Acquisition of real estate is an inexhaustible topic that is always current, and the issue that additionally actualizes it is the right of foreigners to acquire real estate in a certain country. The main purpose of this brief article is to explore the legal structure and the procedure of purchasing real estate in comparative law through the analysis of existing laws that regulate the manner of acquiring property rights on immovable property, inter vivos and mortis causa. Abstract Sticanje nepokretnosti je nepresušna tema koja je uvek aktuelna, a pitanje koje to dodatno aktuelizuje je pravo stranaca na sticanje nepokretnosti u određenoj zemlji. Osnovna svrha ovog kratkog rada je da se kroz analizu postojećih zakona koji regulišu način sticanja prava svojine na nepokretnostima, inter vivos i mortis causa, ispita pravna struktura i postupak kupovine nepokretnosti u uporednom pravu..
Aggravated murder in a cruel manner is a form of murder which is prescribed in Article 114, paragraph 1, item 1 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia. The article emphasizes the meaning of the notion of cruelty as a determining feature of this crime. It is a complex concept that has its objective, but also subjective aspects. Namely, cruelty on the one hand means depriving the victim of life in a way that inflicts excessive pain and suffering, while, on the other hand, it is necessary for the perpetrator to demonstrate a specific emotional relationship towards these pains and sufferings (in the form of pleasure, enjoyment, lack of pity, etc.). Furthermore, the issue of guilt in this crime was analyzed, especially the possibility of its existence in the case of insanity and significantly reduced sanity. Although the case law rules that in these cases, aggravated murder in a cruel way is not possible, the article argues the opposite thesis. In the end, the issues with attempting and preparing a aggravated murder in a cruel way were discussed. The latter institute may be interesting since the amendments to the Criminal Code from 2019 criminalize the preparation of aggravated murder (it is a so-called delicta preparata), with the provision that the article argues that this provision cannot be applied to aggravated murder in a cruel way.
Pure monopoly (supply side monopoly), where against one seller of particular products which doesn't have close substitutes stand many buyers, as well as the market state of a pure monopsony (demand side monopoly) are theoretical models. In practice such market conditions is hard to find. The aim of this paper is to point out the problem of the equilibrium of an enterprise in the conditions when one company with a monopsonic position on a market of inputs sells its product only to one firm which has a monopoly position in the market of its output, which actually means solving the problem of equilibrium of the enterprise in the conditions of bilateral monopoly. By integrating these enterprises, the market condition of the bilateral monopoly is going to be transformed into a new structure, well-known as the market state of the monemporium. The integrated enterprise has an extremely strong market power manifested through both on the side of selling its output and on the procurement of production inputs. The problem of the equilibrium of such an enterprise and the economic implications, especially those that have a reflection on the level of profit, are a particular area of interests in this paper.
The first idea of civil society was encountered in the ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle. He defined a state as a community of citizens voluntarily united for the sake of a happy life. The first interpretation of the dualism of the political community and society was found in the works of the Christian scholars St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas. First concepts of civil society in Hobbes' teachings are presented in his work Leviathan. He starts from the so-called illusory condition, which is characterized by a war of all against all. Another concept of civil society is presented by John Locke. Unlike Hobbes, Locke apparently defined it as a state of peace, goodwill, mutual assistance, and maintenance. Early liberal theories of civil society base their teaching on the limitation of state power i.e., that civil society has the ability to conduct its own affairs, which limits the state interference. Hegel's conception of civil society is determined by the position of the citizen in the state. Citizens are private individuals who have their own interests for specific purposes. Neo-liberal theory of civil society appeared in the early 20th century. The cause of the intensifying debate about the relationship between society and state in the mid-20th century is the danger that the civil society is in from excessive political intervention of the state. Predecessors in the framework of the contemporary approach pointing to this danger were John Stuart Mill and Alexis de Tocqueville, and Robert Nozick.
