Fordham University
  • New York City, NY, United States
Recent publications
Dōgen has been described as a social reformer based on his more “enlightened” attitude towards women, inviting women students into his sangha and advocating for more egalitarian views of gender (Eido Frances Carney, Receiving the Marrow: Teachings on Dōgen by Soto Zen Women Priests (2012), p. xi). In this chapter, I describe how contemporary Western Zen women and their allies have understood Dōgen’s texts as a tool of personal and social transformation through examination of work by Zen practitioners such as Greenwood’s Bow First (2018), Carney’s Receiving the Marrow (2012), Schireson’s Zen Women (2009), and Glassman and Fields’ Instructions to the Cook (1996). In particular, I posit that Zen women have expressed the practical nature of Dōgen’s philosophy for contemporary non-monastics, showing how to de-center oneself through full participation in the activity of the world. This is in contrast to self-centered preoccupation with individual enlightenment or spiritual attainment. Paradoxically, it is the fact that women have often been confined to social roles that prevent their separation from the minutiae of everyday life that allows them to embody Dōgen’s dictum to “forget the self and be actualized by myriad things.”
Under the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) seven-decade mandate, Afghan refugees have faced some of the largest and most protracted experiences with forced displacement. This intergenerational exposure to forced migration has had innumerable consequences for the mental health of this population across different stages of their displacement. Afghan refugees who have resettled into Western nations face a unique set of challenges as they must navigate resettlement into societies that are linguistically, culturally, and spiritually distinct from their own backgrounds. This systematic review explores the (a) effectiveness and (b) cultural adaptation of interventions that have addressed the mental health of Afghan refugees resettled into Western countries since the year 2000. This systematic review will employ the Cultural Treatment Adaptation Framework (CTAF) to organize the extent of cultural adaptations. Through the systematic search of four databases, 1709 studies emerged from our search terms, seven of which met the criteria for this review, for example, study includes more than 2/3 Afghan participants; study includes outcome variables. Studies included programs in Germany, Serbia, Sweden, and Austria. The most common outcomes that interventions addressed included posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ( n = 5), depression ( n = 3), and quality of life ( n = 3). Program modalities ranged between Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ( n = 4), emotion regulation ( n = 1), family therapy ( n = 1), and multimodal interventions ( n = 2). Most studies only incorporated peripheral changes to interventions in the service of cultural adaptation, and only one intervention included core changes. This program reported the highest effect sizes in reducing PTSD and depressive symptoms when compared with the rest of the studies. These findings provide a direction for future studies as they consider whether the extent of cultural adaptations can influence the effectiveness of programs for Afghan refugee populations. We provide recommendations for mental health practice with this population, including a special attention to the role of daily stressors, the significance of faith and culture-based meaning making in the service of coping, and the salience of isolation.
Integrating the literature on talent management and teams, and drawing upon the signaling theory as the overarching framework, we investigated the moderated indirect effects of talent inducements on employee creativity via employee work engagement in teams. Empirical data from matched leader-members indicated that team talent inducement was positively related to member work engagement, which was then positively associated with team and member creativity. In addition, individual learning and performance-approach goal orientation positively moderated this indirect relationship, whereas individual performance-avoidance goal orientation negatively moderated this indirect relationship. Together, these results illuminate a cross-level influence process of team talent inducements on creativity and individual goal orientations as boundary conditions. 摘 摘要 要 本文整合人才管理和团队的相关文献, 以信号理论为总体框架, 研究了人才激励通过员工工作投入对 团队和成员创造力的间接效应, 以及团队成员的目标导向在这一中介效应中的调节作用。来自350份 领导-成员配对问卷的实证数据表明, 团队人才激励与成员工作投入正相关, 工作投入与团队创造力 和成员创造力正相关。个人学习目标导向加强、但绩效目标导向削弱了这种间接关系, 而个人绩效 回避目标导向也削弱了这种间接关系。这些研究结果表明了团队人才激励对团队和成员创造力的跨 层次影响机制和作用边界。
Gadamer’s On the Relevance of the Beautiful makes telling reference to musical improvisation and the importance of musical listening in addition to foregrounding the need for justification (here including reference to musicological readings of Plato). Situating this discussion via Goethe and Plato along with Adorno’s late 1950s lectures on Aesthetics together with a discussion of Nietzsche and antiquity, what is at stake is attunement and a tension which invites a discussion of Anne Carson on the lover’s arrest and Heidegger on tarrying. By reviewing Gadamer’s hermeneutic of musical programming and performance, including improvisation and the challenge of new music, Gadamer may be read on music culture in the context of social culture and thus the so-called ‘culture industry,’ together with his reflection not only via Plato and Goethe but also Hölderlin and Rilke on ‘the beautiful.’ At work is a cultural ‘conversation’ including the dynamic of response emergent in the energeia of improvisation for performer and listener.
