Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt (KU)
Recent publications
Background: There is no therapeutic competence and adherence scale for grief-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (grief-focused CBT). However, given the growing body of evidence for the efficacy of grief-focused CBT, such a scale is needed both to ensure the internal validity of clinical trials and to facilitate psychotherapy process research. Objective: To develop and undertake a psychometric evaluation of a therapeutic adherence and competence scale for grief-focused CBT. Method: The scale was developed in two steps. (I) Five experts on the treatment of prolonged grief disorder provided feedback on the relevance and appropriateness of the items. The scale was revised to reflect their feedback. The final therapeutic adherence and competence scale for grief (TACs-G) consisted of 15 adherence and 16 competence items. (II) Psychometric evaluation of the TACs-G was based on the rating of 48 randomly selected PG-CBT sessions by two independent raters. The videos were recorded in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT; DRKS00012317.) ICC was used to calculate inter-rater reliability and TACs-G stability over time (re-evaluation of 10 sessions after 12 months). Results: The five experts confirmed the relevance and appropriateness of the items. Interrater reliability was found to be high for the total adherence and competence scores (ICC = 0.889 and 0.782, respectively) and moderate to excellent for individual items (ICC = 0.509-1.00). The TACs-G stability over time was found to be strong for both adherence (ICC = 0.970) and competence total scores (ICC = 0.965). Conclusions: The TACs-G for CBT is a reliable instrument that can be used not only to ensure internal validity but is also suited for psychotherapy process studies. Additionally, it provides a valuable database for targeted feedback in training settings. Highlights: This is the first study to report on the development and psychometrical evaluation of a grief-focused adherence and competence scale.Although an increasing number of clinical trials do report the efficacy of grief-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy, none of these studies used a standardized adherence and competence scale to control internal validity.In the present study, we introduced a therapeutic adherence and competence scale for grief (TACs-G) that can be applied efficiently across different research settings (e.g. manipulation check, dissemination), and report results of good to excellent psychometric properties.The scale itself could prove useful beyond the research setting as it could possibly serve as a basis for feedback in training settings.
Introduction: Although evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescents and young adults exist, affected youth do not have sufficient access to these treatments due to structural and attitudinal barriers. Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) can help fill this healthcare gap, but such programmes have not yet been sufficiently evaluated in youth with PTSD. Aim: This study aims to investigate the feasibility of an IMI for youth with PTSD in a one-arm, non-randomised, prospective proof-of-concept feasibility study. Methods: We aim to recruit 32 youth between 15 and 21 years old with clinically relevant posttraumatic stress symptoms (CATS ≥ 21), who will receive access to the IMI. The IMI consists of nine sessions involving psychoeducation, emotion regulation and coping skills, written-based imaginal exposure, cognitive restructuring and relapse prevention. Participants will be guided by an eCoach, who provides weekly semi-standardised written feedback on completed sessions and adherence reminders. We will use a formal feasibility framework to assess different dimensions of feasibility: (1) recruitment capability and resulting sample characteristics, (2) data collection procedures and outcome measures, (3) acceptability of the IMI and study procedures, (4) resources and ability to manage and implement the study and IMI and (5) participants' responses to the IMI in terms of symptom severity and satisfaction. Additionally, potential negative effects related to the intervention will be assessed. Assessments take place pre-, mid- and post-intervention and at follow-up, including semi-structured clinical telephone interviews for PTSD diagnostics at pre- and post-intervention assessment. Qualitative interviews will be conducted to investigate the youth perspectives on the IMI. Discussion: This study aims to determine the feasibility of a guided IMI for youth with PTSD to adapt the IMI as closely as possible to youth needs and to inform the design, procedure and safety management of a large-scale efficacy RCT. Trial registration: German Clinical Trials Register identifier: DRKS00023341. Highlights: Evidence-based care for adolescents after trauma is not widely available.