Bassett Healthcare Network
  • Cooperstown, United States
Recent publications
Previous studies have demonstrated gender disparities in mortality and vascular complications after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with early generation transcatheter heart valves (THVs). It is unclear, however, whether gender-related differences persist with the newer generation THVs. We aim to assess gender disparities after TAVR with newer generation THVs. The MEDLINE and Embase databases were thoroughly searched from inception to April 2023 to identify studies that reported gender-specific outcomes after TAVR with newer generation THVs (Sapien 3, Corevalve Evolut R, and Evolut Pro). The outcomes of interest included 30-day mortality, 1-year mortality, and vascular complications. In total, 5 studies (4 databases) with a total of 47,933 patients (21,073 females and 26,860 males) were included. Ninety-six percent received TAVR via the transfemoral approach. The females had higher 30-day mortality rates (odds ratio (OR) = 1.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31–1.79, p-value (p) < 0.001) and vascular complications (OR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.23–1.65, p < 0.001). However, one-year mortality was similar between the two groups (OR = 0.78, 95% CI 0.61–1.00, p = 0.28). The female gender continues to be associated with higher 30-day mortality rates and vascular complications after TAVR with newer generation transcatheter heart valves, while there was no difference in 1-year mortality between the genders. More data is needed to explore the causes and whether we can improve TAVR outcomes in females.
Rapid research is essential to assess impacts in communities affected by disasters, particularly those communities made “hard-to-reach” due to their active marginalization across history and in contemporary practices. In this article, we describe two rapid research projects developed to assess needs for and experiences of communities hard-hit by disasters. The first is a project on the COVID-19 pandemic in southern New Mexico (USA) that was developed to provide information to local agencies that are deploying programs to rebuild and revitalize marginalized communities. The second is a project on population displacement due to a volcanic eruption in Vanuatu, a lower-middle income country in the South Pacific, with mental and physical health outcomes data shared with the Vanuatu Ministry of Health. We describe the similar and unique challenges that arose doing rapid research in these two different contexts, the potential broader impacts of the research, and a synthesis of lessons learned. We discuss the challenges of rapidly changing rules and regulations, lack of baseline data, lack of survey instruments validated for specific populations and in local languages, limited availability of community partners, finding funding for rapid deployment of projects, rapidly training and working with research assistants, health and safety concerns of researchers and participants, and communicating with local and international partners. We also specifically discuss how we addressed our own personal challenges while also conducting time-intensive rapid research. In both studies, researchers shared results with governmental and non-governmental partners who may use the data to inform the design of their own relief programs. While different in context, type of disaster, and research strategy, our discussion of these projects provides insights into common lessons learned for working with communities at elevated risk for the worst outcomes during disasters, such as the need for flexibility, compromise, and good working relationships with community partners.
Background: Acute cannabis use is associated with a higher risk of motor vehicle crashes (MVC). This study aimed to determine if self-reported past-year cannabis use is associated with MVC or traffic stops among older drivers. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis used data from a multi-center study enrolling active drivers aged 65-79 years. Data regarding cannabis use, MVC, and traffic stops (i.e., being pulled over by police, whether ticketed or not) within the previous 12 months were collected through participant interviews. Log-binomial regression models examined associations of past-year cannabis use with MVC and traffic stops, adjusting for site and sociodemographic and mental health characteristics. Results: Of 2,095 participating older drivers, 186 (8.88%) used cannabis in the past year but only 10 (<0.5%) within an hour before driving in the last 30 days; 11.41% reported an MVC and 9.45% reported a traffic stop. Past-year cannabis users had a higher prevalence of MVC (adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR] = 1.38; 95%CI: 0.96, 2.00; p = 0.086) and traffic stops (aPR = 1.58; 1.06, 2.35; p = 0.024). Conclusions: Past-year cannabis use was associated with increased traffic stops, which are correlated modestly with increased MVC in past studies and may indicate impaired driving performance. We did not find a statistically significant association of past-year cannabis use with MVC, which may indicate limited sustained effects on driving performance from periodic use among older adults, who report rarely driving immediately after use.
