Figure 8 - uploaded by Johanna Roiha
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The locations of Kiukainen sites in the Harjavalta area with different landscape visualizations. The Sea is visualized at 34 MASL (upper left), 32 MASL (upper right), 30 MASL (lower left), and 28 MASL (lower right). Soil types are visualized with different colours.

The locations of Kiukainen sites in the Harjavalta area with different landscape visualizations. The Sea is visualized at 34 MASL (upper left), 32 MASL (upper right), 30 MASL (lower left), and 28 MASL (lower right). Soil types are visualized with different colours.

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The Kiukainen culture constitutes a poorly known phase at the end of the Stone Age in Finland, approximately 2500–1800 cal. BC. It is best known for its pottery, and most of the finds are from the coastal area of the Baltic Sea between Helsinki and Ostrobothnia. Previous research on the culture was done several decades ago, so this study aims to de...

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... settlements are located on the shores of a large and sheltered sea bay. The Kokemäenjoki River flowed into the bay, forming an estuary there (Figure 8). Due to the large flow of the river and the shallowness of the bay, the water in the bay has been brackish with very little salt. ...
Context 2
... settlements are located on the shores of a large and sheltered sea bay. The Kokemäenjoki River flowed into the bay, forming an estuary there (Figure 8). Due to the large flow of the river and the shallowness of the bay, the water in the bay has been brackish with very little salt. ...
Context 3
... shallow reed banks have also attracted other fish and waterfowl to the area. The maps clearly show how the environment changes quickly as the land rises from the sea (Figure 8). It seems likely that, due to such changes, many residences would have soon been located far from the beach and, thus, probably subject only to short-term use. ...
Context 4
... area is known for containing a large number of residences belonging to the Kiukainen culture, but due to the research situation, ceramics have only been found in a few (Figure 9). Most of the settlements The maps clearly show how the environment changes quickly as the land rises from the sea (Figure 8). It seems likely that, due to such changes, many residences would have soon been located far from the beach and, thus, probably subject only to short-term use. ...
Context 5
... Kiukainen culture sites may exist in the area, but the lack of field studies, and especially excavations, make it difficult to interpret just which of the sites may have been inhabited simultaneously or by the same culture. As seen from the previous map (Figure 8), the seven known Kiukainen sites are located at different heights, and some are multi-period sites. Landscaping and building activities have also damaged some of the sites, so the original site location and zone may have been different than how it appears in the register today. ...