ISMT - Instituto Superior Miguel Torga
Recent publications
The objective of this work was to analyse the relations between innovation management and organisational sustainability in a Brazilian higher education institution. This work used a qualitative research approach through a case study. The data were collected using documents, direct observation and interviews. The chosen data analysis technique was relation-type content analysis. The 31 relationships identified were considered at the level of technological activities and sustainable activities of higher education institutions, with an emphasis on technological activities of curricular structure and sustainable activities of relationships with stakeholders, where one of the 21 activities in the study presented relations with other activities. This work denotes the importance of investigations that, in addition to technological capabilities, promote the analysis of sustainable capabilities, based on the analysis of relationships among the phenomena, for the improvement and development of technological capabilities in this context of convergence between innovation management and organisational sustainability.
Background: Emotional reactivity is associated with exhibiting intense and prolonged affective responses to several stimuli, which is related to an increased likelihood of experiencing psychopathological symptoms. Objective: To translate and validate the Emotion Reactivity Scale (ERS) to Portuguese by studying its psychometric qualities, confirmatory factor analysis, temporal stability, and convergent and divergent validity. Methods: In this study participated 402 adults from the general population, 275 women and 127 men, with a mean of 40.01 years old (SD = 10.30). The convenience sample was recruited online, and participants completed self-report questionnaires. Results: The original models of the ERS were tested and the unidimensional 7-item version was the one with better statistical fit (RMSEA = 0.08; CFI = 0.97; TLI = 0.95; SRMR = 0.03). The total ERS showed positive correlations with borderline personality traits, depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms and negative correlations with quality of life, sustaining convergent and divergent validity. Considering internal consistency, the 7-item ERS version presented a Cronbach's alpha of .91. Temporal stability was supported by the strong correlation between the first and second moments of completing the ERS within a 4-week interval. Females presented higher emotional reactivity scores than males, and there was no significant relationship between the ERS and age. Conclusions: The Portuguese version of the ERS seems to be a valid and reliable instrument for evaluating emotional reactivity. This is relevant at a clinical and research level because this instrument allows the early identification of the predisposition to feel emotions more intensely, which is related to an increased likelihood of experiencing psychopathological symptoms.
This study aims to carry out a comprehensive bibliometric analysis to identify, synthesize and incorporate existing studies on the tourism industry, envisioning and directing future studies and trends in luxury tourism. The study analyses 340 Web of Science scientific articles published between 1993–2022. Four clusters were identified: “Contribution of Luxury Tourism to the development”; “Luxury Shopping in Tourism”; “Demand behaviour in luxury tourism,” and “Digital Transformation in luxury tourism.” Existing publications can be grouped into three phases. In the first phase, luxury tourism was studied from a macro and sectoral perspective; in the second phase, they focused on the behavior of the demand for luxury tourism and in the third phase on the transformation of the luxury tourism industry induced by digital transformation, economic and pandemic crises, demographic changes and guidelines for sustainability. This study resulted in a set of implications for the development of cross-community collaborative luxury tourism, aimed at new target groups of luxury consumers, in harmony with strategies of sustainability, digitalization and well-being of luxury consumers. In addition to being an important tool for policymakers and managers in the luxury tourism industry, it identifies new emerging issues in this sector for academics.
Recent research has emphasised the need to study the development of borderline features in adolescents prospectively. Self-disgust is feeling repugnance for aspects of the self and studies have supported its association with borderline features. This study aimed to identify different trajectories of the development of borderline features in adolescents over 12 months and test the longitudinal impact of self-disgust and gender. Participants were 158 adolescents (n = 110 girls) with a mean of 15.44 years (SD = 0.79), assessed in three moments with a six-month interval. Gender differences were found on borderline features and similar stable trajectories were exhibited for the total sample, boys and girls. Adolescents with higher and lower borderline features presented opposite trajectories: while the lower group decreased borderline features over time, the higher group increased. A latent growth model with the total sample revealed heterogeneity in basal levels and a relative homogeneity on growth rates of borderline features. Self-disgust feelings presented a significant effect on basal levels and growth rates indicating that it might influence the developmental trajectory of borderline features. These findings highlight the importance to address self-disgust when dealing with borderline features in youth since it seems to be a risk factor.