The Asian immigrant population is the fourth largest immigrant population in the United States, and its parenting stress issues have been consistently recognized in previous studies. However, little attention has been paid to neighborhood-level factors and their parenting stress. Using the Study of Asian American Families and 2016 American Community Survey 5-year estimates, this study examined the association between neighborhood structural indexes and Asian immigrant parents’ parenting stress, along with the mechanism driving the relationship. We found that cultural orientation and social support fully mediated the effects of economic disadvantages on parenting stress among Asian immigrant parents. Only cultural orientation mediated the direct effects of ethnic heterogeneity on Asian parents’ parenting stress. Improving Asian immigrants’ living environment, including economic status and ethnic diversity, would be critical to relieve the parenting stress of Asian immigrant families. Interventions and preventions to increase social support, and inform cultural orientation and acculturation are emphasized.
This essay takes its point of departure from a post-Nietzschean reading of Kant and the limits of logic and critique. The focus is on science, particularly chemistry and alchemy via mercurial cinnabar (HgS), to this day the primary source of elemental mercury. Seeking to raise the question of science as Nietzsche names it along with the question of truth, this essay undertakes to raise the question of historiography in science, using the illustration of alchemy.
Accurate prediction of Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, and Toxicity(ADMET) properties is crucial for drug discovery and development. However, existing computational models for ADMET predictions often lack generalizability and robustness. In this paper, we deployed a Combinatorial Fusion Analysis (CFA) to enhance the performance of ADMET models. Utilizing ADMET benchmark datasets on Therapeutics Data Commons (TDC), we conduct a comprehensive evaluation against traditional and state-of-the-art models. CFA models show superior performance compared to most of the individual models. The CFA model architecture and the performance of CFA models on TDC and other internal datasets are discussed. This significant enhancement suggests that CFA is a viable tool for improving ADMET model performance, promising faster and more cost-effective drug development pipelines. The code and models trained are available on GitHub at
The residual heteroscedasticity (RH) model is a recently popularized asymmetric model that aims to model complex item response behavior. In this paper, we probe the conditions under which the existing form of the RH model does not guarantee monotonic boundary response functions (BRFs), a necessary condition for ensuring at least ordinal-level measurement. We derive the conditions under which RH BRFs are not monotonic and we use this result to propose a Bayesian computational strategy that enforces monotonicity. Through real and simulated data illustrations, we demonstrate that failures of monotonicity occur in real data and that our proposed computational solution effectively enforces monotonicity and yields accurate item parameter estimates. Finally, we demonstrate that any IRT model developed by specifying a residual variance function is likely to encounter similar issues with monotonicity. We recommend our reparameterization for both data generation in simulation studies and for fitting the RH model to real data.
I offer a new, limited solution to divine hiddenness based on a particular epistemic paradox: sometimes, agents knowing about a desired outcome or relevant features of that desired outcome would prevent the outcome in question from occurring. I call these cases epistemically self-defeating situations. This solution, in essence, says that divine hiddenness or silence is a necessary feature of at least some morally excellent or desirable states of affairs. Given the nature of the paradox, an omniscient being cannot completely eliminate hiddenness, just as an omnipotent being cannot create a rock so heavy that they cannot lift it. Epistemically self-defeating situations provide an undercutting defeater for the assumption that any nonresistant nonbeliever could always , at any time, be in conscious relationship with a perfectly loving God. Thankfully, silence is a temporary feature of epistemically self-defeating situations: once the outcome is achieved, agents can know in full.
While Republicans enjoyed unified control of the national government during the 1920s, scandals involving executive patronage and GOP state bosses in the South dogged the national party throughout the decade. The Republican Party in the South had been a set of “rotten boroughs” for decades, used by national politicians—especially presidents—for the sole purpose of controlling delegates at the Republican National Convention. This patronage-for-delegates arrangement was generally understood among political elites, but the murder-suicide involving a U.S. postmaster in Georgia in April 1928 brought the Southern GOP’s patronage practices to national light. This forced Republican leaders in an election year to call for a Senate investigation. Chaired by Sen. Smith W. Brookhart (R-IA), the committee investigation lasted for eighteen months, covered portions of two Republican presidential administrations, and showed how state GOP leaders in Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas engaged in office selling. The fallout would be a thorn in the side of President Herbert Hoover, who tried to clean up the corrupt GOP organizations in the South—and build an electorally-viable Republican Party in the ex-Confederate states—but largely failed.
