Figures
Explore figures and images from publications
Figure 4 - uploaded by Marta Donadei
Content may be subject to copyright.
The ladder of participation

The ladder of participation

Source publication
Article
Full-text available
Despite the growing sensitivity about the effects of climate change, its marked consequences show the risk of continuing with the unilateral imperative of economic growth, characterized by a «consumer intoxication» that has driven this society to the current situation of global chronic lack of resources. In this context, the new approach cannot be...

Contexts in source publication

Context 1
... these models can be summed up in a five-step diagram (Figure 4). At the lowest level there would be direct management without participation, where decisions are made in the instances of power that involve a political office or technical role. ...
Context 2
... the lowest level there would be direct management without participation, where decisions are made in the instances of power that involve a political office or technical role. The second level would include the formulas that provide simple information as a legitimizing instrument: all these models can be summed up in a five-step diagram (Figure 4). At the lowest level, there would be direct management without participation, where decisions are made in the instances of power that involve a political office or technical role. ...
Context 3
... these models can be summed up in a five-step diagram (Figure 4). At the lowest level there would be direct management without participation, where decisions are made in the instances of power that involve a political office or technical role. ...
Context 4
... the lowest level there would be direct management without participation, where decisions are made in the instances of power that involve a political office or technical role. The second level would include the formulas that provide simple information as a legitimizing instrument: all these models can be summed up in a five-step diagram (Figure 4). At the lowest level, there would be direct management without participation, where decisions are made in the instances of power that involve a political office or technical role. ...

Citations

Full-text available
Article
Community participation has been identified as one of the most productive approach to empowering the 'poorest and most vulnerable people' in the move towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals 11, with mandate to 'provide opportunity for all people to housing that is safe, adequate, and affordable with basic services as well as to upgrade slums'. In this exploratory study, some 54 materials were reviewed comprising of books, journals, conference papers as well as published reports, on the subject matter of Community Participation. Based on their respective contents, the materials were first classified into different Areas of Study. Levels of participations were also established following conclusions and recommendations by the respective authors. Categorical outcomes were finally obtained from the reviewed materials as either positive or negative. It was however deduced that while bulk of publications on the subject matter of Community participation were in the area of Housing, at a collaborative Level of Partnership, just as over 70% of researchers reported positive outcomes of participatory projects. In conclusion, community participation in housing development is seen to be most effective at the highest level of empowerment, as the minor Discriminant Function, agree with the position of most scholars. It is therefore recommended that authorities of government as well as multinational organisations should seek Partnership with local communities, not just for economic concerns, but with sincere motive of empowering the people for effective social production of their built environments.