Interregional Academy of Personnel Management
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This study is designed to support the development of strategies to recover from the disrupted impact of COVID-19 on HE institutes of the South Asian Region (SAR), as the nations in this region are severely cursed by poverty and unemployment. During the unusual phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, the face-to-face learning method is no longer appropriate, and the crisis leads to force on distance learning instead of physical learning. Like all other educational institutions, HE institutions are also in big trouble. Changes in educational structure change the pattern of academic work, which may have an inverse impact on acquiring knowledge and improving skills. Not only students but also a greater number of teachers at the HE institutions required to continue their service through online during this closure period. However, well digital infrastructure and digital contents appear to be the prime requirements for this educational transmission, which are extensively accessible in SAR countries. By following a mixed-methods strategy, the study specifically examines the impact of the pandemic on higher education in the South Asian Region, with an emphasis on the impact on learners, educators, and institutions, and to identify the measures that have been taken by these countries to survive and continue the education system with all the obstacles of the crisis. It concludes with some vital suggestions that may be applied to mitigate the crisis moment and assist in moving forward with more technological advancements for a new future. Doi: 10.28991/ESJ-2023-SPER-06 Full Text: PDF
The purpose of the research is anti-corruption reform as a component of the Sustainable Development Strategy and its impact on a safe environment: administrative, legal and criminological reflection. Main content. It is known, that the national security strategy of Ukraine identifies corruption among the current and forecasted threats, which prevents the Ukrainian economy from being depressed, makes its sustainable and dynamic growth impossible, and, as a result, fuels the criminal environment. Methodology: The methodological basis of the research is presented as comparative-legal and systematic analysis, formal-legal method, interpretation method, hermeneutic method as well as methods of analysis and synthesis. Conclusions. Approbation of the developed plan for the post-war recovery of Ukraine (section "Environmental safety" should take place in such priority areas as: reforming state management in the field of environmental protection; climate policy: prevention and adaptation to climate change; environmental safety and effective waste management; balanced use of natural resources in conditions of increased demand and limited opportunities; preservation of natural ecosystems and biological diversity; restoration and development of nature conservation areas and objects.
The goal of this article is to disclose the main models of public administration in the example of healthcare sphere. The authors used such general scientific and special methods: historical and legal, comparative, relative and legal, system analysis and formal logics. Revealed the link between the models of public administration and the healthcare sphere. It was marked on the most typical manifestations of administrative influence inherent in particular model in the sphere of healthcare. It was established that different models of public administration function effectively in different states. However, national healthcare systems predominantly use a combination of several models by adding elements of other models to the dominant model. It was concluded that the current models of public administration in the field of healthcare are characterized by: verticalization and centralization of power responsibilities for OPM, implementation of market techniques in the public sector for NPM and an emphasis on human rights and growth for GG. Among modern paradigms of public administration, we have highlighted the LG model, the essence of which lies in continuous implementation of innovations to improve efficiency and prioritize the interests of the consumer, which is the patient in the sphere of healthcare.
The modern state of legal relations is characterized by the growing influence of globalization factors. These lead to global transformations of the international legal system, in which the methodology of understanding the principles of law is of significant importance. The aim of the article was to explore the methodological framework for identifying the key approaches to understanding the principles of law in modern globalization transformations. The methodological basis consists of methods such as: systematic analysis, generalization, systematization, graphical analysis and cluster tabulator. The results of the studies have established that global transformations have a destructive impact on the principles of law. They deepen the processes of unclear distinction at the international and national levels. It has been found that in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe approaches to the understanding of the principles of law differ from each other. It has been found that Germany and Slovenia set higher standards for the application of the principles of law and are more globalized than Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia. It has been suggested that special measures should be designed in which the principles of law act as an instrument of globalization.
