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Conference Paper
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A neonatal incubator has been designed, modeled and developed which is incorporated with embedded temperature and humidity control system. The chamber has two compartments; larger and smaller. Smaller compartment consists of temperature and humidity control unit and larger compartment consists of a mattress where the baby is kept. The control syste...

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... humidity in 20 %, exceed 200 ml/kg/day. To provide a baby friendly environment the relative humidity must be maintained within 70% to 75% RH. [16] Keeping in mind about the above problems related to the infant we need to design such an incubator system that controls the temperature and humidity of the environment where the newborn baby is rested. Fig. 3 shows the block diagram of total control system unit through which the incubator would run to get optimum temperature and humidity. The Design Requirements of infant incubator are to provide the infant with the bare necessities, these are: (i) An ambient temperature of 36⁰C-37⁰C (ii) Humidity greater than 70%RH and (iii) sterile air ...

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Citations

... A neonatal incubator fused with implanted temperature and humidity control framework has been proposed and created which is Nisha & Elahi (2014). ...
... A study reported that humidity is sensed by the same sensor DHT11 [19], detailing further advantage of the sensor because it can render signal for both temperature and humidity. The fabricated triplet incubator was designed to house three preterm babies concurrently or as need may be simultaneously and function effectively by maintaining a proper environmental temperature (36 -37 o C) and humidity (75% -86%). ...
... The fabricated triplet incubator was designed to house three preterm babies concurrently or as need may be simultaneously and function effectively by maintaining a proper environmental temperature (36 -37 o C) and humidity (75% -86%). These parameters were maintained automatically by the microprocessor controller based system which makes the system easier to operate [19]. ...
... To this end, the results of the findings are valid and corroborate with the work in a region [19] in designed prototype of low cost Neonatal incubator with smart control system. In other studies [24,25], solar power portable infant incubator designed was of one compartment while conscious effort here yielded triplet baby incubator with renewable energy source. ...
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Pre-term infant care is an important and very sensitive specialty in medicine. There are increased risk of complications associated with pre-term care and greater are obvious with triplets gestational period of less than 37 weeks. Preterm triplets are predisposes to low weight, respiratory problems, infections and difficulty body temperature sustenance that demand critical nursery care specialized machinery. Conventional designed incubator for triplet infants are rare due to consequences of operation failure, infants’ death and heavy litigation. Triplet baby incubator was designed and constructed to accommodate closed-loop stable thermal environment and control unit with perpex alumaco board of density tensile strenght1200kgm2 for cabin chambers of perimeter area 120x50x46cm structured with 2mm sliding doors. Two compartments for heat exchange control and electrical components circuitry were at the base. Condiment drawers were partitions immediately beneath chamber mattresses of 2cm thick. The circuits were designed and simulated on proteus 8 and printed on breadboards such that power supply to the entire system is from national grid or 100w, 220v solar cell inverter via 12v ac step-down transformer. Second power regulating circuit has transformer enables voltage regulator 7812 and 7085, bridge diode, 10k resistors and 2200μf capacitor that convert 220v to 12v supply to microcontroller, LCD and DHT11 sensors. Baby chamber maintained 24oC as normal room temperature and when enabled for 50mins raised to 37OC ±1 at humidity of 75% to 86%.
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Chapter
Every year, an increasingly large number of neonatal deaths occur in India. Premature birth and asphyxia are being two of the leading causes of these neonatal deaths. A well-regulated thermal environment is critical for neonatal survival. In the current scenario, it is impossible for the health centers in the rural areas of India to afford a neonatal incubator for every newborn due to its price and transportability. The successful delivery of neonates is hampered in India due to its increasing population along with limited technology and resources. Thus, a prototype of an incubator has been designed that is affordable, transportable, and energy saving for the health centers in the rural regions, with an AI-based decision support system.
Technical Report
Smart Neonatal Incubator is a design of advanced medical care based on Control From Distance (IoT Methodologies), to save infants in case early saturation, also early prediction by several medical measurement sensors for these vital parameters that connected to web application with alert doctors and nurses from the incubator via WiFi Connection in case problem occurs in the incubator to avoid risk health problems such "Apnea", "early hypertension", "tachycardia and bradycardia", some challenges will facing this project and appositions to added in the future, with full description of the history of neonatology from the beginning in coming to the new age which this project system developed from the oldest or previous similar systems and comparing with the new system and conjunction between them why it's best of them with working and execution demonstration and aims to stakeholders, the functional requirements for hardware and software, non-functional requirements for software with analysis, design, implementation, and testing, discussing the whole system and its results including a survey with some appendices.
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract—Every year, an increasingly large number of neonatal deaths occur in India. Premature birth and asphyxia are being two of the leading causes of these neonatal deaths. A well-regulated thermal environment is critical for neonatal survival. In the current scenario, it is impossible for the health centers in the rural areas of India to afford a neonatal incubator for every newborn due to its price and transportability. The successful delivery of neonates is hampered in India due to its increasing population along with limited technology and resources. Thus, a prototype of an incubator has been designed that is affordable, transportable, and energy saving for the health centers in the rural regions, with an AI-based decision support system.