Contemporary cities are privileged spaces for commercial and cultural exchanges, where more than half the world’s population prefers to live, concentrating in themselves all that is best and worst in society. The design determines, in part, how we understand and live in the cities, very marked by factors associated with consumption, such as branding and promotional campaigns for commercial and cultural products. Nevertheless, spaces of concentration of Cultural Heritage need to be preserved and made known as a structuring element of cultural diversity. The issues of accessibility, both physical and cognitive, imply information processes where the experience and the way we enjoy the space are increasingly valued. The designer acts as a cultural mediator, identifying and activating disclosure tools to promote access to heritage, including its intangible dimension. In this article, we present a cultural route about Miguel Torga’s places of memory in Coimbra, connecting city and literature, based on the book “The creation of the world” in which we identify a set of excerpts to integrate the route. We also list a set of means, developed by communication design, to promote the author and the city in its tangible and intangible dimensions.
Objetivo: Para fazer face à necessidade de novos instrumentos de avaliação de competências socioemocionais validados para a população portuguesa, o presente estudo teve como objetivo traduzir e validar a escala Social-Emotional Expertise (SEE). Foram analisadas a estrutura fatorial da SEE, fidedignidade, estabilidade temporal e a associação com outras variáveis teoricamente relevantes. Métodos: Duas amostras independentes de participantes (N = 466), entre os 18 e os 64 anos (27,33 ± 11,52) foram utilizadas para validar a SEE. Na Amostra 1 (n = 258) foi analisada a estrutura fatorial da SEE, as propriedades psicométricas e a sua associação com outros construtos. Na Amostra 2 (n = 208) foi testada a plausibilidade do modelo hierárquico da escala representado por uma pontuação global com dois fatores. Os participantes preencheram um protocolo de questionários de autorresposta que avaliaram as competências socioemocionais, a inteligência emocional, a felicidade subjetiva e a ansiedade de interação social. Resultados: A SEE apresentou uma estrutura bifatorial composta pelos fatores Adaptabilidade e Expressividade. A análise fatorial confirmatória do modelo hierárquico de segunda ordem indicou um ajustamento sofrível. A SEE revelou uma boa consistência interna para o total e respetivos fatores e uma adequada fidedignidade teste-reteste. As competências socioemocionais (SEE) revelaram correlações positivas com a inteligência emocional e com a felicidade subjetiva, e associações negativas com a ansiedade de interação social. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os sexos, e a idade e escolaridade não se mostraram associadas às competências socioemocionais avaliadas pela SEE. Conclusões: A escala Social-Emotional Expertise mostrou ser um instrumento válido e fidedigno para avaliar as competências socioemocionais em adultos na população Portuguesa, sendo de utilidade para a investigação e práticas de intervenção no contexto educativo e clínico.
The present study aims to analyse the sustainable innovation strategies that companies can implement in their business models in order to improve their economic performance and become more competitive in the marketplace. This study uses a qualitative methodology based on the case method of nine companies. It was concluded that companies have concerns about environmental issues, translated into the implementation of sustainable practices in their business models, not because they are legal obligations, but because they incorporate sustainability in their strategic vision. Thus, companies add considerable value to their value chain and obtain a better strategic positioning in relation to competitors. It was also found that companies intend to implement innovative sustainable practices and that some companies have a business model that already incorporates sustainability strategies. Additionally, concerning sustainable innovation, we concluded that companies innovate in the manufacturing process (producing more with less) and with the product (modifying their product to make it more sustainable and greener). However, companies generally adopt a defensive sustainability strategy. This article is original because it simultaneously contributes to the development of the literature on sustainable innovation, sustainable strategies and company performance. It also recommends that companies improve their sustainable innovation strategies in business models to obtain a sustainable competitive advantage.
