US real manufacturing output versus employment (1947-2014) in the light of rising automations and innovations in AI technology. Source Daniel Miessler. (2014). US manufacturing is as strong as ever https://danielmiessler.com/blog/u-s-manufacturing-is-as-strong-as-ever-we-justneed-way-fewer-people-to-do-it/

US real manufacturing output versus employment (1947-2014) in the light of rising automations and innovations in AI technology. Source Daniel Miessler. (2014). US manufacturing is as strong as ever https://danielmiessler.com/blog/u-s-manufacturing-is-as-strong-as-ever-we-justneed-way-fewer-people-to-do-it/

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Recent studies reveal that there are growing controversies over the real impact and benefits of advances in artificial intelligence (AI) for today’s manufacturing industries (MI). Scholars who argue that AI provides profound advancements in technology beneficial for improving the quality of human life seem to outweigh those holding contrary opinion...

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... summary, the nature of man regarding profit maximization: 'Here's a quick summary of what's happening: humans can make money replacing humans with computers… but the number of humans who profit from this is a tiny fraction of the number of humans who lose their jobs because of this' [35]. The reality of this class of alienation, as indicated in (Figs. 3, 4 and 5), explains why there is a rise in the number of factory workers whose jobs in the current dispensation have become irrelevant and ...
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... scenario explained in the quotation above perhaps further explains why in Fig. 3, the study recorded a sharp decline in the number of people employed during the period under review. Interestingly, however, this decline in the number of people employed does not in any way affect the productivity of the MIs. On the contrary, these MIs continue to record outstanding increase in outputs in billions of dollars since ...
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... diagram and charts presented in (Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 5) add credence to the ontological fears, which have become a reality, in view of the millions of individuals who now have lost their jobs to robots and super-intelligent machines. A scenario that have also unfavorably affected the economic state of man to the point of exposing him to all the four classes of Karl Marxist ...
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... arguments presented for the extinction risk claim in this study by Hawking et al. and Davey [1, 18], and several other studies conducted by FLI, MIRI, etc., (Figs. 2 and 3) largely go to affirm the existence of the rising 'extinction risks fears' already inferred to exist in degrees that are inimical to the psyche of all individuals directly or indirectly affected by the operations of super-intelligent machines. Studies here indicate that those already affected by this extinction risks-as indicated in (Figs. 4 and 5)-are forced into variant degrees and classes of Alienation. ...
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... classes of unemployed people increase the difficulty government has in governing states where the inhabitants are predominated by jobless and unemployed youths of working age (25)(26)(27)(28)(29)(30)(31)(32)(33)(34)(35)(36)(37)(38)(39)(40)(41)(42)(43)(44). See Figs. 3, 4 and 5. ...
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... machines in today's manufacturing industries, with the view to ascertaining whether the claims to the huge economic and development benefits (advantages) ascribed to mankind and the polity via innovations in AI truly outweigh the hazards and risks which other scholars largely allude to. Thus, the findings of this paper, as represented in (Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 5), gave the authors justified and rational grounds for making the following ...

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... The manual data collection and analysis is completely eliminated after implementing Industry 4.0 where the customized data is readily available in different desired formats. 31 The detailed information flow diagram is mentioned in Figure 5. some study stressed upon the demerits of super intelligent machines, that is, research done by Wogu et al. 32 conclude that there are benefits of increased productivity gained by the industries after implementing intelligent manufacturing but at the same time people are losing their jobs as human beings are replaced by the machines, but there is large number of studies which indicates that the intelligent manufacturing is a tool to assist the sustainability development. ...
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The proliferation of cyber‐physical systems introduces the fourth stage of industrialization, commonly known as Industry 4.0.There are many frame work and researches has been conducted how to implement the concept of Industry 4.0 in a customized way for different manufacturing and service requirements. In this paper, a smart factory framework is presented by vertical integration of various components that incorporates industrial network, cloud, and supervisory control terminals with different functions i.e. production, maintenance, energy consumption, water consumption etc. in a factory for optimizing resource utilization and eliminating all the types wastages to enhance sustainable manufacturing. Moreover, this kind of self‐organized system enables the factory to achieve higher efficiency, minimized negative environmental impacts better and improvements in other Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). To evaluate the outcome of this model implementation a case study has been conducted on a cement plant where it is evident that after implementation of this model of sustainable manufacturing system the key environmental performance indicators i.e. specific energy consumption, carbon footprint, specific water consumption was reduced. It is observed that after implementing the sustainable manufacturing techniques there is a substantial improvement in various performance indicators i.e. production volume of the factory was increased by 13.24%, process waste percentage came down by 12.79%, OEE improved by 12.94%.The major environmental performance parameters like specific energy consumption came down by 9.33%, specific carbon foot print came down by 9.33% and specific water consumption came down by 3.12% after implementing the sustainable manufacturing model. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
... Meanwhile, in lieu of that fateful day, researchers have observed in studies that we already have artificial superintelligence working inconspicuously and tirelessly in our midst [3][4][5]. In the field of education, since the 1950s, AI deployed in the form of adaptive learning systems (ALS) [6,7], which are contemporary forms of intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) [8], have been utilized to assist teachers in the training of students [9]. ...
