Inštitút pre výskum práce a rodiny
Recent publications
Changing collective behaviour and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions is an important component in mitigating virus transmission during a pandemic. In a large international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated self-reported factors associated with public health behaviours (e.g., spatial distancing and stricter hygiene) and endorsed public policy interventions (e.g., closing bars and restaurants) during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic (April-May 2020). Respondents who reported identifying more strongly with their nation consistently reported greater engagement in public health behaviours and support for public health policies. Results were similar for representative and non-representative national samples. Study 2 (N = 42 countries) conceptually replicated the central finding using aggregate indices of national identity (obtained using the World Values Survey) and a measure of actual behaviour change during the pandemic (obtained from Google mobility reports). Higher levels of national identification prior to the pandemic predicted lower mobility during the early stage of the pandemic (r = −0.40). We discuss the potential implications of links between national identity, leadership, and public health for managing COVID-19 and future pandemics.
The SRV concept, being worked out since the 1970s by W. Wolfensberger et al., has been not still widely exploited in the domestic social science literature. The author brings some arguments about its inspiring values for social research work, even so, for an area of interventions aimed to support valorisation of service users’ roles, mainly in residential long-term care services. She presents some main findings of her own research which are interpreted in the SRV’s optics. Finally, she identifies some distinctive levels on which the role-valorisation interventions should be carried-out. © 2016, Slovak Academy of Sciences - Social Biological Comm. All rights reserved.
The author presents volunteering as a means of active ageing and as an original (not only residual) sector of society. She describes two complementary aspects of volunteering in an active ageing context: (1) volunteering of older people, and (2) volunteering for older people. Within both aspects, the positions of older people as the subjects and objects of voluntary work can change. The author defines the interconnectivity of both aspects as an "object-subject volunteering chain" based on a life course perspective, particularly referring to volunteering in the long-term care sector. Based on a secondary analysis of available research findings and sources, she summarises some distinctive characteristics of older people operating in the voluntary long-term care sector. A discussion of findings follows, and finally, some recommendations for how to establish age-friendly public support for volunteering are given.
Presented study deals with the issue of civic organizing of persons with disability (including their supporters, family members or volunteers) considered to be one of the primary indicators for measuring social capital. Author defines social relevance of the chosen topic in the introductory part. After that, selected characteristics of social capital as a sociological category are presented in order to apply them for analysing and interpretation of findings regarding the development of civic associations' membership within this area as well as the factors influencing this development. Author's findings are supplemented by research results of other authors that were focused on eliciting views of the disabled on citizens associations' efficiency in decision-making about public matters regarding the issue of the disability at the self-government level. Author focuses on bridging and binding effects of social capital generated in activities of civic associations of persons with disability, with ambiguous effect of the scope of civic associations, with the efficiency of the self-governing politics in this field, with possible causes of high fragmentation of the civic sector as well as with new challenges resulting from the information and communication technology development. In conclusion, author emphasises that this study is one of the first attempts to use the interpretative potential of social capital for analysing this social-political field.
The paper focuses on activation bias of current social policies and its relation to alleviation of poverty and social exclusion. Activation is viewed as a policy paradigm that changes relationship between the welfare state and individuals. Author distinguishes between narrow and broader understandings of the activation approach. In the broader sense, the activation aims at raising opportunities to fully-fledged social participation in all domains of society. In the narrow sense, the activation is only related to labour market participation and decreasing of unemployment. Author analyses three forms of activation that are important in order to reduce poverty and social exclusion: workfare strategies embodied in the social assistance systems, changes of key parameters of tax-benefit systems, and last but not least active labour market policies. Author pays attention to their potential to activate poor people and their consequences both for target groups and social policy. The focus is also on political discourses and assumptions which determine implementation of these programmes. Finally, the paper deals with activation potential of Slovak social policy and suggests some principles how to evaluate it.
The emerging welfare states in Central Europe have generated diverse views on their nature. They have been frequently described as a peculiar mixture of (Western) welfare state models, or as an outcome of path dependency (communist legacy). The aim of this paper is to contribute to current debate, focusing on institutional development in the selected sectoral policies in Slovakia. Authors also examine the impact of "activation" discourse in the EU social policy debate on shaping ideological currents underlining recent social reforms in the country. Despite obvious limitations of mainstream welfare state classifications to capture changing nature of welfare state regimes in Central Europe, authors describe the emerging welfare state in Slovakia as diverging from universalism and leaning towards basic security with salient features of targeted welfare state model. Main idea of this exercise is, however, to pinpoint possible (negative) consequences of such development for social cohesion.
