Landesamt für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Geologie
  • Mecklenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
Recent publications
There is a considerable discrepancy between the temporal and spatial resolution required by climate impact researchers, policy makers, and adaptation planners on the one hand and climate data providers on the other hand. While the spatial and temporal aggregation of climate data is necessary to increase the reliability and robustness of climate information, this often counteracts or even prohibits their use in adaptation planning. The problem is twofold (i.e., space and time) and needs to be approached accordingly. Climate impact research and adaptation planning are the domain of impact experts, politicians, and planners, rather than climate experts. Thus, besides the spatial and temporal resolution, information also needs to be provided on platforms and in data formats that are easily accessible, easy to handle, and easy to understand. We discuss possible steps toward bridging the gap using an example from the federal state Hesse (Germany) as illustration. We aggregate the climate data at a level of “natural units” and provide them as monthly data. We discuss the pros and cons of this kind of processed data for impact research and decision making. The spatial aggregation to “natural units” delivers suitable spatial aggregation, while maintaining physical geographic structures and their climatic characteristics. Within these “natural units,” single grid cell values are usable for climate impact analyses or decision making. The temporal resolution is monthly values, i.e., deviations of single month values for the scenario period from climatological monthly values in the (simulated) reference period. This resolution allows analyzing compound events or consecutive events on a monthly scale within a climatological (30-year) period.
The response of biodiversity to natural and anthropogenic disturbances is a central topic in applied ecology. Climate change has altered forest disturbance regimes, resulting in global increases in stand-replacing disturbances, which are regularly followed by the removal of trees (salvage logging). Yet, the mid- to long-term effects of disturbances and salvage logging and the importance of species relative abundances on β-diversity remain unclear. We compared the β-diversity of 13 taxonomic groups in intact forest, unlogged windthrow, and salvage-logged windthrow plots 11 years after a windthrow. Hill numbers were used to quantify differences in between-treatment and within-treatment β-diversity for rare, common, and dominant species. We found that over a decade post-disturbance, both windthrow and salvage logging led to significant changes in between-treatment β-diversity of all 13 taxonomic groups. In addition, differences in between- and within-treatment β-diversity were more pronounced for rare species than for common and dominant ones. Windthrow led to the homogenization of communities of most saproxylic and half of the non-saproxylic studied groups. However, contrary to our expectation, salvage logging did not further increase community homogenization for any taxonomic group or Hill number. Moreover, salvage logging even reversed the community homogenization caused by the windthrow for saproxylic groups, leading to more heterogeneous communities. This effect was likely caused by the relatively high amount and diversity of deadwood found on the salvage-logged plots. Our study suggests that differences in within-treatment β-diversity between salvaged and unsalvaged windthrows tend to vanish over time, whereas differences between-treatments persisted, especially for saproxylic groups and rare species. This finding underlines the importance of preserving the characteristic communities in unsalvaged wind-disturbed forests in the mid- to long-term. Therefore, we recommend a management strategy that balances the amount of salvage-logged areas with that of set-aside areas.
We combine historical and recent monitoring data with modeling to get a better insight into water quality development of the large Oder/Szczecin Lagoon and especially the role of macrophytes. Data indicates that the system is eutrophic for centuries and a naturally eutrophic system. During the last decades, external nutrient loads decreased but keep the system in a eutrophic state. The systems primary production is limited by light and nitrogen and cannot be sufficiently managed by external nutrient load reductions. We consider 36% macrophyte coverage of the lagoon area as potential historical maximum. Despite its shallowness the lagoon was never a macrophyte dominated, clear water system. About 31% of the lagoon area would be covered by macrophytes in a good ecological status according to the Water Framework Directive. However, the existing water transparency targets seem too ambitious and not realistic. Changes in macrophyte coverage on water quality are restricted to near shore areas and hardly affect the open lagoon. Existing models require an improved representation of water transparency and effects on macrophyte colonization depth. Presently the patchy macrophyte coverage is only about 12% of the lagoon area. This low coverage and a relatively poor species composition results in a non-satisfactory state classification. However, ecologically valuable angiosperms and charophytes seem to recover. A strict avoidance of mechanical disturbances could be a measure to support macrophyte re-colonization. A systematic improvement of piscivorous fish stocks may be a supporting measure to reduce eutrophication.
