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Structures of common phenolic acids found in corn: (A) benzoic acid derivatives and (B) cinnamic acid derivatives (Adopted from Liu, 2007).

Structures of common phenolic acids found in corn: (A) benzoic acid derivatives and (B) cinnamic acid derivatives (Adopted from Liu, 2007).

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Whole grain has a wide range of phytochemicals exhibiting health benefits of lowering risk of chronic diseases. As commonly consumed grain product, corn has unique profiles of nutrients and phytochemicals when compared with other whole grains. Corn nutrients and phytochemicals include vitamins (A, B, E, and K), minerals (Mg, P, and K), phenolic aci...

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... acids are one of the major phytochemical components of corn. Phenolic acids can be subdivided into hydroxybenzoic acid and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives (Fig. 2) [36]. In corn, phe- nolic acids contribute to the sour, bitter, and astringent taste, at taste level threshold of 40-90 ppm [42]. Natural phenolic acids such as trans-cinnamic acid and ferulic acid are considered as effec- tive fungitoxicants for A. flavus and A. parasiticus in corn [43]. For hydroxybenzoic acids, vannilic acid and ...
Context 2
... ferulic acid are considered as effec- tive fungitoxicants for A. flavus and A. parasiticus in corn [43]. For hydroxybenzoic acids, vannilic acid and syringic acid are detected in corn, and for hyrocinnamic acid, p-courmaric, ferulic and caffeic acids are detected in corn. [44]. The structures of benzoic acids and cinnamic acids are displayed in Fig. 2 (Table ...

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... The various phytochemicals found in maize are flavonoids, phenolic acids, steroids, carotenoids, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, anthocyanins, and other phenolics [15,16]. The content of phenolic compounds varies among different maize varieties, and high carotenoid corn has the highest phenolic content, followed by yellow corn, blue corn, white corn, and red corn [17]. Phenolic acids are one of the abundantly found phytochemicals of maize [18] and are reported to be effective in treating cancer [19]. ...
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