• This study evaluates the feasibility of a guided trauma-focused Internet intervention as a time- and location-independent low-threshold treatment option for adolescents and young adults with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Background: The study examined the psychometric properties of the Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen 2 (CATS-2) as a measure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to DSM-5 and (Complex) PTSD following the ICD-11 criteria in children and adolescents (7-17 years). Methods: Psychometric properties were investigated in an international sample of traumatized children and adolescents (N = 283) and their caregivers (N = 255). We examined the internal consistency (α), convergent and discriminant validity, the factor structure of the CATS-2 total scores, latent classes of PTSD/Complex PTSD (CPTSD) discrimination, as well as the diagnostic utility using ROC-curves. Results: The DSM-5 total score (self: α = .89; caregiver: α = .91), the ICD-11 PTSD total score (self: α = .67; caregiver: α = .79) and the ICD-11 CPTSD total score (self: α = .83; caregiver: α = .87) have proven acceptable to excellent reliability. The latent structure of the 12-item ICD-11 PTSD/CPTSD construct was consistent with prior findings. Latent profile analyses revealed that ICD-11 CPTSD was empirically distinguishable from ICD-11 PTSD using the CATS-2. ROC-analysis using the CAPS-CA-5 as outcome revealed that CATS-2 DSM-5 PTSD scores of ≥21 (screening) to ≥25 (diagnostic) were optimally efficient for detecting probable DSM-5 PTSD diagnosis. For the ICD-11 PTSD scale scores of ≥7 (screening) to ≥9 (diagnostic) were optimally efficient for detecting probable DSM-5 PTSD diagnosis. Conclusions: The CATS-2 is a brief, reliable and valid measure of DSM-5 PTSD, ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD symptomatology in traumatized children and adolescents, allowing crosswalk between diagnostic systems using one measure. Highlights: The CATS-2 screens for potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and PTSD symptoms.The CATS-2 captures DSM-5 and ICD-11 criteria for PTSD and CPTSD and enables clinicians and researchers to crosswalk between both diagnostic systems.International validation has proven good psychometric properties and presents cut-off scoresThe CATS-2 is a license-free instrument and is freely accessible.
Background The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Utility-Core 10 Dimensions (QLU-C10D) is a novel cancer-specific preference-based measure (PBM) for which value sets are being developed for an increasing number of countries. This is done by obtaining health preferences from the respective general population. There is an ongoing discussion if instead patients suffering from the disease in question should be asked for their preferences. We used the QLU-C10D valuation survey, originally designed for use in the general population, in a sample of cancer patients in Austria to assess the methodology’s acceptability and applicability in this target group before obtaining QLU-C10D patient preferences. Methods The core of the QLU-C10D valuation survey is a discrete choice experiment in which respondents are asked to give preferences for certain health states (described by a relatively large number of 10 quality of life domains) and an associated survival time. They therewith are asked to trade off quality of life against life time. As this might be a very burdensome task for cancer patients undergoing treatment, a cognitive interview was conducted in a pilot sample to assess burden and potential additional needs for explanation in order to be able to use the DCE for the development of QLU-C10D patient preferences. In addition, responses to general feedback questions on the survey were compared against responses from a matched control group from the already completed Austrian general population valuation survey. Results We included 48 patients (mean age 59.9 years; 46% female). In the cognitive interview, the majority indicated that their experience with the survey was positive (85%) and overall clarity as good (90%). In response to the general feedback questions, patients rated the presentation of the health states less clear than matched controls ( p = 0.008). There was no difference between patients and the general population concerning the difficulty in choosing between the health states ( p = 0.344). Conclusion Despite the relatively large number of DCE domains the survey was manageable for patients and allows going on with the QLU-C10D patient valuation study.
