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The features excavated from the Gumelnița necropolis (Zone 3, 2018-2019).

The features excavated from the Gumelnița necropolis (Zone 3, 2018-2019).

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The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the most significant tell settlement north of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI cultural complex that occupied the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. During 2018...

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... 3: the Terrace area: In Son 9 and Son 10 ( Fig. 4), seven graves (M2-M8) were identified containing skeletons in different stages of preservation (Fig. 5). The burial pits are oval shaped, with dimensions fitting to the size of the ...
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... Son 13 and Son 14, in 2019, were investigated four pits (C9, C10, C11, C12) attributed to the Gumelnița and Cernavoda I cultures (Fig. 5, 8). Also, four new burial graves were identified (M11, M12, M13 and M14) (Fig. 5, 8). Regarding the funerary treatment, all the investigated features contained individuals deposed in crouched position, on the left side, oriented E-W. No grave goods were noted except for grave M13 where a flat bone statuette ( Fig. 42.8) specific to the ...
Context 3
... Son 13 and Son 14, in 2019, were investigated four pits (C9, C10, C11, C12) attributed to the Gumelnița and Cernavoda I cultures (Fig. 5, 8). Also, four new burial graves were identified (M11, M12, M13 and M14) (Fig. 5, 8). Regarding the funerary treatment, all the investigated features contained individuals deposed in crouched position, on the left side, oriented E-W. No grave goods were noted except for grave M13 where a flat bone statuette ( Fig. 42.8) specific to the Gumelnița communities was discovered, and M11 that yielded a fragmentary vessel ...
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... it functioned initially as a pit-house. However, the 117 potshards collected from two stratigraphic units (SU) were discovered in a primary deposition, but they reached the pit infill as secondary refuse 83 . The same situation was observed at two other pits with pottery characteristic to Gumelnița A2 (pit C6) (Fig. 6) or Cernavoda II (pit C9) (Fig. 5) traditions. These assumptions were based on the high fragmentation, the lack of conjoins, the small dimensions and the reduced weight per fragment of the potshards (Tab. 7; Fig. 30 ...

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Article
At Gumelniţa settlements north of the Danube (second half of the 5th millennium BC and beginning of the 4th millennium BC), barbed points are artefacts constantly present in the archaeological assemblages. They are mainly made on red deer antlers, selected based on their width, particularly adapted to the production of barbed points. Their manufacturing includes three stages: surface regularization following the cutting of the blank, preform shaping and finally, cutting out the specific elements (barbs, protuberances, etc.). The pointed end was shaped by longitudinal scraping, becoming conical or biconvex. The morphology of the proximal end is indicative of several types of hafting. The barbs and protuberances were created using the same procedure (cutting) and the central perforations were carried out by drilling from both sides, resulting in bi-conical perforations. A particular and rare type of barbed point lacks the specific system for the fixation of a thread, as the proximal part continues the shaft. The present study aims to reconstruct the variants of the chaîne opératoire (from raw material to finished pieces), the maintenance/recycling/repair strategies and the possible ways of using the barbed points in the area of interest based on use-wear marks and comparisons with ethnographic examples.