Recent PublicationsView all

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction and hypothesis: World Health Organisation data suggest that two million women live with the physical and psychosocial effects of obstetric fistula. As part of an expanded fistula programme in Tanzania, Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT) introduced an evaluation strategy to include impact of surgery on psychosocial aspects of obstetric fistula. This is an initial report documenting morbidity on admission. Methods: A questionnaire assessing the impact of obstetric fistula was developed taking into account literature in the field including sections on: patient contact information, transport costs and a set of statements regarding the effects of fistula. The effects were spread across five domains: the physical consequences of obstetric fistula, the effects of a difficult delivery and possible stillbirth, the experience of isolation, the inability to undertake daily living activities and feelings of depression. The questionnaire was administered in Kiswahili by Tanzanian counsellors shortly after admission of patients onto the fistula ward. Results: A total of 100 fistula patients reported high rates of physical and psychosocial morbidity. Over half of the patients said they would not have been able to access treatment without the transport costs being covered. Conclusions: Fistula patients are affected by extremely high rates of physical and psychosocial morbidity. Further work is required to confirm these findings, validate assessment tools and assess contributing factors in greater detail over time, such as the effect of stillbirth, as well as the impact of surgery.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · International Urogynecology Journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of: Rijkaart DC, Berkhof J, van Kemenade FJ et al. HPV DNA testing in population-based cervical screening (VUSA-Screen study): results and implications. Br. J. Cancer 106(5), 975-981 (2012). Previous studies have shown that the combination of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) testing and cytology increases sensitivity for the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3, a surrogate end point for the reduction of cervical cancer. This paper addressed three questions regarding the implementation of high-risk HPV testing within a cervical screening program. The main question addressed was whether high-risk HPV testing should be provided as a standalone primary screen or in combination with cytology. Management of HPV-positive women and the optimum age for HPV testing were also examined. Results identified limited benefit from co-testing compared with HPV testing alone and emphasized the importance of repeat testing for HPV-positive women with negative cytology triage at baseline, in all women from 30 years of age onwards.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Future Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Those with disabilities are often among the poorest and most vulnerable. Even when health care is provided free, transport costs may pose an insurmountable barrier to accessing treatment. This report outlines a new initiative in Tanzania which utilizes mobile phone technology to transfer funds covering transport costs for patients with obstetric fistulae or cleft lip and/or palate. The transportMYpatient initiative surpassed the set targets and saw a 65% increase in the number of fistulae repairs performed in 2010 compared with the year before and almost triple the number of cleft lip/palate repairs. Using mobile phone technology to transfer funds is an innovative way of overcoming a significant barrier to health-care access for patients in developing countries.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Tropical Doctor
Information provided on this web page is aggregated encyclopedic and bibliographical information relating to the named institution. Information provided is not approved by the institution itself. The institution’s logo (and/or other graphical identification, such as a coat of arms) is used only to identify the institution in a nominal way. Under certain jurisdictions it may be property of the institution.