Renal cell cancer (RCC) is at times associated with intravascular tumour thrombus (TT), which in rare cases can extend to the right atrium. The management of RCC with intravascular tumour thrombus is complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach involving urologists, vascular surgeons, and cardiologists. The pre-operative workup is extensive and includes imaging studies to determine the extent of the tumour thrombus and assess the patient's overall health status. Here, we present a case report detailing the operative and perioperative management of a patient presenting with renal cell cancer and intravascular TT.
Background: The majority of the under five mortality rate (U5MR) in India were due to treatable causes and could have been prevented by providing quality medicines. Availability and affordability of medicine can be improved by the introduction of essential medicine concepts. Purpose: The current study was carried out to compare the latest edition of the WHO essential medicine list for children (EMLc) with that of Indian EMLc to determine the need to update the Indian EMLc. Methods: A descriptive observational study was carried out in the Department of Pharmacology of a tertiary care hospital. The latest edition of WHO EMLc (8th) was compared with the latest edition of Indian EMLc (1st) in terms of inclusion of categories or subcategories, the number of medicines in each category or subcategories, medicines which are present in WHO EMLc but missing in Indian EMLc and vice versa. Results: In total 134 medicines are present in Indian EMLc as compared to 350 medicines in WHO EMLc. The important categories which are completely missing in Indian EMLc are medicines for reproductive health and perinatal care, peritoneal dialysis solution, medicines for mental and behavioral disorders, and medicines for diseases of joints. The important medicines which are not included in Indian EMLc are bedaquilline, delaminid, cefixime, piperacillin+tazobactum, vancomycin, acyclovir, azathioprine, cisplatin, and filgrastim. Important vaccines including rotavirus, cholera, hepatitis, and typhoid vaccine are not mentioned in Indian EMLc. Conclusion: There is an urgent need to update the Indian EMLc in order to promote access to pediatric medicine and facilitate the rational use of medicines.
The incidence of cardioversion-associated takotsubo cardiomyopathy in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing electrical cardioversion is unknown. We aimed to determine the incidence of cardioversion-associated takotsubo cardiomyopathy using a National Readmission Database 2018 and a systematic review. We identified all patients with the index diagnosis of atrial fibrillation who underwent electrical cardioversion and were readmitted within 30 days with a primary diagnosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy by International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification codes to find the incidence and risk factors of the disease. A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed and Embase for patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent electrical cardioversion and developed takotsubo cardiomyopathy from inception to February 2022. Baseline characteristics and clinical presentation were displayed. Among 154 919 patients admitted with atrial fibrillation who underwent electrical cardioversion in National Readmission Database 2018, 0.027% were readmitted with takotsubo cardiomyopathy (mean age of 71.0 ± 3.5 years and 96.7% were female). Female sex is an independent predictor of electrical cardioversion-associated takotsubo cardiomyopathy [adjusted odds ratio = 49.77 (95% CI: 5.90-419.87)], while diabetes mellitus is associated with less risk of electrical cardioversion-associated takotsubo cardiomyopathy [adjusted odds ratio = 0.31 (95% CI: 0.10-0.99)]. The systematic review included 13 patients (mean age of 74.8 ± 9.6 years and 77% were female). Acute heart failure due to apical type takotsubo cardiomyopathy is the most common presentation within 48 hours. The recovery time is less than 1 week in milder cases but can take up to 2 weeks in severe cases. Cardioversion-associated takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare complication in patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent electrical cardioversion. Female patients have a 50-fold increased risk, but DM is associated with a 3-fold risk reduction. The majority of patients recover within 2 weeks with supportive care.
