Barzilai University Medical Center, Ashqelon
Recent publications
Purpose The aim of this study was to describe the safety and efficacy of the Tel-Aviv Protocol (epithelial photorefractive keratectomy and corneal cross-linking) as a treatment for postrefractive surgery corneal ectasia. Methods This study includes 8 eyes from 7 patients, each diagnosed with postrefractive surgery ectasia years after refractive surgery and treated with the Tel-Aviv Protocol. The procedure included transepithelial PRK using the EX500 excimer laser, a 50-μm laser ablation of the epithelium and anterior stroma, delivered on the visual axis with cyclotorsion correction, treating up to 50% of refractive astigmatism. After the epithelial photorefractive keratectomy, all patients underwent corneal cross-linking. Results The mean keratometry (K) and maximal K both decreased [from 43.37 ± 2.23 to 41.84 ± 2.01 ( P = 0.03) and from 44.95 ± 3.08 to 42.78 ± 2.19 ( P = 0.03), respectively]. Astigmatism was significantly reduced (from 3.53 ± 2.36 to 0.88 ± 0.89 diopter; P = 0.02). Uncorrected visual acuity improved significantly in all patients from a mean of 0.56 ± 0.32 to 0.15 ± 0.14 logMAR ( P = 0.01). Best-corrected visual acuity improved from 0.22 ± 0.24 to 0.06 ± 0.06 logMAR ( P = 0.07; 1-tail P = 0.04). All patients maintained visual acuity during the follow-up period, up to 25 months, mean = 329 days. The Tel-Aviv Protocol was found to be safe [mean safety index: 1.63 ± 1.03 (range: 1.00–4)] and effective [mean efficacy index: 1.29 ± 0.66 (range: 0.71–2.1)]. Conclusions The Tel-Aviv Protocol, developed initially for keratoconus treatment, is a safe and promising procedure to stop postrefractive surgery ectasia progression while significantly improving vision, thereby avoiding keratoplasty.
Purpose To identify factors associated with changes in the posterior corneal curvature following laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Methods This retrospective study included myopic astigmatic eyes that underwent LASIK between January and December 2013 at Care-Vision Laser Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel. The average posterior keratometry was measured with the Sirius device at a radius of 3 mm from the center. The correlations between the surgically induced change in average posterior keratometry and preoperative parameters such as preoperative sphere, cylinder, spherical equivalent, central corneal thickness (CCT), refraction, Baiocchi Calossi Versaci (BCV) index, ablation depth, percent of tissue altered (PTA), and residual stromal bed (RSB) are reported. Results A total of 115 eyes with a mean age of 32.5 ± 8.3 years (range 22–56 years) were included. Central corneal thickness (p < 0.005), preoperative sphere (p < 0.001), spherical equivalent (p < 0.005), and preoperative posterior inferior/superior ratio (p < 0.05) were all significantly correlated with the percentage of change in the mean posterior K. According to ranked stepwise multiple regression analysis, 22% of the variance of change in posterior K could be explained by the examined factors. The factors that remained significant were the percentage of change in posterior inferior/superior ratio, preoperative subjective sphere, and preoperative mean posterior K (for all, p < 0.001). Conclusions The percentage of change in posterior inferior/superior ratio, subjective sphere, and preoperative mean posterior K are all correlated with change in the mean posterior K after LASIK. Understanding of the variables that can influence posterior corneal changes following refractive surgery may play a role in the prevention of iatrogenic keratectasia.
