The unified technology-pull biomimetic process (figure from Fayemi et al. 2017)

The unified technology-pull biomimetic process (figure from Fayemi et al. 2017)

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Biomimetics has been a subject of increasing interest but, where it has proven its scientific relevance and innovative potential from a theoretical standpoint, it remains rarely used in practice. Facing this lack of implementation, our work aimed at asking practitioners for their help to better understand the remaining impediments preventing biomim...

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... Because of the appeal of looking to natural systems for potential solutions, there is a breadth of people all different in motivation, experience, and training, who are engaging in biomimetic practice [2]. On the one hand, these include biomimeticians [3] educated in biomimetics specifically. On the other hand, and in the majority, this includes biologists, engineers, architects, and designers, in academic, industrial, and governmental settings, using biomimetics as a design methodology with no or limited formal education specific to biomimetic practice. ...
... To successfully focus our attention on the teaching of biology and of knowledge translation and transfer, and to not get "lost in knowledge translation" [41], we must study how non-biologists learn about nature and use biological information, how it is understood and/or misunderstood, and how it is used, shared, and valued so that we can integrate the use of biological systems knowledge into design, and support a culture change in the next generation of designers to include nature-inspired solutions. With a growing number and increasing experience of professional biomimeticians [3], those trained in biomimetics specifically and with knowledge of biology and design, there is an opportunity to describe the biomimetics education pipeline fully. If successful, we will be addressing one of the big challenges in Biom*, that is, "to educate new generations of would-be-designers in the paradigm of biologically inspired design" who address real problems [42] (p. ...
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Biomimetics must be taught to the next generation of designers in the interest of delivering solutions for current problems. Teaching biomimetics involves teachers and students from and in various disciplines at different stages of the educational system. There is no common understanding of how and what to teach in the different phases of the educational pipeline. This manuscript describes different perspectives, expectations, needs, and challenges of users from various backgrounds. It focuses on how biomimetics is taught at the various stages of education and career: from K-12 to higher education to continuing education. By constructing the biomimetics education pipeline, we find that some industry challenges are addressed and provide opportunities to transfer the lessons to application. We also identify existing gaps in the biomimetics education pipeline that could further advance industry application if a curriculum is developed.
... To utilize knowledge from biology, engineers and designers must first be able to comprehend it, then translate it into a context that is relevant to the problem they are solving. One way to do this would be to have a biologist as part of the team [10,11]. Another way is to introduce tools and processes for practicing BID. ...
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Bio-inspired design (BID) has the potential to evolve the way engineers and designers solve problems. Several tools have been developed to assist one or multiple phases of the BID process. These tools, typically studied individually and through the performance of college students, have yielded interesting results for increasing the novelty of solutions. However, not much is known about the likelihood of the tools being integrated into the design and development process of established companies. The mixed-methods study presented in this paper seeks to address this gap by providing industry engineers and designers hands-on training with the BID process and four BID tools. Understanding which tools are valued and could be adopted in an industry context is the goal. The results indicate multiple encouraging outcomes including that industry practitioners highly valued the process framework tool (BID canvas) as it allows for flexibility in tool use, as well as valued learning with a suite of BID tools rather than a single one to accommodate different workflows and ways of thinking.
... One of these challenges is the clear understanding of what needs to be done and how this can be achieved during the biomimetic process. In order to address this challenge, several research endeavors have focused on process descriptions, e.g., the work of [11,12] and its improvements, the usage of tools and methods to support industry adoption [13], or to consider the perspective of practitioners [14]. ...
