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Web application 'Language Tags for the Multilingual Semantic Web' for generating and decoding language tags.

Web application 'Language Tags for the Multilingual Semantic Web' for generating and decoding language tags.

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Conference Paper
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The identification and annotation of languages in an unambiguous and standardized way is essential for the description of linguistic data. It is the prerequisite for machine-based interpretation, aggregation, and re-use of the data with respect to different languages. This makes it a key aspect especially for Linked Data and the multilingual Semant...

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... been developed to assist an end-user with the generation and decoding of language tags. Although use of this application is not a requirement when compiling a language tag according to our pattern, it serves as an auxiliary tool. The web application can be found at: https:// londisizwe.org/language-tags/. A screenshot of the homepage is shown in Fig. 1. The following activities are ...

Citations

... The Web Annotation Data Model is an RDF-based approach to standoff annotations (in which annotations and the material to be annotated are stored separately) proposed by the Open Annotation community. 122 It is a flexible means of representing standoff annotation for any kind of document on the web. Although the most common use case of Web Annotation is the attaching of a piece of text to a single web resource, it is intended to be applicable across different media formats. ...
... Attempted to access on Jan 23, 2021. 122 The Web Annotation data model and vocabulary were published as W3C recommendations in 2017 [80,81]. ...
... lang-subtags-templates.xhtml 166 Cf. https://github.com/w3c/i18n-discuss/issues/13 . very notion of language tags has been criticised as being both too inflexible as well as unable to address the needs of linguistics, e.g., recently by [120,121], and alternatives are being explored [122]. URI-based language identification represents a natural alternative in such cases, as these are not tied to any single standardization body or maintainer, but allow the marking of both the respective organization or maintainer of the resource (as part of the namespace) and the individual language (in the local name). ...
Article
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This article provides a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of models and vocabularies for creating linguistic linked data (LLD) focusing on the latest developments in the area and both building upon and complementing previous works covering similar territory. The article begins with an overview of some recent trends which have had a significant impact on linked data models and vocabularies. Next, we give a general overview of existing vocabularies and models for different categories of LLD resource. After which we look at some of the latest developments in community standards and initiatives including descriptions of recent work on the OntoLex-Lemon model, a survey of recent initiatives in linguistic annotation and LLD, and a discussion of the LLD metadata vocabularies META-SHARE and lime. In the next part of the paper, we focus on the influence of projects on LLD models and vocabularies, starting with a general survey of relevant projects, before dedicating individual sections to a number of recent projects and their impact on LLD vocabularies and models. Finally, in the conclusion, we look ahead at some future challenges for LLD models and vocabularies. The appendix to the paper consists of a brief introduction to the OntoLex-Lemon model.
... ISO 639 does not provide a language code for Old Gascon and we thus follow the pattern to create a unique and decodable language tag described byGillis-Webber and Tittel (2020).15 A search for the HW concept 'B I k 1 cc 2' produces 21 lexemes but is less precise, leading also to lexemes denoting flour, sieving flour, etc. ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To empower end users in searching for historical linguistic content with a performance that far exceeds the research functions offered by websites of, e.g., historical dictionaries, is undoubtedly a major advantage of (Linguistic) Linked Open Data ([L]LOD). An important aim of lexicography is to enable a language-independent, onomasiological approach, and the modelling of linguistic resources following the LOD paradigm facilitates the semantic mapping to ontologies making this approach possible. Hallig-Wartburg's Begriffssystem (HW) is a well-known extra-linguistic conceptual system used as an onomasiological framework by many historical lexicographical and lexicological works. Published in 1952, HW has meanwhile been digitised. With proprietary XML data as the starting point, our goal is the transformation of HW into Linked Open Data in order to facilitate its use by linguistic resources modelled as LOD. In this paper, we describe the particularities of the HW conceptual model and the method of converting HW: We discuss two approaches, (i) the representation of HW in RDF using SKOS, the SKOS thesaurus extension, and XKOS, and (ii) the creation of a lightweight ontology expressed in OWL, based on the RDF/SKOS model. The outcome is illustrated with use cases of medieval Gascon, and Italian.