Cardiac complications are a major concern in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) which contribute to morbidity and mortality. However, limited information exists regarding risk factors for the development of these complications. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors of cardiac involvement among children and adolescents with AN admitted to a tertiary pediatric hospital. We collected demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from individuals with AN hospitalized between 2011 and 2020 in Schneider Children's Medical Center in Israel. Diagnosis was based on established criteria (DSM-5). Patients with other co-morbidities were excluded. Cardiac investigations included electrocardiograms (ECG) and echocardiograms. We conducted correlation tests between cardiac findings and clinical and laboratory indicators. A total of 403 AN patients (81.4% were females) with a median age of 15 ± 2 years were included in the study. Sinus bradycardia was the most common abnormality, observed in 155 (38%) participants. Echocardiogram was performed in 170 (42.2%) patients, of whom 37 (22%) demonstrated mild cardiac aberrations. Among those aberrations, 94.6% could be attributed to the current metabolic state, including pericardial effusion (15.3%) and valve dysfunction (8.8%). Systolic or diastolic cardiac dysfunction, tachyarrhythmias, or conduction disorders were not observed. Patients with new echocardiographic aberration had significantly lower body mass index (BMI) at admission, and the prevalence of amenorrhea and hypotension was higher in this group. Conclusions: The prevalence of cardiac involvement, except for sinus bradycardia, was notably low in our cohort. The presence of cardiac aberrations is correlated with several clinical variables: lower body mass index (BMI) and the presence of amenorrhea and hypotension at admission. Patients presenting with these variables may be at high risk for cardiac findings per echocardiography. Dividing the patients into high and low risk groups may enable targeted evaluation, while avoiding unnecessary cardiac investigations in low-risk patients.What is Known: • Cardiac involvement in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients is a major concern, which contributes to morbidity and mortality. • It is unknown which patients are prone to develop this complication. What is New: • Cardiac complications in our cohort are less frequent compared to previous studies, and it is correlated with lower body mass index (BMI) at admission, and the prevalence of amenorrhea and hypotension.
Background Diagnosis of umbilical cord entanglement (UCE) by ultrasound (US) in monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) twins in the second and third trimesters is common. However, only a few cases have been reported on the diagnosis of UCE as early as the first trimester. Herein, we report a case of the earliest-ever sonographic diagnosis of UCE and demonstrate the feasibility of its diagnosis by US. Case presentation A 32 y.o. gravida 2 para 1 woman conceived after assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. In transvaginal US examination at 8.5 gestational weeks, two embryos with regular heartbeats, in the same amniotic sac and with only one yolk sac, were demonstrated. The fetal crown-rump lengths were 20 and 21 mm, appropriate for 8.4 and 8.5 gestational weeks, respectively. HD-flow power Doppler 2D and 3D US demonstrated two tightly entangled umbilical cords of the two fetuses. Spectral Doppler US showed two different heart rates (162 and 167 beats per minute) and blood flow in opposite directions from the point of entanglement of the two umbilical cords. This was consistent with a diagnosis of a first-trimester MCMA pregnancy with UCE. Missed abortion of the two embryos was diagnosed by US examination at 10.5 weeks, and the pregnancy was terminated by dilatation and curettage without further complications. Conclusions UCE in the first trimester may occur as early as eight gestational weeks, and its diagnosis by ultrasound is feasible. UCE diagnosed in the first trimester may be a poor prognostic factor.
