Autonomous University of Bucaramanga
  • Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia
Recent publications
This study sought to propose a theoretical model by determining the incident factors of agro-industrial territorial development based on the existing scientific literature and the exploration of successful case studies in the sector worldwide. A systematic review of the literature was carried out, with a bibliometric analysis and content analysis, recognizing elements associated with the improvement of competitiveness and territorial development. The factors identified as incidents of agro-industrial territorial development are: the short supply chain, protection of agri-food products with territorial identity, family farming, local food systems and agribusiness. These factors were integrated into a theoretical model in order to analyze the systemic interaction of each of the factors to find the causes or reasons for territorial development where activation mechanisms can be identified, such as: relational, spatial and technological proximity, the institutional framework from the territory, the support of public policy and the promotion of inclusive and integrated businesses in the value chain.
Left ventricular non‐compaction (LVNC) cardiomyopathy is an uncommon unclassified or genetic myocardial disorder. Frequent premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) as unique finding in LVNC cardiomyopathy are rare. We report a case of a 36‐year‐old woman in whom isolated LVNC was diagnosed due to an incidental finding of PVCs in pre‐operative consultation. Frequent premature ventricular complexes as unique electrocardiographic finding in left ventricular non‐compaction cardiomyopathy are rare. Thus, physicians must always pay attention to this “benign” arrythmia in order to allow a proper diagnosis.
Peripheral arterial disease is atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremity arteries and afflicts hundreds of millions of individuals worldwide. Its most severe manifestation is chronic limb-threatening ischemia (Petersen et al. (Science 300(5622):1140–2, 2003)), which is associated with severe pain at rest in the limbs, which progresses to necrosis, limb amputation, and/or death of the patient. Consequently, the care of these patients is considered a financial burden for both patients and health systems. Multidisciplinary endeavors are required to address this refractory disease and to find definitive solutions that lead to improved living conditions. Revascularization is the cornerstone of therapy for preventing limb amputation, and both open vascular surgery and endovascular therapy play a key role in the treatment of patients with CLI. Around one-third of these patients are not candidates for conventional surgical treatment, however, leading to higher amputation rates (approaching 20–25% at one year) with high morbidity and lower quality of life. Advances in regenerative medicine have enabled the development of cell-based therapies that promote the formation of new blood vessels. Particularly, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as an attractive therapeutic agent in various diseases, including CLI, due to their role in tissue regeneration and immunomodulation. This review discusses the characteristics of MSCs, as well as their regenerative properties and their action mechanisms on CLI.
The main goal of this paper was to propose a program to develop sustainable tourism at Santurbán moor in Colombia. This would open new paths toward economic growth for the communities inhabiting this sector who are currently facing a serious dilemma. First, the moor is an area of vital importance to the sustainability of more than two million people, who depend on water generated in the area. On the other hand, this land contains great mineral wealth and agricultural resources. This has generated an already long-lasting conflict of interest between environment conservation and the possible economic exploitation of the Santurbán moor through industrial mining. To this end, we conducted bibliographic research on sustainable tourism, specifically with scientific ends, that considered the potential of this area for its implementation. Prospective methodology was applied, beginning with the selection of a panel of experts to identify the most important external and internal variables that could affect the area. Then, Impact Matrix Cross-Reference Multiplication Applied to a Classification (MICMAC) software was used to identify the correlation between the different actors and their possible contributions. As a result of this research, a proposal is presented that is focused on the needs of the community living in the area, as supported by science and the academic community, and by the use of Industry 4.0 and related new technologies. This strategy could be used in other protected areas in Colombia, or throughout the world, that are currently being visited by tourists who, maybe unwillingly, are actually putting the sustainability of these areas at risk. In the future, this strategy will be consolidated and will lead to technological applications. This will allow tourists to enjoy protected places without threatening the conservation of these habitats.