We prove that if $$I_\ell = [a_\ell ,b_\ell )$$ I ℓ = [ a ℓ , b ℓ ) , $$\ell =1,\ldots ,L$$ ℓ = 1 , … , L , are disjoint intervals in [0, 1) with the property that the numbers $$1, a_1, \ldots , a_L, b_1, \ldots , b_L$$ 1 , a 1 , … , a L , b 1 , … , b L are linearly independent over $${\mathbb {Q}}$$ Q , then there exist pairwise disjoint sets $$\Lambda _\ell \subset {\mathbb {Z}}$$ Λ ℓ ⊂ Z , $$\ell =1, \ldots , L$$ ℓ = 1 , … , L , such that for every $$J \subset \{ 1, \ldots , L \}$$ J ⊂ { 1 , … , L } , the system $$\{e^{2\pi i \lambda x} : \lambda \in \cup _{\ell \in J} \, \Lambda _\ell \}$$ { e 2 π i λ x : λ ∈ ∪ ℓ ∈ J Λ ℓ } is a Riesz basis for $$L^2 ( \cup _{\ell \in J} \, I_\ell )$$ L 2 ( ∪ ℓ ∈ J I ℓ ) . Also, we show that for any disjoint intervals $$I_\ell $$ I ℓ , $$\ell =1, \ldots , L$$ ℓ = 1 , … , L , contained in [1, N ) with $$N \in {\mathbb {N}}$$ N ∈ N , the orthonormal basis $$\{e^{2\pi i n x} : n \in {\mathbb {Z}}\}$$ { e 2 π i n x : n ∈ Z } of $$L^2[0,1)$$ L 2 [ 0 , 1 ) can be complemented by a Riesz basis $$\{e^{2\pi i \lambda x}: \lambda \in \Lambda \}$$ { e 2 π i λ x : λ ∈ Λ } for $$L^2(\cup _{\ell =1}^L \, I_{\ell })$$ L 2 ( ∪ ℓ = 1 L I ℓ ) with some set $$\Lambda \subset (\frac{1}{N} {\mathbb {Z}}) \backslash {\mathbb {Z}}$$ Λ ⊂ ( 1 N Z ) \ Z , in the sense that their union $$\{e^{2\pi i \lambda x} : \lambda \in {\mathbb {Z}}\cup \Lambda \}$$ { e 2 π i λ x : λ ∈ Z ∪ Λ } is a Riesz basis for $$L^2 ( [0,1) \cup I_1 \cup \cdots \cup I_L )$$ L 2 ( [ 0 , 1 ) ∪ I 1 ∪ ⋯ ∪ I L ) .
Motivated by the direct method in the calculus of variations in L∞, our main result identifies the notion of convexity characterizing the weakly∗ lower semicontinuity of nonlocal supremal functionals: Cartesian level convexity. This new concept coincides with separate level convexity in the one-dimensional setting and is strictly weaker for higher dimensions. We discuss relaxation in the vectorial case, showing that the relaxed functional will not generally maintain the supremal form. Apart from illustrating this fact with examples of multi-well type, we present precise criteria for structure-preservation. When the structure is preserved, a representation formula is given in terms of the Cartesian level convex envelope of the (diagonalized) original supremand. This work does not only complete the picture of the analysis initiated in Kreisbeck and Zappale (2020), but also establishes a connection with double integrals. We relate the two classes of functionals via an Lp-approximation in the sense of Γ-convergence for diverging integrability exponents. The proofs exploit recent results on nonlocal inclusions and their asymptotic behavior, and use tools from Young measure theory and convex analysis.
Background Adolescents and young adults with abuse-related post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been shown to benefit from Developmentally Adapted Cognitive Processing Therapy (D-CPT), yet long-term efficacy of D-CPT has not yet been studied. Objective To assess the long-term efficacy of D-CPT in a sample of adolescents and young adults (age 14–21 years) with childhood abuse related PTSD. Participants and setting Patients of a previously conducted multicenter randomized controlled trial which showed the efficacy of D-CPT compared to a waitlist with treatment advice (WL/TA) were invited for follow-up assessments at 6 and 12 months after the end of treatment. Methods Primary outcome was the PTSD symptom severity, assessed with the Clinician-administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents (CAPS-CA). Secondary outcomes were self-reported PTSD severity, depression, borderline symptom severity, behavior problems, and dissociation. Results Of the 44 participants who received D-CPT, 28 (63 %) responded and were assessed at 6-month follow-up. At 12-month follow-up, 22 participants (50 %) responded. The majority of participants in the WL/TA group received D-CPT after the end of the trial and were hence not available for follow-up assessment. In the D-CPT group, treatment gains were maintained at 6- and 12-month follow-up in the CAPS-CA as well as in all secondary outcomes. Conclusions The positive effects of D-CPT were stable in adolescents and young adults with abuse-related PTSD indicating that they can benefit in the long term from a treatment with D-CPT.
The burgeoning research into the impact of populism on foreign policy mostly revolves around polarising chief executives, but has still paid little attention to the personality attributes characterising leading agents of populism such as Chávez, Erdoğan, or Trump. The paper therefore uses leadership trait analysis (LTA) to explore to what extent the thoughts and actions of populist foreign policy agency are rooted in particular individual predispositions. As a theoretical contribution, the conceptual tenets of the ideational and political-strategic approaches to populism are systematically connected to the personality traits contained in LTA. The developed expectations are empirically tested by profiling a sample of eight populist government leaders from Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Overall mixed results indicate that conceptual distinctions between populist and non-populist leaders are not fully reflected at the personality level. Even so, some traits such as high self-confidence and high distrust of others could indeed provide fertile ‘individual ground’ for the observable impact of populism on foreign policy making.