Individuals with an elevated fasting glucose level, elevated glucose level after glucose challenge, or elevated hemoglobin A1c level below the diagnostic threshold for diabetes (collectively termed prediabetes) are at increased risk for type 2 diabetes. More than one-third of U.S. adults have prediabetes but fewer than one in five are aware of the diagnosis. Rigorous scientific research has demonstrated the efficacy of both intensive lifestyle interventions and metformin in delaying or preventing progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. The National Clinical Care Commission (NCCC) was a federal advisory committee charged with evaluating and making recommendations to improve federal programs related to the prevention of diabetes and its complications. In this article, we describe the recommendations of an NCCC subcommittee that focused primarily on prevention of type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes. These recommendations aim to improve current federal diabetes prevention activities by 1) increasing awareness of and diagnosis of prediabetes on a population basis; 2) increasing the availability of, referral to, and insurance coverage for the National Diabetes Prevention Program and the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program; 3) facilitating Food and Drug Administration review and approval of metformin for diabetes prevention; and 4) supporting research to enhance the effectiveness of diabetes prevention. Cognizant of the burden of type 1 diabetes, the recommendations also highlight the importance of research to advance our understanding of the etiology of and opportunities for prevention of type 1 diabetes.
School-based health centers (SBHCs) provide comprehensive health care services to children through facilities that are located directly within their school. Although traditionally located in low-income urban communities, SBHCs are becoming more prevalent in rural schools, and we propose that they may have important positive impacts in those communities. By reducing distance to care providers, capitalizing on the role of schools as a known local institution, providing consistent preventive care, and leveraging understanding of community challenges in providing health care services, SBHCs can increase health care access and positively impact social determinants of health. They may also contribute to community development if establishing and maintaining the SBHCs community activates community capitals and enhances resource sharing, communication and relationship building. We expand on these ideas by providing a case study of SBHC development and outcomes using data from a not-for-profit healthcare organization that operates a network of SBHCs in four adjacent rural counties of New York state.
Monkeypox virus (MPOX) is a zoonotic disease in humans. It is similar genetically to its virus family member, smallpox. This virus has been studied since the 1970s. The virus remains endemic to the Congo and West African regions, but non-endemic spreads have been cited. The most recent non-endemic outbreak in the spring of 2022 amidst the current COVID-19 pandemic is of interest due to its impact on global medical, economic, and societal climates. This literature review aims to highlight the virology, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of MPOX and discuss the social implications of the recent 2022 outbreak. We hope this review can pinpoint important clinical pearls of the MPOX virus and its societal impacts to further promote important discussion of this virus and its disease.
Purpose The purpose of this study is to discern the mechanisms that impact diabetes self-management from the perspective of individuals living with diabetes. Methods Using a critical realist perspective, this qualitative descriptive study enrolled 54 individuals living with diabetes who had been exposed to diabetes self-management education and support within the previous 3 years. Focus groups were conducted between January and March 2021. Reflexive thematic analysis was used to develop themes and subthemes. Results The overarching theme was wrangling diabetes: getting in control. Enablers to getting in control included professional and informal support and constant reassurance that they were on the right track. Individual-level barriers to getting in control included competing priorities, difficult emotions, and financial concerns. Health system barriers included inconsistent messaging from providers, lack of care coordination, and insurance driving treatment decisions. The latent force underlying these barriers was the limited agency individuals with diabetes had in reference to self-management behaviors. Conclusions Although the health care system ostensibly wants individuals to be in control of and responsible for managing their diabetes, system-level structures and processes do not allow for some people living with diabetes to effectively self-manage.
Background Physical inactivity is a risk factor for numerous adverse health conditions and outcomes, including all-cause mortality. Aging rural women are at particular risk for physical inactivity based on environmental, sociocultural, and psychosocial factors. This study reports on changes in physical activity and associated factors from a multicomponent community-engaged intervention trial. Methods Strong Hearts, Healthy Communities 2.0 (SHHC-2.0) was a 24-week cluster (community) randomized controlled trial building on the results from the previous trial of SHHC-1.0. Rural women (n = 182) aged 40 and over living in 11 rural communities in upstate New York were recruited. The intervention consisted of twice-weekly experiential classes focused on exercise, nutrition, and civic engagement. Physical activity outcomes included accelerometry and self-report as well as related psychosocial measures at midpoint (12 weeks) and post-intervention (24 weeks). Data were analyzed using multilevel linear regression models with the community as the random effect. Results Compared to participants from the control communities, participants in the intervention communities showed a significant increase in objectively measured moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity: at 12 weeks (increase of 8.1 min per day, P < 0.001) and at 24 weeks (increase of 6.4 min per day; P = 0.011). Self-reported total MET minutes per week also increased: at 12 weeks (increase of 725.8, P = 0.003) and 24 weeks (increase of 955.9, P = 0.002). Several of the psychosocial variables also showed significant positive changes. Conclusions The SHHC-2.0 intervention successfully increased physical activity level and related outcome measures. Modifications made based upon in-depth process evaluation from SHHC-1.0 appear to have been effective in increasing physical activity in this at-risk population. Trial registration NCT03059472. Registered 23 February 2017.