Purpose: This study aims to describe the clinical characteristics of scleritis in a large cohort of Colombian patients and identify factors associated with the clinical presentation. Methods: Retrospective case series of patients with scleritis from 2015 to 2020. Clinical records were obtained from seven uveitis referral centers in Colombia. Patients with a diagnosis of episcleritis were excluded. Results: We evaluated 389 patients with scleritis (509 eyes). There was a female predominance (75.6%) with a mean age of 51 ± 15 years. Most cases were noninfectious (94.8%) and unilateral (69.2%). The most frequent type of inflammation was diffuse anterior scleritis (41.7%), followed by nodular scleritis (31.9%) and necrotizing scleritis (12.3%). Systemic autoimmune diseases were found in 41.3% of patients, the most common being rheumatoid arthritis (18.5%) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (5.9%). Polyautoimmunity was found in 10.4% of those with a systemic autoimmune disease. The most frequent treatment was systemic steroids (50.9%), followed by systemic NSAIDs (32.4%). Steroid-sparing immunosuppression was required in 49.1% of patients. Systemic autoimmune diseases were more common in patients with necrotizing scleritis and those older than 40 years of age. Best-corrected visual acuity of 20/80 or worse at presentation was more common in necrotizing scleritis and subjects with associated uveitis, ocular hypertension, or who were over 40 years of age. Conclusions: This is the first study in Colombia and the largest in Latin America describing the clinical characteristics and presentation patterns of scleritis. The most common presentation was in females, with unilateral, anterior diffuse noninfectious scleritis. Systemic autoimmune diseases and polyautoimmunity were frequent, as was the need for steroid-sparing immunosuppression. Age over 40 and necrotizing scleritis were associated with higher odds of having a systemic autoimmune disease and worse visual acuity at presentation.
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are one of the most prevalent complications associated with diabetes mellitus. DFUs are chronic injuries that often lead to non-traumatic lower extremity amputations, due to persistent infection and other ulcer-related side effects. Moreover, these complications represent a significant economic burden for the healthcare system, as expensive medical interventions are required. In addition to this, the clinical treatments that are currently available have only proven moderately effective, evidencing a great need to develop novel strategies for the improved treatment of DFUs. Hydrogels are three-dimensional systems that can be fabricated from natural and/or synthetic polymers. Due to their unique versatility, tunability, and hydrophilic properties, these materials have been extensively studied for different types of biomedical applications, including drug delivery and tissue engineering applications. Therefore, this review paper addresses the most recent advances in hydrogel wound dressings for effective DFU treatment, providing an overview of current perspectives and challenges in this research field.
Introducción: el Aprendizaje Basado en Casos (ABC) es una estrategia pedagógica por descubrimiento que permite la articulación de los conocimientos nuevos con los ya adquiridos, estimula la autonomía, desarrolla el pensamiento crítico y las competencias argumentativas en contextos reales, desarrollando la fase del “saber” según lo explica la pirámide de Miller. Objetivo: evaluar el impacto en la motivación y en el aprendizaje que produce la implementación de la estrategia del ABC en estudiantes del último nivel de Fisioterapia. Metodología: diseño mixto cuasiexperimental con 12 estudiantes y 3 profesores. Se desarrolló resencialmente en horas de asesorías durante 18 semanas, cada 15 días con 2 horas por encuentro. La información fue recolectada a través de pruebas de conocimiento antes y después de la intervención, grupos focales con estudiantes y docentes y observaciones no participantes. Resultados: se evidenciaron cambios significativos entre la evaluación pre y la post intervención (16,7 %; 83,3 %, p < 0,05). Los estudiantes describieron la experiencia como altamente motivante y los docentes como enriquecedora. Discusión: esta investigación sustenta el efecto del ABC en el aprendizaje activo y la mediación pedagógica desarrollada por el profesor a través de las fases de la estrategia. Conclusión: el Aprendizaje basado en casos implementado de manera sistemática, organizada y planeada es una estrategia útil en el proceso de formación de los fisioterapeutas. Promueve el desarrollo de la capacidad crítica, reflexiva y analítica y el logro de las competencias profesionales.
