| Volcano plots of (A) associated gene ontology (GO) terms derived from MetaGOmics and (B) proteins identified in non-bleached outer layer (OL) tissue and inner core (IC) intra-skeletal tissue and skeleton of Montipora capitata. Points represent the magnitude of the log 2 fold change and the -log(p-value) or z-score for each GO term or protein, respectively. Dashed lines indicate significance thresholds. Select proteins that are discussed in the text are indicated by their abbreviated protein name.

| Volcano plots of (A) associated gene ontology (GO) terms derived from MetaGOmics and (B) proteins identified in non-bleached outer layer (OL) tissue and inner core (IC) intra-skeletal tissue and skeleton of Montipora capitata. Points represent the magnitude of the log 2 fold change and the -log(p-value) or z-score for each GO term or protein, respectively. Dashed lines indicate significance thresholds. Select proteins that are discussed in the text are indicated by their abbreviated protein name.

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Coral bleaching events are increasing with such frequency and intensity that many of the world’s reef-building corals are in peril. Some corals appear to be more resilient after bleaching but the mechanisms underlying their ability to recover from bleaching and persist are not fully understood. We used shotgun proteomics to compare the proteomes of...

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... analysis revealed that 187 proteins were significantly more abundant in the OL and 132 proteins were more abundant in the IC (Supplementary File 3). Based on enrichment analysis, the OL of non-bleached M. capitata was enriched in biological processes involved in anatomical development, carbohydrate metabolism, cell differentiation, endocytosis, lipid metabolism, protein metabolism, RNA processing and small molecule processing ( Figure 4A and Supplementary File 4). Peroxidasin (PER2; m.25079; LFC−3.7) was detected at the highest abundance in the OL and is part of cellular response to oxidative stress. ...
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... dehydrogenase (PDH; m.4559; LFC−1.1), aconitate hydratase (ACN; m.20259; LFC−0.7), and isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH; m.11767; LFC−0.7) ( Figure 4B). The IC was characterized by an enrichment in GO biological processes involved in cellular structure and adhesion, carbohydrate metabolism, immune response, lipid metabolism, oxidoreductase activity and response to stimulus (Figure 4A and Supplementary File 4). ...
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... hydratase (ACN; m.20259; LFC−0.7), and isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH; m.11767; LFC−0.7) ( Figure 4B). The IC was characterized by an enrichment in GO biological processes involved in cellular structure and adhesion, carbohydrate metabolism, immune response, lipid metabolism, oxidoreductase activity and response to stimulus (Figure 4A and Supplementary File 4). The protein identified in the OL to have the highest fold change difference compared to the IC was a lipase-related protein (LIP1; m.21324, LFC + 2.1) that is involved in lipid metabolism (Figure 4B). ...
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... IC was characterized by an enrichment in GO biological processes involved in cellular structure and adhesion, carbohydrate metabolism, immune response, lipid metabolism, oxidoreductase activity and response to stimulus (Figure 4A and Supplementary File 4). The protein identified in the OL to have the highest fold change difference compared to the IC was a lipase-related protein (LIP1; m.21324, LFC + 2.1) that is involved in lipid metabolism (Figure 4B). Von Willebrand factor type A (VWA; m.31548, LFC + 1.5), an important adhesion structural protein, was also present at significantly high concentration in the IC (Figure 4B). ...
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... protein identified in the OL to have the highest fold change difference compared to the IC was a lipase-related protein (LIP1; m.21324, LFC + 2.1) that is involved in lipid metabolism (Figure 4B). Von Willebrand factor type A (VWA; m.31548, LFC + 1.5), an important adhesion structural protein, was also present at significantly high concentration in the IC (Figure 4B). ...