This study presents and discusses a three-dimensional typology for personal social networks of Portuguese older adults. We used a K-means cluster analysis of structural, functional and relational-contextual variables of the networks of 612 participants aged 65 + (M = 76 ± 7.6), mostly women (63%). Four types of networks emerged: family networks, friendship networks, neighbourhood networks and institutional networks. The most frequent are family networks (61.8%), constituted by 94.6% of family ties, on average, attesting the familistic nature of the older persons’ networks in Portugal, followed by friendship networks (23.5%) and neighbourhood networks (11.9%). The less frequent type is the institutional network (2.8%), dominated by formal ties (M = 59.3%). Sociographic profiles reveal that family networks are more likely to be held by middle-old focal subjects, married or widowed, and with children. Friendship and neighbourhood networks are held by young-old subjects with different marital status, many of them living alone, with a higher proportion of men with friendship networks. Institutional networks are held by old–old, widowed or single with no children. The presented typology contributes to understand social support needs and social isolation. The conclusions allow to anticipate social services’ demand trajectories and to propose intervention plans and social policy measures to promote the wellbeing of the older population.
Shame plays a central role in psychosocial functioning, being a transdiagnostic emotion associated with several mental health conditions. According to the evolutionary biopsychosocial model, shame is a painful and difficult emotion that may be categorized into two distinct focal components: external and internal shame. External shame is focused on the experience of the self as seen in a judgemental way by others, whereas internal shame is conceptualized as self-focused negative evaluations and feelings about the self. The current study aimed to develop the External and Internal Shame Scale (EISS) to assess in a single measure these two dimensions. The study was conducted in a community sample comprising 665 participants (18 to 61 years old). Three models were tested through confirmatory factor analysis. One higher order factor (global shame) with two lower order factors (external and internal shame) revealed a good fit to the data. The scale reliability and its association with other related constructs measures were also addressed. Additionally, gender differences on shame were explored. Results showed that EISS subscales and global score presented good internal consistency, concurrent validity and were associated with depressive symptoms. Regarding gender differences, results revealed that women presented significantly higher scores both in external and internal shame. The EISS showed to be a short, robust and reliable measure. The EISS allows the assessment of the specific dimensions of external and internal shame as well as a global sense of shame experience and may therefore be an important contribution for clinical work and research in human psychological functioning.
Celem prezentowanego badania była ocena społecznego wpływu pandemii COVID-19 na pacjentów z przewlekłą chorobą nerek, populację szczególnie narażoną na liczne powikłania w przypadku zarażenia się wirusem SARS-CoV-2. Autorzy skupili się na analizie problemów społecznych, które pojawiły się i nasiliły w pierwszej fazie pandemii. W badaniu wzięło udział 117 pacjentów leczonych w CKD, skierowanych do otrzymania pomocy socjalnej. Zaobserwowano wzrost liczby osób kierowanych do otrzymania pomocy. Nowych zgłoszeń było 37,6%, a 62,4% z nich związane było z pogorszeniem społeczno-ekonomicznej sytuacji pacjenta – głównie deprywacją ekonomiczną lub brakiem dochodów, bezrobociem i izolacją społeczną. Złożoność interwencji socjalnej była wyższa wśród osób z nasilonymi problemami społecznymi. Wyniki otrzymanych badań mają nie tylko walor naukowy, lecz także praktyczny – pozwalają pracownikom socjalnym na planowanie pomocy skoncentrowanej na najistotniejszych problemach pojawiających się w kontekście wyzwań pandemicznych.
