Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
Recent publications
The object of the investigation consists of the disclosure of procedural legislation, through the implementation of effective mechanisms of legal incidence on procedural aspects, which constitute the framework for the protection of the violated environmental rights and interests of citizens or other subjects of environmental legal relationships. Main content. A certain innovation may be the introduction of the institution of group lawsuits (massive, collective)in Ukraine, which will simplify access to justice for citizens, it will increase its quality and, due to the reduction of theburden on the courts, will accelerate the consideration of cases, including those of an environmental nature. Methodology: The methodological basis of the research is the dialectical method of scientific knowledge; Through the application of this method, the legal, functional, organizational and procedural aspects of the protection of environmental rights and interests in the courts were considered. conclusions. The article argues the need for new forms of protection of the rights and interests of a significant number of people; this is absolutely necessary in the context of the specificity of environmental disputes.
Background: With age, there is a tendency for the health of law enforcement officers to deteriorate. This especially applies to instructor officers, whose professional activity is characterized by a significant decrease in the volume of motor activity, overloading of the intellectual sphere, and high neuro-emotional stress. Objective: The aim of the research is to investigate the influence of recreational and health-promoting training sessions with physical exercise on the health, physical development, and functional status of instructor officers of older age groups. Methods: 62 instructor officers (aged 40-45) of various academic disciplines took part in the research. The instructors of the experimental group (EG, n = 30) were engaged in physical exercises in accordance with the authors' program of recreational and health-promoting training sessions; the instructors of the control group (CG, n = 32) attended the training sessions according to the existing physical training program. Results: It was found that at the end of the experiment, the studied indicators of the EG instructor officers were significantly better than those of the CG ones, according to the indicators of body weight, Quetelet index, the vital capacity of lungs, vital index, strength index, heart rate, arterial blood pressure, Robinson index, and level of physical health. Conclusion: It was established that systematic recreational and health-promoting training sessions have a positive effect on the health level of the instructor officers of older age groups. This will allow them to carry out instructional activities at a high professional level and ensure resistance to adverse factors of professional activities.
The article identifies and characterizes the organizational and pedagogical preconditions, patterns, features of the development of distance education in Ukraine, analyzes its role in solving the problem of modernization of vocational education in Ukraine. The main trends in the development of distance education and new learning technologies in Ukraine, based on modern information and telecommunication means of manipulating educational information, have been studied in order to find out the prospects for its further development. The principles of modeling the process of distance learning are disclosed, which allow creating a special learning environment in any geographical location and due to the didactic tasks of higher education. The concept of variable modeling of distance training systems for a future specialist by creating a special learning environment in any geographical location has been developed and theoretically substantiated. The organizational and pedagogical conditions for the effective implementation of distance learning models in the current system of training specialists in higher education are shown.
The aim of the study was to outline the differences between certain aspects of the system of state secrets protection in Ukraine and some countries of the European Union EU, which provides the basis for determining the directions of improvement of the national system of state secrets protection. The following general scientific methods were used in the article: analysis and synthesis, deduction and induction, analogy. As a result of the research, the following aspects of criminal protection of state secret in Ukraine and the EU countries identified for comparison were considered: definition of state secret, types of information classified as state secret, levels of secrecy, terms of classification, liability for disclosure of state secret. The methodological contribution of the study are the recommendations for the improvement of certain aspects of the system of state secrets protection in Ukraine. It is concluded that, the direction of future research should also be the disclosure of features and measures to optimize the procedure of security checks of persons having access to classified information.
The article is devoted to highlighting the issue of the use of special knowledge in the way of conducting an examination during the investigation of crimes committed with the use of violence. The study illustrates that the proposition that the expert’s participation in the evidence in criminal proceedings is based on the laws and categories of dialectics and formal logic and, moreover, is carried out by combining practical and intellectual activity. Also, the main and atypical types of examinations are distinguished: forensic medical; forensic psychiatric; forensic psychological; forensic biological; ballistics; cold weapons examination; trans- and dactyloscopic. Depending on the investigative situation at the time of the forensic examination and the available evidence, a list of issues to be resolved by the expert is indicated, such as: forensic chemistry during the investigation of violent crimes; forensic and orological; soil science; molecular and other genetic examinations, depending on the type of crime, the situation under investigation and the physical objects available. It was concluded that the theoretical and methodological foundations of such examinations need to be updated and adapted to the latest technology and the best state-of-the-art world experience.