Background Waning immunity after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccinations creates the constant need of boosters. Predicting individual responses to booster vaccines can help in its timely administration. We hypothesized that the humoral response to the first two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine can predict the response to the booster vaccine. Methods A prospective cohort of hospital health care workers (HCW) that received three doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine. Participants completed serological tests at 1 and 6 months after the second vaccine dose and 1 month after the third. We analyzed predictive factors of antibody levels after the booster using multivariate regression analyses. Results From 289 eligible HCW, 89 (31%) completed the follow-up. Mean age was 48 (±10) and 46 (52%) had daily interaction with patients. The mean (±standard deviation) antibody level 1 month after the second vaccine was 223 (±59) AU/ml, and 31 (35%) had a rapid antibody decline (>50%) in 6 months. Low antibody levels 1 month after the second vaccine and a rapid antibody decline were independent predictors of low antibody levels after the booster vaccine. Conclusions The characteristics of the humoral response to COVID-19 vaccinations show promise in predicting the humoral response to the booster vaccines.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by rapidly progressive dementia, motor impairments, and psychiatric symptoms. Sensory disturbances were occasionally reported as well. The study aims to describe the sensory symptoms of the disease. The CJD Israeli National Database was screened for patients who presented sensory symptoms throughout the disease course. Symptoms, characteristics, and distribution were reviewed and the demographic and clinical data (sex, etiologies of the disease, age of onset, disease duration, neurological exam finding, tau protein level, EEG and MRI findings) were compared with the demographics and clinical data of CJD without sensory symptoms. Then, the patients with sensory symptoms were divided into patients with symptom distribution consistent with peripheral nervous system (PNS) involvement and central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The demographics and clinical data of the 2 groups were compared. Eighty-four CJD patients with sensory symptoms and 645 CJD patients without sensory symptoms were included in the study. Sensory symptoms were more common in genetic E200K CJD patients (14.6% vs. 5.6% respectively, p = 0.0005) (chi-squared test). Numbness and neuropathic pain were the most common symptoms and distribution of symptoms of “stocking gloves” with decreased deep tendon reflexes suggesting peripheral neuropathy in 44% of the patients. In these patients, the classical EEG findings of Periodic Sharp Wave Complexes were less often found (58% vs. 22%, p = 0.02) (chi-squared test). Sensory symptoms are more common in E200K patients and often follow peripheral neuropathy distribution that suggests PNS involvement.
Neonatal ichthyosis and sclerosing cholangitis syndrome (NISCH), also known as ichthyosis, leukocyte vacuoles, alopecia, and sclerosing cholangitis (ILVASC), is an extremely rare disease of autosomal recessive inheritance, resulting from loss of function of the tight junction protein claudin‐1. Its clinical presentation is highly variable, and is characterized by liver and ectodermal involvement. Although most ILVASC cases described to date were attributed to homozygous truncating variants in CLDN1 , a single missense variant CLDN1 p.Arg81His, associated with isolated skin ichthyosis phenotype, has been recently reported in a family of Moroccan Jewish descent. We now describe seven patients with ILVASC, originating from four non consanguineous families of North African Jewish ancestry (including one previously reported family), harboring CLDN1 p.Arg81His variant, and broaden the phenotypic spectrum attributed to this variant to include teeth, hair, and liver/bile duct involvement, characteristic of ILVASC. Furthermore, we provide additional evidence for pathogenicity of the CLDN1 p.Arg81His variant by transmission electron microscopy of the affected skin, revealing distorted tight junction architecture, and show through haplotype analysis in the vicinity of the CLDN1 gene, that this variant represents a founder variant in Jews of Moroccan descent with an estimated carrier frequency of 1:220.
Introduction/Background Endometrial cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women in the developed countries. Although lymphadenectomy, particularly pelvic, is part of the surgical procedure for staging, its importance as a prognostic and therapeutic measure is in dispute.The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between positive-pelvic lymph-node ratio (PPLNR) and disease-specific-survival (DSS), time to recurrence and overall-survival (OS) among women with endometrial cancer (EC). Methodology A retrospective multi-center study of the Israeli Gynecologic Oncology Group (IGOG). In this study, we prospectively collected the information of consecutive women with EC who underwent surgery in one of 11 medical-centers between 2002–2014. During the study-period, 2014 women were treated and reviewed, 1,032 underwent lymph-node staging of whom 117 had PPLN. We used Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests to determine the threshold LNR associated with survival. Results 117 women were included in the study, for 104 women we had data regarding all the evaluated outcome-measures. A higher number of excised metastatic lymph-nodes was associated with decreased survival. Kaplan-Meier analysis determined a threshold of LNR=0.4. Women with PPLNR>0.4 had decreased DSS (P<0.01) time to recurrence (p<0.02) and OS (P<0.017) relative to those with PPLNR<0.4. No other clinically significant differences were found between the groups. • Download figure • Open in new tab • Download powerpoint Abstract #554 Figure 1 The 10-year Overall Survival rate Conclusion Our data suggest that PPLNR can be used as another prognostic tool in women with advanced EC. Future studies will help to define a precise threshold of PPLNR to implement this prognostic factor in daily practice. Disclosures There is no conflict interest.