Resumen Introducción El ácido úrico se ha descrito como un posible marcador de riesgo para la aparición de preeclampsia; sin embargo, hasta el momento no hay evidencia sólida que lo soporte. El objetivo de este estudio es sintetizar la literatura disponible que permita conocer la utilidad del ácido úrico como una herramienta de tamización para preeclampsia. Metodología Revisión sistemática de la literatura de estudios primarios que analicen los niveles séricos de ácido úrico en el primer y segundo trimestre de gestación con el desarrollo de preeclampsia. Búsqueda en Pubmed (n: 639). Resultados Se incluyeron 2 estudios de cohorte con un total de 9.746 gestantes y 398 casos de preeclampsia. En los estudios se encontraron mayores niveles séricos de ácido úrico en las gestantes que desarrollaron preeclampsia (OR 1,8 a 2,0). Conclusiones El ácido úrico se relaciona con la aparición de preeclampsia y su fisiopatología. Se invita a la comunidad científica a seguir investigando acerca de la utilidad del ácido úrico para su implementación como herramienta de tamización en el primer y el segundo trimestre de embarazo.
Este estudio se centra en indagar las diferentes características de las Born Global en Colombia y su convergencia con las determinantes de una empresa exportadora. Como revisión metodológica se realiza una búsqueda de datos en bases académicas y científicas tales como Scielo, Redalyc y Google Scholar; donde en primera instancia se muestre un enfoque de los casos reportados en Colombia con temática de Born Global, luego presenta un enfoque desde la innovación y el desarrollo, para culminar con la selección de determinantes para una innovación empresarial en empresas con operación internacional. Como primeros resultados se evidencia que las Empresas Nacidas Globales tienen una alta correlación entre el desarrollo e innovación empresarial en cuanto a uno de los pilares fundamentales basados en el Manual de Oslo, el cual se atiende a productos innovadores, de alto nivel y que cumplen con características de las necesidades en el mercado internacional.
Background: Diabetes-related foot complications have been identified as the most common isolated cause of morbidity among patients with diabetes and the leading cause of amputation. Therefore, new strategies to stimulate skin regeneration may provide a novel therapeutic approach to reduce non-healing ulcer disease. Recently, we demonstrated in proof-of-concept in humans that administration of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cellss derivatives (allo-hBM-MSCDs) is effective in a similar way to the use of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cellss (allo-hBM-MSCs) in grade 2 diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Aim: To assess the safety and efficacy profile of the allo-hBM-MSCDs relative to the conventional approach (PolyMen® dressing) in 1/2 clinical trial phases in patients with grade 1 and 2 DFUs. Methods: In the present study, we used 2 doses of allo-hBM-MSCDs (1 mL) or 1 dose of allo-hBM-MSCs (1 × 106 cells) intradermally injected around wounds and assessed their safety and effectiveness, relative to the conventional approach (PolyMem dressing). Allo-hBM-MSCDs and allo-hBM-MSCs were produced in a certified Good Manufacturing Practice-type Laboratory. Patients with grade 1 and 2 DFUs were randomized to receive allo-hBM-MSCDs (n=12), allo-hBM-MSCs (n=6) or conventional treatment (PolyMem dressing) (n=10). The wound-healing process was macroscopically evaluated until the complete closure of the ulcers. Results: No adverse events were reported. Patients with grade 1 and 2 DFUs treated with either allo-hBM-MSCDs or allo-hBM-MSCs, achieved greater percentages of wound closure, enhanced skin regeneration in shorter times and a greater ulcer-free survival relative to the patients who received conventional treatment. Finally, through proteomic analysis, we elucidated the proteins and growth factors that are secreted by allo-hBM-MSCs and relevant to the wound-healing process. In addition, by combining proteomics with Gene Ontology analysis, we comprehensively classified secreted proteins on both biological process and molecular function. Conclusions: In this phase 1/2 trial, our cumulative results suggest that 2 doses of allo-hBM-MSCDs combined with a wound dressing are a safe and effective treatment for grade 1 and 2 DFUs.
