Tomb 128, south end, showing head end of burial in shaft, legs of burial in loculus (Hearst Expedition photograph B-1042). Courtesy of the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology and the Regents of the University of California.
Context in source publication
... dimensions were recorded but the field note sketch indicates that it had one loculus, or long niche carved out along the western edge of the bottom of the shaft. Two seemingly intact burials were found in the tomb (Figure 5, 6). The burial along the eastern side at the base of the shaft was supine and had its head to the south; a biconical necked jar with pendant line decoration, alabaster kohl jar, bronze needle, and bronze blade as well as a beaker containing grain husks was found near the head while two large dishes and part of an offering stand were near the feet. ...
This study presents the archaeobotanical analyses of seven botanical samples from five graves excavated at the Predynastic cemetery of north Ballâs, located in Upper Egypt in the Qenah Bend area. Castor beans, preserved in a desiccated condition, were the largest archaeobotanical sample analysed (grave B20). The beans were strung together and found around the neck of the deceased suggesting the use of the plant may have been intended as ornament or other resource. This is also one of the earliest findings of castor beans reported from Egypt. Other archaeobotanical findings consisted of Balanites dates (grave B211)and doum fruits (grave B27) typical of Upper Egyptian species. Sheep/goat dung was also found in the assemblage (graves B25 & B26). Information on the archaeological context of each sample is given. Carbon dating and stable isotope analyses were conducted to situate the interpretation of the botanical samples within the larger grave and cemetery contexts, paleo-ecological interpretation, and to expand our understanding of the social history of food offerings during the Predynastic in the upper Egyptian region of Ballâs.
The article aims at questioning the Egyptological communal opinion that “in ancient Egypt, there was no artist in the proper sense of the word”, as stated in the Lexikon der Ägyptologie (III, 833). It starts with a brief historiography of this assumption before addressing the issue of the definition of art and artist, in general, and more specifically from an ancient Egyptian point of view. After a broad statistical overview of the numerous Egyptological data which allow us to trace members of the trades recognized as artistic by ancient Egyptians themselves, it analyses how one may study their social profile and perception in Antiquity, before concluding on the necessity to re-integrate the concept of artist in the discourse of Egyptology
The interdisciplinary analysis of Archaeobotanical materials from Ancient Egypt contributes to advances in humanities and life sciences. This dissertation discusses how botanical remains from different sites such as Nag ed Deir and Deir el Ballas broaden our knowledge of ancient Egyptian social structure, regional cultural variation and cross-cultural relationship with other cultures in Eastern Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean. On the other hand, it contributes to life sciences as it presents oxygen stable isotope analysis on ancient plants and compare them to modern ones. This comes with significant result as it helps differentiate between local versus imported species to understand ancient trade network to serve social historians. In addition, it contributes to life sciences as it demonstrate the impact of climate change and damming along the river on altering ancient water and food system.