This multi-center study evaluated a novel microscope system capable of quantitative phase microscopy (QPM) for label-free sperm-cell selection for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Seventy-three patients were enrolled in four in vitro fertilization (IVF) units, where senior embryologists were asked to select 11 apparently normal and 11 overtly abnormal sperm cells, in accordance with current clinical practice, using a micromanipulator and 60× bright field microscopy. Following sperm selection and imaging via QPM, the individual sperm cell was chemically stained per World Health Organization (WHO) 2021 protocols and imaged via bright field microscopy for subsequent manual measurements by embryologists who were blinded to the QPM measurements. A comparison of the two modalities resulted in mean differences of 0.18 µm (CI −0.442–0.808 µm, 95%, STD—0.32 µm) for head length, −0.26 µm (CI −0.86–0.33 µm, 95%, STD—0.29 µm) for head width, 0.17 (CI −0.12–0.478, 95%, STD—0.15) for length–width ratio and 5.7 for acrosome–head area ratio (CI −12.81–24.33, 95%, STD—9.6). The repeatability of the measurements was significantly higher in the QPM modality. Surprisingly, only 19% of the subjectively pre-selected normal cells were found to be normal according to the WHO2021 criteria. The measurements of cells imaged stain-free through QPM were found to be in good agreement with the measurements performed on the reference method of stained cells imaged through bright field microscopy. QPM is non-toxic and non-invasive and can improve the clinical effectiveness of ICSI by choosing sperm cells that meet the strict criteria of the WHO2021.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multiorgan disease, caused by autosomal recessive (AR) mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) acting primarily as a chloride channel. CF is most commonly diagnosed in Caucasian populations. Common clinical presentations in pediatric patients include chronic cough, respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, digestive symptoms, and stunted growth, and malnutrition due to gastrointestinal malabsorption and pancreatic insufficiency. Excessive sweat sodium chloride losses due to dysfunctional sweat glands in CFTR result in volume contraction and secondary hyperaldosteronism leading to renal potassium losses and metabolic alkalosis. Hypokalemic hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis is a known but uncommon presenting sign of the disease, documented as pseudo Bartter syndrome. Common mutations in the CFTR gene are now included in prenatal genetic screening programs. We describe the case of an infant of African descent with normal prenatal screening who presented with severe hypokalemic hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis and was diagnosed with CF with further genetic confirmation of the diagnosis.
Quality of life is impaired in MDS, but the role of hemoglobin level is unclear. To study the Hb–QoL correlation at diagnosis and 1 year later, patients filled out the EQ-5D questionnaire, assessing their mobility, self care, daily activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression, using scores of 0 (normal), 1 (mild/moderate), or 2 (poor). They also evaluated their health using a visual analogue scale, scoring from 0 (poor) to 100 (excellent). The anemia subgroups were: none/normal (Hb ≥ 12.5 g/dL), mild (10 ≤ Hb < 12.5), moderate (9 ≤ Hb < 10), severe (8 ≤ Hb < 9), or very severe (Hb < 8). LR-MDS patients (n = 127) and inpatient controls (n = 141) participated. The anemic patients had a poor QoL and the MDS patients had a lower QoL with a lower Hb. The controls had no QoL difference among the various anemia subgroups. In addition, the MDS QoL sharply decreased with an Hb of < 9. The MDS patients showed a wide QoL variability, i.e., different QoL scores in the same Hb subgroup, suggesting that other factors affect QoL (e.g., age and comorbidities). After 1 year (n = 61), the QoL was still poor for most MDS patients (including 27 patients with an increased Hb). In summary: (1) a poor QoL in MDS-anemia is non-linear, suggesting other influencing factors on QoL. (2) The sharp QoL drop with Hb < 9 g/dL challenges the transfusion Hb threshold. (3) The QoL in anemic MDS patients might differ from that in non-MDS patients. (4) Raising Hb, while recommended, does not guarantee an improved QoL.
