Objective: The information on firearm- or explosive-related extremity injuries in children is very limited. Reports of segmental bone loss due to these types of fractures are even rarer and the treatment remains a problem. There has been no report of distraction osteogenesis with limb reconstruction system (LRS) specifically in children. We evaluated the treatment results of Gustilo-Anderson type 3 open fractures with segmental bone loss due to firearm injuries by distraction osteogenesis performed with LRS in skeletally immature patients. Methods: Nine patients with Gustilo-Anderson (GA) type 3 open fractures with segmental bone loss due to firearm injuries who had not completed their skeletal development were included. Two of the patients had GA type 3a, four had type 3b, and the remaining three had type 3c. Bony and functional assessment was conducted using Association for the Study and Application of the Methods of Illizarov (ASAMI) criteria. Results: Mean follow-up period was 20.1 months (range 5.5-35 months). The mean bone loss was 45.5 mm (range 15-80 mm) before the treatment started. The mean time of external fixation (day) was 180.6. The mean distraction index (distraction period per cm) was 11.3 day/cm. The mean time for bone union index (duration of bony union per cm) was 33.7 days/cm. Bony union was achieved in all patients at the end of the treatment. Bony results as per ASAMI score were excellent in seven fractures and good in three. Functional results were excellent in five patients, good in two, and fair in two. We had no fair or poor results with respect to bony results but had two fair functional results. Conclusions: LRS provides a good treatment choice for children with fractures with segmental bone loss due to firearm injuries. It also provides easy access to the wound with its monolateral construction.
Introduction: Studies related to attitudes toward the use of prohibited substances in Turkish athletes are scarce. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has implemented anti-doping educational policies emphasizing doping-related education in studies conducted among Turkish wrestlers. However, it is still unclear the extent to which the wrestlers comply and adhere to these anti-doping policies. No research has previously examined the eect of anti-doping education on athletes’ mindfulness and moral disengagement in doping (MDD). Therefore, the present study has a two-fold objective: first, to examine whether doping-related education (DRE) and the status of being a national athlete (NA) have an eect on athlete mindfulness and MDD. Second, to analyze the relationship between each sub-dimensions of athlete mindfulness: awareness (ASD), judgment (JSD), and refocus (RSD) with MDD. Methods: A total of 409 male wrestlers participated in this study. MANOVA analysis showed that NA and DRE alone have no eect on MDD but have a general eect on mindfulness. Results: The highest eect was on the ASD of being an NA (η 2 p = 0.173). When the interaction eect of NA∗DRE was examined, significant dierence in MDD (F = 8.218, p = 0.004), ASD (F = 8.476, p = 0.004), JSD (F = 5.844, p = 0.016), and RSD (F = 11.476, p = 0.001) were found. MDD has a weak negative relationship with ASD (r = −0.126) and RSD (r = −0.041) and a weak positive relationship with the JSD sub-dimension (r = 0.140). Those results suggest that being a NA and having received anti-doping education aect moral disengagement in doping and athletes’ mindfulness. Discussion: As a conclusion, it is recommended to increase awareness and antidoping education among national-standard Turkish wrestlers to prevent them from engaging in doping beh
Purpose To investigate the functional and anatomical outcomes of non-damaging retinal laser therapy (NRT), in cases with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). Methods Twenty-three eyes of 23 treatment-naïve chronic CSCR patients were included in this study. The irradiation of 577 nm yellow light was conducted on the serous detachment area after switching over to the NRT algorithm. Anatomical and functional changes after treatments were investigated. Results The mean age of the subjects was 48.68 ± 5.93 years (41–61). The mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and the mean central macular thickness (CMT) values were 0.42 ± 0.12logMAR (0.20–0.70) and 315.69 ± 61.25 µm (223–444) before NRT; and 0.28 ± 0.11logMAR (0.10–0.50) and 223.26 ± 60.91 µm (134–336) at the 2nd month follow-up visit (p < 0.001, for both). At the 2nd-month follow-up visit after NRT, complete resorption of subretinal fluid was observed in 18 eyes (78.3%) and incomplete resorption in five eyes (21.7%). Worse values of BCVA and CMT before NRT were found as increased risk for incomplete resorption (p = 0.002 and ρ = 0.612 for BCVA, and p < 0.001 and ρ = 0.715 for CMT). Conclusion Significant functional and anatomical improvements can be observed in the early period after NRT in patients with chronic CSCR. Patients having worse baseline BCVA and CMT have increased risk for incomplete resorption.
