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- SourceAvailable from: Didem Pasaoglu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of human resources management practices on organizational commitment, singly and systematically. The data was gathered from 304 participants in Eskişehir, who work in the banking industry. For that purpose, a survey study was conducted in different banks in Eskişehir. To analyze the relationship between the variables included in the study, correlations and multiple-regression statistics were used. The findings from the study support the variables (choice, training, performance evaluation, promotion, performance-based rewards, information sharing, job security and human resources management system) and these variables are also supported by findings of previous studies. As findings from this study depict, human resources management practices have an effect on organizational commitment both singly and systematically. The findings obtained open new horizons in discussions that defend the unification of human resources management practices in the banking industry in Eskişehir
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Reading and writing self-efficacy have been recognized as related to and predictors of writing performance (e.g. Prad-Sala & Redford, 2012; Shell, Murphy & Bruning, 1989). As reading academic texts and writing essays are two essential components of undergraduate programs, discovering and discussing self-efficacy beliefs in reading and writing become valuable. Social cognitive framework suggests that students donated with same skills may perform differently based on their perceived self- efficacy in target tasks (Bandura, 1977, 1986, 1997). Given the role of these two concepts, the current study aims to identify the relationship between perceived reading and writing self-efficacy beliefs in addition to their effect on writing performance with two surveys (Self-efficacy in writing [SEW], Self-efficacy in reading [SER], Prat-Sala & Redford, 2010). The first-year EFL preservice teachers of a state university in Turkey (N = 116) completed SEW and SER surveys. Writing performances of the participants were evaluated by a short essay written for the final exam of Written Communication Course. The findings revealed that SEW was positively and significantly correlated with writing performance as well as SER. Also, hierarchical regression analysis demonstrated that SER and SER significantly accounted for the variance in writing scores. Implications were discussed based on the results and the related literature. Keywords: Reading self-efficacy, social cognitive theory, writing performance, writing self-efficacy.
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ABSTRACT: Pragmatic competence in foreign language learning depends on appropriate and correct use of the target language. Textual competence, on the other hand, is the ability to produce coherent texts. Appropriate and correct use of connectives in writing reflects the extent of textual competence. The significance of this study is that it was conducted in a Turkish ELT Department setting with a particular focus on the use of connectives. Since these students will become future English teachers, it is vital to identify and prevent their errors before they become fossilized. The study investigated the use of connectives in unplanned argumentative essays by Turkish freshman ELT department students. Participants were asked to write an unplanned, well-developed argumentative essay. Afterwards, a questionnaire was conducted in order to collect information about their language backgrounds. In data analysis, connectives in each essay were manually counted by the researcher. Number of sentences and number of words in each essay was also counted to determine sentence length. As a further step, coherence relation categories indicated by each connective was identified. Main findings of the study revealed that students did not use a large variety of connectives in their essays. Many instances of grammatical and punctuation errors were observed in their writings and for what relations students used connectives could not be determined in some cases.
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