The paper presents the dynamic model of a Kaplan turbine coupled to a DC generator, which is part of the H112D teaching module. An adaptive Fuzzy PID controller was designed and it was implemented in a distributed control system, Delta V. For the register of variables was implemented an IoT platform and Heroku was selected as the web server, which supports several programming languages that are used for web application. The control strategy is evaluated by a variable reference signal, leading to limits that saturate the actuator. The nonlinear control technique guarantees a similar transient response at different operating points.
El objetivo de este estudio es desarrollar un cuestionario de autoinforme que contribuya a la exploración del perdón y autoperdón en parejas separadas que ejercen la coparentalidad. En cuanto a la metodología, se plantea un estudio cuantitativo, de validación de un instrumento. La muestra de 190 adultos que presentaron separación de unión marital de hecho o matrimonio en los últimos 10 años; y ejercían la coparentalidad con hijos menores de edad. Se realizó análisis factorial y cálculo de Alpha de Cronbach. Como principales resultados, el instrumento muestra que el Alpha de Cronbach de 0.8877, y el análisis factorial confirmatorio realizado con los datos del instrumento evidenció la presencia de cuatro dimensiones de perdón - autoperdón, resentimiento, culpabilidad y adaptación. En conclusión, el instrumento reflejando una buena consistencia interna general y por cada ítem, además, se identificaron factores cuyas preguntas están acordes con sus conceptos de perdón y autoperdón.
The Internet of Things favors using technological tools in rural environments thanks to the ability to connect to the Internet between devices that facilitate daily tasks. The research aims to evaluate the usability of the decision support system for irrigation in agriculture, AgroRIEGO, through the development of an IoT-based device. The sponsors of this project were the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies and the Center of Excellence in the Internet of Things Appropriation (CEA-IoT) in Colombia. Among the methods used is the use of the heuristic evaluation technique, structured into 15 categories and 62 subcategories of assessment. This analysis was complemented by the contribution of a group of experts in the design and development of IoT applications and devices and agriculture to assess the system's attributes.
Neuroendocrine differentiation of prostate cancer (NEDPC) includes de novo presentation and secondary to epigenetic changes, referred as therapy-induced neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-NEPC). Molecular imaging with prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and somatostatin analogues positron emission tomography (PET/CT) in NEDPC have not been validated. 18F-FDG (fluorodeoxyglucose) PET/CT has numerous limitations in prostate cancer (PCa) and the utility in NEDPC has only been reported in a few series of cases. The objective of this study is to compare the lesions detection rate of the three radiotracers in metastatic t-NEPC patients. (1) Material and Methods: Retrospective evaluation of patients with prostate adenocarcinoma treated with androgen deprivation therapy, chemotherapy, a novel androgen receptor pathway inhibitor or a combination of them and a second tumour biopsy confirming t-NEPC was made. All patients underwent 18F PSMA-1007, 18F AlF-NOTA-Octreotide, and 18F-FDG PET/CT. Evaluation of positive lesions was determined and SUVmax of each radiotracer was estimated and correlated with computer tomography (CT) findings. (2) Results: A total of eight patients were included. The mean time from diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma to t-NEPC was 28.2 months, with a mean serum specific prostate antigen (PSA) of 16.6 ng/dl at the time of NEPC diagnosis. All patients were treated with antiandrogen therapy and 87.5% with chemotherapy. A total of 273 lesions were identified by CT from which 182 were detected by 18F-FDG PET/CT, 174 lesions by 18F PSMA-1007, and 59 by 18F AlF-NOTA-Octreotide. An interpatient analysis of the lesions was performed and dual tracer 18F-FDG PET/CT and 18F PSMA-1007 PET/CT detected a total of 270/273 lesions (98.9%). (3) Conclusions: NEDPC patients demonstrated wide inter and intrapatient molecular imaging heterogeneity within the three radiotracers. 18F-FDG detected most lesions in t-NEPC among all radiotracers, especially in visceral sites; 18F PSMA-1007 detected more bone lesions. 18F AlF-NOTA-Octreotide showed no significant utility.
Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to report a case of cystoid macular edema (CME) after gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy (GATT). Methods: We describe the case of a 73-year-old woman with ocular hypertension and history of cataract surgery combined with posterior vitrectomy and epiretinal membrane peeling 2 years before, who developed CME after uncomplicated GATT procedure. Results: Uneventful GATT surgery was performed in an eye with ocular hypertension. A month after GATT surgery, the patient com-plained of blurry vision. Best corrected visual acuity had deteriorated from 20/20 on Snellen chart, to 20/70. The patient was diagnosed with CME. Treatment with topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and topical corticosteroids for one month, and oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitor for one week achieved a total CME regression with recovery of a normal macular and foveal architecture. Conclusions: Surgery-induced CME may occur following stand-alone microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) such as GATT. It would be worthwhile to conduct studies to explore whether the prophylactic use of NSAID and corticosteroids is justified.
Background: Hemidystonia (HD) is characterized by unilateral involuntary torsion movements and fixed postures of the limbs and face. It often develops after deleterious neuroplastic changes secondary to injuries to the brain. This condition usually responds poorly to medical treatment, and deep brain stimulation often yields unsatisfactory results. We propose this study based on encouraging results from case reports of patients with HD treated by ablative procedures in the subthalamic region. Objective: To compare the efficacy of stereotactic-guided radiofrequency lesioning of the subthalamic area vs available medical treatment in patients suffering from acquired HD. Methods: This is an open-label study in patients with secondary HD allocated according to their treatment choice, either surgical or medical treatment; both groups were followed for one year. Patients assigned in the surgical group underwent unilateral campotomy of Forel. The efficacy was assessed using the Unified Dystonia Rating Scale, Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Scale, Arm Dystonia Disability Scale, and SF-36 questionnaire scores. Results: Patients in the surgical group experienced significant improvement in the Unified Dystonia Rating Scale, Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Scale, and Arm Dystonia Disability Scale (39%, 35%, and 15%, respectively) 1 year after the surgery, with positive reflex in quality-of-life measures, such as bodily pain and role-emotional process. Patients kept on medical treatment did not experience significant changes during the follow-up. No infections were recorded, and no neurological adverse events were associated with either intervention. Conclusion: The unilateral stereotaxy-guided ablation of Forel H1 and H2 fields significantly improved in patients with HD compared with optimized clinical treatment.
Introducción. En diciembre de 2019 en Wuhan, China, se presentó un brote de neumonía atípica generado por el virus SARS-CoV-2, el cual es un tipo de coronavirus causante de la enfermedad COVID-19, que se convirtió con el tiempo en una pandemia. En este contexto, el uso de los elementos de protección personal tomó un especial interés, en especial para la atención del trabajo de parto vaginal, dada la confusión en los círculos obstétricos respecto a la mejor forma de proteger al personal sanitario en dichos casos. El objetivo de este artículo de revisión es identificar cuáles son los elementos de protección personal indicados en la atención del parto vaginal y su correcto uso en tiempos de COVID-19. División de temas tratados. Se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura accediendo a las bases de datos: PubMed, Medline, Elsevier, Google Académico y sitios web como la Organización Mundial de la salud (OMS), Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC, por sus siglas en inglés) y el Colegio Americano de Obstetras y Ginecólogos (ACOG), entre otros. Se usaron palabras claves como “Infecciones por Coronavirus”, “Parto Normal”, “Protección Personal”, “Personal de Salud”, “Dispositivos de Protección Respiratoria” y “Dispositivos de Protección de los Ojos”. La literatura permitió identificar aspectos introductorios al tema, epidemiología, características generales de los elementos de protección personal, y los