASP-based regimens resulted in a superior 1-year progression-free survival rate compared to non-ASP-based regimens (100.0% vs. 36.0%, p = .07). However, ASP-based regimens did not improve survival in patients at an advanced stage. Conclusion: GI-ENKTL still has a poor prognosis, even in the era of modern asparaginase-based treatment strategies.
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2,734 members
Zhui Tu
  • State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology
Qiang Zhao
  • State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology
Yuhao Wang
  • Multi-Functional Optical/RF SEnsor and AI (FORSEAI) LAB
Wei Wang
  • Jiangxi Provincial Cardiovascular Disease Research Institute
Xueying Tao
  • State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology
Xuefu Road No.999, 330031, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
Head of institution
Chuangbing Zhou