The conversion and degradation of natural habitats has caused global declines in terrestrial insect diversity. Conserving insect diversity has therefore gained increasing attention in international conservation agendas. Dung beetles (Geotrupidae, Scarabaeidae) are diverse and abundant coprophagous insects who remove dung and enhance nutrient cycling. Today, half of Central European dung beetle species are threatened. While past research has concentrated on local (α-diversity) of dung beetles, the compositional differences between sites (β-diversity) have been largely neglected. However, maximizing the overall outcome of conservation measures requires a detailed understanding of the factors determining compositional differences between sites. We separated β-diversity of dung beetle communities, sampled across the Czech Republic, into independent components of spatial turnover and nestedness. We tested the relative importance of space, temperature, precipitation , elevation, season, grazing herbivore and antiparasitic treatment via multiple regressions for distance matrices to reveal which factors drive the β-diversity of dung beetle communities. Our results show that β-diversity of dung beetle communities is mostly driven by spatial distance, followed by similarly strong effects of season and mean temperature. Herbivore type and antiparasitic treatment had lesser influence than environment but can be influenced by conservation management. Nevertheless, antiparasitic treatment increased nestedness and resulted in an overall lower γ-diversity. Based on the principle of complementarity, we recommend-in order of decreasing importance-giving (1) conservation priority to the most distant sites, under (2) the largest differences in mean annual temperature, ensure (3) year-round grazing by (4) multiple herbivore species, and (5) avoid using antiparasitics.
Boring microorganisms (microendoliths) are ubiquitous in living corals, constituting the skeleton microbiome important for coral health and reef resilience. Numerous microborings were recognized in Upper Jurassic (ca. 160 million years ago) corals (Pomerania, Poland) providing a glimpse into the oldest scleractinian skeleton microbiome so far. Scanning electron microscope study of resin casts of microborings (ca. 4 μm) revealed that they represent mostly the ichnospecies Ichnoreticulina elegans, commonly considered as traces of Ostreobium quekettii, an alga adapted for a low-light environment. The distribution pattern of microborings (occurrence in the inner part of the skeletal elements, commonly upward orientation) implies that they were not done post-mortem, but by microendoliths inhabiting the coral skeleton during coral life. These findings imply that the most common boring microorganism inhabiting the skeleton of Jurassic corals was, like in modern corals, O. quekettii or a similar green alga. The microbiome of dead parts of modern living colonies revealed by analysis of microborings is an unexplored, but is a perspective topic for research by reef biologists.
Egg yolk from captive and wild Japanese rock ptarmigan were analyzed for fatty acid composition. Compared to commercially reared poultry species, the ptarmigan yolk samples displayed higher level of polyunsaturated fatty acids as opposed to monounsaturated fatty acids. The difference between the commercial controls and ptarmigan were larger than the difference between groups of ptarmigan, indicating that the fatty acid profile of Japanese rock ptarmigan might be partly attributed to genetic factors rather than feed, despite wild and captive birds having vastly different diets, and captive birds having been artificially bred for several generations.
The recovery of the Baltic White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla population since the 1980s is a conservation success story. However, the re-establishment of this predator in coastal and lake areas appears to affect Great Cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo during the breeding season. We collated published and unpublished records of White-tailed Eagle occurrence and interactions with Cormorant colonies as well as records of Cormorant anti-predator responses and effects on Cormorant breeding performance. We found evidence for immediate direct effects (mainly kleptoparasitism, predation of eggs and offspring) and indirect effects (facilitating nest predation by mainly gulls and corvids). Repeated disturbance from hunting White-tailed Eagles was also inferred to trigger changes in selection of nest sites, to cause complete abandonment of colonies and lead to regional redistributions of breeders. However, there are also observations of unproblematic coexistence with White-tailed Eagles breeding inside Cormorant colonies. There is some evidence to suggest that nesting opportunities for Cormorants may become further restricted as White-tailed Eagle numbers continue to increase, and we argue that this in some regions will impose limitations on the distribution and size of breeding populations of Cormorants.