At the founding of the social work profession, social workers were human rights defenders who sought justice for the people they worked with by advocating for societal reforms and helping people manage everyday challenges in their lives. This book presents a human rights-based approach toward justice in social work practice that is in line with its roots and the intentions of social work’s founders. A rights-based approach seeks to transform societies by creating systems of care premised on respect and dignity for all, always. This approach requires the full participation of impacted individuals and communities to create systems supportive of human rights and economic, social, and environmental justice. Readers will be challenged to think critically about the social infrastructure we have built, who benefits from it, who doesn’t, and how it perpetuates inequities. Justice is framed as the realization of one’s human rights. Using case examples and exercises, readers are guided on implementing and integrating a rights-based approach to justice in their social work practice.
The post-COVID landscape has unearthed a mental health epidemic in the United States that suggests many people are struggling with anxiety, depression, addiction, trauma, grief, and fear. Perhaps now more than ever, wise, compassionate, grounded clinicians are needed to accompany children, adolescents, adults, groups, couples, and families through challenging life experiences. However, with the increase in care needed, mental health clinicians are at increased risk of experiencing compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress. This book is an updated, much needed concise guide to preventing and limiting acute and chronic secondary stress in mental health professionals and encouraging and expanding experiences of resiliency, self-awareness, mindfulness, and growth. Informed by positive psychology and infused with compassion and wisdom, this book will encourage clinicians to find, nurture, and maintain the sense of deep perspective needed to be professionally useful and that leads to personal growth.
A growing body of research recognizes the impact of gender on social movement activity. Yet, far less attention has focused on the deployment of repressive methods in a gendered manner. The study contributes to comparative politics literature by proposing a typology of repression. At the start of mass mobilization, state authorities tend to invoke patriarchal norms to ridicule and stigmatize activists. Next, the coercive apparatus targets protesters through the use of psychological intimidation, physical violence, and sexual violence, as well as legal and economic repression. At the end of protests, the police resort to debasement and dehumanization of jailed protesters in a gendered manner. Drawing on the case of Belarus, one of the most restrictive political regimes in Europe, the study illustrates how repressive methods are gendered throughout different phases of mass mobilization. The study seeks to expand our understanding of various ways in which individuals are subject to repression.
Intergenerational conflict is endemic and has substantial individual, familial, and societal consequences. However, few studies discussed the influences of the neighborhood environment on intergenerational conflicts among Asian immigrant families. To fill this research gap, the proposed study examined links among neighborhood environment, cultural orientation, parenting stress, social support, and intergenerational conflicts. Two datasets were used in this secondary data analysis: 2011–2017 Study of Asian American Families (SAAF) and the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates (N = 849). Structural equation model was conducted. Findings suggested that cultural orientation, social support, and parenting stress fully mediated the influences from the neighborhood environment on Intergenerational conflict in Asian immigrant families.
Making use of theoretical insights from “History of the Book” scholarship, this paper examines the way in which Mkhit‘ar of Sebastia made use of paratexts (title pages, frontispieces, dedications, epigraphs, prefaces, illustrations, headings, epilogues, appendices, etc.) in his ‘publishing mission’ (to use Sahak Djemdjemian’s appelation) to shape readerly taste and influence the way in which his books were read, received, and interpreted. Through introductory poems, illustrations, and playful word games, he presented himself as a second Mashtots and his own students like the famous 5th-c. disciples of that vardapet, who were meant to transmit and create in the same Armenian Christian literary tradition, under the aegis of the Roman Catholic Church.
Let L be a negative holomorphic line bundle over an \((n-1)\)-dimensional complex torus D. Let h be a Hermitian metric on L such that the curvature form of the dual Hermitian metric defines a flat Kähler metric on D. Then h is unique up to scaling, and, for some closed tubular neighborhood V of the zero section \(D \subset L\), the form \(\omega _h = -(n+1)i\partial {\overline{\partial }} \log (-{\log h})\) defines a complete Kähler–Einstein metric on \(V \setminus D\) with \(\textrm{Ric}(\omega _h) = -\omega _h\). In fact, \(\omega _h\) is complex hyperbolic, i.e., the holomorphic sectional curvature of \(\omega _h\) is constant, and \(\omega _h\) has the usual doubly-warped cusp structure familiar from complex hyperbolic geometry. In this paper, we prove that if U is another closed tubular neighborhood of the zero section and if \(\omega \) is a complete Kähler–Einstein metric with \(\textrm{Ric}(\omega ) = -\omega \) on \(U \setminus D\), then there exist a Hermitian metric h as above and a \(\delta \in \mathbb {R}^+\) such that \(\omega - \omega _{h} = {O}(e^{-\delta \sqrt{-{\log h}}})\) to all orders with respect to \(\omega _h\) as \(h \rightarrow 0\). This rate is doubly exponential in the distance from a fixed point, and is sharp.
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Subha Mani
  • Department of Economics
Petr V Shibaev
  • Department of Physics
Mathias Klang
  • Communication and Media Studies
Dean Mckay
  • Department of Psychology
James D Lewis
  • Department of Biological Sciences
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