elementos específicos para el uso correcto en la atención del parto vaginal. Conclusiones. El trabajo de parto es considerado como un procedimiento generador de aerosoles, por lo que se recomienda principalmente el uso de tapabocas N95 o un respirador que ofrezca mayor protección para personal de salud en la atención del parto vaginal, con el fin de evitar la infección por SARS-CoV-2; sin embargo, se debe insistir en el uso adecuado y completo de los elementos de protección personal como lo son la bata quirúrgica, el gorro, el protector ocular y guantes, independientemente de la sintomatología de la paciente. Introduction. In December 2019, in Wuhan, China, there was an outbreak of atypical pneumonia caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which is a type of coronavirus causative of COVID-19, which overtime became a pandemic. In this context, the use of personal protective equipment is of special interest, especially when providing care in vaginal delivery, due to the confusion in obstetric circles regarding the best way to protect healthcare personnel in these cases. The objective of this review article is to identify which are the personal protective elements indicated for providing care in vaginal birth and their correct use during COVID-19. Division of Covered Topics. A narrative review of the literature was carried out, accessing the following databases: PubMed, Medline, Elsevier, Google Scholar, and websites such as the World Health Organization (WHO), Center for the Control and Prevention of Diseases (CDC), and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, among others. Keywords such as “Coronavirus Infections”, “Normal Birth,” Personal Protective Elements,” “Healthcare Personnel”, “Respiratory Protective Devices”, and “Eye Protection Devices” were used. The literature allowed us to identify introductory aspects on the matter, epidemiology, general characteristics of personal protective elements, and the specific elements for correct use when providing care in vaginal birth. Conclusions. Labor is considered an aerosol-generating procedure. Therefore, the main recommendation is the use of an N95 mask or a respirator which allows for greater protection for healthcare personnel when assisting vaginal birth, in order to avoid infection due to SARS-CoV-2. However, there must be an adequate and complete use of personal protective equipment, such as surgical gowns, hats, eye protection and gloves, regardless of the patient’s symptomatology. Introdução. Em dezembro de 2019 em Wuhan, na China, houve um surto de pneumonia atípica gerada pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2, que é um tipo de coronavírus que causa a doença COVID-19, que, com o tempo, acabou se tornando uma pandemia. Nesse contexto, o uso de elementos de proteção individual tornou-se de particular interesse, especialmente para a assistência do parto vaginal, dada a confusão nos círculos obstétricos quanto à melhor forma de proteger os profissionais da saúde nesses casos. O objetivo deste artigo de revisão é identificar os elementos de proteção individual indicados na assistência do parto vaginal e seu uso correto em tempos de COVID-19. Divisão de tópicos abordados. Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa da literatura acessando as seguintes bases de dados: PubMed, Medline, Elsevier, Google Scholar e sites como a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), Centros de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças (CDC, na sigla em inglês) e o Colégio Americano de Obstetras e Ginecologistas (ACOG), entre outros. Foram utilizadas palavras-chave como “Infecções por Coronavírus”, “Parto Normal”, “Proteção Pessoal”, “Pessoal de Saúde”, “Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória” e “Dispositivos de Proteção Ocular”. A literatura permitiu identificar aspectos introdutórios ao tema, epidemiologia, características gerais dos elementos de proteção individual e elementos específicos para o uso correto na assistência do parto vaginal. Conclusões. O trabalho de parto é considerado um procedimento gerador de aerossóis, portanto, recomenda-se principalmente o uso de máscaras N95 ou um respirador que ofereça maior proteção para os profissionais de saúde na assistência do parto vaginal, a fim de evitar a infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2; no entanto, deve-se insistir no uso adequado e completo de elementos de proteção individual, como bata cirúrgica, touca, protetor ocular e luvas, independentemente dos sintomas do paciente.
