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This paper addresses the phonological stratum as an integral part of the language system. As EFL teacher trainers, we often find that students isolate the different meaning-creating components of language as a natural result of the way courses are organized at university level. It is in the spirit of helping students integrate the various aspects o...

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... Selting (1987) presents a descriptive study of the intonation in natural conversations based on discourse intonation, which is purely additive criteria and the results reveal that the role of intonation can only be analyzed by regarding its location with a variety of phenomena of utterance and conversational organization. Germani and Rivas (2011) compare between Brazil's discourse intonation model and Halliday's systematic functional phonology to show the differences and similarities between the two approaches. The study shows that both approaches are based on the intended meaning in the utterance, but they differ in the types of the tones used in both approaches as well as the systematic functional approach is based on the combination of lecixo-grammatical and phonological systems. ...
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Intonation plays an important role in understanding the intended meaning of speech since neglecting the study of intonation in the discourse leads to a misunderstanding of some pragmatic meaning. This study attempts to answer these two questions: what is the pragmatic function of the information tone types that are employed in Obama’s speech concerning the termination component? and what are the pragmatic function of the proclaiming and referring tones that are employed in Obama’s speech concerning the dominance and non-dominance factor?. It aims to investigate the types of information tones in Obama’s speech concerning the termination component and dominance/non-dominance factor based on Brazil’s model (1997) of discourse intonation. This study confines itself to the American political interview and it is a qualitative study. The findings show that all the information tone types (proclaiming, referring, and level) are used in Obama’s speech and the high termination is most common level, which is used by Obama in his speech in order to emphasize the information and capture the attention of the interviewer. Generally, it was found that the dominance factor was higher than the non-dominance factor, which reflects that Obama took his status as the controller of the discourse during his speech with the interviewer and most of his speech carries contrastive information, which contradicts the interview’s expectation. This study is beneficial for foreign learners and those who are specialists in phonology and pragmatics since it can clarify the function of intonation through the interaction of participants in context.
... Both models operate with a set of tonal patterns, e.g., in Brazil model these are: falling, rising, rising-falling, falling-rising and level, each having a specific communicative payload. These tone patterns are connected to the categories of "given/new information" [17] or deemed to be "referring/proclaiming" [18], [19], [20], [21] This explicit relationship between intonation and meaning is exploited to search for keywords in speech. ...
... Similarly, a growth in research has taken place in the context of Argentina, where Spanish native speakers learn English as a foreign language (EFL). Despite the scholarly acknowledgement that there are specific aspects of the field of phonetics and phonology that have been neglected (Roncero, 2009), different researchers have focused on the teaching of intonation to Argentine students at university level by presenting proposals for the teaching of a specific aspect (Barbeito, Cardinali & Di Nardo, 2013;Germani & Rivas, 2011;Macagno & Piccirilli, 2009;Perez & Acosta, 2009), or alternative proposals for the assessment of students' production in a phonetics and phonology course for first year students at university level (Cosentino, 2011). ...
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This paper explores whether the teaching of English intonation within the framework of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) contributes to the development of intonation skills of Argentine Spanish speakers in a training program to become teachers of English as a Foreign Language. To this end, the findings of a study focused on the oral production of students in the first course of phonetics in the program offered at the National University of Rio Cuarto are presented. This paper reports the analysis of recordings of first-year students reading an English text aloud. The results of the recordings obtained in the pre and post-tests reveal that there was improvement in students’ oral production considering the three systems of intonation in SFL after a series of training sessions using a methodology and materials specifically designed for the study. The improvement was particularly noticeable in relation to the tone system. This suggests that the approach seems promising for the development of intonation skills and the development of oral skills in foreign language learners. These results may be of interest for teacher trainers who lecture in higher education institutions as well as for trainers who offer in-service workshops.