Selecting a Parcel Type Portfolio to Reduce Unused Space in Transportation Wrongly sized parcels lead to unused space and inefficient transportation. With continuously increasing e-commerce and last-mile delivery volumes, available parcel types at a warehouse can significantly impact unused space that is transported. In “A Branch-and-Repair Method for Three-Dimensional Bin Selection and Packing in E-Commerce,” Fontaine and Minner solve the trade-off between cost of unused space and cost of parcel variety through optimizing the portfolio of available parcel types. To solve large instances with millions of binary decision variables, the authors develop an exact decomposition method that allows for relaxing many binary variables, improves branch-and-check by repairing infeasible solutions, and shows how to avoid solving many subproblems. A case study using real data shows the efficiency of the proposed method and the impact of the portfolio on unused transportation space.
Background Among minors, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are a common consequence of traumatic events requiring trauma-focused treatment. Objective This meta-analysis quantified treatment effects of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) with PTSS as primary outcome and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and grief as secondary outcomes. Participants and setting Inclusion criteria for individual settings: (1) patients aged between 3 and 21, (2) at least one traumatic event, (3) minimum 8 sessions of (4) TF-CBT according to Cohen, Mannarino and Deblinger (2006, 2017), (5) a quantitative PTSS measure at pre- and post-treatment, (6) original research only. Inclusion criteria for group settings: had to involve (1) psychoeducation, (2) coping strategies, (3) exposure, (4) cognitive processing/restructuring, (5) contain some reference to the manual and no minimum session number was required. Methods Searched databases were PsychInfo, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PTSDPubs, PubMed, Web of Science, and OpenGrey. Results 4523 participants from 28 RCTs and 33 uncontrolled studies were included. TF-CBT showed large improvements across all outcomes from pre- to post-treatment (PTSS: g = 1.14, CI 0.97–1.30) and favorable results compared to any control condition including wait-list, treatment as usual, and active treatment at post-treatment (PTSS: g = 0.52, CI 0.31–0.73). Effects were more pronounced for group settings. We give pooled estimates adjusted for risk of bias and publication bias, which initially limited the quality of the analyzed data. Conclusions TF-CBT is an effective treatment for pediatric PTSS as well as for depressive, anxiety, and grief symptoms. It is superior to control conditions, supporting international guidelines recommending it as a first-line treatment.
Die theoretisch-konzeptionellen Perspektiven des Resilienzansatzes im Spannungsfeld von Widerstandsfähigkeit und Wandelbarkeit entwickeln sich zum strategischen Handlungsrahmen für Städte und Regionen. Angesichts der Existenz bewusst resilienzfördernder Governance-Strukturen wie der Initiative 100 Resilient Cities wird in diesem Beitrag die Frage nach der Rolle und dem Auftrag etablierter touristischer Organisationsstrukturen im Aufbau von Community Resilience beleuchtet. Anhand der vorliegenden empirischen Studie wird gezeigt, dass das touristische Destinationsmanagement (DMO) einen Dialog zwischen touristischen und nicht-touristischen Stakeholdern zu führen im Stande ist, wenn es um den Erhalt und die Weiterentwicklung touristischer Strukturen im Destinationsraum geht. Diese prädestiniert die DMO zur Übernahme konkreter Aufgaben im Resilienzaufbau auf der Community-Ebene, wobei sich deren spezifische Rolle in Abhängigkeit der ökonomischen und gesellschaftlichen Bedeutung des Tourismus im jeweiligen Destinationsgebiet gestaltet. Konfrontiert mit den Erfahrungen bestehender Resilienz-Initiativen skizzieren bayerische Destinationsmanager Komplexitätsdimensionen und mögliche Herangehensweisen im Resilienzaufbau. Das aus den empirischen Untersuchungen abgeleitete organisationale Entwicklungsmodell zum Aufbau von Community Resilienz auf Destinationsebene ist als Grundlage und Impuls zu verstehen, sich als Tourismusorganisation aktiv und bewusst mit der eigenen Rolle im Resilienzaufbau dies- und jenseits tourismuswirtschaftlicher Fragestellungen zu beschäftigen. Letztlich bietet die Destination als Spielfeld der anwendungsorientierten Resilienzforschung auf räumlicher Ebene ein reichhaltiges Betätigungsfeld für künftige Forschungen in diesem Bereich.