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Artificial intelligence-enabled adaptive learning systems (AI-ALS) have been increasingly utilized in education. Schools are usually afforded the freedom to deploy the AI-ALS that they prefer. However, even before artificial intelligence autonomously develops into artificial superintelligence in the future, it would be remiss to entirely leave the students to the AI-ALS without any independent oversight of the potential issues. For example, if the students score well in formative assessments within the AI-ALS but subsequently perform badly in paper-based post-tests, or if the relentless algorithm of a particular AI-ALS is suspected of causing undue stress for the students, they should be addressed by educational stakeholders. Policy makers and educational stakeholders should collaborate to analyze the data from multiple AI-ALS deployed in different schools to achieve strategic oversight. The current paper provides exemplars to illustrate how this future-ready strategic oversight could be implemented using an artificial intelligence-based Bayesian network software to analyze the data from five dissimilar AI-ALS, each deployed in a different school. Besides using descriptive analytics to reveal potential issues experienced by students within each AI-ALS, this human-centric AI-empowered approach also enables explainable predictive analytics of the students’ learning outcomes in paper-based summative assessments after training is completed in each AI-ALS.
... This is largely due to the fact that most governments believes that these predictions are mere products of conjectures and refutations arising from ambitious AIM researchers. This notwithstanding, some scholars [5][6] [7] believe that the impending threat of 'mass unemployment' and 'job apocalypse' are threats that may be much closer than most governments and concerned authorities are willing to accept as a reality of life soon to take place. These category of scholars believe the existential threat of massive job an- nihilation may have already begun in most industrialized nations of the world like America [4]. ...
... This technology today -the technology capable of manipulating a self- driven car (truck) -has advanced to the extent that that the Uber Company have been licensed to commence commercial test run of this AIM technology within Colorado State. The high success rate projected to emerge from this technology, when it is fully operational and commercialized in most states of America and in most industrialized nations of the world, is foretold, would mean the end of the truck driving and commer- cial driving jobs for over 20 Million drivers in the Unites States and its environ where this technology will be embraced [7]. Other scholars who corroborate the soon emer- gence of this era of machine take over include: [12][14] [15] [16][17] [18]. ...
... The problem of the increase in the numbers of near perfect predictions about the emergence of an era that would herald what most scholars refer to as, 'an era of massive job apocalypse' (Drum, 2017) in the American society and in most industrialized nations of the world where AIMs have been integrated into all sectors of life. A situation which results to the alienations of man and the belittling of his beingness [19] [7]. ii. ...
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While an increasing number of scholars are growing weary about the troubling predictions about when Artificial Intelligent Machines (AIMs) will fully acquire the capacity of intentionality - the ability for AIMs to possess the similitude of human-like knowledge for processing data and the knowledge of what is right and wrong in their own eyes, to the detriment of mankind – there are scholars who argue that politicians and the powers that be in the American government, have blatantly disregarded the existential threats magnified in the works of scholars like Katja Grace and Kevin Drum who frankly portrayed with some degree of certainty, an era of job apocalypse among other dangers mankind would be exposed to when AIMs eventually take over. Drawing from the Marxian Alienation Theory, the authors examine the degrees of extinction and existential threat imminent on humanity and the justification and implications for politicizing the predictions made about when AIMs would take over man’s job. The ex-post facto research methodology and Derrida’s reconstructive and deconstructive analytical method was adopted for evaluating the degree of politicking at play among American politicians. The paper identifies the impending era of mass joblessness as one of the greatest tasks progressive governments and thinkers must grapple with in other to curb this threat. Policy makers and scholars of AIM research must quickly identify pathways for distributing the gains of robot labour, such that its operations will cease to be a threat to mankind.
