Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Recent publications
Many highlights from Tektology: Universal Organizational Science by A. Bogdanov are projected onto the concepts of modern systemic thinking according to systemic economic theory. The concepts of space by Aristotle, I. Newton, A. Einstein and A. Bogdanov are compared; the place of Bogdanov's school in modern systemic discourse is clarified. A generalised subject human life sphere structural model, which makes it possible to describe in a unified manner the processes of cognition and creation of spiritual and material human world, is proposed. Due to this, all types of internal and external factors that stimulate these processes become possible to be included in the process of analysing creation and functioning of economic systems. Bogdanov's concept of ingression as a connection of socio‐economic space–time allows us to formulate a hypothesis about four universal types of system genesis factors and determine guidelines for harmonious development of economy and society in the foreseeable future.
The demand in the educational community for the procedures of professional-public and international accreditation puts on the agenda a series of issues, including the urgent need for: conducting professional-public accreditation to demonstrate to the public the degree of conjugation of educational programs being implemented with its requests, which form the basis for the formation of admission control figures; conducting international accreditation of educational programs to attract foreign contingent, including as one of the sources of funding; determination of educational programs for accreditation procedures and determination of the readiness of their leaders and the educational organization as a whole to conduct such procedures; the choice of an accrediting organization, the principles of which are harmonized with the values of the educational organization. Kazan State Agrarian University, which has set itself ambitious goals in the field of improving the quality of education and demonstrating its readiness and potential to solve them, successfully passed the procedures of professional, public and international accreditation in 2022. 26 educational programs took part in the procedures of external independent assessment of the quality of education and deservedly received a certificate of accreditation. The Russian Register Certification Association was chosen as the accrediting organization, the choice of which was determined not only by the status of the organization in the Russian and international space, but also by the principles of external evaluation in the implementation of activities and decision-making under the jurisdiction of the Agency, which ensure the promotion of quality, transparency and comparability in education, as well as independence, objectivity, professionalism, openness in conducting accreditation examinations of educational programs.
Influence of the composition of the cold cured epoxy diane resin of ED-20 brand and its modifications on the water absorption and wetting properties is studied. Organosilicon additives polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS-5, 2.5 wt%), and nano-dispersed amorphous pyrogenic silica (HDK, 0.5 wt%) were used. Industrial fillers such as Volsky sand (EN 196–1), and the slag Portland cement of grade PC 400-D20 are also applied to the epoxy binder modifications for repair and building composites. The introduction of organosilicon additives reduces significantly the water absorption. In particular, the addition of PDMS-5 reduces the water absorption by 22% in comparison with unmodified samples. Water absorption decreases by more than 30% when (PDMS-5 + HDK) gel modifier is added. The introduction of industrial fillers in various proportions and compositions increases water absorption. It is found that the contact angle of the epoxy binder is linearly dependent on the mass fraction of the curing agent. The equation of the contact angle dependence on the curing agent mass fraction sufficiently fitting the experimental data was obtained. The introduction of PDMS-5 reduces the contact angle by 13% in the case of a metal background and 35% in the case of a concrete background. The contact angle decreases by 34% with the addition of (PDMS-5 + HDK) gel modifier in the case of metal background and decreases by 76% in the case of concrete background.
The article proposes a large-scale implementation of the LMS Moodle learning environment in the distance learning process and recommends using this resource for in-person learning. We believe that the knowledge assessment system designed for distance learning cannot be automatically applied to assessing students taught in other educational modes; it must be adapted to them. The research aimed to study the assessment issues in the Moodle environment and to develop a methodology for using it to assess the knowledge of Mathematics acquired by students doing their economic bachelor’s degree. To achieve the goal, we studied scientific literature on this subject and employed pedagogical design, experiment, and student survey as research methods. As a result, we designed a monitoring and measuring system to handle mathematical knowledge assessment in LMS Moodle. In addition, we developed a procedure for mid-term assessment using this system. We believe that teachers should verify electronic testing results when evaluating students’ academic achievements in the Moodle environment. The article describes the experimental results confirming that teacher-adjusted grades show students’ knowledge level more objectively. The novelty of the study consists in developing a corrective methodology for utilizing the LMS Moodle to assess students’ knowledge of mathematics in the full-time in-person learning mode. The proposed approach can be used to assess students’ knowledge in other academic disciplines. Moreover, it can be integrated into the digital learning environment of educational institutions.