Istraživanje je obuhvatilo sedam originalnih naučnih radova. Svi radovi su zadovolјili problematiku i mogli su da daju odgovor na postavlјeni problem. Cilј rada je bio da se utvrdi uticaj programskih sadržaja vežbanja na osobe koje boluju od diabetes melitusa tipa 2 (DM) i značaj navedene aktivnosti na zdravlјe osoba sa ovim problemom. Kao metod uzeta je selekcija radova od 2002. do 2019. godine. Zaklјučujemo da je fizička aktivnost osoba sa DM delimično ograničena zbog specifičnosti bolesti. Posebna pažnja treba da bude usmerena na neželјene efekte, posebno hipoglikemiju. Učestalost vežbanja treba biti najmanje tri dana u nedelјi za aerobne aktivnosti i dva dana nedelјno za aktivnosti sa otporom. Rizik od hipoglikemije je povećan, kontrola glikemije kod ove populacije je teže ostvariva. Cilјeve upravlјanja DM kod starijih osoba treba postaviti drugačije prema svakom pacijentu.
Digitalna ekonomija, kao ekonomija koja funkcioniše prvenstveno putem digitalne tehnologije, uticala je na stvaranje koncepta digitalne transformacije poslovanja. Ovakav oblik poslovne transformacije zahteva integraciju digitalnih tehnologija u svim oblastima poslovanja. U radu je istaknut značaj bitnih elemenata transformacije koji se odnose na korisničko iskustvo, operativne procese, poslovne modele, iskustvo zaposlenih i digitalne platforme, kao i ključnih domena poslovanja koje digitalizacija menja, a odnose se na konkurenciju, inovacije i vrednosti. Osnovna svrha rada jeste da ukaže na uticaj koji digitalna transformacija poslovanja ima na proces formulisanja novih korporativnih strategijskih pravaca. Imajući ovo u vidu, cilj rada jeste da se istaknu potencijalni korporativni strategijski pravci digitalne transformacije poslovanja u uslovima snažnog prodora digitalnih tehnologija. Polazna pretpostavka rada je da, iako postojeća preduzeća u digitalnoj transformaciji najčešće kreću od penetracije tržišta, preko strategije razvoja digitalnih proizvoda i strategije razvoja digitalnih tržišta, dalji put digitalne transformacije vodi izgradnji digitalnih platformi koje nastaju međusobnom kolaboracijom brojnih i umreženih stejkholdera na zajedničkom kreiranju i isporučivanju vrednosti.
In the modern world, everything has digitalized with time. From online shopping, banking to automation of complex business functions, everything is digital today, and it lays the foundation of our future as well. One of the things that has become more popular and at the same time about which debates have taken place is electronic signatures or e-signatures. This is because in today's practice of contractual legal transactions dealing with terms such as, electronic signature, digital signature, e-signing software, e-signing solution, advanced electronic signature, qualified electronic signature, has become normal. The purpose behind these terms is that they primarily stand for the ability to transform a hard copy document into a digital document or record. An electronic signature is an electronic tool-often a sound, symbol or process-linked to a contract, document, or other record. As such, electronic signature today has taken place in the vast majority of countries around the world gaining the same weight and legal effect as a traditional paper document with a pen and ink signature. Such an extension of electronic signature has resulted in the adoption of legal rules in these countries, which given the tradition of different systems belonging to the states, has resulted in a variety of solutions which occasionally differ substantially between themselves. This was the reason why, at the global level, discussions and preparations for the drafting of rules of international character began, which will provide answers to the controversial issues for electronic signatures on cross-border transactions. In this regard, UNCITRAL is distinguished by model laws and the European Union by directives and regulations for its member states. The objectives of this article are as follows: (1) to identify the need for establishing a legal framework for electronic signatures; (2) to present the overview of the legal framework of the Republic of Serbia regarding the electronic signature; (3) to provide a concise summary of the procedure of getting electronic signature; (4) to explain the problems and challenges faced by the use of electronic signatures in Serbian contractual practice. The authors have achieved these objectives through the review of legal regulations and practice in the Republic of Serbia.
The creation of cryptocurrencies marked the beginning of a new era in money evolution. In the cryptocurrency system, governments do not have primacy over monetary flows, but it is in the hands of participants in the cryptocurrency system, which enables the democratization of money. This also raised a number of issues that need to be resolved. Among them, the issues of incorporating cryptocurrencies into monetary policy, accounting, and tax treatment of cryptocurrencies, as well as preventing potential abuses, are especially prominent. On the other hand, Shariah experts deal with cryptocurrencies from the aspect of their Shariah compliance, and on that issue they are divided. This paper analyzes the treatment of money in Islamic teaching and practice, the concept of cryptocurrencies, and the challenges of their practical application, as well as the arguments presented by Shariah experts in support of their positions on the Shariah (non)compliance of cryptocurrencies.