Introducción. La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica es un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial y el cese del consumo de tabaco es la medida más efectiva para disminuir la incidencia y su progresión. Esta medida es especialmente eficaz en personas envejecidas, en quienes las consecuencias son más agudas a causa de los cambios biopsicosociales, cambios que aumentan la probabilidad de infecciones, dependencia funcional y fragilidad. El objetivo de este reporte es describir los cambios en el hábito tabáquico de una persona mayor con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, tras ser incluida en un plan de cuidado organizado y según las etapas del proceso de Enfermería dirigido al cese del hábito tabáquico. Metodología. Reporte de caso de Enfermería bajo el Modelo de Promoción de la Salud de Nola Pender y el proceso de Enfermería, articulado con la taxonomía diagnóstica North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International, la Clasificación de Resultados de Enfermería (Nursing Outcomes Classification) y la Clasificación de Intervenciones de Enfermería (Nursing Interventions Classification). Resultados. Tras el proceso de Enfermería se evidencia la cesación del hábito tabáquico en la persona mayor y se destaca en el proceso la participación del núcleo familiar y el reconocimiento de los riesgos en salud asociados. Conclusiones. Se reconoce el rol de Enfermería como preponderante en la prevención y el abandono del hábito tabáquico que, orientado por un proceso de cuidado organizado, con respaldo disciplinar y científico, ayuda a mejorar el estado de salud y manejo de los factores de riesgo. Introduction. Quitting tobacco consumption is the most effective measure for reducing the incidence and progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is a global public health issue. This measure is especially effective in seniors, in whom the consequences are more acute due to biopsychosocial changes, changes that increase the probability of infection, functional dependence and fragility. The objective of this report is to describe the changes in the tobacco habits of a senior with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after being included in an organized health care plan according to the Nursing process’ stages for quitting tobacco habits. Methodology. A nursing case report under Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model and the Nursing process, articulated with the diagnostic taxonomy North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International, Nursing Outcomes Classification and Nursing Interventions Classification. Results. It was evident the senior quit their tobacco habits after the Nursing process was carried out, and participation from family members and recognition of the associated health risks stood out in the process. Conclusions. The role of Nursing is pivotal in preventing and quitting tobacco habits, which, guided by an organized health care process with disciplinary and scientific support, helps improve health conditions and manage risk factors. Introdução. A doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica é um problema de saúde pública global e a cessação do consumo de tabaco é a medida mais eficaz para reduzir sua incidência e progressão. Essa medida é especialmente eficaz em idosos, nos quais as consequências são mais agudas devido a alterações biopsicossociais, alterações que aumentam a probabilidade de infecções, dependência funcional e fragilidade. O objetivo deste relato é descrever as mudanças no hábito de fumar de um idoso com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica, após a inclusão em um plano de cuidados organizado e de acordo com as etapas do processo de Enfermagem visando a cessação do tabagismo. Metodologia. Relato de caso de Enfermagem sob o Modelo de Promoção da Saúde de Nola Pender e o processo de Enfermagem, articulado com a taxonomia diagnóstica North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International, a Classificação de Resultados de Enfermagem Nursing Outcomes Classification e a Classificação de Intervenções de Enfermagem Nursing Interventions Classification. Resultados. Após o processo de Enfermagem, evidencia-se a cessação do tabagismo no idoso e destaca-se a participação do núcleo familiar e o reconhecimento dos riscos à saúde associados no processo. Conclusões. O papel da Enfermagem é reconhecido como preponderante na prevenção e cessação do tabagismo, o que, pautado por um processo assistencial organizado, com respaldo disciplinar e científico, auxilia na melhoria do estado de saúde e no manejo dos fatores de risco.
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2,382 members
Jorge Andrick Parra Valencia
  • Grupo de Investigación en Pensamiento Sistémico (GPS)
Claudia Sossa
  • Facultad de Medicina
Cesar D. Guerrero
  • Dirección General de Investigaciones
Jose Daniel Cabrera Cruz
  • Grupo de Investigación en Pensamiento Sistémico (GPS)
Avenida 42 No. 48 – 11, Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia
Head of institution
Juan Camilo Montoya Bozzi
(57) (7) 643 6111 /643 6261