The reduction of deadwood due to forest management threatens saproxylic diversity. Therefore, deadwood needs to be preserved and enriched. While the importance of deadwood tree identity is well investigated, the value of different object types and microclimate for diversity is insufficiently understood. Conservation-oriented forest management, therefore, requires guidelines on how deadwood types under various microclimatic conditions can help to sustain saproxylic diversity. We set up an experiment in sub-montane beech forest to disentangle effects of microclimate (sun vs. shade) and deadwood types (logs, stumps, snags). By surveying beetles, fungal fruiting bodies, and fungal molecular taxa (amplicon sequence variants, ASVs) in early-decomposition stage deadwood, we asked: (i) What is the relative importance of deadwood types vs. microclimate on saproxylic α-and β-di-versity? (ii) What is the importance of stumps, logs, and snags for saproxylic α-and β-diversity? (iii) Which combinations of microclimate and deadwood type maximize γ-diversity? Deadwood types had a stronger effect on α-and β-diversity of all groups than microclimate, which was not significant in most cases. Among deadwood types, α-diversity was higher on logs than on other deadwood types for beetles and fungal fruiting species. Fungal ASVs reached high α-diversity on snags. Considering effective combinations of deadwood types and microclimate in their contribution to γ-diversity, shaded and sunny logs showed most importance for beetles and fruiting fungi, while sunny snags were important for fungal ASVs. Maintenance of saproxylic diversity is therefore best achieved via enrichment of different deadwood types and by emphasizing logs and snags under variable microclimates.
The degradation of natural habitats is causing ongoing homogenization of biological communities and declines in terrestrial insect biodiversity, particularly in agricultural landscapes. Orthoptera are focal species of nature conservation and experienced significant diversity losses over the past decades. However, the causes underlying these changes are not yet fully understood. We analysed changes in Orthoptera assemblages surveyed in 1988, 2004 and 2019 on 198 plots distributed across four major grassland types in Central Europe. We demonstrated compositional differences in Orthoptera assemblages found in wet, dry and mesic grasslands, as well as ruderal habitats decreased, indicating biotic homogenization. However, mean α-diversity of Orthoptera assemblages increased over the study period. We detected increasing numbers of species with preferences for higher temperatures in mesic and wet grasslands. By analysing the temperature, moisture and vegetation preferences of Orthoptera, we found that additive homogenization was driven by a loss of species adapted to extremely dry and nitrogen-poor habitats and a parallel spread of species preferring warmer macroclimates.
The increasing availability and variety of global satellite products provide a new level of data with different spatial, temporal, and spectral resolutions; however, identifying the most suited resolution for a specific application consumes increasingly more time and computation effort. The region's cloud coverage additionally influences the choice of the best trade-off between spatial and temporal resolution, and different pixel sizes of remote sensing (RS) data may hinder the accurate monitoring of different land cover (LC) classes such as agriculture, forest, grassland, water, urban, and natural-seminatural. To investigate the importance of RS data for these LC classes, the present study fuses NDVIs of two high spatial resolution data (high pair) (Landsat (30 m, 16 days; L) and Sentinel-2 (10 m, 5-6 days; S), with four low spatial resolution data (low pair) (MOD13Q1 (250 m, 16 days), MCD43A4 (500 m, one day), MOD09GQ (250 m, one-day), and MOD09Q1 (250 m, eight day)) using the spatial and temporal adaptive reflectance fusion model (STARFM), which fills re-gions' cloud or shadow gaps without losing spatial information. These eight synthetic NDVI STARFM products (2: high pair multiply 4: low pair) offer a spatial resolution of 10 or 30 m and temporal resolution of 1, 8, or 16 days for the entire state of Bavaria (Germany) in 2019. Due to their higher revisit frequency and more cloud and shadow-free scenes (S = 13, L = 9), Sentinel-2 (overall R 2 = 0.71, and RMSE = 0.11) synthetic NDVI products provide more accurate results than Landsat (overall R 2 = 0.61, and RMSE = 0.13). Likewise, for the agriculture class, synthetic products obtained using Sentinel-2 resulted in higher accuracy than Landsat except for L-MOD13Q1 (R 2 = 0.62, RMSE = 0.11), resulting in similar accuracy preciseness as S-MOD13Q1 (R 2 = 0.68, RMSE = 0.13). Similarly, comparing L-MOD13Q1 (R 2 = 0.60, RMSE = 0.05) and S-MOD13Q1 (R 2 = 0.52, RMSE = 0.09) for the forest class, the former resulted in higher accuracy and precision than the latter. Conclusively, both L-MOD13Q1 and S-MOD13Q1 are suitable for agricultural and forest monitoring; however, the spatial resolution of 30 m and low storage capacity makes L-MOD13Q1 more prominent and faster than that of S-MOD13Q1 with the 10-m spatial resolution.