The authors emphasized that the development of the agricultural machinery industry is inextricably linked with the development of agricultural production, and consequently, changes in land use forms and the development of agricultural science, which, in turn, are conditioned by the current socio-political conditions and progress in the field of agricultural knowledge. It is proved that the impetus for the development of domestic agricultural machinery is the agricultural holdings. The authors focused on the fact that state support and regulation of the agricultural machinery market was proposed by stimulating the renewal of the technical park through the improvement of financial leasing, the reduction in the cost of medium- and long-term loans, and the improvement of the procedures for putting equipment into operation. It is noted that in order to preserve the process of updating the machine and tractor fleet and high-tech equipment in agriculture, it is necessary to ensure the effectiveness of state programs to support domestic agricultural enterprises, which will allow the restoration of their financial viability, and this in turn will serve as an impetus to the development of the market of agricultural machinery due to the growing demand for technical means.
The article examines the features of the prosecutor's substantiation of the risk of absconding from the pre-trial investigation bodies and / or the court when applying measures related to the restriction of the constitutional rights of a person. Statistical data show a trend towards an increase in the number of cases of refusals by investigating judges to approve petitions of prosecutors as subjects of proving on the use of means of criminal procedural evidence, in particular, security measures, which indicates, among other things, the low level of validity of the petitions filed. Thus, in 2018, investigating judges refused to satisfy 5,970 petitions out of a total of 37,193 petitions for the application of precautionary measures (16.5%); in 2019 - 5,733 out of 34,780 (about 16.4%); in 2020 - 5,693 out of 31,547 (18.1%); for 2021 - 5,277 out of 30,408 (17.3%); for January-March 2022 - 799 out of 4,526 (17.6%). This is due to the fact that the problems of the prosecutor's exercise of his powers in proving in the pre-trial investigation, in particular in substantiating the presence of the risk of absconding, have not yet been subjected to a comprehensive theoretical study. The study of the practice of the European Court of Human Rights allows us to reveal the essence of the risk of absconding as a basis for the application of measures related to the restriction of the constitutional rights of a person, as well as to find out what factors should be taken into account by the prosecutor when substantiating the risk of absconding.
The articles researches the concept of political culture as a system of inherited political notions expressed in symbolic forms and generalizes the differences between the political culture of Ukrainians and Russians. It stresses that the cultural identity of Ukraine is established on one of its basic tendencies – penchant for archaization of all symbolic forms; it researches the place of the heroic political myth in this process; it analyzes sacral projections of the political in the myth through which the subject-and-object order of the Ukrainian politics world is explained. Thus, the pattern of the heroic monomyth (a structured ontological range of symbols) serves as a program of political reality (as a structured order of political objects). The symbols of the heroic monomyth have sacral significance because they present an idea of political order, stability, forecastability of politics (the latter is lacking in the crisis context of development) when there is unwillingness of a part of citizens to bear responsibility for prospects of future development of events in the country in the conditions of long-term uncertainty. The article researches peculiarities of the how the structure-image of the hero builds the constitution of political reality in Ukraine and Russia.
The objective of the research is conducted to empirically prove the importance of education in the country's technological potential under the conditions of global development. Methodology. The study is based on the hypothesis that education quality affects economic growth. To substantiate the integrated quality culture management improving proposals, educational quality dynamics, and structure indicators, an empirical analysis was carried out; the relationship of the rate is determined using regression analysis, in particular the definition of the Pearson coefficient. Results. It is empirically proved that education has a high association with the technical level of economic development. The main issues of education quality management include the dependence of universities on the regulator, the criteria for assessing the learning and teaching quality. The development methods of quality culture management in HEIs are built to solve these problems.
The purpose of the study is to develop scientifically based recommendations for implementation internationally – legal security mechanisms monitoring threats and finding ways to overcome challenges to national security. National resilience is an indicator of the reliability of the national security and defense system, mutual coherence of its components, which confirms their capabilities and resource potential to fulfill obligations and perform their main functions in conditions of instability of the internal and external environment. National resilience includes military capabilities and civil readiness, reflects society’s ability to resist and quickly recover from the specified threats and their consequences. This study proved that the foreign policy of the aggressor state should be considered one of the main factors affecting the choice of priority directions for the development of the security and defense forces of Ukraine. Legal mechanisms include further improvement and harmonization of the regulatory framework, formation of relevant legal norms, state policy in the field of national security and international cooperation. Organizational measures are directed to expansion and further development of a single network of situational centers to increase the efficiency of information and analytical support for management decision-making. The core of the integrated system of monitoring threats to national security highlighted an information and analytical system based on Big Data. The unity of the network of situational centers will contribute to increasing the reliability and effectiveness of condition monitoring of national security from more than 20 directions, in order to effectively coordinate the activities of state bodies.
