Corporacion Universitaria Minuto de Dios
Recent publications
Companies have been evolving in their processes and adapting to the demands of the market, it can be seen during the last decade that especially SMEs have been applying different techniques and strategies in their management, however microenterprises are a little behind and even more so by the current situation of the economy. This research was carried out in order to analyze the main deficiencies in the organizational management of micro enterprises as specifically in Bogotá Colombia. This study is descriptive with a qualitative approach, since it seeks to know the causes of the difficulties in growth and sustenance in the market, a direct observation work is carried out with entrepreneurs through 12 focus group, the type of sampling is aleatorior, the area of greater business concentration of the city is taken as a reference, to know more precisely the activities that entrepreneurs perform in their businesses, a semi-structured survey of 35 questions oriented to know the functions related to the administration is applied to 120 microentrepreneurs. The results show the lack of projection and therefore the management of the same is focused on the daily activities of the establishment, also there is no awareness in the administrative, accounting and financial management, specifically in legalization and formalization, cost management, inventories, tax evasion among others. A training plan is proposed as a continuation of the project as a strategy to strengthen the organizational management of microenterprises.
Campus crisis management remains an understudied topic in the context of COVID‐affected higher education. In this paper, we contrasted the ability to tame the wicked problems brought by the pandemic of COVID‐19 in private and public universities in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Colombia, India, Kazakhstan, Uganda, and Ukraine. The cross‐country analysis and diversity of institutional types allowed us to consider a wide range of challenges faced by academic leaders and their institutions during the global pandemic. By drawing on institutional policy reviews and interviews with university administrators, we have examined tensions between the human and institutional agencies on these crisis‐stricken campuses given differing institutional coupling, sizes, resources, and missions. The focus on agential co‐dependencies and institutional coupling lays the ground for conceptualizing campus crisis management as a culturally specific construct in the context of higher education affected by the global pandemic.
El objetivo de este estudio es desarrollar un cuestionario de autoinforme que contribuya a la exploración del perdón y autoperdón en parejas separadas que ejercen la coparentalidad. En cuanto a la metodología, se plantea un estudio cuantitativo, de validación de un instrumento. La muestra de 190 adultos que presentaron separación de unión marital de hecho o matrimonio en los últimos 10 años; y ejercían la coparentalidad con hijos menores de edad. Se realizó análisis factorial y cálculo de Alpha de Cronbach. Como principales resultados, el instrumento muestra que el Alpha de Cronbach de 0.8877, y el análisis factorial confirmatorio realizado con los datos del instrumento evidenció la presencia de cuatro dimensiones de perdón - autoperdón, resentimiento, culpabilidad y adaptación. En conclusión, el instrumento reflejando una buena consistencia interna general y por cada ítem, además, se identificaron factores cuyas preguntas están acordes con sus conceptos de perdón y autoperdón.
The purpose of this study is to identify the variables that determine the impact that social responsibility has on students at Colombian university. The sample consists of 2699 students, of which, 291 subjects are taken as sample units selected under stratified sampling by optimal allocation. The generalized statistical model of location, scale, and shape is applied. The results show that the variable that has the greatest impact on social responsibility practices has a negative value. This variable is characterized by the university’s lack of interest in bolstering active participation of students in society. It is concluded that this type of neglect should be addressed with more emphasis in order to enhance guidelines that regulate social responsibility practices in higher education institutions.
The main objective of the present study is to characterize the experiences of teachers in training during their pedagogical practice when applying reflexive practice. The sample consists of teachers in training enrolled in two different physical education degree programs from the city of Bogotá (Colombia). The methodology is narrative, qualitative, and descriptive. The analysis techniques applied are structured interview and content analysis. The results show that the most significant theoretical categories are course objectives, content development, planning, and reflection on practice. It is concluded that experiences in pedagogical practice are related to: 1) professional training, since it links theory, confidence, and resolution of unforeseen events; 2) reflective capacity to develop critical and self-critical thinking; and 3) social actors immersed in education that reflect on teaching tasks.