The population research on the species Ichthyosaura alpestris (Laurenti,1768) included female newts from Lake Hrid during two time periods (June-July) 2019, and (June, July) 2020. In 2019, total 14 Alpine newts were sampled, while the number of sampled Alpine newts was 36 in the year of 2020.Analysis of the results on measuring morphometric character of the female population of the species Ichthyosaura alpestris (Laurenti, 1768) for the studied period showed small variations. Research has shown that the average head length is higher in females sampled during 2019, while the other average values of the studied parameters are higher in females sampled during 2020.The t-test results showed that the differences were not statistically significant (t > 0.05) after processing the results on measuring morphometric character of the researched population of the species. It can also be seen that the Fulton's condition factor is higher in female species sampled in 2019, in comparison to the ones sampled in 2020.
In order for children to develop ecological habits in a purposeful way, it is necessary to pay enough attention and provide interesting and meaningful activities, both in the family and in the educational context. We put children in different situations, encourage and motivate them to solve problems in different ways on their own and look for answers to important questions of the essence. In this way, we actually stimulate the development of critical thinking in children. This is exactly what enables children to form certain attitudes towards the eco-system, the way they treat living and non-living nature, towards themselves and other people. In this paper, the authors first pay attention to the theoretical elucidation of the problem, define the terms ecological awareness, eco - education, dramatization as a methodical procedure in the development of ecological habits, and then state the possibilities of its implementation in pedagogical practice. As a particularly suitable, they point out the play for children, which was realized according to the script of one of the authors of this work. Will show how the dramatization of a text with ecological content can contribute to the development of ecological habits of preschool children.
Islam attaches great importance to insurance, as an instrument of protection of the individual and the community, and considers it an indispensable element of the process of achieving socio-economic justice in society. Consequently, in the Islamic concept of insurance, the social component dominates over the commercial component. However, requirements of the modern environment have made it necessary to have Shariah-acceptable commercial insurance. Given that conventional insurance models are largely Shariah non-compliant, Takaful insurance has been developed to meet the needs of individuals and institutions that want to be insured in accordance with Shariah principles. In this paper, we will analyze the process of evolution of Takaful insurance, its types and models, perform a comparative analysis of Takaful and conventional insurance, reviewing arguments in favor of Shariah specific nature of conventional insurance, and finally, list the challenges of implementing Takaful insurance in practice.
This paper begins with an overview of literary work of Radomir Konstantinović. The experimental character of his novels demonstrates the specificity of his literary modus operandi, as a unique phenomenon in Serbian literary scene during the fifth decade of the 20th century. His work will mark a turning point in the transition from modernism to postmodernism. His radio dramas, as well, represent a very specific part of his work mostly due to historical position of this genre. Since his radio dramas are first fully published in 2019. this paper traces a path for further research in this area.
The correct conclusion about the assumptions concerning some phenomena can be obtained only through scientific analysis of statistical data. The scientific procedure of verifying a hypothesis using measurement results is called a statistical test. Depending on whether the hypotheses about the parameters in the feature distribution are tested or the distribution as a whole is tested, a parametric or non-parametric test is selected. The most significant representatives of parametric tests are the Probability Ratio Test, the Neumann - Pearson Lemma and the Bootstrap method, while the Pearson x2 test and the Kolmogorov test are presented as representatives of nonparametric tests. The paper presents the theoretical basis of some methods used in construction of statistical tests with given examples in geodesy.
This paper gives a brief overview of the basic characteristics of the voice [h] in the speech of an informant from the village of Janča in municipality of Novi Pazar - with special reference to the dorp of Janačko Polje, that is the place of residence of said informant who is a member of the oldest generation of inhabitants of the surveyed area. Therefore, given her age, she can be considered an adequate representative of the speech of this village (and its surroundings), since her speech preserves the traditional features of the local vernacular in more and better way than that of her descendants (members of the younger generations of this area).