Female entrepreneurs are key drivers of social innovation in emerging economies of the Global South. To bring about system’s change, however, these entrepreneurs depend on access to development ecosystems for growth and scale. This contribution therefore aims to present examples of existing support structures, which allow female social entrepreneurs in the Global South to grow their business. As part of its program portfolio, the Bayer Foundation provides those resources through a breadth of initiatives and programs targeted at social innovation in the healthcare and agricultural sector: To support startups in their exploration stage, the Social Impact Startup Academy (SISTAC), for example, offers an innovative action learning program run in collaboration with the Ingolstadt School of Management. Supported by Bayer mentors and innovation management tools, students analyze selected social entrepreneurs’ business models and generate concrete ideas to boost their growth as an integral part of their Master’s program. Through its Women Empowerment Award and the connected growth accelerator, the Bayer Foundation particularly highlights the high-impact innovations of female entrepreneurs in Sub-Saharan Africa that underline the leadership role that women have as drivers of positive societal change. Finally, the foundation’s Social Innovation Ecosystem Fund invests directly in game changing ecosystem approaches to drive progress in smallholder farming and last mile health delivery, with the ultimate goal to support market-creating innovations that empower underserved populations to lift themselves out of poverty. By presenting these examples and initiatives, the aim of this chapter is to encourage social innovators from different fields and cultural areas to join forces to achieve the UN Global Goals for Sustainable Development.
Neben dem Mangel an Gesundheitsfachpersonal sind vor allem Veränderungen in der Struktur der Krankenhäuser, der stationären Altenhilfe und der ambulanten Versorgung deutlich spürbar. Aktuell sind unterschiedliche Ansätze zur Neuordnung, wie die Ausgliederung der Finanzierung der Pflege aus dem G-DRG System der Krankenhäuser oder das neue Krankenpflegegesetz mit erstmalig vorbehaltlichen Aufgaben, zu verzeichnen. Grundsätzlich stellt sich bei diesen Ansätzen zur Neuordnung die Frage, welche Perspektive in der Gesundheitsversorgung künftig prioritär verfolgt werden soll: die der Versorgungsanbieter*innen in den jeweiligen Settings, die der Gesundheitsfachpersonen oder vielleicht auch endlich einmal die der Menschen mit medizinischem und/oder pflegerischen Unterstützungsbedarfen? Supplementary Information: Zusatzmaterial online: Zu diesem Beitrag sind unter 10.1007/s41906-022-1934-0 für autorisierte Leser zusätzliche Dateien abrufbar.
Zusammenfassung Qualifizierungsangebote für schulische Personalentwicklung als Führungsaufgabe werden auf der Grundlage der Beschreibung von Aufgaben der Schulleiterinnen und Schulleitern dargestellt. Die Passung von Aufgaben und Qualifizierung wird untersucht. Die Befunde zeigen, dass deutliche Unterschiede zwischen den Ländern hinsichtlich des Umfangs, des Verpflichtungsgrads und der inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte der Qualifizierungsangebote bestehen. Außerdem zeigt die Analyse, dass die Qualifizierungsangebote nicht alle personalentwicklungsbezogenen Aufgaben abdecken. Insbesondere hinsichtlich einer Qualifizierung für eine valide Unterrichtsbeurteilung und ein wirksames Unterrichtsfeedback bestehen deutliche Lücken.