Background: asthma, a chronic respiratory disease caused by inflammation and narrowing of the small airways in the lungs, is the most common chronic childhood disease. Prevalence of childhood asthma in the United States is 5.8%. In boys, prevalence is 5.7% and it is 6% in girls. Asthma is associated with other comorbidities such as major depressive disorder and anxiety disorder. This study explores the association between asthma and depression. Methods: we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study using NHANES data from 2013 to 2018. Asthma and childhood onset asthma were assessed using questionnaires MCQ010 and MCQ025, respectively. Sociodemographic variables were summarized, and univariate analysis was performed to determine the association between asthma and major depressive disorder and its individual symptoms. Results: there were 402,167 participants from 2013-2018 in our study: no asthma in 84.70%; asthma in 15.30%. Childhood onset asthma (COA) included 10.51% and adult-onset asthma (AOA) included 4.79%. Median age of COA is 5 years and AOA is 41 years. Among the asthma groups, most AOA were females (67.77%, p < 0.0001), most COA were males (52.16%, p < 0.0001), and ethnicity was predominantly White in AOA (42.39%, p < 0001) and in COA (35.24%, p < 0.0001). AOA mostly had annual household income from $0-24,999 (35.91%, p < 0.0001), while COA mostly had annual household income from $25,000-64,999 (36.66%, p < 0.0001). There was a significantly higher prevalence of MDD in COA (38.90%) and AOA (47.30%) compared to NOA (31.91%). Frequency of symptoms related to MDD were found to have a significantly higher prevalence and severity in the asthma groups compared to no asthma, and slightly greater and more severe in AOA than in COA. Symptoms include having little interest in doing things (COA 18.38% vs. AOA 22.50% vs. NOA 15.44%), feeling down, depressed, or hopeless (COA 20.05% vs. AOA 22.77% vs. NOA 15.85%), having trouble sleeping or sleeping too much (COA 27.38% vs. AOA 23.15% vs. NOA 22.24%), feeling tired or having little energy (COA 39.17% vs. AOA 34.24% vs. NOA 33.97%), having poor appetite or overeating (COA 19.88% vs. AOA 20.02% vs. NOA 15.11%), feeling bad about yourself (COA 13.90% vs. AOA 13.79% vs. NOA 10.78%), having trouble concentrating on things (COA 12.34% vs. AOA 14.41% vs. NOA 10.06%), moving or speaking slowly or too fast (COA 8.59% vs. AOA 9.72% vs. NOA 6.09%), thinking you would be better off dead (COA 3.12% vs. AOA 4.38% vs. NOA 1.95%) and having the difficulties these problems have caused (COA 21.66% vs. AOA 26.73% vs. NOA 19.34%, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: MDD and related symptoms were significantly higher and more severe in participants with asthma compared to no asthma. Between adult-onset asthma compared to childhood onset asthma, adult-onset asthma had slightly greater and more severe MDD and related symptoms compared to childhood onset asthma.
Recent advances in managing Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) significantly improved patient survival and quality of life. Disease-modifying drug therapies such as hydroxyurea, L-glutamine, voxelotor, and crizanlizumab reduce pain crises and severe complications. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using matched-sibling donors is currently the only standard curative option; however, only a small proportion of patients have such donors. Cord blood and haploidentical transplantation with a modified conditioning regimen have expanded the allogeneic donor pool, making the therapy available to more patients. Gene therapy is a promising cure that is currently undergoing clinical trials and different approaches have demonstrated efficacy. Multidisciplinary expertise is needed in developing the best treatment strategy for patients with SCD.
