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1. The illustration of sh-NMPC. 

1. The illustration of sh-NMPC. 

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The trend towards high-quality, low-volume and high-added value production has put more emphasis on semi-batch processing due to its increased flexibility of operations. Dynamic optimization plays an important role toward improving the operation of batch and semi-batch. In addition, nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) is also an important too...