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    ABSTRACT: The early modern male body has traditionally been seen as a fixed, stable and dominant norm against which the imperfect female body was measured. By contrast, this paper examines the equivocal male body through a close reading of four cases of alleged hermaphroditism spanning the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It argues that the embodiment of masculinity was as ambiguous and culturally resonant as its female counterpart. The early modern male body was replete with uncertainties that were deeply connected to anxieties about paternity, legitimacy and patriarchal society. Measuring and defining the male body was a difficult task and the male body could prove to be as opaque and secretive as the female.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · History Workshop Journal
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    ABSTRACT: This article explores the obstacles faced by the female medical expert in the early modern courtroom through a close reading of three case studies: Marie Garnier, expert midwife tried for false testimony in 1665, and Angélique Perrotin and Barbe-Françoise D'Igard, accused of false accusation of rape and infant substitution, respectively, in the 1730s. The difficulties of determining the veracity of the corporeal signs of a crime were particularly acute with regard to the reproductive female body, which was perceived to be less reliable than its male counterpart. The ability of the female medical expert to accurately and truthfully interpret such signs was also questionable, and at times she seems to have been as much "on trial" as the bodies of those she examined.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Bulletin of the history of medicine
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    ABSTRACT: As a result of the incomplete English conquest, the relationship between the English in Ireland (the Anglo-Irish) and the native Irish is a major theme in the history of Ireland in the later middle ages. Since these connections were negotiated locally rather than centrally, each relationship is as individual as the Anglo-Irish lords and Irish leaders who negotiated them. This article explores the relationships between the Desmond Geraldines and two Irish dynasties which maintained semi-autonomous kingdoms to the north and southwest of the earldom of Desmond: the Uí Bhriain (O'Briens) and the Mic Charthaigh (Mac Carthys). The Desmond Geraldines developed relationships not just with the ruling lines but also with cadet branches of these dynasties. The connections which formed between the Desmond Geraldines and these Irish lineages demonstrate several of the key types of relationships which developed throughout Ireland as well as indicating the importance these associations played in both maintaining and disrupting the stability of the English lordship in Ireland.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Journal of Medieval History
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