The treatment of infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) strains is difficult due to the limited antimicrobial options and high mortality. There are many reports on intracranial infections caused by CR-Kp, but only a few on brain abscesses caused by CR-Kp. Here, we present a case of brain abscess caused by CR-Kp successfully treated with combined antibiotics. A 26-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital due to high fever and headache. His past medical history includes a surgical intervention due to an acute subdural hematoma, performed at an external healthcare center. After the current diagnosis of cerebral abscess, he underwent two surgeries. During the procedure, multiple cerebral abscesses were drained and capsulotomies were performed under ultrasound guidance. The combination of meropenem and vancomycin was started. The contents of the abscesses were sent to the microbiology and pathology laboratory. On the 3 rd day of treatment, the medical team was informed that CR-Kp grew in an abscess culture. The patient’s treatment was changed to meropenem + colistin + tigecycline. The patient developed electrolyte disturbances during the follow-up and this was considered an adverse effect of colistin. On the 41 st day of treatment, colistin was discontinued, fosfomycin was added, and meropenem and tigecycline were maintained. Treatment was discontinued on the 68 th day, when the patient was discharged. The general condition of the patient, who has been followed up for two years, is satisfactory. The treatment of CR-Kp infections should be individualized, and the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of antibiotics should be considered in each case. Klebsiella pneumoniae; Carbapenem resistance; Brain abscesses
This study set out to investigate the usefulness of gaseous ozone application on the detoxification process of aflatoxins in hazelnuts by regarding the quality parameters of hazelnuts. The General Multilevel Factorial Design (GMFD) method was employed to test the effect of ozone concentration and application time on the aflatoxin degradation process. For this purpose, 3.33 and 10 mg/L gaseous ozone applied to unshelled nuts for 30, 60 and 120 min. AflatoxinB1 (AFB1) and AflatoxinG1 (AFG1) were more sensitive to ozonation than AflatoxinB2 (AFB2) and AflatoxinG2 (AFG2). The results indicated that AFB1 and total aflatoxins could be achieved below the tolerable limit when hazelnut samples were ozonated both at 10.0 mg/L for 60 min and 3.33 mg/L for 120 min. From a main effects point of view, the results confirm that both variables have main effects on the aflatoxin degradation as well as the parameter of time being more effective on all the aflatoxins. Furthermore, there were no significant change in the quality parameters of the hazelnut between treated and untreated samples. The results of this investigation show that ozone is applicable in hazelnut production to hurdle aflatoxin contaminations.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), age, and sex and morphological risk factors that may cause internal knee injuries. The magnetic resonance images of 728 participants who met the inclusion criteria and had a mean age of 34.4 ± 6.8 years were analyzed retrospectively. Demographic differences were analyzed by measuring 17 morphological parameters known to be associated with internal knee injuries. Men had a higher anterior cruciate ligament length (ACLL), anterior cruciate ligament width, (ACLW) lateral femoral condylar width (LFCW), medial femoral condylar width (MFCW), lateral femoral condylar depth (LFCD), distal femoral width (DFW), and intercondylar femoral width (IFW) than women (P < .05). By contrast, the medial meniscus bone angle (MMBA) was lower in men than in women (P < .05). Women aged 31 to 40 years had a lower Insall-Salvati index (ISI) and lateral tibial posterior slope (LTPS) than those aged 21 to 30 years (P < .05), whereas men aged 31 to 40 years had a lower ISI than those aged 21 to 30 years (P < .05). Women with BMI ≥ 30 had a higher LFCW and MFCW but a lower ISI than those with BMI < 30 (P < .05). Men with BMI ≥ 30 had a higher LFCW, MFCW, DFW, and MMBA than those with BMI < 30 (P < .05). The use of value ranges structured according to demographic characteristics, rather than a single value range for all patient groups, may contribute to the evaluation and treatment of the morphological features that are thought to be effective in the development of internal knee injuries. These values may also shed light on future radiological risk scoring systems and artificial intelligence applications in medicine.