Corporate Governance: Regulatory Fit as Strategic Marketing for the Car Market This article deals with the regulatory focus theory according to Higgins in the context of corporate governance in the automotive market with a thematic focus on Russia. The precise addressing of the situational focus and the motivational orientation of a consumer in order to initiate a behavior that is desired for efficient corporate governance comes to the fore. Concrete design options are shown to establish a regulatory fit communicatively through strategic marketing and to make a profit. For this purpose, the communication tool of the testimonial is being discussed in particular. Overall, strategic implications and critical aspects for practice are shown on an intercultural level. Schlüsselwörter/KeywordsStrategisches MarketingRegulatorischer FitCorporate GovernanceAutomobilmarktFramingPrimingTestimonialGlobalisierungStrategic marketingRegulatory FitCorporate GovernanceAutomotive marketFramingPrimingTestimonialGlocalization
Im letzten Kapitel wurden zunächst die Grundmerkmale des Populismus dargelegt. Es hat sich dabei herausgestellt, dass das Kernstück des Populismus der Kulturalismus ist, der speziell im Falle des Rechtspopulismus eine nativistische bzw. biologizistische Grundierung erhält, bei der „Kultur“ auf gemeinsame Abstammung oder Herkunft zurückgeführt wird. In all seinen Variationen zeichnet sich Kulturalismus dadurch aus, dass menschliche Individuen lediglich als Mitglieder einer Kultur wahrgenommen werden, die nach dieser Wahrnehmung grundsätzlich ihr Denken und Handeln determiniert, und die in sich homogen und geschlossen ist. Es wurde gezeigt, dass Kulturalismus, so verstanden, eine klare und die heute vielleicht am meisten verbreitete Form von Halbbildung ist. Ich legte diesen Begriff in Anlehnung an Adorno als Unfähigkeit oder Unwilligkeit dar, das Besondere und das Individuelle zu erfassen, und zwar im Zuge einer Fixierung des Denkens auf ein undifferenziertes und daher inhaltsarmes bis inhaltsloses Allgemeine, das in klischeehaften Behauptungen und vorurteilsbehafteten Wertungen seinen Ausdruck findet. Im Falle des Kulturalismus bzw. des Populismus geht es hierbei darum, dass menschliche Individuen in ihrem Denken und Handeln auf ihre jeweilige „Herkunftskultur“ zurückgeführt werden, und von den vielfältigen und an sich sehr unterschiedlichen, in der Regel spannungsreichen Positionierungen der Einzelnen zu ihr abstrahiert werden. Abstrahiert wird bei dem Kulturalismus und dem Populismus zudem von dem dynamischen und pluralistischen Charakter von Kulturen und ihren sich ständig entwickelnden Binnendifferenzierungen. Stattdessen wird „Kultur“ als eine totale und statische Einheit, als abstraktes Allgemeine dargestellt, welches keine ausdifferenzierte Besonderheit ihrer Glieder zulässt. Es gilt nun, die Spielarten des so skizzierten kulturalistischen Denkens in den spezifischen Feldern der Bildungspolitik und Pädagogik nachzuzeichnen.
Der Bildungsbegriff, den ich in diesem Kapitel darlegen möchte, ist freiheitlich, weil er auf die Selbst-Verwirklichung des Individuums und gegen seine Unterordnung unter Kollektiven ausgerichtet ist, die auf der Grundlage von nicht-gewählten, quasi-natürlichen Gruppenmerkmalen wie Herkunft oder Abstammung konstruiert werden. Er ist demokratisch, weil er individuelle Selbst-Verwirklichung als eingebettet in demokratischen Anerkennungsbeziehungen und demokratischen Institutionen konzipiert.
Die Bezeichnung von Bildung als demokratischer Selbst-Verwirklichung kann für einige Missverständnisse sorgen. Zwei von ihnen möchte ich bereits an dieser Stelle vorbeugen: „Selbst-Verwirklichung“ könnte, erstens, als ein subjektivistischer Terminus missverstanden werden, der auf das Einzelindividuum fokussiert ist. Die meisten Menschen würden jedoch annehmen, dass Bildung auch objektive Dimensionen mitumfasst wie Erwerb vom Wissen mit überindividuellen Inhalten und Geltungsansprüchen, sowie Sicherung der Reproduktion der Gesellschaft, einschließlich des Staates und der Wirtschaft. Zweitens, man assoziert mit „Selbst-Verwirklichung“ oft ja eine egoitische Haltung, die kaum mit einer demokratischen Kooperation gleichberechtigter Gesellschaftsmitglieder kompatibel sein dürfte. Daher scheint die Bezeihnung „demokratische Selbst – Verwirklichung“ erläuterungsbedürftig.
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2,237 members
Jochen Kleinschmidt
  • Center for Latin American Studies
Tobias Heckmann
  • Physical Geography
Marco Steinhauser
  • Department of Psychology
Dominika Langenmayr
  • Ingolstadt School of Management
Joerg Althammer
  • Ingolstadt School of Management
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