The goal of this study was to investigate the of fear of starting university training, determine its general characteristics, and test how providing psychological and motivational support for university enrollees may influence the elimination of this type of fear. The study used a random sample of 536 individuals, 268 participants each from one university in the Russian Federation and one from China, who were also randomly selected. Approximately equivalent experimental and control groups (134 people) were formed. The main experiment was conducted simultaneously for Chinese and Russian groups of participants under the same conditions. The modified Kessler psychological distress scale (K10) was used to measure fear of starting training 10 days before training and 2 days after. The experimental group received a special 7-step training to overcome fear and prepare for learning; results between groups and results before and after the start of training were compared using Student’s t -test. Test scores for each participant were tested using Pearson’s correlation to establish an association with the intervention for the majority of participants. In sum, the results of the carried out testing demonstrate a marked reduction in fear and stress after the start of training for both groups of both universities. Those students who have already experienced support show lower levels of fear of starting a course than those who have not received any help. The results of this study can be used to prepare university applicants for their future studies.
The immune inflammatory reaction is involved in the formation of structural damage in organs with low immune resistance, but the causal stages of the formation of this reaction are poorly understood. Clinicians are faced with the fact that in patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis of alcoholic etiology, a reactive inflammatory reaction is observed in the mucous membrane (MM) of the stomach and / or duodenum. This effect was the reason that experimental studies were carried out on 45 white Wistar rats weighing 180-220 g. and duodenum (DOD). For this, a classical immunization scheme was used. Rats were taken out of the experiment on days 5, 10, and 17; after autopsy, morphological studies of the pancreas, gastric mucosa, and SOD were performed. Undoubtedly, the emerging immune response of the macroorganism to damage contributes to the development of an autoimmune reaction, in response to destruction and an inflammatory reaction, as a result, structural and functional damage to its own tissues occurs. The involvement of several organs in the inflammatory reaction depends on the local immune tolerance of the organ to endoantigens. A decrease in tolerance leads to a combined pathology, the impetus for which is damage to the “primary” organ, which is not always possible to identify. At the same time, antibodies to endoantigens are formed from damaged cellular structures.
This paper presents an optimization approach—residual-based bootstrap averaging (RBBA)—for different types of forecast ensembles. Unlike traditional residual-mean-square-error-based ensemble forecast averaging approaches, the RBBA method attempts to find optimal forecast weights in an ensemble and allows for their combination into the most effective additive forecast. In the RBBA method, all the different types of forecasts obtain the optimal weights for ensemble residuals that are statistically optimal in terms of the fitness function of the residuals. Empirical studies have been conducted to demonstrate why and how the RBBA method works. The experimental results based on the real-world time series of contemporary stock exchanges show that the RBBA method can produce ensemble forecasts with good generalization ability.
The level of food security of the country should characterize, on the one hand, the degree of satisfaction of the population's need for high-quality food products, and, on the other hand, the reliability of food supply throughout its territory. Agricultural producers located in the region play a huge role in ensuring the food security of the region. Food security occupies a special place in the economic stability of the development of regions, it can be safely stated that it is food security that occupies a dominant position among other categories of economic security. The article analyses the main economic indicators of one of the representatives of the agricultural industry, assesses the effectiveness of this enterprise. One of the priority tasks of the management of the economy in the near future is to increase the volume of products and its range, which fully contributes to ensuring the food security of the region.
The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the process of digitalization of school education, the transfer of some classes to the virtual space. However, the ambiguity of the perception of the changes taking place, the high level of discussion in assessing the advantages and risks of large-scale digitalization actualizes empirical research, analysis of the opinions of the parent community. The purpose of the article is to analyze the impact of the digitalization of school education on the quality of educational services in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors used methods of generalization, classification, analysis of documents, comparative analysis. The key research method is a questionnaire survey of the population. The study was of a pilot nature and was conducted in April 2020 — the period when the pandemic provoked accelerated digitalization and, as a result, the transformation of the educational process. The risk zones for schoolchildren during the development of educational programs online are highlighted: the complication of activities, the development of stress, additional loads, a decrease in academic discipline, including the fragmentary presence or complete absence of schoolchildren in distance classes. These risks lead to a deterioration of preparation for the Unified State Exam and OGE, reduce the quality of education. The conclusion is made about the need to introduce gaming technologies, forms of psychological support to reduce the stress level of schoolchildren, the formation of accessible educational resources that provide a comfortable learning space in a distance mode. The results of the study indicate the need to strengthen the system of monitoring the educational activity of schoolchildren, which will reduce the risks of developing social and educational problems in the school environment. In conclusion, it is noted that, despite the high level of distrust of the parent community towards distance learning, digital education technologies are necessary for the transition to personalized or personality-oriented learning, but the implementation of these measures requires an integrated approach to informatization of education and transformation of the educational process.