Este artículo pretende analizar la evolución de la didáctica de lenguaje en Colombia durante los siglos XX y XXI, reconociendo los cambios y el avance que ha tenido a partir de la ley General de Educación de 1994. Luego de realizar el recorrido documental y analizar varias investigaciones, las cuales permitieron defnir las diferentes características, en función de los componentes de: lectura, escritura, oralidad, literatura, ciudadanía y las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. Lo que permitió proyectar los retos que tienen los docentes, los estudiantes, la escuela y el estado en la resignifcación de la didáctica del lenguaje en Colombia. Para lo cual, se utilizó el método cualitativo que permite la recolección y revisión de los datos, basado en la lectura y un estudio de la documentación seleccionada. Esta acción le otorga a esta investigación un enfoque metodológico histórico - hermenéutico, lo cual permite realizar un análisis interpretativo de las fuentes recolectadas. Finalmente, se logra identifcar que la evolución de la didáctica del lenguaje en Colombia, en su mayoría, está condicionada al diseño de secuencias didácticas, por esta razón se convierte en un gran desafío para todos los que participan en el ejercicio de la educación, los cuales deberían asumir la tarea de motivar, promover y concientizar a los estudiantes, en la participación activa del aprendizaje signifcativo a través de actividades orientadas en los componentes del lenguaje para cada ciclo formativo, a fn de que sean de gran importancia para cada uno de los estudiantes según el grado.
Introducción: El Coeficiente Intelectual (CI) bajo, se ha asociado con dificultades en diferentes ámbitos de la vida, entre ellos el rendimiento académico. Esta asociación suele no ser detectada hasta etapas tardías y puede presentarse en estudiantes universitarios. Objetivo: Este estudio buscó determinar la fuerza de asociación entre el CI y el rendimiento académico en un grupo de estudiantes de primer semestre, del programa de psicología de una universidad privada en el departamento de Sucre Colombia. Materiales y Método: se realizó una investigación de tipo correlacional, transversal, con una muestra no probabilística compuesta por 114 estudiantes. El CI se evaluó con la prueba WAIS-IV y se analizó su correlación (rho de Spearman) con las calificaciones de los estudiantes en las diferentes asignaturas cursadas en el semestre de 2018-I. Resultados: Se encontró que el 39% de los estudiantes se ubica en el rango de inteligencia limítrofe y el 1% en el rango de discapacidad intelectual. Pudo apreciarse una correlación positiva baja (p≤.05) entre el CI y cuatro de las seis asignaturas cursadas, así como con el promedio académico global de los estudiantes. Conclusión: Los bajos resultados obedecen a aspectos culturales y no a la prevalencia de un detrimento intelectual. Lo anterior confirma la necesidad de implementar medidas con escalas adaptadas y programas de educación congruentes desde lo cultural para este tipo de población en las instituciones de educación superior del país.
Las prácticas lúdicas familiares en el aprendizaje de la lectura y escritura en estudiantes del grado primero RESUMEN. El presente artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio cualitativo en Colombia, de alcance correlacional descriptivo y con diseño de investigación-acción sobre la influencia de las prácticas educativas en el hogar a la hora de hacer las tareas escolares con los niños. Se tuvo como propósito determinar la influencia de las prácticas lúdicas que emplea la familia para el fortalecimiento de los procesos de lectura y escritura en los estudiantes del grado primero de la Institución Educativa Antonio Nariño sede La Cooperativa, del departamento del Meta. Las categorías que direccionaron el estudio son Estrategia de orientación familiar, Procesos lectoescritores, Prácticas lúdicas familiares, Relación padres e hijos y Estrategias lúdicas. La muestra correspondió a 12 participantes entre ellos 6 estudiantes y 6 padres de familia para un total de 12 participantes. Los instrumentos de recolección de información fueron la observación participante, entrevista semiestructurada, materiales y artefactos, y grupo de enfoque. El análisis de la información se realizó bajo la triangulación. Los resultados arrojan que los padres suelen utilizar los mismos métodos con los cuales aprendieron como el método silábico, el uso de la cartilla Nacho y el cuaderno ferrocarril. Por tanto, requieren de ayuda pedagógica que les permitan aplicar estrategias lúdicas en el hogar que incentiven el aprendizaje de sus hijos. Se recomienda mantener la legitimidad de la voz de las familias en torno a sus prácticas parentales, sin escatimar sus niveles de formación, antecedentes, limitantes o cualquier otra característica.
This paper presents a new modeling approach for masonry-infilled, reinforced concrete (RC) frames, based on the nonlinear truss analogy. The unreinforced masonry infill walls are modeled with truss cells containing horizontal, vertical and inclined elements. Zero-length macroelements are also used to account for the localized damage on mortar joints. The frame members are modeled with a recently proposed scheme that can account for inelastic response and can capture the effect of shear damage and failure of RC columns. The modeling approach is validated through analysis of experimentally tested masonry-infilled frames, and its capability in capturing the strength and damage patterns is evaluated. A sensitivity study is also provided, to elucidate the impact of several model parameters on the obtained analytical results.