The purpose of the study is to characterize irreparable facial disfigurement through the prism of medical science and from the perspective of legal criteria in the pre-trial investigation of criminal offenses. The practical basis of the research is the statistical and analytical materials of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and the National Police of Ukraine, the General Prosecutor's Office, the State Judicial Administration of Ukraine for 2016 - 2021 regarding the commission of criminal offenses, namely infliction of grievous bodily harm on the grounds of irreparable facial disfigurement of the victim; summarized data of the study of 50 materials of criminal proceedings based on the specified facts (resolution on the appointment of forensic and other examinations, as well as relevant conclusions), materials of the mass media. As a result of the research, it was established that the medical criteria for irreparable facial disfigurement specified in the legal acts need to be improved due to the wide application and systemic nature of the problems, due to the wide application and systemic nature of the problems, which entail both complication of qualification of the committed act and other difficulties in the process of pre-trial investigation. The studied views of researchers in the area of medical and legal sciences made it possible to substantiate the essence and content of irreparable facial disfigurement not only as a legal criterion, but also as a primarily negative phenomenon in the provision of public health care.
Anthropogenic emissions increase the concentration of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, which necessitates the promotion of environmental protection as one of the most urgent tasks of European environmental policy. The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the development of clean technologies in production also depends on the impact of environmental taxation; in this regard, a methodology for analyzing its impact and assessment on the development of eco-friendly technologies is proposed. An analysis of environmental tax revenues to the budgets of the EU countries revealed the insufficiency of environmental revenues to cover the costs of environmental protection from the damage caused by greenhouse gas emissions, which requires the transformation of the system of fiscal mechanisms. The total receipts of all environmental taxes in the EU budget for the period 2000–2020 increased by 53%, and the receipts from taxes on greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere increased by 71% in the EU budget, with a tax rate increase of 1.5-fold over this period. The application of the proposed methodology made it possible to determine, on the basis of the correlation coefficient, a high connection strength of +0.971 for the period 2000–2020 between the receipts of the environmental tax for greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere and the total values of all environmental taxes, as well as a fairly strong feedback of +0.913 from the receipts of the environmental tax to the EU budget with gross domestic product. Therefore, it is proposed to use differentiated environmental tax rates for different stages of the development of clean technologies.
From a documentary methodology, the objective of the article was to analyze the administrative and legal regulation of space tourism and the characteristics of this form of tourism as a type of space activity. In legal perspective, space tourism as any type of relationship must be regulated, including in the administrative and legal sense, because the role of the State in the regulation of these relationships is of particular importance and, in our opinion, requires special attention and legal analysis. A characteristic feature of the administrative and legal regulation of space tourism is that one of the participants in these relations are corporations that develop the space industry, including space tourism, and the state creates a legal basis for the development of these relations and if it applies to the developed space industry, invests in this activity and promotes develop-ment in all possible directions. Therefore, we believe that special attention should be paid to the administrative and legal regulation of space tourism. It is concluded that the administrative and legal regulation of space tourism is a deliberate influence of the norms of administrative law on the regulation of social relations arising in the field of space tourism.
The purpose of the article is to conceptually understand the relationship between political and managerial processes in the context of social systems security. The bibliographical method, content analysis, structural-functional method, comparative-historical method, comparative-political method, cognitive map, comparative method and abstract-logical method have been used in the research. The scientific novelty is the realization of a systematic analysis of the factors, which revealed the essence of the relationship between political and managerial processes in the context of the security of social systems. It is corroborated that political and managerial processes in social systems and their interrelation should be considered, in content and form, as phenomena of the vital activity of these systems. It is concluded that, the analysis of peculiarities and intensity of this interrelation and functional tasks of political and administrative subjects should be carried out in the context of the modes (stages) of the existence of systems and their security; all this, due to the management of the probability of a crisis situation and the management of the level of protection of man, society and state institutions.
