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Total Number of Re-Tweeted Messages  

Total Number of Re-Tweeted Messages  

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Having established the significance of young voters in the election of President Obama, this paper focuses on how they using micro-blogging social network site Twitter have affected the political discourse of the Obama administration centering on two of the most controversial political agendas of the Obama administration’s first 100 days – the legi...

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... the second finding implies that, as a medium, MC-OSNs are ill-suited for long- term dissemination of information because the information distribution structure remains shallow and unable to overcome the first loop of the follower group. Figure 6 supports this finding that the increasing rate of information dissemination had slowed down significantly after the initial distribution. The dramatic dwindling of re-tweeting after the first explosive stage seems to indicate that Twitter has not reached the level of enduring public discourse after the initial expansion, which was spurred primarily by the personal popularity of the original tweeter. ...


... SNSs use, in general, may range from having a social presence (Dunlap & Lowenthal 2009) and increasing online visibility/ popularity (Vergeer, 2017) to spreading political messages (Guerrero-Solé, 2017) and interacting with voters (Graham, Broersma, Hazelhoff, & van 't Haar, 2013). Ikiz, Sobaci, Yavuz, and Karkin (2014) argue that Twitter, as an easy and diffusive SNS medium of communication with the public, is spectacularly functional to politicians to spread their arguments and opinions without any other mediating tools (Han & Kim, 2009). Twitter, as an SNS tool, is mainly employed as a mainstreaming medium of political interactions with all stakeholders during societal or political events (Hsu & Park, 2011). ...
There are many developments affecting societal, cultural, and political relations. The ubiquitous spread of information and communication tools (ICTs) are among these developments. Studies in literature are not indifferent to the impacts brought about in politics by ICTs, particularly by social networking sites (SNSs). During the research, many studies were found that focus on changes and transformations induced by ICTs that unprecedentedly affect interactions and relationships in political life. SNSs, a part of ICTs, have transformative effects on elected and their voters. Though there are many papers that focus on SNSs and political use of SNSs, a void was observed in relevant literature focusing on synthesizing the literature on particular country cases. For this reason, a systematic literature analysis was performed. Findings of this chapter on the political use of SNSs in Turkey indicate that political actors do not fully take advantage of SNSs and their potentialities. The political use of SNSs presents a rhizomatic formation rather than being hierarchical.
... For instance, a direct reply to another user's tweet usually begins with 332 JOURNAL OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & POLITICS the "@username" notation, followed by a message directed at that individual (see Guo & Saxton, 2014). One can also retweet, or repost, other users' messages; this is done using the symbol "RT@" followed by the original tweet (Han & Kim, 2009;Thoring, 2011). The practice of retweeting, while serving to disseminate information, is interactive to the extent that it contributes to a broader conversation-as users modify or add commentary to retweeted content, and as the original authors notice and respond (see boyd, Golder, & Lotan, 2010;Guo & Saxton, 2014). ...
This study examines the extent to which interest groups utilize Twitter to engage in interactive communication and the potential of such communication to serve organizational goals such as mobilization, fundraising, and expanding support for groups’ causes. Based on a content analysis of 5,000 tweets by environmental organizations in the context of the 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, I show that interactive communication was relatively uncommon and, further, that interactivity did not yield a significant payoff in terms of expanding groups’ reach and influence within the medium. These findings suggest that the benefits of interactivity may be overstated, and that other communicative strategies may better serve groups’ goals during times of crisis.
... We have seen the usage of the "E"-prefix for its popular usage on almost everything. A simple search on Google returns us a lot of "E"s on politics, "E-Politics", "E-Activism", "E-Governance", and "E-Campaigning" -It is hard to give a compre- Another interesting paper takes the full advantage of information collected on Twitter [27] to study the public opinion on Obama and his health care reform. In this study, the authors tracked and collected data like the number of click-throughs of some Twitter profiles, trends in the distribution of Re-tweeted messages; and information obtained from other Web 2.0 media like Youtube, Facebook can also be analyzed in this way. ...
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Social uprisings clearly show that social media tools, especially Twitter, help news spread more than the press does recently. In some cases Twitter substitutes traditional media if censorship is enlarged to such a level that the mainstream media channels prefer not to reflect the actual volume of the protests. Twitter is also utilized by politicians during such events to reinforce "us vs. them" division, and to gain support and legitimization for their own actions. Using critical discourse analysis, this paper aims to investigate the recurring speech patterns in the tweets of top-level politicians during the Gezi Park protests that started in Istanbul Turkey in June 2013 and spread the country rapidly. We study the tweets to draw conclusions on whether the politicians' statements represent marginalization and polarization efforts during the Gezi Park protests. In this paper, we consider social uprising as a communal expression of both political and apolitical opposition to the party in power. Our analysis reveals that the politicians' tweets are mainly characterized by a discourse that guides the public into some conscious direction that may reproduce marginalization and polarization among the public at large.