Type of tools applied to justify causal statements. Source: Figure generated from own data.

Type of tools applied to justify causal statements. Source: Figure generated from own data.

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This article illustrates the potential of the telecoupling framework to improve causal attribution in land system science (LSS). We shed light on the distinct analytical approaches that have characterized telecoupling research to date, how these can contribute to LSS with new insights, and whether such insights can improve causal attribution. By re...

Context in source publication

Context 1
... statements vary in scale from specific country-level inquiries such as how Chinese imports from the Congo basin are driven by the US demand for Chinese furniture (Fuller et al., 2018), to broader discussions of the multiple drivers of global and regional land-use change ( Creutzig et al., 2019). Nine articles justify causal statements by referring to findings from field observations, whereas the majority of the causal statements are justified by using evidence from existing literature, models, and quantitative measurements or estimations (Figure 2). The figure presents broader categories while a breakdown of specific tools applied is available in supplementary materials. ...