The purpose of the study was to clarify the methodological foundations of the essence of public administration bodies as subjects of administrative procedural law. The methodology of scientific work is determined by the optimal combination of general and special methods of scientific knowledge, which made it possible to form a holistic understanding of the legal form of social phenomena accompanying the development of the state. It is proved that administrative procedural law has its own system, the primary element of which is the administrative procedural norm, so that its normative impact coincides with the purpose of administrative procedural law, namely the practical implementation of administrative and legal norms in the field of public law and, by extension, public administration, i.e. the transformation of substantive administrative law norms at the level of practical implementation of a particular right of a person. The system of administrative procedural law, consisting of rules, institutions and administrative procedural sub-sectors, stands out. Everything leads to the conclusion that the system of administrative-procedural law is in the formative stage and is structurally composed of administrative-procedural norms, institutions and sub-branches and is essentially related to the substantive norms of administrative law.
A scientific analysis of the mechanism of realization of social rights of Ukrainian citizens in the conditions of martial law was carried out: for social protection, for housing, for a sufficient standard of living. The place of social rights in the system of human rights, their legal regulation and mechanisms for ensuring them are determined. It was concluded that there are such types of social protection of the family, childhood, maternity and paternity as social assistance, social services and social benefits. In addition, the general principles and legal regulation of family and child protection in Ukraine are defined, the main directions of transformations aimed at ensuring rights in the social sphere are described. In particular, the state guarantees of compliance with the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of internally displaced persons displaced by war were analyzed. Finally, it was noted the presence of consolidated approaches to judicial practice in the field of family relations, in particular, in terms of the primacy of the principle of the best interests of the child.
The aim of this article was to study innovative technologies and tools in the context of the introduction of crime analysis tools used in the countries of the European Union EU, to the Ukrainian practice. The research involved the following methods: statistical analysis, induction and deduction, classification and comparison. The study described the legally enshrined powers of the Ukrainian police with respect to information and analytical activities. Current trends in the number of criminal offenses committed in Ukraine under separate articles were determined, and these trends were compared before and after the adoption of the Law of Ukraine “On National Police”. The introduction of the latest means of criminal analysis into Ukrainian practice was also studied. The conclusions established that the technologies used by EU countries can increase the effectiveness of law enforcement agencies in Ukraine, provided that certain adaptation measures are implemented. Moreover, the results obtained during the research can be used by law enforcement agencies to improve and optimize crime analysis.
The article explores the private law regime of human genetic information. To achieve the objective, an analysis of bibliographic sources in the field of genetic and genomic research, legal support for the circulation of genetic information and its legal protection was carried out. The document also analyses the provisions of the legislation and practice of the United States and the Member States of the European Union. General and specific methods of scientific knowledge, including dialectical methods, formal logic and comparative law, were used to solve the problems raised. The article clarifies the doctrinal and legal definitions of the concepts of “genome” and “gene” of an individual. It points out the dual nature of the human gene as a material object: a DNA molecule, and also as a unit of hereditary information that is intangible in nature. The article explores the possibility of attributing genetic information to objects of civil rights, in particular material objects, intangible movable property and the results of intellectual activity. The conclusions support the need to distinguish between the concepts of genetic information and genomics. In addition, it reviews theoretical approaches to define the concept and nature of genetic information.
The purpose of the article was to determine the state housing policy taking into account the state of war in Ukraine as a result of the conflict with the Russian Federation. The authors of the article have used general scientific (dialectical, axiological, etc.) and special (formal and logical, statistical, predictive, etc.) methods and scientific cognition. The lack of a state housing policy and a general strategy for the development of the housing stock has been established. The importance of the modern stage of the state housing policy of Ukraine, which is to restore the housing stock destroyed or damaged as a result of the war, ensuring the housing needs of internally displaced persons and people who have lost their homes, is emphasized. It has been concluded that the modern state housing policy of Ukraine needs to define its strategic directions taking into account the needs that arose as a result of the war. The authors have suggested the following areas of the latest state housing policy: construction of new housing stock, major repairs of housing-related infrastructure facilities, determination of mechanisms for accounting of rental housing stock and resumption of social housing construction, etc.