The lack of tools for assessing employee performance when remunerating in the conditions of uncertainty and nonlinearity of the processes in the digital economy seems to be a serious multifaceted problem that needs to be solved. The article aims to develop and test a system for assessing employees to remunerate them in an uncertain socio-economic environment. Methodologically, the research relies on the synthesis of theories of management and decision-making under conditions of socio-economic uncertainty. The methods of linguistic and expert evaluation with fuzzy sets were used. The empirical evidence was in-house documentation obtained at the industrial enterprises of AO RIF Corporation (Voronezh) and in the ORS Service Desk division of the Voronezh representative office of OOO Siemens Business Services. The testing of the proposed system for evaluating employee performance justified its practical use in organizations. The research results showed that the integrated approach allows increasing the validity of managerial decision-making under socio-economic uncertainty. The developed toolkit can be used to form not only the bonus part of remuneration, but also other elements of compensation and benefits. Among its major advantages is the possibility to apply it at enterprises of all forms of ownership, which is extremely important in a competitive environment.
The article deals with the issue of economic sustainability of the subnational economy. The aim of the study is to identify tools for stabilizing the regional economy. The Russian region - the Yaroslavl Oblast - was chosen for the study. To achieve the aim, methods of correlation and regression analysis used applied. A study of the effectiveness of investments in various sectors of the economy of the Yaroslavl region has demonstrated that investments in mining and construction give the greatest profit. Modernization of production in order to increase labor productivity at the present stage will not lead to a significant increase in the profits of the economy of the Yaroslavl Oblast - it is much more efficient to invest in construction and mining.
We provide large‐scale empirical evidence on the effects of multiple governmental regulatory and health policies, vaccination, population mobility, and COVID‐19‐related Twitter narratives on the spread of a new coronavirus infection. Using multiple‐level fixed effects panel data model with weekly data for 27 European Union countries in the period of March 2020–June 2021, we show that governmental response policies were effective both in reducing the number of COVID‐19 infection cases and deaths from it, particularly, in the countries with higher level of rule of law. Vaccination expectedly helped to decrease the number of virus cases. Reductions in population mobility in public places and workplaces were also powerful in fighting the pandemic. Next, we identify four core pandemic‐related Twitter narratives: governmental response policies, people's sad feelings during the pandemic, vaccination, and pandemic‐related international politics. We find that sad feelings’ narrative helped to combat the virus spread in EU countries. Our findings also reveal that while in countries with high rule of law international politics’ narrative helped to reduce the virus spread, in countries with low rule of law the effect was strictly the opposite. The latter finding suggests that trust in politicians played an important role in confronting the pandemic.
Entropy is the concepts from the science of information must be used in the situation where undefined behaviors of the parameters are unknown. The behavior of the casual parameters representing the processes under investigation is a problem that the essay explores from many angles. The provided uniformity criterion, which was developed utilizing the maximum entropy of the metric, has high efficiency and straightforward implementation in manual computation, computer software and hardware, and a variety of similarity, recognition, and classification indicators. The tools required to automate the decision-making process in real-world applications, such as the automatic classification of acoustic events or the fault-detection via vibroacoustic methods, are provided by statistical decision theory to the noise and vibration engineer. Other statistical analysis issues can also be resolved using the provided uniformity criterion.
The purpose of the paper is to identify the factors of financial development that have the greatest impact on open innovation in 7 emerging countries. The analysis was performed featuring the MF-X-DMA method, as well as its further verification for autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity. The time period covers years from 2002 to 2020. The article states that the main indicators to improve financial development should enhance the process of bank lending and equity market development. An important area is the development of competition by providing equal access to information to all market participants in a continuously refining technical infrastructure. Regression analysis with the MF-X-DMA method confirms the statistical significance of this influence. The article fills the knowledge gap into the link between open innovations and the relatively low capitalization of the modern emerging countries’ financial market, low liquidity in small cap stocks at the financial market and concentration of the banking sector, as well as risks arising in the process of globalization. Another analysis has also been conducted by generating a novel fuzzy decision-making model. In the first stage, the determinants of open innovation-based fintech potential are weighted for the emerging economies. For this purpose, M-SWARA methodology is taken into consideration based on bipolar q-ROFSs and golden cut. The second stage of the analysis includes evaluating the emerging economies with the determinants of open innovation-based fintech potential. In this context, emerging seven countries are examined with ELECTRE methodology. It found the most significant factor is the open innovation-based fintech potential.
