Table 3 - uploaded by Javier Perez
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Typical driving conditions

Typical driving conditions

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Conference Paper
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The aim of this paper is to compare the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from different types of vehicles, including electric and hybrid, during their entire life cycle. To estimate these emissions, a tool developed by the Technical University of Madrid (UPM), GlobalTRANS, was used. This tool integrates not only Tank-to-Wheel emissions (exhaust), but...

Context in source publication

Context 1
... order to have intercomparable datasets, the rest of parameters were kept constant (i.e. total mileage, driving modes distribution and average speed). Moreover, a series of typical driving conditions were used for every vehicle as presented in Table 3. These data were derived from MARM [4] for the Spanish case in 2009 and correspond to average values. ...

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Citations

... The calculation includes both the VLC and the FLC, as illustrated in Fig. 2. The VLC considers the following stages: raw material extraction, production and transport of transformed materials, vehicle manufacture, assembly and distribution, vehicle use (including maintenance), and final processing of the vehicle as waste. Fig. 3 shows the FLC flow diagram, as per the GlobalTRANS project (Lumbreras et al., 2010;Pérez et al., 2012). FLC emissions are divided into two stages, Well to Tank, WtT, and Tank to Wheel, TtW, regardless of the type of vehicle or the service it provides Maimoun et al., 2013;Pérez et al., 2012;Rose et al., 2013;Vedrenne et al., 2014). ...
... Fig. 3 shows the FLC flow diagram, as per the GlobalTRANS project (Lumbreras et al., 2010;Pérez et al., 2012). FLC emissions are divided into two stages, Well to Tank, WtT, and Tank to Wheel, TtW, regardless of the type of vehicle or the service it provides Maimoun et al., 2013;Pérez et al., 2012;Rose et al., 2013;Vedrenne et al., 2014). ...
... VLC GHG emissions are calculated with GlobalTRANS (Lumbreras et al., 2010;Pérez et al., 2012), a tool designed by a working team at the Technical University of Madrid (UPM). This methodology (outlined in Fig. 4) allows calculating the GHG emissions associated with a vehicle fleet and is structured into three modules, plus an additional module that deals with the emissions from the electricity generation that is consumed in some stages: ...
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