Introduction Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and bovine herpesvirus (BoHV)-1 and -4 are important causes of respiratory diseases and reproductive disorders of dairy cattle worldwide. Material and Methods Investigation of BVDV and BoHV-1 and -4 antibody levels in the serum and milk of dairy cattle in a group with clinical mastitis and a healthy group was undertaken using an indirect ELISA, and identification of the BoHV-4 genotypes in clinical mastitis cases was attempted by PCR and sequencing. Results Antibodies specific to BVDV, BoHV-1 and BoHV-4 were detected in the serum and milk of all dairy cattle with clinical mastitis. The cut-off values for BVDV and BoHV-1 in the sera and milk were extremely high in both healthy and mastitic animals. However, BoHV-4 antibodies were detected only in the clinically mastitic cattle, and BoHV-4 levels were higher in milk than in sera among these animals. Genotypes I and II of BoHV-4 were detected in the milk samples of four seropositive cows with clinical mastitis from the same herd. Conclusion The results of this investigation demonstrate that clinical mastitis cases in the same herd may have aetiology in different BoHV-4 genotypes.
The starting objective of this research communication was to determine the prevalence of subclinical mastitis in buffalo in Turkey. We also seeked to isolate and identify staphylococci, determine their antimicrobial susceptibilities and biofilm-forming abilities as well as investigating the presence of biofilm-related genes and microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules. A total of 107 (66.9%) staphylococci (28 S. aureus and 79 coagulase-negative staphylococci, CoNS) were isolated from 160 mastitic milk samples collected from 200 lactating water buffalos. The staphylococci were especially resistant to beta-lactams except for cefoxitin but were less resistant to the other antimicrobials that were tested. Based on the Congo red agar method, 92.9% of the S. aureus and 70.9% of the CoNS isolates were positive for biofilm-forming ability, while all S. aureus and 97.5% of CoNS isolates were positive by a microtiter plate analysis. The presence of icaA and icaD genes was not always correlated with biofilm synthesis, and even in the absence of these genes, the isolates were able to synthesize biofilm.
This study was conducted in a preschool in Hatay, Turkey. The effect of the shared-reading method on the early literacy skills of preschool children is examined. Four preschool classes (two experiments and two control) participated in the research. Tools included the intervention program, intervention checklists, interviews, and early literacy skills tests. Pretests were applied to both groups. The first took a 12-week intervention. Post-tests revealed that children in the experimental showed significant improvement and improvement in early literacy skills compared to baseline performance results. The findings provide educators with an understanding of ways to foster the development of early literacy skills at the preschool level.
Background Nerium oleander L. is ethnopharmacologically used for diabetes. Our aim was to investigate the ameliorative effects of ethanolic Nerium flower extract (NFE) in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Methods Seven random groups including control group, NFE group (50 mg/kg), diabetic group, glibenclamide group and NFE treated groups (25 mg/kg, 75 mg/kg, and 225 mg/kg) were composed of forty-nine rats. Blood glucose level, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), insulin level, liver damage parameters and lipid profile parameters were investigated. Antioxidant defense system enzyme activities and reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents and immunotoxic and neurotoxic parameters were determined in liver tissue. Additionally, the ameliorative effects of NFE were histopathologically examined in liver. mRNA levels of SLC2A2 gene encoding glucose transporter 2 protein were measured by quantitative real time PCR. Results NFE caused decrease in glucose level and HbA1c and increase in insulin and C-peptide levels. Additionally, NFE improved liver damage biomarkers and lipid profile parameters in serum. Moreover, lipid peroxidation was prevented and antioxidant enzyme activities in liver were regulated by NFE treatment. Furthermore, anti-immunotoxic and anti-neurotoxic effects of NFE were determined in liver tissue of diabetic rats. Histopathogically, significant liver damages were observed in the diabetic rats. Histopathological changes were decreased partially in the 225 mg/kg NFE treated group. SLC2A2 gene expression in liver of diabetic rats significantly reduced compared to healthy rats and NFE treatment (25 mg/kg) caused increase in gene expression. Conclusion Flower extract of Nerium plant may have an antidiabetic potential due to its high phytochemical content. Graphical Abstract
Three-phase Pulse-Width Modulated (PWM) rectifiers used between the power grid and the load in applications requiring DC voltage have features such as high efficiency, high power factor, and low harmonics. This paper proposes a hybrid control approach to improve the dynamic performance of three-phase PWM rectifiers under different operating conditions. Operating conditions are considered as step response, internal disturbance, and regenerative operation. First, Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Neural Network (IT2FNN) is designed and then antecedent and consequent parameters of IT2FNN are optimized with Modified Golden Sine Algorithm (GoldSA-II). The dynamic performance of the hybrid controller, named GoldSA-II-IT2FNN, is analyzed for all operating conditions in Matlab/Simulink environment. The simulation studies are realized to evaluate the performance of the proposed controller. In the simulations, settling times of proposed controller are observed as 27.2 ms, and 10.8 ms for step response, respectively. Moreover, recovery times are calculated as being 12 ms to 5.5 ms for internal disturbance, and 7.2 ms to 19 ms for regenerative operation, respectively. The obtained results demonstrate that the proposed controller not only provides better dynamic performance but also improves the stability of PWM rectifier.
Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the serum creatinine (SCr) levels with the reference change value (RCV) in patients receiving colistin treatment. Methods: We retrospectively recorded the SCr levels of 47 patients receiving colistin treatment before treatment and on days 3 and 7 after treatment. RCV was calculated with the asymmetrical RCV formula (Z = 1.64, P < .05). Percent (%) increase in the SCr results of the patients was compared with RCV and values exceeding RCV were regarded as statistically significant. Results: The RCV was calculated as 15.6% for SCr. Compared with pretreatment values, SCr value on day 3 was 32/47 and on day 7 it was 36/47; as these results exceeded RCV, they were considered statistically significant. Conclusion: Use of RCV in the interpretation of results between serial measurements will provide a more rapid and sensitive method when making decisions.
Background Propolis has become one of the most preferred supplements due to its beneficial biological properties. Organic (water and vegetable oils) and chemical (ethyl alcohol, propylene glycol, and glycerol) solvents are used for propolis extraction. However, the effects of these chemicals on health should be taken into account. Objectives In this study, the effects of propolis extracts on health were evaluated. Methods 32 pregnant Wistar albino rats and 64 neonatal/young adults were given three different extractions of propolis (propylene glycol, water, and olive oil). Histopathological analyses were performed on the liver and brain, and blood samples were taken from the hearts of rats. Results Histopathological scoring showed that the intensity of pycnotic hepatocyte, sinusoidal dilatation, and bleeding was high in liver samples of pregnant and baby rats given propylene glycol extract of propolis (p<0.05). Propylene glycol extract caused dilatation of blood vessels and apoptosis of neurons in brain tissue. The histopathological score was significantly lower in liver and brain tissues of rats treated with water and olive oil extract compared to propylene propolis groups (p<0.05). Liver enzyme levels in the blood increased in propylene propolis rats (p<0.05). Conclusion Histopathological changes and biochemical alterations may indicate that propylene glycol extracts of propolis are more toxic than olive oil and water extracts. Therefore, olive oil and water extracts of propolis are more reliable than propylene glycol extract in pregnant and infant rats.