Aim: To reveal the main ways and means of evacuating the wounded from the battlefield. Materials and methods: Research methods: analysis and generalization of scientific and educational literature, data from the Internet; study and gen¬eralization of the experience of combat operations in Ukraine in 2014-2022, the experience of the armies of the leading countries of the world and NATO on ways and means of evacuating the wounded from the battlefield. It was found that any evacuation is carried out only under cover, with high speed and minimizing the time and visibility of rescuers. The main ways and means of evacuating the wounded from the battlefield, which are used in the red, yellow, and green zones, were revealed. Their advantages and disadvantages were presented. Conclusions: Providing timely emergency pre-medical care saves the lives of the wounded and sick, and timely evacuation from the battlefield prevents re-injury or death.
This study solves the task to redistribute the load on a geographically distributed foggy environment in order to achieve a load balance of virtual clusters. The necessity and possibility of developing a universal and at the same time scientifically based approach to load balancing has been determined. Object of study: the process of redistribution of load in a foggy environment between virtual, geographically distributed clusters. A load balancing method makes it possible to reduce delays and decrease the time for completing tasks on foggy nodes, which brings task processing closer to real time. To solve the task, a mathematical model of the functioning of a separate cluster in a foggy environment has been built. As a result of modeling, the problem of finding the optimal distribution of tasks across the nodes of the virtual cluster was obtained. The limitations of the problem take into account the characteristics of the physical nodes of support for the virtual cluster. The process of distributing the additional load was also simulated through the graph representation of tasks entering virtual clusters. The task to devise a method for load transfer between virtual clusters within a foggy environment is solved using the proposed iterative algorithm for finding a suitable cluster and placing the load. The simulation results showed that the balance of the foggy environment when using the proposed method increases significantly provided the network load is small. The scope of application of the results includes geographically distributed foggy systems, in particular the foggy layer of the industrial Internet of Things. A necessary practical condition for using the proposed results is the non-exceeding the specified limit of the total load on the foggy medium, usually 70 %
Aim: The aim is to substantiate the program of recreational and health-promoting training sessions with instructor officers of higher educational institutions with specific learning environment of different ages during their professional activities. Materials and Methods: The research was conducted in 2019-2022. Research methods: theoretical analysis and generalization of literary sources, pedagogical observation, programming, modeling. 140 instructor officers (men) of different age groups were involved in the research. Results: On the basis of the analysis of literary sources, the study of the practical experience of instructional activities, we substantiated the authors’ program of recreational and health-promoting training sessions with the instructor officers, the essence of which is to increase the amount of motor activity of the instructional staff through the use of simple and available means of general physical training, taking into account instructors’ age, their state of health, the focus of the training sessions and the time of the training sessions during the day. Conclusions: As a result of the implementation of the authors’ program in the educational process, changes were made to the organization of physical training of the instructional staff, which provide for conducting training sessions according to a “flexible” schedule depending on the academic load of instructors; the ratio of the volumes of general and special physical training has been changed, which provides for an increase in the specific weight of general physical training; recreational and health-promoting training sessions have been introduced, depending on the time of the training session during the working day.
Objective: Aim: is to study the level and dynamics of the development of physical and psychological qualities of the cadets in the process of engagement in pentathlon classes. Patients and methods: Materials and methods: The research involved 18-23 years old cadets (men) of the first-fourth years of training. The level of the cadets' physical qualities was assessed by their results in the 100 m run, pull-ups, 3 km run, overcoming of the obstacle course. The level of the cadets' psychological qualities was studied using the following methods: well-being-activity-mood methodol¬ogy; methods of self-assessment of psycho-emotional state; methods of determining the level of the development of volitional self-regulation of the individual. Results: Results: The positive influence of pentathlon classes on the development of physical and psychological qualities in the cadets and the improvement of their psycho-emotional state was established. The greatest effect was found in exercises aimed at de-veloping endurance and agility as well as coordination skills. Conclusion: Conclusions: It was found that pentathlon classes are more effective than the traditional physical training classes; they affect the level of the development of all cadets' physical qualities. The high level of physical and psychological qualities of the cadets will help to improve their future professional activities.
Objective: Aim: The aim is to study and to improve the motivation of mental health preservation of specialists in the field of special and inclusive education according to European experiences. Patients and methods: Materials and methods: The experimental part of the research involved the use of the valid psychodiagnostic methods and tech¬niques: direct and indirect observation, standardized questionnaire survey, semi-standardized individual interviews, psychodiag¬nostic methods. The research was attended by 131 Master's degree students (aged 25-27), specialty 053 Psychology, Educational program - special, clinical psychology. Results: Results: The program "European practices of motivation development of mental health preservation" expands perception of ca¬pabilities, which encourages the disclosure of the creative potential of the individual; anxiety symptoms disappear (or decrease); a system of value orientations is formed; the desire to strengthen spiritual and physical strength. Conclusion: Conclusions: Program contributes to the formation of an image of mentally healthy person, stimulation to adhere to a mentally healthy lifestyle and the motivation development of mental health preservation.