(1) Background: Olive in Colombia is not a traditional crop, but in the Andean Region, ancient olive trees are widespread. The area is characterized by a climate condition with a high intensity of UV rays and meteoric events that negatively affect the olive grown. In this work, changes in the soil of olive trees subjected to different pruning will be established. (2) Methods: Olive trees of 2-years-old were cultivated in Boyacá (Colombia). Trees were pruned into a vase shape, globe shape, and natural shape. Physical, chemical, and biological soil analyses were carried out. (3) Results: In the olive tree, V and G pruning significantly increase the P content in the soil compared to NS, and these pruning forms reduce the OOC significantly in the rhizosphere soil by 87.5% and 78.3%, respectively. In all conditions, the roots established an association with Arbuscular Mycorhizal Fungi and stimulated the presence of other microorganisms, despite the trees being more vegetative than productive in this latitude. (4) Conclusions: The results of the study indicate that, in Colombian conditions, the pruning does not affect the rhizospheric soil conditions.
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase in the behavior of self-medication (SM). Given the massive release of misleading information during the pandemic, some pharmacies recommend drugs such as ivermectin, azithromycin, and hydroxychloroquine that are not useful for preventing or treating COVID-19 and could expose patients to unnecessary adverse drug reactions (ADRs), drug-drug interactions (DDIs), disease masking, and antibiotic resistance. Rationale SM with drugs advertised for COVID-19 can have consequences, and people should be aware of approved uses, potential contraindications, and ADRs. Thus, the aim of this study was to know the drug therapies including natural products and homeopathic drugs offered by Colombian pharmaceutical establishments for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, as well as the information provided on the safe use of the product. Methods An observational, cross-sectional mystery shopping study was carried out to determine the pharmaceutical alternatives for the management of COVID-19 offered by pharmaceutical establishments (drugstores, pharmacies, homeopathic pharmacies, and nutritional supplements stores) in Colombia, and information related to the safe use of the product. The study included 482 pharmaceutical establishments from 16 Colombian departments. Data collection was done through telephone calls to each of the establishments following an interview protocol pretending to be a patient who presents symptoms related to COVID-19. Results About 57.3% (276) of the establishments recommended a product for the treatment of COVID-19 infection, 66.6% (321) asked whether the caller had COVID-19 symptoms and what they are, and 44.2% (213) suggested taking a COVID-19 test. Of 59 drugs suggested by pharmacies, the most recommended were azithromycin, ivermectin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and ASA (aspirin). From the establishments that recommended a product, dosage was indicated in 85.5% (236) of the pharmaceutical establishments and 14.5% (40) of the establishments reported the most common adverse effects of this substance. About 9.4% (26) of the establishments reported possible interactions of the recommended drugs and substances with food, beverages, or supplements.Conclusion: Pharmaceutical establishments in Colombia seem to have significantly contributed to self-medication for COVID-19 in Colombia during the pandemic. This behavior is inappropriate, since the mild forms of the disease do not have a specific treatment. Plain Language Summary Self-medication induced by pharmaceutical establishments in Colombia during the COVID-19 pandemic Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase in the behavior of self-medication (SM). Given the massive release of misleading information during the pandemic, some pharmacies recommend drugs such as ivermectin, azithromycin, hydroxychloroquine among others, which are not useful for preventing or treating COVID-19 and could expose patients to unnecessary side effects and interactions with other medications. People should be aware of the approved and non-approved uses, and potential side effects of these drugs. Rationale: The aim of this study was to know the drugs, including natural products and homeopathic drugs, offered by Colombian pharmaceutical establishments for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, as well as the information provided on the safe use of the product. Methods: The study was done using the mystery shopping method, collecting data through telephone calls to each of the establishments by a trained individual pretending to be a patient with COVID-19 symptoms. The study included 482 pharmaceutical establishments from 16 Colombian departments. Results: Of 59 drugs suggested by pharmacies, the most recommended were azithromycin, ivermectin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin. The recommended dose was indicated in 85.5% (236) of the pharmaceutical establishments, and 14.5% (40) of them reported the most common adverse effects of the recommended product. About 9.4% (26) of the establishments reported possible interactions of the recommended drugs and substances with food, beverages, or supplements. Conclusion: The majority of the pharmaceutical establishments included in the study promoted inadequate self-medication for COVID-19 in Colombia during the pandemic.