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Biomimetics is a well-known approach for technical innovation. However, most of its influence remains in the academic field. One option for increasing its application in the practice of technical design is to enhance the use of the biomimetic process with a step-by-step standard, building a bridge to common engineering procedures. This article presents the endeavor of an interdisciplinary expert panel from the fields of biology, engineering science, and industry to develop a standard that links biomimetics to the classical processes of product development and engineering design. This new standard, VDI 6220 Part 2, proposes a process description that is compatible and connectable to classical approaches in engineering design. The standard encompasses both the solution-based and the problem-driven process of biomimetics. It is intended to be used in any product development process for more biomimetic applications in the future.
... Enfin, parallèlement de la création de ce modèle et de ce référentiel, Pierre-Emmanuel Fayemi a participé à l'élaboration des normes internationales définissant ainsi la terminologie associée au domaine de la bio-inspiration que nous avons cité en début de ce chapitre (ISO, 2015). (Graeff et al., 2021). ...
... En s'appuyant sur les définitions des niveaux d'abstraction publiés dans la littérature (Keshwani et al., 2015 ;Cheong et al., 2012 ;Gentner, 1989), Eliot Graeff (2020) à définit quatre niveaux d'abstraction : Réalité, Bas, Intermédiaire et Haut. Ces quatre niveaux ont été développés et détaillés pour chacune des étapes du processus (Graeff, 2020a;Graeff et al., 2021). ...
... • Étape 2 : L'abstraction englobe l'extraction, le raffinement, la structuration et la dynamisation de l'information qui caractérise le(s) problème(s) à traiter en modèles causals que l'on considère dans un environnement conceptuel formant un modèle générique (Graeff, 2020a;Graeff et al., 2021). Par conséquent, la 2ème étape est renommée : « Identifiez les problèmes techniques, leurs modélisations génériques, leurs causes et leurs effets ». ...
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Bien que prometteuses et connaissant une évolution croissante, la mise en œuvre de la conception biomimétique et de l’approche du biomimétisme reste complexe et rencontre de nombreux freins méthodologiques et pratiques. Dans ce contexte, cette thèse de doctorat explore comment l’intégration de designers dans les équipes de conception, permet de favoriser le déploiement de la conception biomimétique. Cet axe de recherche nous a permis de définir le rôle des designers dans le cadre de projet en conception biomimétique notamment pour faciliter le transfert de connaissances et la génération de concepts inspirés du vivant. Pour favoriser leur intégration et pour structurer les apports globaux du Design pour la conception biomimétique, des préconisations méthodologiques et organisationnelles sont proposées. De plus, un ensemble de modifications sur le processus de conception biomimétique problem-driven unifié ont été formalisées afin qu’il s’adapte aux pratiques de conception et d’innovation. Les résultats de ces recherches nous permettent d’enrichir conjointement le champ scientifique et le champ industriel de la conception biomimétique. Ces travaux ouvrent des perspectives de recherche à court, moyen et long terme pour développer les recherches concernant le rôle et les impacts des designers et du Design en conception biomimétique, sur le développement du cadre méthodologique et enfin sur la bascule entre la biomimétique et le biomimétisme.
... To facilitate the knowledge analogy between the engineering world and biological systems, designers should be equipped with a strong background in the engineering discipline as well as good expertise in the biological domain 11 . Among the different phases in BID, biological inspiration evaluation has been considered to be a crucial one due to its direct influence on the quality and novelty of the final products, along with the development cycle and cost 12 . In the meantime, biological inspiration evaluation is a hard challenge in BID. ...
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Biological inspiration evaluation has been widely acknowledged as one of the most important phases in biologically inspired design (BID) as it substantially determines the direction of the following-up design activities. However, it is inherently an interdisciplinary assessment, which includes both the engineering domain and the biological systems. Due to the lack of knowledge at the early stage of product design, the risk assessments mainly depend on experts’ subjective judgments, which values are vague, imprecise, and even inconsistent. How to objectively evaluate the biological inspiration under such uncertain and interdisciplinary scenarios remains an open issue. To bridge such gaps, this study proposes a fuzzy rough number extended MCGDM (multi-criteria group decision-making) to evaluate the biological inspiration for BID. A fuzzy rough number is introduced to represent the individual decision maker’s risk assessment and aggregate respective evaluation values within the decision-making group. A fuzzy rough number extended DEMATEL (decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory) is presented to determine the criteria weights and a fuzzy rough number extended MAIRCA (multi-attribute ideal real comparative analysis) is proposed to rank the candidate biological inspirations. Experimental results and comparative analysis validate the superiority of the proposed MCGDM in handling the subjectivity and uncertainty in biological inspiration evaluation.