Objective: The aim: To research the morphofunctional status of instructors of higher educational institutions of di"erent age groups in the process of their pedagogical activities. Patients and methods: Materials and methods: The research was conducted in the period from 2019 to 2021. The research involved 126 instructor offcers (men) of different age groups: under 30 years of age - 21 people, 31-35 years of age - 27 people, 36-40 years of age - 32 people, 41-45 years of age - 27 people, over 45 years of age - 19 people. Morphofunctional status of the instructor offcers was assessed by the indicators of their height, body weight, lung vital capacity, wrist dynamometry, heart rate, blood pressure and relevant indices. Results: Results: It was found that during the study (2019-2020) the Kettle index, vital index, strength index, Robinson index and duration of recovery processes deteriorated among instructor offcers of all age groups. However, in instructor offcers of 36-40, 41-45 and over 45 years of age most of indices deteriorated reliably (P < 0.05). The values of the studied indices are below average or low in most instructors of all age groups, most instructors are overweight. Conclusion: Conclusions: It was found that the level of morphofunctional status of the instructional sta" is insuffcient to perform the tasks of their pedagogical activities. Rationally organized health-improving physical training sessions, taking into account the age group, morphofunctional status of instructors and the time of training sessions during the working day can be an effective way to solve this problem.
Objective: The aim: To investigate the e!ect of physical training sessions on health and psycho-emotional state of managers of law enforcement agencies. Patients and methods: Materials and methods: The research was conducted in 2019-2021. The research involved 155 managers of law enforcement agencies (men) of different age groups. Research methods: analysis and synthesis of literature, pedagogical observation, testing, methods of mathematical statistics, including correlation analysis (Pearson's correlation coefficient was used). Results: Results: An insufficient level of general physical #tness of managers of law enforcement agencies of all age groups was revealed. The worst level was found among managers of older age groups. Among physical qualities, the worst level was found in the development of endurance. A reliable relationship between the indicators of health and psycho-emotional state of managers of law enforcement agencies and the level of their general physical #tness was revealed. The highest correlation coefficients of these. Conclusion: Conclusions: It was established that the use of general physical training with the predominant use of endurance and strength exercises, taking into account the age of managers of law enforcement agencies is the direction of solving the problem of promoting health, improving indicators of psycho-emotional state and professional activities of managers of law enforcement agencies.
A method for developing an expert toolkit for forensic identification of digital video recording equipment and digital cameras is considered. The need for developing this toolkit is substantiated. The authors proposed to perform the equipment identification using the statistical characteristics of its intrinsic noise, extracted from digital images recorded with the above equipment. The features and primary sources of the above noises in digital images are described. A wavelet analysis based on the Haar wavelet was used for their extraction and processing. The final result of the forensic examination was obtained using deep learning neural networks. The results of using the developed equipment identification system showed its high efficiency.
The purpose of the researchis to reveal the peculiarities of introduction of E-Governance Technologies in administrative, social and labor relations: legal regulation and foreign experience. Main content. Information and communication technologies are widelyused by state authorities, but “electronic government” (“E-Government”) and “electronic government” (“E-Governance”) envisage much more than simple use of electronic, digital instruments, namely re-thinking of governance mechanisms, its structures and processes, changing of behavior, relations between participants of electronic governance processes. Methodology: The methodological basis of the research is the dialectical method of scientific knowledge, through the application of this method considered were legal, functional, organizational and procedural aspects of introduction of E-Governance technologies in administrative, social and labor relations: legal regulation and foreign experience.Conclusions. It was determined that there is a noticeable lack of training of employees of state administration bodies for introduction of E-Governance. The digital transformation of the government and its units consists not only of the ability to use information and communication technologies. First of all, the essence consists in transformation of public administration as part of the vision and strategy of national development of the country as a whole.
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68 members
Oleksandr Manzhai
  • Information Technologies and Cybersecurity
Valeria Baranova
  • Department of Economics and Finance
Alexey Serdyuk
  • Research Lab for Psychological Support of Law Enforcement
Oleksandr V. Tiaglo
  • Department of Social Sciences and Humanities
Kharkiv, Ukraine