In the first chapter, the study provides a brief summary of trends in basic demographic processes in Slovakia in the last fifteen post-revolutionary years. A separate part of the text addresses regional heterogeneity and draws our attention to several extreme differences according to chosen indicators. The study also offers the most recent data on population, family, and household structure. It points out the possible consequences of ongoing changes while focusing on aging processes and gender issues. The paper is based on various data which are presented in graphs and charts. In another part, an analysis of increasing social differences between families and households is included. Significant changes in the development and structure of the population have an impact on many social and economical spheres of society. They influence not only the systems of health care and social welfare, but also the labour market structure, education system, and housing policy. In the conclusion, the author attempts to clarify the public debate about these issues and to formulate challenges for Slovak public policy.
Aim: Our aim was to: 1. compare the carotid intima-media thickness in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with congestive heart failure; 2. to look for an association between the occurrence of cardiovascular events and parameters of left ventricular function on one side and carotid intima-media thickness on the other side in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with congestive heart failure. Patients and methods: 190 patients, admitted to hospital due to congestive heart failure in the period between I/2000 - XII/2001, have been divided into 2 groups. Group 1: 90 patients (m: 52, f: 38, mean age 60.7 ± 9.5 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus, group 2: 100 patients (m: 59, f: 4], mean age 62.5 ± 10.9 years) without diabetes (non-diabetes mellitus). Diagnosis of congestive heart failure was made clinically and proved by ECG and ECHO [EF < 40%, and diastolic left ventricular interval diameter end-diastolic (LVIDd)]. Left ventricular hypertrophy was defined by echocardiography (Penn convention) as left ventricular mass index > 134 g/m, in men and > 110 g/m, in women. Diabetes mellitus was defined clinically or by using oral glucose tolerance test (75 g glucose, 2 h blood glucose > 11.1 mmol/l). Acute myocardial infarction and stroke (neurological examination) were defined according to standardized procedures. Chronic atrial fibrillation was defined according to ECG. Intima-media thickness was measured by B-mode ultrasound of the distal common carotid artery, carotid bifurcation and Internal carotid artery. For each subject a mean intima-media thickness of the mentioned arteries (left + right/2) was taken as a measure for current wall thickness. Results: Both groups of patients (diabetics and non-diabetics) were matched by demographic parameters, intensity and duration of hypertension, presence and intensity of obesity, serum lipid levels and smoking habits. Diabetic patients with congestive heart failure had significantly higher intima-media thickness than non-diabetic with congestive heart failure (0.93 mm vs. 0.80 mm). Diabetic pts with intima-media thickness > 0,93 mm (mean of the group) suffered significantly more often than diabetics with intima-media thickness < 0,93 mm from myocardial infarction, stroke, left ventricular hypertrophy and had non-significantly lower EF of left ventricle, higher LVIDd and higher heart rate. Conclusion: Diabetic patients with congestive heart failure have greater carotid intima-media thickness than non-diabetic patients with congestive heart failure. Diabetic patients with greater carotid intima-media thickness than the mean of the group (> 0.93 mm) had more cardiovascular events and a more severe form of.
The study informs about the results of an investigation aimed at word associations connected to the concept of health handicap. 811 respondents took part in the investigation. The author supposed that the associations reflect as own or observed life experience with the health handicap as the effect of the measures taken by the society for the improving the life situation of people with the health handicap and their families. The single word associations were elaborated into word units and word categories, their occurrence in people with the authentic life experience and without it was followed up. The author was also interested in the character of associations from the aspect of their emotional charge (neutral, positive, negative associations). Between associations of people with the authentic life experience and without it the interesting differences were found out, to which the author gave herself up in detail, also from the aspect of findings of other authors.
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11 members
Viraj Suvarna
  • University Library
Andrej Kuruc
  • Computer Science
Barbora Holubová
  • Social policy
Elena Nikolaou
  • early childhood education
Bratislava, Slovakia