This study compares conventional drip irrigation (CDI) and partial root drying (PRD) on yield components, oil quality, and economic return of peanut crops in the 2014 and 2015 growing seasons in the Mediterranean climatic conditions of Türkiye. The main plots and subplots consisted of 3 irrigation frequencies (IF25; IF50 and IF75) and 7 irrigation levels (IL0.50=0.50, IL0.75=0.75, IL1.0=1.00, IL1.25=1.25, ILPRD50, ILPRD75, and ILPRD100). Of the subplots, 4 were CDI treatments (IL0.50=0.50, IL0.75=0.75, IL1.0=1.00, IL1.25=1.25), and 3 were PRD treatments (ILPRD50, ILPRD75, and ILPRD100). CDI treatments (IL0.50, IL0.75, IL1.0, and IL1.25) received 50, 75, 100, and 125 of Cumulative Pan Evaporation. In addition, PRD treatments (ILPRD50, ILPRD75, and ILPRD100) were considered. They received 50, 75, and 100% of IL1.0 treatment from alternate laterals, respectively. The largest and the smallest average peanut yields were obtained from the IF50IL1.25 and IF75IL0.50 treatments each year. The result showed that increasing the irrigation water amount increases the oil yield. The highest oil content, peanut yield, and generating maximum return were obtained from IF50IL1.25 in both growth years. The saturated and unsaturated fatty acid contents were remarkably infuenced by IFs and ILs. Stearic acid concentration considerably decreased under unstressed conditions, while palmitic acid values increase. The peanut quality was also afected under water stress with lower oil content. PRD has a marked efect on peanut quality under defcit irrigation of water applied with signifcantly reduced compared with DI. The high oil yield response factor (kyoil) value acquired for the peanut crop indicated its high sensitivity to irrigation interval and water defcit. It was determined that there are considerable linear relationships between the oleic acid and linoleic acid contents compared to crop evapotranspiration (ETc) during diferent irrigation intervals in each season. Economic assessment expressed that IF50IL1.25 treatment attained the highest seed and oil yield of peanuts and maximum net return in both seasons. Overall, the fndings showed that pod yield per hectare, pod weight per plant, pod number per plant, shelling percentage, palmitic and linoleic acid percentage, oil percentage, and 100-seed weight values increased with increasing irrigation water at each irrigation interval, but oleic and stearic acid percentages decreased in both years.
Purpose Metrnl, a newly discovered adipokine with significant expression in white adipose tissue, promotes energy expenditure and contributes to the development of cardiovascular disorders. Endocan is a surrogate marker for endothelial dysfunction and is linked to cardiovascular risk factors. Higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality have been linked to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In this study, we investigated the potential of serum Metrnl and endocan as biomarkers to identify patients with OSA who are at increased cardiovascular risk and differentiate them from healthy controls. Methods The study included the evaluation of serum levels of endocan and Metrnl in individuals with OSA and healthy controls. All participants underwent full polysomnography to evaluate their sleep, and carotid intima–media thickness (CIMT) was measured in each of them. Results Patients with OSA (n = 117) had considerably lower levels of Metrnl and significantly higher levels of endocan than controls (n = 59). Once confounding factors were taken into account, both Metrnl and endocan were effective predictors of OSA. Additionally, the severity of OSA, as determined by the apnea–hypopnea index (AHI), was linked to Metrnl and endocan levels. The study also found a significant and independent inverse association between CIMT and Metrnl, along with a positive association with endocan after making multiple adjustments. Furthermore, there was a significant and independent connection between CIMT and AHI. Conclusion Based on these findings, Metrnl and endocan have the potential to be valuable markers for identifying patients with OSA who are at increased risk of early vascular damage.
Some studies have suggested potential relationships between periodontal disease and COVID-19, explained by many possible pathological pathways. The aim of this case-control study with a longitudinal arm was to investigate this association. 80 systemically healthy individuals (apart from COVID-19) were involved in this study, divided into 40 patients who had recently had COVID-19 (test, divided into severe and mild/moderate cases) and 40 who had not had COVID-19 (control). Clinical periodontal parameters and laboratory data were recorded. Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon test, and chi-square test were performed to compare variables. Multiple binary logistic regression method was used to estimate adjusted ORs and 95% confidence interval. Hs-CRP-1 and 2, Ferritin-1 and 2, lymphocyte count-1 values, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio-1 were higher in patients with severe COVID-19 than patients with mild/moderate COVID-19 (p < 0.05). All of these laboratory values significantly decreased after COVID-19 treatment (p < 0.05) in the test group. Presence of periodontitis (p = 0.015) was higher and periodontal health was lower (p = 0.002) in the test group than in the control group. All clinical periodontal parameters were significantly higher in the test group than in the control group (p < 0.05), except plaque index. Prevalence of periodontitis was associated with increased odds of having COVID-19 infection (PR = 1.34; 95% CI 0.23-2.45) in the multiple binary logistic regression. COVID-19 is associated with periodontitis prevalence, through a series of possible mechanisms including local and systemic inflammatory responses. Further studies should investigate whether the maintenance of periodontal health may be a factor in the reduction of the severity of COVID-19 infections.