A growing interest in academic entrepreneurship has characterized the past few years. Young university students are increasingly encouraged to create their companies to boost their region's social and economic development. In this regard, women entrepreneurs have been playing a decisive role. They have been increasing in number, becoming of key importance due to their status and significance for the gender impact on entrepreneurship. This research evaluates women's entrepreneurial intention in the Portuguese academy, denoting which entrepreneurial intent is influenced by environmental factors such as closer valuation and social valuation and motivational factors such as attitude toward the behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. For this purpose, a quantitative methodology was used. A questionnaire was applied to 731 female students of higher education in Portugal. The analysis of the results allowed us to perceive which variables under study influenced the entrepreneurial intention. The findings will reinforce the literature, thus, contributing to strengthening the theoretical framework on entrepreneurial intentions in women and launching clues for action within public decision‐makers, universities, and civil society, allowing to adopt practices that will increase entrepreneurship in women. To our knowledge, this research is one of the few studies on female entrepreneurial intention in academia in a peripheral region of Europe such as Portugal.
Based on a retail fashion brand, this article investigates how brand experience affects brand equity when it is mediated by brand love. Actual consumers are well-informed, demanding, and prefer brands that can surprise them over time. As such, offering emotional signals, meaning development, and strategic planning are critical to success when it comes to building strong and enduring relationships with customers. Based on 560 responses to a survey conducted in-store, this study tests the influence of brand experience on overall brand equity, through brand love, using a model of structural equations. The findings imply that brand experience dimensions play a different role in eliciting emotional reactions, such as brand love, which helps to reinforce brand equity. Research on the paths to consumer-based brand equity in the retail environment is still scarce. Exploring this pathway using the customer-brand relationship theory and integrating brand experience and brand love has fascinating potential, but it is still unexplored. Finally, another strength of this research is the test of brand experience dimensions (sensory, intellectual, affective, and behavioral), thus offering more operational insights for theory and practice. The results are based on the study of one brand in one specific country, which limits generalizations. Managers should pay special attention to the emotional impulses provided by a brand to its customers. Building on these triggers via experiences strengthens strong emotional reactions like brand love, which contributes to brand equity.
Background Psychological inflexibility has been associated with several mental health indicators. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y) has been the most used measure to assess psychological inflexibility in adolescents, having been adapted to several different languages, including Portuguese. However, the short 8-item version of this scale has been thoroughly studied and considered a more advantageous version, but it has not yet been validated for the Portuguese population. Objective Therefore, the current study aims to contribute to the establishment of the validity and reliability of the shorter version of AFQ-Y by validating the AFQ-Y8 in a Portuguese population of adolescents and exploring its psychometric properties. Methods The present study was conducted in two different samples of adolescent boys and girls, with an age range between 12 and 18. Confirmatory factor analyzes (CFA) were used to assess the scales’ structure. Reliabilities and other validities were also analyzed. Results CFA results confirmed the plausibility of the unidimensional structure of the AFQ-Y8, showing adequate fit indices. The AFQ-Y8 also presented an adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Correlation results demonstrated that the AFQ-Y8 was positively associated with measures of anxiety and depression and negatively linked with a measure of mindfulness. These correlations were also significant when the effect of mindfulness skills was accounted for. Conclusions Overall, the AFQ-Y8 was demonstrated as a valid and reliable measure, and its validation contributes not only to research but also to clinical practice. The use of the AFQ-Y8 in clinical and educational settings may contribute to young-related early detection and initial referral to adequate treatment.
Nomophobia can be defined as a digital age phobia consisting of an excessive fear of being without a smartphone. Nomophobia negatively impacts physical and mental health, particularly in children and adolescents. This study aimed to test the factor structure and psychometric properties of the European Portuguese version of the Nomophobia Questionnaire for Adolescents (NMP-Q–A). Sample 1 comprised 338 adolescents (58.6% girls), with a mean age of 13.55 (SD = 2.07) years old, and was used to examine the factor structure of the NMP-Q–A, its psychometric properties and the association with other constructs. Sample 2 included 193 adolescents (53.9% boys), with a mean age of 13.61 (SD = 0.80) years old and was used to further test the NMP-Q–A factor structure. One higher-order factor with four lower-order factors structure revealed a good fit to the data in both samples. The NMP-Q–A showed good reliability, construct and concurrent validity. Girls showed higher nomophobia. Adolescents showing more nomophobia revealed more smartphone addiction and psychopathological symptoms and lower quality of life. The NMP-Q–A showed to be a valid and reliable measure to be used in clinical and educational settings.