El presente artículo emerge de la convocatoria 872 del Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología de Colombia Min-Ciencias del 2020 en el marco del proyecto promoción de entornos protectores, fundamentados en las prácticas pedagógicas, creación artística y cultural, como apropiación social del conocimiento para la interpretación de la reconciliación en torno a los fenómenos sociales relacionados con el conflicto armado en Iracá Meta (Colombia), el cual tiene por objetivo realizar un análisis cronológico del conflicto armado en Colombia, además de los antecedentes históricos en el marco cultural y social de las principales regiones atacadas por este nefasto flagelo, la metodología desarrollada fue la investigación narrativa dentro del paradigma cualitativo, es así como la búsqueda del preciado valor de la paz se convierte en punto de encuentro en diferentes escenarios y momentos como objetivo central de los gobiernos de turno, los mismos que a través de políticas públicas de represión e intentos de negociación con las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) y el Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) han sido protagonistas de escenarios sangrientos de la guerra cruel que por cinco décadas se ha convertido en el trasfondo del terror que subyuga a los campesinos y habitantes de las zonas periféricas del vasto territorio colombiano, a vivir realidades que atentan contra la vivencia de los derechos humanos dentro del marco de la libertad y de la paz, siendo este un factor que permea las esferas más allá de las aulas educativas, constituyéndose en un reto para los profesionales de la educación del siglo XXI en Colombia.
This paper aims to analyze the impacts of a backup agreement contract on the performance of a small agricultural producers’ citrus supply chain. A backup agreement contract, which ensures for each echelon that a quantity of products will be bought independently of real demand, is proposed to coordinate a three-echelon supply chain, aimed at improving income. After presenting an overview of the literature that shows various coordination mechanisms but no backup agreement proposals for supply chain coordination, this paper develops a decentralized three-echelon supply chain facing stochastic customer demand and includes the backup agreement as a coordination mechanism to guarantee a balanced relationship between the chain members. The model is tested in a real case study in Colombia, and a sensitivity analysis is provided. Results show that a backup agreement contract coordinates the small agricultural producers’ supply chain and improves income for each echelon, especially for the small producer. However, the economic mechanism complexity can limit coordination among echelons, mainly because of a lack of trust and consolidated supply capacity from small farmers. The foregoing requires the development of an associative structure by small producers, which is proposed as future research work.
This article describes the development and assessment of RaspyLab which is a low-cost Remote Laboratory (RL) to learn and teach programming with Raspberry Pi and Python language. The RL is composed of 16 stations or nodes that contain hardware components such as display LCD, robotic arm, temperature sensor, among others, and two modes of programming (graphical and text-based) for the students to experiment with their designed algorithms. The concept of the RL was conceived as a pedagogical tool to support the students of Engineering and Computer Science (CS) in an online learning format, given the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The laboratory has been used by (n=30) CS students during the second semester of 2020 in the subject of mathematical logic through the methodology of Problem-Based Learning (PBL). To evaluate preliminary the laboratory, it was used a survey with 3 open-ended questions and 12 closed-ended questions on a Likert scale according to the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The outcomes show a good reception of the laboratory, an enhancement of the students’ learning regarding the concepts addressed in the course, and an interest of the students for the laboratory to be included in other subjects of the curricula.
Los temas de la identidad campesina, la narrativa como investigación, la resistencia ciudadana, los procesos de pedagogías críticas, han venido teniendo cada día mayor importancia en Colombia por cuanto el país atraviesa un periodo de resignificación de sí mismo, por ello, hacer lecturas de estos temas en diferente territorios específicos brinda nuevas luces de las realidades, indignaciones y posibilidades de transformación que existen, de esta manera el presente artículo realiza un análisis de las contribuciones a la identidad campesina en los pobladores del sector de Mochuelo en la localidad de Ciudad bolívar de Bogotá, por parte de un grupo de docentes que han venido realizando prácticas pedagógicas críticas, para ello se empleó la investigación narrativa, generando un bucle discursivo entre las narraciones de los docentes, vídeos realizados por la comunidad, perspectivas freirianas y la voz del maestro Jorge Velosa como una de las voces de la resistencia campesina en Colombia.