In the Penninic nappe stack of the Western Alps, high‐ to ultrahigh‐pressure metamorphic ophiolites of the Zermatt‐Saas Zone are associated with slivers of continental crust. In one of these slivers, Monte Emilius, the overprinting of pre‐Alpine granulite‐facies rocks by subduction‐related, Alpine eclogite‐facies metamorphism can be studied. Mafic granulites were initially transformed into blueschists. In a second step, shear zones were developed in which the blueschists recrystallized to fine‐grained, foliated glaucophane eclogites and eclogite veins. The combination of petrographic and field observations as well as whole‐rock compositions suggest that the eclogite assemblage formed only in shear zones where Ca‐metasomatism induced a change in major element composition. These substantial differences in bulk rock composition demonstrate how spatially limited eclogitization may be controlled by chemical redistribution, the degree of fabric development, and associated metamorphic reactions along fluid pathways. Thermodynamic modelling of selected bulk rock compositions yielded only slightly different conditions of 1.8 ± 0.1 GPa / 550 ± 50 °C for blueschist and 1.9–2.3 GPa/550 ± 50 °C for eclogite, constraining Ca‐rich fluid infiltration and transformation to a depth of ~60–70 km. Eclogitization occurred in the Early Eocene at 52.96 ± 0.91 Ma, as indicated by a well‐defined Lu‐Hf garnet isochron.
Road-traffic-noise exposition is widespread in Germany and can have harmful health effects. As guidance for informed decision-making, we estimated the environmental burden of disease attributable to road-traffic noise in Hesse, Germany as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Using detailed road-traffic-noise exposure data provided by the Hessian Agency for Nature Conservation, Environment, and Geology (HLNUG), we calculated the DALYs due to road-traffic noise > 40 dB(A) L24h (unweighted average 24 h noise level) and other noise metrics for endpoints with known dose-response functions and evidence in the literature (NORAH-study on disease risks and WHO reviews): cardiovascular disease, depressive disorders, road-traffic annoyance, and sleep disturbance. We calculated the population-attributable fractions (PAF) for road-noise-related cardiovascular disease (hypertensive heart disease, ischemic heart disease, and stroke) and depressive disorders in the population using published relative risk estimates. We multiplied the PAFs with the Hessian proportion of the 2015 WHO DALY estimates for Germany in people aged ≥ 40 years. For high annoyance and high sleep disturbance, we used published dose-response functions to determine the burden for residents of all ages. For Hesse, we found a total of 26,501 DALYs attributable to road-traffic noise or 435 DALY per 100,000 persons for the reference year, 2015. Further, we estimated that a hypothetic uniform road-traffic-noise reduction of 3 dB would prevent 23% of this burden of disease.
This study analyzed skeletal development, body condition, and total body fat development of growing heifers. A total of 144 female primiparous Holstein cattle from four commercial dairy farms with different degrees of stillbirth rates were examined during the rearing period. This included measurements in body condition, fat tissue, metabolic, and endocrine factors. Pelvic measurements and the sacrum height were analyzed to assess skeletal development. The body condition was classified via body condition scoring, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), back fat thickness measurements, and the body mass. For the first time, BIA was used as an appropriate method to evaluate the fat tissue content of cattle throughout the rearing period. This analysis technique can be performed on heifers aged 8–15 months. Throughout that period, the fat content decreased while the skeletal development increased. In addition, high free fatty acid concentrations in serum of the animals with high frame development were found, supporting our hypothesis that stored energy of body fat deposits is used for skeletal growth. Furthermore, we were able to demonstrate complex endocrine relationships between fat metabolism and skeletal growth by using specific markers, such as leptin, insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and estradiol (E2). Food analysis showed high crude protein (CP) levels in the total mixed ration above recommendation for daily protein intake of all farms. However, there was a positive correlation between CP and the body frame measurements in our study. In summary, we established a novel regression formula for BIA analysis (“ BIA-Heine ”) in heifers to evaluate the body composition throughout different ages and physiological stages in the development of heifers. This special formula allows the evaluation of fat tissue without a whole-body analysis and therefore provides an innovative technique for animal welfare support.