Background: While most biological systems, including human tissues, contain rubidium, its biogeochemical functions and possible role in neonatal birthweight are largely unknown. An animal study indicated a correlation between rubidium deficiency in the maternal diet and lower newborn birthweight. Objective: This pilot study measured rubidium concentrations in amniotic fluid during the second trimester of (low-risk) pregnancy and investigated potential correlations between rubidium levels and third-trimester newborn birthweight, small, appropriate, and large for gestational age, as well as between preterm vs. term in uncomplicated pregnancies. Study design: This prospective, single-center study investigated a possible relationship between rubidium concentration in second-trimester amniotic fluid and third-trimester birthweight percentile. Amniotic fluid (at median gestational age of 19 weeks) was sampled to determine rubidium concentration. Maternal and newborn characteristics were obtained from participant and delivery records. Results: After screening 173 pregnant women, 99 amniotic fluid samples were evaluated. Mid-pregnancy median rubidium concentrations were significantly lower among newborns that were classified as small for gestational age compared to appropriate for gestational age birthweight (106 vs. 136 μg/L, p<0.01). Based on a logistic regression random forest model, amniotic fluid rubidium was identified as a significant contributing factor to appropriate for gestational age birthweight with 54% of the total contribution. Conclusion: Amniotic fluid rubidium concentration appears to be a strong predictor of appropriate for gestational age birthweight and a potential marker for newborn birthweight classifications. In particular, low Rb concentrations in amniotic fluid during mid-pregnancy are linked to third trimester lower birthweight percentile. These findings could potentially serve as a valuable tool for early identifying pregnancy outcomes. Further investigation is necessary to fully explore the effect of Rb on fetal development.
We consider the impact of strong biological correlations on the epidemic process. The biological correlations mean the influence of the environment on the individual state of immunity of the infected person. Accounting for the correlations turns the traditional SIRS model into the 3D Lotka–Volterra model, the parameters of which are uniquely determined by the parameters of the original SIRS model. The measure of the biological correlations in the epidemic is the correlation strength parameter K=1/(4π2TωTσ)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathrm{K}=1/({4\uppi }^{2}{\mathrm{T}}_{\upomega }{\mathrm{T}}_{\upsigma })$$\end{document}, where Tω\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathrm{T}}_{\upomega }$$\end{document} and Tσ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathrm{T}}_{\upsigma }$$\end{document} are the duration of the infectious period of the disease and the duration of immunity, respectively, both measured in years. If the epidemic is highly correlated (K>1\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathrm{K}>1$$\end{document}), then after the first epidemic outbreak, subsequent oscillations occur, the period T\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathrm{T}$$\end{document} of which is less than one year. The example is the COVID-19 pandemic. If the epidemic is weakly correlated (K<1\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathrm{K}<1$$\end{document}), the period T\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathrm{T}$$\end{document} of the oscillations is more than one year. Then in the presence of regular annual outbreaks the oscillations do not have time to manifest themselves. The examples are the ordinary flu annual epidemics. In the absence of the annual epidemic factor, the oscillations can exist and persist regardless of the K\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathrm{K}$$\end{document} value. The examples are the measles epidemics. The 3D Lotka–Volterra model makes it possible to predict the period T\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathrm{T}$$\end{document} of the future oscillations based on two known clinical parameters—Tω\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathrm{T}}_{\upomega }$$\end{document} and Tσ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathrm{T}}_{\upsigma }$$\end{document}. This period turns out to be equal to 2π multiplied by the geometric mean of the duration of the infectious period of the disease Tω\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathrm{T}}_{\upomega }$$\end{document} and the duration of immunity Tσ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathrm{T}}_{\upsigma }$$\end{document}. The adequacy of the 3D Lotka–Volterra model is supported by examples of the 2017–2019 annual flu epidemics and the 2020–2022 COVID-19 epidemic in Israel, as well as the succession of measles epidemics in the UK between 1940 and 1970.