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While scholars like Wogu and Misra unanimously affirmed the beneficial roles of adopting AI powered ICT systems in various sectors of government and endeavours, most countries in OECD and the Commonwealth - for reasons described as ‘a political reckless attitude' - have shied away from fully adopting and implementing intelligent debt management systems for their country's financial sectors, hence, the looming debt crisis hanging over them. Premised on the Public Choice theory, the study adopts Marilyn's Ex-post facto research design and Creswell's mix-method research approaches to interrogate the arguments proffered for and against the public debt management and the benefits of ICT, with a view to identifying the nexus that exists between the politics of debt management crisis and the role of ICT for 21st-century polities. The article identified a high degree of political rascality amongst political elites and a lackadaisical will towards the full implementation of intelligent debt management systems in the countries with looming debt crisis. Viable recommendations were proffered.
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While most governments subscribe to boosting global energy supplies since it paves the way for improved economies, which translates to better living conditions and gainful employments which in turn boost government operations, the rising global demand for energy from all human endeavors have activated unparalleled consequences on the environment, resulting to harmful repercussions for government operations and processes all over the world. Hence, scholars argue that the rising demand for global energy by industrialized nations have further increased the vulnerability of governments' operations and processes, especially in countries where these energy sources abound. Consequently, governments, multinationals, and various interest groups are divided on how best to address the quandaries resulting from rising global demand for energy and its effect on the environment and government operations. Recommendations that would enhance government operations were proposed.
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Recent literature on the economies of developed and developing nations identify a rise in the records of public debts that most industrialized nations continue to acquire for the purpose of sustaining their economies. Consequently, Nigeria, in 20 J 7, recorded alarming pub tic debts of N 19. 16trn, representing J 0.37% ratio of debt-to-GDP. These figures, scholars infer, explain the disturbing degree of decay inher• ent in major government infrastructures. Adopting the 'debt overhanging theory', Marilyn's ex-post facto research design, and Creswell's mix-method research approaches, the authors interrogate arguments.
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The ability for individuals to effectively communicate their thoughts, ideas and feelings amongst fellow beings is perceived as one of the greatest features distinguishing man from other living creatures on earth. The freedom to communicate such thoughts—in certain nations of the world—are perceived as one of man’s inalienable rights as a free individual in the society. Consequently, scholars have propounded theories to aid in explaining the trends of thought which modes of communication should follow. The proliferation of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies in the twenty-first century into the media industry seems to question the very foundations on which most renowned media and communications theory were founded on. Some scholars argue that political campaign experts have taken advantage of the adoption of innovations in AI technologies in the media to manipulate man’s freedom to communicate and exercise his wishes in the political arena. Consequently, the paper adopts Creswell’s qualitative method for research in the social science since it promotes drawing logical deductions from the analysis of propositions and theorems. The paper observes that the adoption of twenty-first-century AI technologies in the media industries has distorted existing theories of media/communication. Furthermore, the proliferation of AI technologies for politicking tends to adversely violate the inalienable rights individuals have to freely communicate their political opinions during elections. Media/communications scholars are admonished to extend research directed at understanding the degree of influence which AI technology exerts on media/communication theories with a view to addressing rising concerns for mankind and the media industry.
Chapter
Full-text available
Recent literature on the economies of developed and developing nations identify a rise in the records of public debts which most industrialized nations continue to acquire for the purpose of sustaining their economies. Consequently, Nigeria, in 2017, recorded alarming public debts of N19.16trn, representing 10.37% ratio of debt-to-GDP. These figures, scholars infer, explain the disturbing degree of decay inherent in major government infrastructures. Adopting the ‘debt overhanging theory', Marilyn's ex-post facto research design, and Creswell's mix-method research approaches, the authors interrogate arguments posited for or against public debt management with a view to proffering ICT and cloud technology as panacea for curbing the alarming rise in the cases of public debt crisis and the leadership crisis raging in the countries under review. A high degree of political rascality among the ruling elite and the lacking of viable ICT-oriented public debt management tools among African polities were observed. A re-orientation of the ruling class with ICT techniques was recommended.
Article
Full-text available
While scholars like Wogu and Misra unanimously affirmed the beneficial roles of adopting AI powered ICT systems in various sectors of government and endeavours, most countries in OECD and the Commonwealth - for reasons described as ‘a political reckless attitude' - have shied away from fully adopting and implementing intelligent debt management systems for their country's financial sectors, hence, the looming debt crisis hanging over them. Premised on the Public Choice theory, the study adopts Marilyn's Ex-post facto research design and Creswell's mix-method research approaches to interrogate the arguments proffered for and against the public debt management and the benefits of ICT, with a view to identifying the nexus that exists between the politics of debt management crisis and the role of ICT for 21st-century polities. The article identified a high degree of political rascality amongst political elites and a lackadaisical will towards the full implementation of intelligent debt management systems in the countries with looming debt crisis. Viable recommendations were proffered.