Olaf Bandt leitet aus den Kernideen der sozialen Marktwirtschaft und der von Alfred Müller-Armack geforderten institutionellen Verankerung von sozialen Zielen in den Regeln der Marktwirtschaft eine Transformation zu einer
Snow is a crucial component of the hydrological cycle in the Western Himalaya. Water from snowmelt is used in various sectors in downstream regions, thus playing a critical role in securing the livelihoods of millions of people. In this study, we investigated the future evolution of snow cover and snowmelt in the Panjshir catchment of Afghanistan, a sub-basin of the Indus, in the Western Himalaya. We applied a three-step approach to select a few global climate model (GCM) simulations from CMIP5 climate datasets for RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, which showed reasonable performance with ERA5-Land dataset for the chosen historical period (1981–2010). The selected model simulations were then segregated into two groups: those projecting a cold-wet climate and those projecting a warm-dry climate by the end of the 21st century (2071–2100). These GCMs were downscaled to a higher resolution using empirical statistical downscaling. To simulate the snow processes, we used the distributed cryospheric-hydrological J2000 model. The results indicate that the model captures well the snow cover dynamics for the historical period when compared with the daily MODIS-derived snow cover. The J2000 model was then forced by climate projections from the selected GCMs to quantify future changes in snow cover area, snow storage and snowmelt. While a 10–18% reduction in annual snow cover area is projected in the cold-wet models, a 22–36% reduction is projected in the warm-dry models. Similarly, the snow cover area is projected to decrease in all elevation bands under climate change. At the seasonal scale, across all models and scenarios, the snow cover in the autumn and spring seasons are projected to reduce by as much as 25%, with an increase in winter and spring snowmelt and a decrease in summer snowmelt. The projected changes in the seasonal availability of snowmelt-driven water resources are likely to have direct implications for water-dependent sectors in the region and call for a better understanding of water usage and future adaptation practices.
As 3-D geological models become more numerous and widely available, the opportunity arises to combine them into large regional compilations. One of the biggest challenges facing these compilations is the connection and alignment of individual models, especially in less explored areas or across political borders. In this regard, gravity modelling is suitable for revealing additional subsurface information that can support a harmonization of structural models. Here, we present an integrated geological and gravity modelling approach to support the harmonization process of two geological 3-D models of the North German Basin in the cross-border region between the federal states of Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg. Gravity gradient calculation, filtering and Euler deconvolution are utilized to reveal new insights into the local fault system and gravity anomaly sources. The independent models are merged and harmonized during 3-D forward and inverse gravity modelling. Herein, density gradients for individual layers are incorporated in the framework of model parametrization. The resulting geological 3-D model consists of harmonized interfaces and is consistent with the observed gravity field. To demonstrate the plausibility of the derived model, we discuss the new geophysical findings on the sedimentary and crustal structures of the cross-border region in the context of the regional geological setting. The cross-border region is dominated by an NW–SE oriented fault system that coincides with the Elbe Fault System. We interpret a low-density zone within the basement of the Mid-German Crystalline Rise as a northward continuation of the Pretzsch–Prettin Crystalline Complex into the basement of the North German Basin. Additionally, we observe two types of anticlines within the basin, which we link to provinces of contrasting basement rigidity. Our gravity modelling implies that the Zechstein salt has mostly migrated into the deeper parts of the basin west of the Seyda Fault. Finally, we identify a pronounced syncline that accommodates a narrow and up to 800 m deep Cenozoic basin.