Visceral artery pseudoaneurysm as a cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a rare occurrence. These pseudoaneurysms occur most commonly in the splenic artery but have been reported in the gastroduodenal artery as well, albeit with a high mortality rate in cases of rupture. We present a case of a gastroduodenal pseudoaneurysm presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and causing a mass effect on the pancreatic duct as well.
Objective: To identify risk factors for shoulder and elbow injuries in high-school baseball position players and pitchers in the preseason history and physical examination. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Community high-school baseball. Participants: Three hundred seventy-one male baseball players' mean age 15.0 ± 1.8 years. Outcome measures: A preseason history and physical examination was performed on all athletes. Injury information was collected by weekly self-report and athletic trainer injury logs throughout the season. Comparisons between injured and noninjured players were performed using t tests and χ2 analyses. Binary logistic regression models were developed to identify risk factors for injury. Results: Seventy-six injuries were recorded over the season. In univariate analysis, the injured group had greater months of baseball participation (P = 0.007) and shoulder visual analog scale for the past year (P = 0.003). The injured group also had more olecranon tenderness (P < 0.0001, odds ratio [OR] 2.9) and decreased elbow arc of motion. All other factors were not significantly different (P > 0.05). In multivariable logistic regression, months per year of baseball participation was the only factor significantly associated with injuries (P = 0.010, OR = 1.21). Conclusions: Baseball players who developed arm injuries during a season were more likely to play more months of baseball and report shoulder pain in the previous year. The presence of preseason olecranon tenderness was associated with nearly triple the risk of injury during the season. Every additional month of baseball participation in the previous year was associated with a 1.2× increased odds of injury. The presence of glenohumeral internal rotation deficit was not a predictor of injury.
Objective: Falls in older adults are associated with increased motor vehicle crash risk, possibly mediated by driving behavior. We examined the relationship of falls and fear of falling (FOF) with subsequent objectively measured driving habits. Methods: This multi-site, prospective cohort study enrolled 2990 active drivers aged 65-79 (53% female). At enrollment, we assessed falls in the past year and FOF (Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International). Driving outcomes included exposure, avoidance of difficult conditions, and unsafe driving during one-year follow-up, using in-vehicle Global Positioning System devices. Results: Past-year falls were associated with more hard braking events (HBE). High FOF was associated with driving fewer days, miles, and trips, driving nearer home and more HBE. Differences were attenuated and not significant after accounting for health, function, medications and sociodemographics. Discussion: Differences in objectively measured driving habits according to past-year fall history and FOF were largely accounted for by differences in health and medications. Rather than directly affecting driving, falls and FOF may serve as markers for crash risk and reduced community mobility due to age-related changes and poor health.
Background : There are limited comparative immunologic durability data post-COVID-19 vaccinations. Methods : Approximately 8.4 months post-primary COVID-19 vaccination, 647 healthcare workers completed surveys about COVID-19 vaccinations/infections and blood draws. Groups included vaccination with mRNA-1273 (n=387); BNT162b2 (n=212); or Ad26.COV2.S (n=10); unvaccinated (n=10); boosted (n=28). Primary outcome was IgG anti-spike titer. Secondary/tertiary outcomes included neutralizing antibodies (ELISA-based pseudoneutralization) and vaccine effectiveness. Antibody levels were compared using ANOVA and linear regression. Results : Mean age was 49.7; 75.3% were female. Baseline variables were balanced except immunosuppression, prior COVID-19, and post-primary vaccination time. Unadjusted median (IQR) anti-spike titers (AU/mL) were mRNA-1273: 1539.5 (876.7-2626.7), BNT162b2: 751.2 (422.0-1381.5), Ad26.COV2.S: 451.6 (103.0-2396.7), unvaccinated: 113.4 (3.7-194.0), and boosted: 31898.8 (21347.1-45820.1) (mRNA-1273 vs. BNT162b2, p<.001; mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, or boosted vs. unvaccinated, p<.006; mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, Ad26.COV2.S, or unvaccinated vs. boosted, p<.001). Unadjusted median (IQR) pseudoneutralization was mRNA-1273: 90.9% (80.1-95.0), BNT162b2: 77.2% (59.1-89.9), Ad26.COV2.S: 57.9% (36.6-95.8), unvaccinated: 40.1% (21.7-60.6), and boosted: 96.4% (96.1-96.6) (mRNA-1273 vs. BNT162b2, p<.001; mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, or boosted vs. unvaccinated, p<.028; mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, Ad26.COV2.S, or unvaccinated vs. boosted, p<.001). Vaccine effectiveness was 87-89% for mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, and boosted, and 33% for Ad26.COV2.S (none significantly different). Conclusions : Antibody responses 8.4 months post-primary vaccination were significantly higher with mRNA-1273 than BNT162b2.
