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Water absorption of the fabrics produced from different fibres 

Water absorption of the fabrics produced from different fibres 

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Although synthetic fibres are widely used in clothing production, they can never provide the comfort properties as much as that of the natural fibres. Therefore, natural fibres keep going their importance. On the other hand, nowadays, new generated synthetic fibres having different structure are produced and introduced under different trade names b...

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... to Table 2, undyed/dyed Coolmax fabrics have the highest water vapour permeability values while bamboo, wool and cotton fabrics have the lowest ones. Physical channels on the fibre surface of Coolmax may give rise to higher water vapour permeability. On the other hand, the fibre structure having micro spaces or hollow core can not affect the water vapour permeability. Water absorption amounts of the fabrics were determined according to the Equation 1 and given in Figure 2. As it is seen in Figure 2, undyed-Coolmax fabric has the highest water absorption amount while the wool fabric has the lowest amount in comparison with that of all the fabrics. On the other hand, dyed-Coolmax and undyed/dyed-Thermolite have statistically similar values and their values follow that of the undyed-Coolmax fabric. The results show that the fabrics produced from new generated fibres such as Coolmax and Thermolite have better water absorption ability compared to that of the fabrics obtained from the natural and regenerated fibres due to their fibre structure. The specially designed fibre structure consisting of four or six channels of Coolmax fibers and hollow-core of Thermolite fibres increase the surface area and so water absorption, in another words moisture/sweat absorption improves (4-5). Similar structure which is defined as micro spaces of bamboo fibre gives rise to higher water absorption than that of the cotton and also wool. Contrary to the expectations, the fabrics obtained from natural fibres such as cotton, wool can take up the water with lower amount compared to the fabrics produced from new generated fibres. As it is seen in Figure 3, undyed/dyed-Coolmax and Thermolite fabrics have the highest water loss amount while cotton and acrylic have the lowest amount. This result indicates that Coolmax and Thermolite fabrics absorb more water and also dry more quickly compared to cotton and acrylic fabrics. Special fibre structure and also higher air permeability values might lead to evaporate the water so quickly. From Figure 4, water is lost from the fabrics obtained from Coolmax, Thermolite and bamboo fibres more than that of the acrylic and cotton fabrics after 30 and 45 minutes. Especially, dyed-Coolmax and undyed- Thermolite can remove more than the half of the absorbed water after the first 30 minutes. Therefore, the wearer can not be disturbed due to wet clothing. On the other hand, the drying time of Coolmax and Thermolite fabrics is about an hour and they dried later than the cotton fabric. However, Coolmax and Thermolite absorb more water and drying time is a bit longer than the ...
Context 2
... to Table 2, undyed/dyed Coolmax fabrics have the highest water vapour permeability values while bamboo, wool and cotton fabrics have the lowest ones. Physical channels on the fibre surface of Coolmax may give rise to higher water vapour permeability. On the other hand, the fibre structure having micro spaces or hollow core can not affect the water vapour permeability. Water absorption amounts of the fabrics were determined according to the Equation 1 and given in Figure 2. As it is seen in Figure 2, undyed-Coolmax fabric has the highest water absorption amount while the wool fabric has the lowest amount in comparison with that of all the fabrics. On the other hand, dyed-Coolmax and undyed/dyed-Thermolite have statistically similar values and their values follow that of the undyed-Coolmax fabric. The results show that the fabrics produced from new generated fibres such as Coolmax and Thermolite have better water absorption ability compared to that of the fabrics obtained from the natural and regenerated fibres due to their fibre structure. The specially designed fibre structure consisting of four or six channels of Coolmax fibers and hollow-core of Thermolite fibres increase the surface area and so water absorption, in another words moisture/sweat absorption improves (4-5). Similar structure which is defined as micro spaces of bamboo fibre gives rise to higher water absorption than that of the cotton and also wool. Contrary to the expectations, the fabrics obtained from natural fibres such as cotton, wool can take up the water with lower amount compared to the fabrics produced from new generated fibres. As it is seen in Figure 3, undyed/dyed-Coolmax and Thermolite fabrics have the highest water loss amount while cotton and acrylic have the lowest amount. This result indicates that Coolmax and Thermolite fabrics absorb more water and also dry more quickly compared to cotton and acrylic fabrics. Special fibre structure and also higher air permeability values might lead to evaporate the water so quickly. From Figure 4, water is lost from the fabrics obtained from Coolmax, Thermolite and bamboo fibres more than that of the acrylic and cotton fabrics after 30 and 45 minutes. Especially, dyed-Coolmax and undyed- Thermolite can remove more than the half of the absorbed water after the first 30 minutes. Therefore, the wearer can not be disturbed due to wet clothing. On the other hand, the drying time of Coolmax and Thermolite fabrics is about an hour and they dried later than the cotton fabric. However, Coolmax and Thermolite absorb more water and drying time is a bit longer than the ...

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Citations

... Company that uses N-methyl-morphine-N-oxide (NMMO) that is used to dissolve cellulose. The generic name for Tencel is Lyocell [1]. The versatility of this fiber produces outstanding fabrics for both men's and women's casual and tailored wear, as well as women lingerie. ...
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