Objective To explore a novel model for war-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology including emotion regulation processes, namely experiential avoidance (EA) and uncompassionate self-responding (USR), mediating the impact of childhood threat memories, combat exposure distress, combat and noncombat threats, and peritraumatic depersonalization/derealization (PDD) on PTSD symptomatology. Method A sample of 650 male Portuguese Overseas War veterans filled self-report instruments. Results The model explained 59% of the variance of PTSD symptomatology. Both EA and USR mediated the effects of noncombat threats and PDD on PTSD. Additionally, EA mediated combat exposure distress and USR mediated childhood threat memories. Combat exposure distress, combat and noncombat threats, and PDD showed direct effects on PTSD symptomatology. Conclusion The findings help to better understand the relationship between predictive factors of war-related PTSD in clinical and research settings, providing novel insights on the effects of combat exposure distress, and the different effects of combat and noncombat-related threats on PTSD.
The constraints imposed by the pandemic COVID-19 increased the risks of the disruption of supply chains, bringing new challenges to companies. These effects were felt more intensely in less-developed countries, which are highly dependent on imports of products and raw materials. This study aims to assess the impact of supply chain resilience in a less-developed country (Guinea-Bissau) using complex adaptive system theory. We used a qualitative methodology through multiple case studies. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four companies. The semi-structured script contains questions about supply chain disruptions, vulnerabilities and resilience. The main results show that the companies in Guinea-Bissau, due to their dependence on the outside world and the absence of formal, larger and more diversified supply chains, suffered serious consequences with the disruption imposed by the pandemic. It was also concluded that the more resilient the supply chain, the fewer the impacts of crisis events and that the resilience of companies at this level depends on their obtaining competitive advantages over their competitors. The main practical implications of this study are the need to formalize the supply chain, diversify the supply of services and products of companies dependent on the exterior, adopt metrics that allow for the early detection of situations of supply chain disruption, effectively manage stocks and promote proactive crisis resolution strategies. Studies on the impact of resilience on supply chains in crises are scarce, especially on companies located in underdeveloped countries.
The development of Design as a discipline in Portugal was slow. Therefore, only in the ‘80s, visual culture was implemented through Communication Design. Its rises were just at the beginning of the twentieth century, which constrain the identification of Communication Design as a specific field of Design, isolated from other areas of knowledge such as Advertising. Communication Design is strategic to conveying messages in a world that converges on visual culture. Its role in society is to facilitate informational and cognitive processes that enhance the human being’s physical, neurological, and psychological behavior and the connection established with objects, others, and the world. The messages’ interpretations are anchored on symbolic representations that compose collective memories, i.e., shared social construction derived from social representations validated by media and social systems. This chapter aims to explore how social representations influence perceptions of Design. We conducted an exploratory study based on the Free Word Association Test with Design students was implemented to put the analysis forward. The main conclusions refer to a central design association for Advertising, and peripheral associations for Marketing, forms of expression, and Design and media products.
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182 members
Helena Amaral Espirito Santo
  • Department of Research and Development
Ana Galhardo
  • Program in Psychology
Sonia Guadalupe
  • Department of Research and Development
Laura Lemos
  • Program in Psychology
Sónia Carvalho Simões
  • Program in Psychology
Largo da Cruz de Celas, nº1, 3000-132, Coimbra, Portugal
Head of institution
Carlos Amaral Dias
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