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    ABSTRACT: El curso es impulsado y desarrollado por la Dirección Nacional de Capital Humano del Ministerio de Salud de Argentina, y se dirige a jefes, docentes e instructores de Residencias. Se desarrolla integralmente en línea en la plataforma del Nodo Argentino del Campus Virtual de Salud Pública (CVSP-OPS/OMS), alcanzando a Residencias de todo el país y a grupos de otros países de la Región. El objetivo es brindar formación pedagógica, de programación y gestión de las Residencias en servicio, con el apoyo de las tecnologías de información, comunicación y aprendizaje. Superando la visión tradicional, que asigna la función docente exclusivamente a quienes enseñan en el marco de una clase, hoy se reconoce el potencial educativo de los contextos de prácticas y el papel de formador a quienes orientan, organizan y acompañan a los Residentes en los servicios de salud, en distintos niveles de responsabilidad. Desde este marco, la formación es considerada como un proceso de largo alcance que acontece en la resolución de los problemas que plantean las prácticas cotidianas en los servicios de salud. En el ámbito de los servicios, en la interacción con el equipo de salud, no solo se aprenden conocimientos y prácticas, también se construyen las bases del comportamiento profesional, con efectos duraderos. El programa del curso integra cuatro módulos, con amplia y actualizada bibliografía, y la metodología es de aprendizaje activo, colaborativo y grupal de los participantes, guiados por tutores. En dos ediciones, ya ha formado a 280 profesionales, con propuestas de mejora y evaluaciones muy positivas, y una amplia demanda de nuevos participantes.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The author comments her experience in the practice of medicine and public health among aborigines in Formosa, a long neglected province in northeast Argentina. Her experience goes through a span of 34 years, 11 in a small community in a far off region. The province has 530162 inhabitants, 43358 (6.5%) aborigines of the Wichí, Qom, and Pilagá ethnicities. Some particular public health problems of these aborigines are due to the great distance between communities and the regular medical assistance while others are related to cultural differences. The situation has gradually improved in the last 30 years due to government awareness in providing easy and close access to medical care, making the most of the abilities of local aborigines midwifes, teaching health assistants and conventional measures. The most apparent results are the decrease in infant mortality rates and the lower incidence of tuberculosis, with no deaths due to tuberculous meningitis since 1999. No less important was the opening of new opportunities for education and the teaching of both native and Spanish language in the schools retaining local customs. The changes have brought about new risks and challenges such as: traffic accidents involving youngsters riding motorcycles, alcoholism, obesity, diabetes (undiagnosed beforehand), high rate of adolescence pregnancy, and crisis of leadership within the communities.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Medicina
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    ABSTRACT: The article highlights that pain is a human experience that goes beyond the merely physical, and notes the importance of understanding that only the sufferer is able to describe and quantify it. Describe the pain not only as a symptom, more than that is feeling, and emotion and emphasizes the role of the doctor-patient relationship in their approach. It emphasizes the neurobiological, psychosocial and spiritual dimensions of pain and the need for an interdisciplinary approach. Upgrade contributions of neurobiology in brain modulation of pain and the origins of the levels of sensitivity and pain tolerance. Rescue the importance of recognizing the total pain and suffering in the pain therapeutic approach, and highlights the difficulties of the health team. Review various international human rights instruments, to support the argument that the patient should be protected from the inadequate treatment of pain. Lack of education and updating of health professionals is another major problem. Finally emphasizes that pain relief is a human right and the inadequacy of treatment is a serious ethical lapse.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Vertex (Buenos Aires, Argentina)

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Acta tropica 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.actatropica.2015.09.018
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