The role of a clinical nurse specialist in oncology varies greatly between healthcare systems, and implementing this healthcare role with its multifaceted and co-existing responsibilities may prove challenging. While already integrated into healthcare systems and services in several European countries, Asia, Canada, and the United States, other countries are just beginning to develop clinical nursing specialties. The current study aims to provide healthcare policymakers with up-to-date evidence that focuses on the diverse modes of oncology clinical nurse specialist role implementation across several healthcare systems and pertinent implementation challenges as described in the literature. A rapid evidence assessment was carried out in order to provide policymakers with a rigorous review in a condensed timescale. Initially, only items in the English language were included, and “grey literature” was excluded. We searched PubMed between 1 January 2022 and 28 February 2022 and two independent scholars reviewed items. Based on 64 papers, both non-scientific and papers that met the initial criteria of the rapid review, we describe the modes of implementation of the oncology clinical nurse specialist in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Japan, Brazil and Australia. Barriers to implementation include conflicts around role boundaries, skepticism and lack of organizational support, as well as fears that oncology clinical nurse specialists will “encroach” on doctors’ powers. In contrast, an oncology clinical nurse specialist is found to be universally more accessible to patients and their families and can help physicians deal with difficult workloads, among other advantages. Conclusions: This role offers a myriad of gains for cancer patients, oncology physicians, and the healthcare system. The literature demonstrates that it is a necessary role, albeit one that brings specific implementation challenges.
Background: Fulminant idiopathic intracranial hypertension (FIIH) is characterized by rapid, severe, progressive vision loss and often treated surgically. Cerebral transverse venous stenting (CTVS) is efficacious in IIH patients, but emergent CTVS in FIIH is rarely reported. We present our experience with emergent CTVS in patients with FIIH. Methods: Since 01/2019, an institutional protocol allowed emergent CTVS in FIIH patients with bilateral transverse sinus stenosis and gradient pressure > 15 on digital subtraction angiography (DSA). We retrospectively analyzed a prospective registry of all IIH patients with details of neurological and neuro-ophthalmological assessments before and after treatment, and subjective assessments of headache and tinnitus were made pre-and post-procedure. Results: 259 IIH patients, including 49 who underwent CTVS, were registered. Among them, five female patients met inclusion criteria for FIIH and underwent emergent CTVS. FIIH patients were younger (18.8 ± 1.64 vs 27.7 ± 4.85, p < 0.01), mean BMI was lower (30.8 ± 10.57 vs 34.6 ± 4.3, p < 0.01), and lumbar puncture opening pressure higher (454 ± vs 361 ± 99.4, p < 0.01) than that of IIH patients. They presented with acute visual loss, severe headache, papilledema, significant bilateral transverse sinus stenosis on CT-venography, and mean dominant side gradient pressure of 26.4 ± 6.2 on DSA. CTVS was performed without significant complications, resulting in remarkable improvement in headache, optical coherence tomography, and visual fields within 1 week. At 1-year follow-up (four patients) and 6-month follow-up (1 patient), there was complete resolution of papilledema and headache, and marked improvement in visual acuity. Conclusions: In these patients, emergent-CTVS was a safe and effective treatment option for FIIH. Further evaluation is warranted.
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155 members
Eli Mass
  • Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Philip Rosinsky
  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
Boris Yoffe
  • Department of General Surgery
Ronen Debi
  • Orthopedic
Ester Kahana
  • Department of Neurology
Ashkelon, Israel
Head of institution
Dr Chezy Levi