Mammal conservation in transformed landscapes depends heavily on the role of protected areas, especially for species used by local communities both within and around these areas. We evaluated the level of representation and the magnitude of the influence of humans, via human footprint, across the range of mammals used by local communities in the Department of Cundinamarca, Colombia. We emphasised the differences of the human influence at a department scale and inside Protected Areas (PA). The definition of species used by local communities refers to using a resource for its economic, religious and/or traditional value. Specifically, we addressed whether there is a difference between the magnitude of human influence inside and outside the PAs and if the impact is greater on threatened species, species with greater or lesser representation or according to their use. We found 43 species subject to use in our analysis, with low values of representation when compared with global targets ( X̄ ± CD = 10.69% ± 4.99) and with high values of vulnerability, based on the mean value of the Spatial Human Footprint Index (HSFI) (57 ± 2.74). We found a difference of 10.72 points between the average HSFI of the Department and that of the PAs ( X̄ ± CD = 10.73 ± 5.98%). This shows that the status of each species’ habitats is less impacted by human activities within PAs and that the conservation areas for all species depend largely on their presence in largely transformed landscapes. Although this seems an expected outcome, the Department of Cundinamarca is one of the less represented on PAs at a national level and has suffered from severe fragmentation; thus, our results highlight the need for improving and expanding the current PA system as most species, especially those subject to use, will depend on their existence for their conservation on the long run.
La crisis emocional generada por la pandemia del Covid-19 en estudiantes, transformó los contextos familiares, académicos, laborales y los proyectos de vida de los jóvenes escolarizados. Por esta razón este estudio pretende mostrar cómo ha afectado la pandemia las emociones, los hábitos y las prácticas de aprendizaje en estudiantes de dos universidades, durante el periodo de confinamiento por causa del Covid-19. La ruta metodológica se determinó desde el paradigma cuantitativo descriptivo y se aplicó una encuesta a 188 estudiantes de las dos instituciones utilizando un muestreo probabilístico. Los resultados mas imporantes dan cuenta que dentro de las afectaciones emocionales más recurrentes se encuentra el estrés derivado del encierro y recarga en tiempo dedicado al estudio y el uso constante de elementos de bioseguridad. Del mismo modo, la investigación concluye que algunos de los aspectos positivos derivados de la pandemia han sido la transformación de hábitos saludables y de bioseguridad.
El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las transformaciones de la práctica pedagógica derivadas por el confinamiento durante la pandemia por COVID-19. El estudio es cualitativo, el método narrativo y la técnica usada es la entrevista semi-estructurada. Los resultados indican que la formación docente en el ámbito curricular, la evaluación en el ámbito de las prácticas en el aula-trabajo de campo, y la retroalimentación en el ámbito de la relación docente-estudiante son las áreas en las que más cambios significativos se presentan. Los cambios que se implementan para continuar con la formación de los estudiantes se orientan a obedecer la política; sin embargo, no hay una postura crítica y reflexiva frente a las modificaciones. Se concluye que la práctica pedagógica se transforma debido al aislamiento social y al cierre de las instituciones educativas, dado que esta está diseñada para la enseñanza y aprendizaje presencial y no en línea.
This research study explores the processes of building knowledge and the acquisition of disciplinary competences by project-based learning in the field of higher education in engineering. The methodology is qualitative and applies an educational action-research approach to assess and enhance skills and promote sustainable interactions with the environment through specific projects. The results highlight the ability acquired by students to solve problems in their daily lives and projects, showing autonomy to make decisions, an aspect that brings them closer to the reality of professional practice. Their motivation for learning increases and they learn to work as a team and to relate with their surroundings. It is concluded that the method applied here enhances the creation of new and attractive learning environments, promoted by instructors, where projects can develop successfully.
The present study compares the perception that university students have about working out at home (online-based) to their perceptions of working out in spaces specifically designed for that purpose. The survey assesses 399 university students that exercise daily and that were forced to exercise at home because of the implementation of COVID-19 preventive isolation measures. The results show that, in general, both women and men prefer doing exercise in places designed for that purpose rather than at home. It is concluded that there are many benefits of exercising at locations that have all the necessary equipment as there are benefits of doing online-based exercise at home.
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Astrid Jaime
  • Ingeniería Industrial
José Londoño-Cardozo
  • Rectoria Suroccidente
Juan Manuel Andrade Navia
  • Ciencias Empresariales
Eucario Parra
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Bogotá, Colombia