The quality of institutions occupies a central place in the set of non-economic factors influencing macroeconomic dynamics and the development of financial markets. This quality is largely shaped by objective factors that accompany the historical process. Therefore, this study focuses on the driving forces of this process and how they affect the quality of institutions. It is shown that the main such force or source of institutional change is culture, interpreted in a broad sense, which includes not only that accumulated at different stages of the historical process relevant heritage, but also behavioral attitudes and value beliefs prevailing in society that affect decision-making. The thesis about the importance of culture as a source of formation of the quality of national institutions and a factor of sustainable economic dynamics is substantiated through the example of specific historical events. Underestimation of this conditionality often prioritizes economic policy goals of financial development without due consideration and assessment of institutional constraints. This factor in macroeconomic decision-making is mainly characteristic of emerging market economies. At the same time, the results of research in recent decades indicate that the impact of financial development on macroeconomic dynamics is positive and strong in conditions of high-quality institutions. This allows the article to assess the role of finance and the quality of institutions differently in the set of state economic policy priorities. As applied to individual countries with obvious deficiencies in the institutional environment, this study, referring to historical experience and modern empirical material, puts forward and substantiates the thesis that ensures a high quality of institutions is the most important priority of transforming financial development into a factor of positive and sustainable economic growth.
In this article marketing strategies of smartphone manufacturers are investigated from the position of influence on the Russian market conditions. The underlying goal of the research is to develop a variant of the transition of the Russian smartphone market to growth. In order to achieve this goal the following objectives were set and solved: to illustrate changes in the alignment of forces in the market since the beginning of the SMO, to analyze Porter’s forces pressure on manufacturers, to offer marketing strategies for key players in the new conditions. The developed version of the transition of the smartphone market to growth involves updating the relationship of smartphone manufacturers with their suppliers and their competitive strategies, as a result of which the brands’ products will cover the needs of all major consumer segments.
General aspects which relate to intensive use of artificial intelligence in banking sector are discussed in this article. Main advantages and risks of implementation of digital products in the practical activities of banks are also indicated. Furthermore, the influence of digitalization and modernization of existing products on this process is shown. The main examples of successful replacement of the previously used programs and methods of work with innovative modern technologies are highlighted.
In the article, the authors review and analyze statistical data and developed international instruments of the UN system organizations on adaptation to adverse climate changes. Based on forecasts of global climate changes and natural emergencies generated by the “Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation” on the Russian territory, as well as the provisions of and the Sendai Framework Program, the authors presents the measures to prevent the risks of natural disasters is proposed.
Purpose : the article defines modern approaches to establishing a balance between digital transformation and the social responsibility of the state and business based on identifying trends and principles for introducing digital technologies into human life, taking into account the priority of social responsibility. Methods : the study is based on a systematic approach to the digital transformation of society. Within the framework of this approach, the use of the achievements of scientific and technological progress is considered: in public administration – for the purpose of breakthrough development of the country and the interconnected solution of socio-economic problems; in the business sphere – to improve the quality of economic activity and strengthen competitive benefits. Results : a review of the current state of the digitalizing society, the demand for digital services and satisfaction with the quality of their receipt, the readiness of Russian regions to provide electronic public services. The trends of digital transformation of public administration and the stages of evolution of digital maturity of the state are revealed. It is emphasized that the successful solution of the issues of the digital agenda by the state becomes a stimulating factor in the digital development of business structures. The analysis of digital trends in the business environment has shown their conjugacy with the digitalization of public administration in the presence of a number of differences. The key role of company management in promoting the ideology of digital transformation is noted. Since the use of digital technologies, along with positive effects, can pose a threat to human security, the preservation of his rights and freedom, it becomes necessary to use the concept of social responsibility in carrying out digital transformations of society. The principles of social responsibility in carrying out digital transformations are defined. Conclusions and Relevance : the processes of digital transformation have firmly entered into all spheres of society. Despite the technological nature, digital development should take place in the logic of a humanistic approach. It is based on the principles of morality, recognition of the inviolability of human rights, with the emphasis on the importance of social responsibility of all actors of digital transformation. At the same time, Russia should build its own model of digital transformation based on respect for dignity, freedom and human rights guaranteed by the Constitution.
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1,851 members
Dmitry Burakov
  • Financial markets and banks
Georgy Ganchenko
  • Laboratory of Micro- and Nanoscale Electro- and Hydrodynamics
Galina Vasiljevna Mozhaeva
  • Institute of Online Education
Igor Georgievich Shandra
  • Department of Applied Mathematics
Alexey Mikhaylov
  • Department of Financial markets and Financial Engineering
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Moscow, Russia
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Mikhail Eskindarov
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www.fa.ru