Introduction. Poor muscle development, accompanied by insuffcient physical activity and non-physiological forces which act on the bone and joint system, often causes improper body posture. Objectives. To examine whether performing corrective exercises which stretch shortened and strengthen weakened muscles regularly can improve body posture in preschool and school-aged children. Methods. The prospective study included 110 children, 63 (57.2%) boys and 47 (42.8%) girls (the average age being 6.6 ± 2.4). Corrective exercises were performed four times a week for six months, in periods of 90 minutes. We used somatoscopy and somatometry methods to assess body posture. Results. On the initial checkup it was found that 18 children (16.4%) had some kind of spine deformity; 11 of them (10%) had scoliosis, six (5.5%) had kyphosis and 1(0.9%) had lordotic body posture. The first follow-up checkup was performed 3 months later when we found a decrease in the number of children with a bad body posture. The second follow-up checkup was repeated 6 months later. Out of 18 children (16.4%) who had been registered at the beginning, 4 (3.6%) had scoliotic, 2 (1.8%) had kyphotic and 1 (0.9%) had lordotic posture 6 months later. Conclusion. Based on the obtained results, it can be said that regular performance of corrective exercises (strengthening weakened and stretching shortened muscles) for six months had a positive effect on certain spine deformities. Kyphosis correction was visible after only three months, scoliosis correction was visible after six months, while lordosis correction was not achieved by corrective exercises in the only registered case.
Based on the collected material from Pešter, the paper analyzes personal names and nicknames extracted from the oldest epitaphs. This research covers sources dating from the 18th and 19th centuries. On this occasion, we will not present the entire anthroponymic layer of Pešter, as many of the monuments are badly damaged (broken, sunk or covered with moss). The general part of the paper includes a concise overview of the history of Pešter, the analysis of its former and present territorial span, as well as an overview of the origin of some families. The second part of the work is based on the field research and analysis of the anthroponyms read. Much of the rich epigraphic material on Pešter has not been scientifically researched to date, which is the case with the inscriptions on the grave notes that form the subject of this paper.
Contemporary American poetess of confessional orientation, Sylvia Plath, was often in her career torn between the rational role-models and creative inspiration. This tension is most evident in Plath's metaphors, in which her desire for control and understanding is confronted to the limitations of language to signify the unspoken. The paper aims at presenting symbolic (psychological, religious) semantics of bees in the author's literary oeuvre. The bees are an appropriate, uncrystallized medium; like language, they resist comparison through their transformative power. The bee becomes a personal emblem of the poetess; it represents the culmination and reconciliation of the classical and rational influences in her poetics. The cyclical nature of the bee poems follows the pattern of symbolic death and rebirth-signifying a regeneration-the spring of a new life. Although the spring will inevitably lead one more time to winter and death, the bee as a medium has a liberating quality for the poetess, signifying vitality and authenticity that remain the ultimate values of her art.
The Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Croatia, once (with the prefix "Socialistic") members of the Yugoslav federation, and today neighboring, sovereign, internationally recognized states, have a common border of two hundred and fifty-two kilometers, of which one hundred and thirty-eight kilometers along the Danube. The line of the border on the Danube is the subject of different interpretations by the two sides, which in practice leads to numerous problems, primarily in terms of navigation safety, prevention of migration, poaching, flood defense and other security challenges. One of the points of contention is Vukovarska ada, a river island over which both sides emphasize their sovereignty. In 2011, the local governments of Bac and Vukovar, in order to relax the situation and improve good neighborly relations, signed the Agreement on Friendship and Cooperation, and it significantly affected the actual position of Vukovar Ada. In this text, the author analyzes the historical circumstances and the current status of Vukovar Ada in the context of the future overall resolution of the issue of demarcation of Serbia and Croatia on the Danube, as well as in the context of the Bac-Vukovar Agreement, ie the possibility of applying a similar model with appropriate modifications applied to some other disputed part of the common border on the Danube
In Leda and the Swan, one of the greatest Anglophone lyric poets of the 20th century W. B. Yeats explores the idea of a single act having tremendous importance for human history. Such a momentous event can bring about the end of civilization and become the dawn of a new age. This is a great cataclysmic moment in history (merging history and myth) for Yeats. The paper suggests that Yeats's sensibilities subtly permeate the narrative and form of Elena Ferrante's The Lost Daughter, thus illustrating the mode of ambiguous past penetrating the present-the tradition that interested Yeats - arguably becoming what in Ferrante has been seen as a form of radical and committed reflection on myriad of contemporary issues. In this context, Yeats and Ferrante communicate the ideas of fragmentation and instability, the sensation of the world crumbling and reforming, and, in doing so, they refer to an instability of boundaries and identities. This is a sensation experienced by both female protagonists - Yeats's mythical Leda and her more contemporary counterpart.
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