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Transitional period for the use of UAS without CIL It means that considering these dates the actors of the supply chain should inform the buyers about the operational limits regarding the operations. The fulfillment of the information shall be inspected according to Article 39 of the DR by the market surveillance authorities of the Member States.

Transitional period for the use of UAS without CIL It means that considering these dates the actors of the supply chain should inform the buyers about the operational limits regarding the operations. The fulfillment of the information shall be inspected according to Article 39 of the DR by the market surveillance authorities of the Member States.

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Significant changes are emerging in the market of unmanned aircraft systems since 2019 through the publication of two specific regulations that regulate all steps of the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in detail. With the implementation of the new EU drone regulations, the role of the notified bodies and the certification agencies will be more impo...

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... without a class identification label may be placed on the market after the 1 st January 2023 as a new type too, but it can be operated only in the "special" category, thus an operational authorization or a LUC will be necessary for the fulfillment of the operations. Fig. 1 will show the transitional period and its relevant deadlines [12]. The situation is complicated because the IR defines deadlines to the act of placing on the market, not to act of making available on the market (Placing on the market means the first making available of a product on the Union market -according to the IR). If placing on ...

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... In 2019, the EU published very tight regulations to enforce safe, sustainable, and secure UAS operations. [13][14][15] Consequently, new UAS must be individually reliable and equipped with systems to mitigate or avoid both aerial and ground risks, such as collisions with other flying objects or collisions with humans and critical infrastructures. Since a major malfunction that may occur during the flight may increase the ground risks, the current and anticipated health state of the UAS should be constantly monitored, and at the same time, the possible landing spots are visually identified and stored. ...
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... In the case of medium intrinsic risk (SAIL III and IV), a higher level of assurance, such as a design verification on UAV design and technical elements, is required. In SAIL V and VI, the type certificate is mandatory (Sándor & Pusztai, 2022). ...