The issue of optimizing the mechanism for providing public services in the field of social protection of the population due to the ongoing armed conflict in Ukraine on the part of Russia (from 2014 to the present), as a result of which internally displaced persons need to solve a number of urgent needs both in European countries (Poland, Germany, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, etc.), including related to their accounting in these countries. In this sense, the objective of this editorial is twofold, on the one hand, to present volume 40, number 74 of Political Questions and, on the other, to highlight the concept and types of guarantees of ensuring legality concerning provision of public services in the sphere of social protection of population. It is concluded that the following types of guarantees of ensuring legality concerning provision of public services in the sphere of social protection of population in Ukraine have been justified: appeal of decisions, actions or inaction of public administration subjects on the provision of public services in the sphere of social protection of population in court (administrative proceedings); control over activities of public administration subjects concerning provision of public services in the sphere of social protection of population.
The article states that in the conditions of climate crisis aggravation the decarbonisation of the economy acquires the status of a global initiative aimed at achieving zero CO 2 emissions by 2050. It is emphasised that this initiative is closely accompanied by legislation, business modernisation programmes and the creation of equal conditions for both domestic producers and exporters of carbon-intensive products (in particular, through the introduction of the carbon border adjustment mechanism - CBAM) and new rules of the world market. The consequences of CBAM implementation into Ukrainian metallurgical enterprises and the development of their foreign economic activity are determined in the example of Metinvest Group (Ukraine) enterprises. The ambivalence of CBAM is proven. It is substantiated that CBAM implementation will not accelerate, but, on the contrary, will slow down the process of decarbonisation, which will eventually lead to the loss of domestic metallurgical enterprises’ competitive position in the European market of metal products. Regarding the need to take transitional measures to decarbonise the metallurgical business (first of all, to ensure proper investment), the decision should be based on the expected decoupling effect - positive dynamics of economic growth while reducing the negative impact on the environment. The estimating method of the decoupling effect has been modified according to the integrated approach. A trend analysis of the integrated decalin effect indicator and its components was performed in Metinvest Group companies (Ukraine). Based on the results of econometric analysis of the impact of investment on greenhouse gas emissions, the author’s model for determining the volume of investment in the process of decarbonisation of metallurgical enterprises for the period up to 2050 is proposed. Comparative analysis is performed regarding investment in the process of decarbonisation under the scenarios by GMK Center, IEA, McKinsey and Roland Berger, as well as the author’s model.
The paper aims to analyze the educational trends of the year 2022 and determine whether they are relevant in the future, whether they are a response to the challenges of the present. Also, attention is paid to the method of SWOT-analysis, with the help of which the strengths and vulnerabilities of distance learning are identified. The results analyze the future of distance education, in particular, special attention is paid to the experience of implementing hybrid education as a likely promising direction of further learning. Another aspect is the introduction of STEM education, media education (as a counteraction to intentional propaganda), and Education for Sustainable Development as important elements of the modern learning process in the United States and European countries. In conclusion, it is concluded that these areas of educational activities will be trends in the next decade in the recurrence of the crisis. The scientific novelty of the work consists in the fact that for the first time at the synthetic level modern educational trends were studied, their prospects and risks of use were characterized. The abstract in English does not match the abstract in Spanish.
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18 members
Sergii Kavun
  • Computer Information Systems and Technologies
Sergii V. Khrapatyi
  • Department of Computational Mathematics and Computer Modeling
Ivan Bakhov
  • Institute if International Relations and Social Sciences
Serhiy Lysenko
  • Department of Security Management and Law Enforcement and Anti-Corruption Activities
Anatoliy Bogdanenko
  • Public Administration
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