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum Mill.) is a vegetable that has many benefits for human health, and its cultivation is increasing. In order to carry out breeding studies in parsley, genotypes should be characterized in terms of some characteristics. In this study, some phytochemical properties of 18 different parsley genotypes were revealed, and their genetic diversity was determined with the iPBS (Inter Primary Binding Site) marker system. In the study, the polymorphism rate was 31.9%, the mean PIC (Polymorphic Information Content) was 0.17, and the similarity coefficients were between 0.87 and 0.99. The number of subpopulations was determined as two, and 10 markers were detected at expression levels of 19–33% related to phytochemical properties. The results of this study show that there is a phytochemical and genetic variation in parsley. Parsley genotypes with certain phytochemical properties and genetic structures can be used more effectively in breeding programs.
The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiotoxic effect of the combination of tilmicosin and diclofenac sodium in sheep. Thirty-two sheep were used and were randomly divided into four equal groups as tilmicosin (T), diclofenac sodium (D), tilmicosin+diclofenac sodium (TD) and control (C) group. Group T received a single dose of tilmicosin, Group D was administered diclofenac sodium once a day for 3 days, and group TD was administered diclofenac and tilmicosin at the same doses as group T and D. Group C received NaCl in a similar way. The blood samples were taken before dosing and at 4th, 8th, 24th and 72nd hour post-dosing for measurement of cardiac markers such as H-FABP, cTn-I, CK-MB. H-FABP level of group TD was found to be significantly (p⟨0.05) higher than of group C at the 8th, 24th and 72nd hour and group D and T at the 72nd hour. cTn-I and CK-MB levels of group TD were found significantly (p⟨0.05) higher compared with other groups. In conclusion, the combined use of tilmicosin and diclofenac in sheep causes an increase in cardiac biomarkers and it can be stated that this combination of drugs may cause cardiac damage.
Salinized lands are considered a major problem in arid and semi-arid countries. About one-third of the irrigated land of the world is salt-affected because of unsustainable irrigation approaches. Fresh water resources are depleting rapidly. In this situation, it is difficult to develop non-conventional agricultural technology that could use saline soils effectively. In this scenario, brackish or seawater utilization for agriculture in coastal and inland sandy soils are an attractive option. Such applications could be a source of feed, food, fiber, and oil on non-productive arid saline lands. Desert land is about 43% of the total earth area. About 15% of this land is close to the sea and it could be utilized for crop production.
Halophytes include plant species that are adapted to live especially in saline soils. About 955 million hectors of land are salt-affected worldwide and the Southwestern Asian deserts constitute the most part of this land. Nearly 30% of the semi-arid irrigated areas of Asia are facing salinization. Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen are mostly arid countries having large sandy and gravel deserts. Some parts of Asia are below sea level due to continental rifting, like the Dead Sea which lies between Jordan and Israel. Anatolian Peninsula is located between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, while Arabian Peninsula is located between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. Gravel and sandy plains cover the Arabian Peninsula in the Southwest. Rubal Khali is also located here, which is included among the world’s large sand deserts. Iran’s central plateau has large saline areas. Zagros mountainous range in Iran is an arid area, divided into the salt desert (Dasht-e-Kavir) and Dasht-e-Loot. Umma’s Samim is the large salt inland plain located in the western part of Oman. Most of the plain areas in Asia receive less than 400 mm of precipitation in a year. Some regions in Southwest Asia have insufficient resources of water. The Euphrates and Tigris rivers flow through Syria, Iraq, and Turkey and are considered critical for the agriculture in the area. Most Asian deserts have large saline areas with salt flats. The information on the accurate identification of salt-tolerant plants and their potential medicinal and non-medicinal utilization and other economic benefits is very weak and scattered in most regions of Asia. This information is necessary for the research on rangeland management, biosaline agriculture, coastal management and saline, and arid habitat restoration.
Institution pages aggregate content on ResearchGate related to an institution. The members listed on this page have self-identified as being affiliated with this institution. Publications listed on this page were identified by our algorithms as relating to this institution. This page was not created or approved by the institution. If you represent an institution and have questions about these pages or wish to report inaccurate content, you can contact us here.
Antakya, 31034, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
Head of institution
Prof. Dr. Hasan Kaya