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after a successful external electrical cardioversion (ECV) is common. Assessing an individual's risk of AF recurrence is a critical part of the treatment plan. We aimed to develop a prognostic prediction score to predict AF recurrence in AF patients who underwent successful ECV. Methods: A retrospective cohort study that included AF patients who underwent successful ECV was conducted with a primary outcome of AF recurrence at 6 months. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify variables, and a prognostic prediction score was created and internally validated. Results: Four prognostic predictors were identified, including the type of AF, persistent AF (1 point) and long-standing persistent AF (4 points), previous cardioversion (1 point), stroke/transient ischemic attack (3 points), and left atrial volume index ≥40 mL/m 2 (6 points). The total score of 14 was further divided into 3 risk groups; low-risk (0-2 points), moderate-risk (3-7 points), and high-risk (8-14 points). The positive likelihood ratio for a moderate-risk patient was 2.08 (95% CI, 1.64-2.63) and for a high-risk patient was 7.90 (95% CI, 2.48-25.17). The score showed good discrimination power with the c-statistic of 0.74 (95% CI, 0.69-0.79). Conclusions: A simple prognostic prediction score for AF recurrence after successful ECV was created with a promising internally validated discrimination power. An external assessment of its usefulness as a tool to identify patients with low, moderate, and high risk for AF recurrence is warranted.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Acetaminophen, one of the routine medicines used for temperature reduction in febrile children, is available in multiple routes of administration, including oral and rectal routes. Our objective is to compare the antipyretic effectiveness of oral acetaminophen versus rectal acetaminophen in pediatric patients with fever in terms of temperature reduction. METHODS Medline and Embase databases were searched from inception to August 2021. Cohort studies, case-control studies, experimental studies, and randomized controlled trial studies comparing oral and rectal administered acetaminophen in pediatric patients were included. Two reviewers independently extracted data. RESULTS A total of 5 randomized studies (n = 362) were included in the meta-analysis. No significant difference was found between oral and rectal acetaminophen in temperature reduction at 1 hour (weighted mean difference [WMD], 0.04oC; 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.10oC to 0.19oC; P = .501) or 3 hours (WMD, −0.14oC; 95% CI, −0.37oC to 0.10oC; P = .212) after administration (WMD, −0.14oC; 95% CI, −0.37oC to 0.10oC; P = .212). CONCLUSION Oral and rectal acetaminophen have no significant difference in antipyretic effectiveness at 1 and 3 hours after administration. If both options are available, oral acetaminophen would be preferred because of a more predictable drug level after administration. However, for febrile children with specific circumstances for whom oral acetaminophen could not be administered, rectal acetaminophen may be an alternative option for a short period of time (<48 hours).
Institution pages aggregate content on ResearchGate related to an institution. The members listed on this page have self-identified as being affiliated with this institution. Publications listed on this page were identified by our algorithms as relating to this institution. This page was not created or approved by the institution. If you represent an institution and have questions about these pages or wish to report inaccurate content, you can contact us here.
149 members
Robert M Perkins
  • Research Institute and Division of Nephrology
David Strogatz
  • Research Institute
Julie Sorensen
  • Research Institute
Yogesh Kumar
  • Diagnostic Radiology
Cooperstown, United States