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The metal hook pierced through the right upper lid.

The metal hook pierced through the right upper lid.

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The aim of this report is to describe the presentation and management of eyelid injury resulting from the hook of a rubber string. A seven-year-old boy presented with pain of the right upper eyelid. A rubber string with metal hook ends, snatched his right eye from below. The hook pierced through his upper eyelid from the conjunctival surface and re...

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... was hooked vertically across a window. While removing the lower hook, it slipped from his hand and snatched his eye. The hook pierced through his right upper eyelid from the bulbar surface and remained in situ. Examination revealed a metal hook hanging on the patient's right upper eyelid. Connected to it was a rubber string, cut about 10 cm. away (Fig. 1). A closer look at the hook revealed a jagged plastic sleeve covering it and preventing the reverse-tracking of the ...

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Citations

... The severity of the ocular trauma due to fish hooks depends on various factors, e.g. type of fish hook (barbed or barbless), velocity of the hook, direction and orientation from which it is thrown, position of the eye and eyeblink reflex to prevent the injury [9]. All ocular structures can be involved. ...
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Background A few case reports have described accidental eye injuries caused by fish hooks. The severity of ocular injuries is dependent on the involved ocular structures. Severe ocular injuries due to fish hooks are rare. We describe open globe and penetrating eyelid injuries from fish hooks at the Baltic Sea. Methods Nine patients with traumatic ocular injuries caused by fish hooks were included. The following parameters were evaluated: severity of injury, best corrected visual acuity at admission and last follow-up, and surgical treatment. Results All nine patients were male. Age ranged between 7 and 51 years with a median of 13 years. Sixty-seven percent of the patients were children. Four of the nine patients were 9 years or younger. In 5 eyes (55%) the injury was limited to the eyelid. An open globe injury was found in 4 patients (45%). The mean follow-up was 16.7 ± 32.8 months. All patients required surgical treatment. The number of operations ranged from 1 to 3, with a mean of 1.4. At admission and last follow-up, patients with eyelid injuries showed a median best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of logMAR 0.0. Patients with open globe injuries showed a median best corrected visual acuity of logMAR 1.5 at admission, and of logMAR 0.6 at last follow-up. Conclusions Nearly half of the patients suffered severe penetrating injuries. Especially children misjudge the risk potential of fishing due to their lack of experience. Fishing glasses should be worn not only for UV protection, but also as injury prevention strategy.
... In Malaysia, a few studies have been reported for ocular injury ( Table 1) including community (7) or hospital based, prospective or retrospective case series or reports (8)(9)(10)(11)(12). In relation to open globe injury, Hooi et al reported that prognostic factors for visual outcome included presenting visual acuity, relative afferent pupillary defect, wound location, lens injury, retinal detachment and endophthalmitis (13). ...
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Introduction: Open globe injury may lead to devastating visual outcome. Urgent management and subsequent follow-up is important to maximise recovery. More data on open globe injury in Malaysia is needed to identify risk groups and prognostic factors. This study was carried out to investigate open globe injury, the socio-epidemic profile , clinical characteristics and outcome of the open globe injury in the Hospital Serdang, Malaysia. Methods: All patients managed for open globe injury to Hospital Serdang from January 2006 to December 2013 were included in this retrospective case review. Student's T-test was used to determine difference between means and chi-square for categorical data. P value of less than 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. Results: There were 155 patients managed for open globe injury with three of them had bilateral involvement. As such, there were 158 cases eligible for analysis in this study. The average age was 32.2 ± 16.5 years (mean ± standard deviation, SD). Male was at higher risk for open globe injury. Predictors for poor visual outcome were foreign nationality (p=0.047), lid laceration (0.008), type of injury (p=0.001), site of injury (p=0.008), RAPD (p<0.001), uveal prolapse (p<0.001), hyphaema (p=0.008), lens damage (p=0.010), vitreous loss (0.014), retinal detachment (p=0.011), intraocular foreign body (IOFB) (0.014) and poor presenting uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) (p<0.001). Conclusions: Occupational injury was a main cause of open globe injury in Hospital Serdang. Although in general the visual outcome is good, effort should be put to prevent work-related injury.
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