Different studies revealed an increased biomass production in grasslands due to elevated CO2 (eCO2). Thus, the question arises whether forage quality of grassland biomass is also influenced. In the present study, we assessed the long-term effects of eCO2 in context of the accompanied site conditions soil moisture, air temperature and precipitation on different forage quality and energy parameters of grassland biomass in an extensively managed temperate grassland. The study took place at the Free-Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment site near Giessen [GiFACE], which was set up in 1998. Our main objective was to assess the differences in the quality and energy content of grassland forage, exposed to elevated CO2 [+ 20%; eCO2] and ambient CO2 (aCO2) concentrations. Crude protein, C/N-ratio, crude fat, total non-structural carbohydrates, ash, crude fibre, metabolisable energy [ME] and net energy for lactation [NEL] were determined to assess the forage quality and energy content of grassland biomass separated in grasses and forbs, which was harvested twice per year (end of May, beginning of September), over the period of 2006–2015. Forbs showed a significant decrease for most tested parameters under eCO2 at both harvests, except for crude fibre, which showed a significant increase at the second harvest of the year under eCO2. Grasses showed a significant negative CO2 effect for ash content at the first harvest of the year. In addition to eCO2, site and climatic conditions, e.g. soil moisture, affected the investigated parameters. Based on the last 10 observation years (2006–2015) within the 18 year long experiment, eCO2 is likely to cause a decline in forage quality, especially of forbs caused by reduced crude protein and fat contents and increased crude fibre content, in extensively managed grassland ecosystems. However, site and climatic conditions should also be considered showing the importance of long-term observations that contain the full range of climatic conditions. Periods of heat, drought and precipitation, which are expected to increase in the future, lead to a decrease of the CO2 fertilization effect on grassland biomass and also to a negative impact on forage quality.
Porous and fractured aquifers exist in the area of Hurghada, Eastern Desert of Egypt, whose recharge processes through the common flash floods are not identified. Hydrochemical parameters, stable isotopes ¹⁸ O, ² H and tritium in floodwater and groundwater were applied in the area subject to study. Additionally, He isotopes were investigated in the deep wells in the faulted zone at the Abu Shaar Plateau. ³ H activity in all sampled points lies below the detection limit excluding a recent recharge component in groundwater. However, the hydrochemical ratios and the stable isotope signature confirm that the shallow wells and springs (Red Sea Hills group) are being recharged from modern precipitation. The hydrochemical parameters of the deep wells at the Abu Shaar Plateau (coastal plain group) confirm another origin for the ions rather than the modern precipitation. Together with the ¹⁸ O and ² H values, the Br/Cl ratio of this group confirms the absence of seawater intrusion component and the role of the fault as a hydraulic barrier. These ¹⁸ O and ² H values deviate from the GMWL confirming an evaporation effect and colder infiltration conditions and reveal strongly a possible mixing with the Nubian Sandstone in the region. The ³ He/ ⁴ He ratio confirms a mantle contribution of 2% from the total He components.
For the palaeo-ecological development and interpretation of the macrofauna (Bivalvia and Gastropoda) of the Eemian Sea in the southwestern Baltic Sea region (NE Germany), up to date studies and summarising assessments are largely missing. With the main goal of revising the Eemian marine fauna, the authors have undertaken numerous new samplings in recent years. This study begins by focusing on the Warnow Bay in today's Warnow valley near Rostock. In addition to examining older data from the literature, the sandpit at Schwaan and drillings of the State Geological Survey from Boitin, Reez and Rostock were studied. Parallel to this, was also undertaken pollen analyses. Despite hundreds of drillings from the region of the former Warnow Bay, evidence of the marine Eemian was relatively rare. Apparently the sandy sediments were reworked and redistributed by glaciotectonic, glaciofluvial and fluvial processes during the Weichselian glaciation. There is as yet no definite proof of autochthonous marine sediments. They are predominantly shallow-marine sands several meters thick which are found mostly at a depth of about 30–20 m b.s.l. but more rarely also relatively close to the surface in opencast mining or cliff sections. The sands are rich in marine mollusc fauna of which 29 species have been identified so far and which also include Lusitanian specimens such as Acanthocardia paucicostata, Lucinella divaricata or Polititapes senescens. Account was also taken of accompanying marine fauna such as barnacles and echinoderms. In addition, the sediments contain fresh water molluscs also including the interglacial indicator species Belgrandia germanica.
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16 members
Andreas Börner
  • mineral ressources and surface geology
Christof Herrmann
  • Nature Conservation
Heike Culmsee
  • Nature Conservation and Natural Parks
Andre Steinhäuser
  • Geologie, Wasser und Boden
Goldberger Straße 12b, 18273, Mecklenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
Head of institution
Ute Hennings
+49 3843 7770
+49 3843 777106